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Molar mass 164.204 g·mol−1
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Thymoquinone is a phytochemical compound found in the plant Nigella sativa . It is also found in select cultivated Monarda fistulosa plants grown in the U.S. which can be steam distilled to produce an essential oil.

In laboratory experiments in cells and in animals, it has shown antiinflammatory and antioxidant effects, and it has been studied in models of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, [1] neurodegenerative diseases and stroke, [2] and cancer. [3] A 2016 study suggests thymoquinone may have opioid tolerance-reduction effects. [4]

It has been classified as a pan-assay interference compound, which binds indiscriminately to many proteins. [5]

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  1. Farkhondeh T, Samarghandian S, Borji A (September 2017). "An overview on cardioprotective and anti-diabetic effects of thymoquinone". Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine. 10 (9): 849–854. doi: 10.1016/j.apjtm.2017.08.020 . PMID   29080612.
  2. Khazdair MR (2015-01-01). "The Protective Effects of Nigella sativa and Its Constituents on Induced Neurotoxicity". Journal of Toxicology. 2015: 841823. doi:10.1155/2015/841823. PMC   4641935 . PMID   26604923.
  3. Asaduzzaman Khan M, Tania M, Fu S, Fu J (August 2017). "Thymoquinone, as an anticancer molecule: from basic research to clinical investigation". Oncotarget. 8 (31): 51907–51919. doi:10.18632/oncotarget.17206. PMC   5584300 . PMID   28881699.
  4. Hosseinzadeh H, Parvardeh S, Masoudi A, Moghimi M, Mahboobifard F (2016). "Attenuation of morphine tolerance and dependence by thymoquinone in mice". Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine. 6 (1): 55–66. PMC   4884218 . PMID   27247922.
  5. Baell JB (March 2016). "Feeling Nature's PAINS: Natural Products, Natural Product Drugs, and Pan Assay Interference Compounds (PAINS)". Journal of Natural Products. 79 (3): 616–28. doi:10.1021/acs.jnatprod.5b00947. PMID   26900761.