Thymoquinone

Last updated
Thymoquinone
Thymoquinone.png
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
2-Methyl-5-(propan-2-yl)cyclohexa-2,5-diene-1,4-dione
Other names
Thymoquinone
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.007.020 OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
PubChem CID
UNII
  • InChI=1S/C10H12O2/c1-6(2)8-5-9(11)7(3)4-10(8)12/h4-6H,1-3H3 Yes check.svgY
    Key: KEQHJBNSCLWCAE-UHFFFAOYSA-N Yes check.svgY
  • CC1=CC(=O)C(=CC1=O)C(C)C
Properties
C10H12O2
Molar mass 164.204 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Thymoquinone is a phytochemical compound found in the plant Nigella sativa . It is also found in select cultivated Monarda fistulosa plants which can be steam distilled to produce an essential oil.

It has been classified as a pan-assay interference compound, which binds indiscriminately to many proteins. [1] It is under preliminary research to identify its possible biological properties. [2]

See also

Related Research Articles

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Jonathan Baell is an Australian medicinal chemist. He is a research professor in medicinal chemistry at the Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences (MIPS), the Director of the Australian Translational Medicinal Chemistry Facility and a Chief Investigator at the ARC Centre for Fragment-Based Design. He is also the President of the International Chemical Biology Society. His research focuses on the early stages of drug discovery, including high-throughput screening (HTS) library design, hit-to-lead and lead optimization for the treatment of a variety of diseases, such as malaria and neglected diseases.

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References

  1. Baell JB (March 2016). "Feeling Nature's PAINS: Natural Products, Natural Product Drugs, and Pan Assay Interference Compounds (PAINS)". Journal of Natural Products. 79 (3): 616–28. doi:10.1021/acs.jnatprod.5b00947. PMID   26900761.
  2. Farkhondeh T, Samarghandian S, Borji A (September 2017). "An overview on cardioprotective and anti-diabetic effects of thymoquinone". Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine. 10 (9): 849–854. doi: 10.1016/j.apjtm.2017.08.020 . PMID   29080612.