Tibet Medal

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Tibet Medal
Tibet Medal 1904, with clasp Gyantse. Obverse.jpg Tibet Medal 1904, with clasp. Reverse.jpg
Obverse and reverse of the medal,
with 'Gyantse' clasp.
Awarded by United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
Type Campaign medal
EligibilityBritish Army.
Awarded forCampaign service.
Campaign(s)Tibet 1903 04
DescriptionSilver or bronze disk 36 mm wide
Clasps Gyantse
Statistics
Established1 February 1905
Tibet Medal BAR.svg
Ribbon: red edged in white with green outer edges

The Tibet Medal was authorised in February 1905 for all members of the Tibet Mission and accompanying troops who served at or beyond Siliguri from 13 December 1903 to 23 September 1904. [1]

British expedition to Tibet

The British expedition to Tibet, also known as the British invasion of Tibet or the Younghusband expedition to Tibet began in December 1903 and lasted until September 1904. The expedition was effectively a temporary invasion by British Indian forces under the auspices of the Tibet Frontier Commission, whose purported mission was to establish diplomatic relations and resolve the dispute over the border between Tibet and Sikkim. In the nineteenth century, the British conquered Burma and Sikkim, occupying the whole southern flank of Tibet. The Tibetan Ganden Phodrang regime, which was then under administrative rule of the Qing dynasty, remained the only Himalayan state free of British influence.

Siliguri Metropolitan city in West Bengal, India

Siliguri [pronunciation ] is a metropolitan city which spans areas of the Darjeeling and Jalpaiguri districts in the Indian state of West Bengal. Known as the gateway of Northeast India, Siliguri is popular for three T's i.e. tea, timber and tourism. It is located on the banks of the Mahananda River at the foothills of the Himalayas. Siliguri is the second largest urban agglomeration according to area after Kolkata and third largest according to population in the state following Kolkata and Asansol. It lies 35 kilometers away from its twin city, Jalpaiguri which both merges up to be the largest metropolis of the region.

Contents

The obverse of the medal, designed by G. W. de Saulles, [2] shows the left-facing bust of Edward VII in Field Marshal's uniform and the legend 'EDWARDVS VII KAISAR-I-HIND'. [1]
The reverse, designed by E. G. Gillick, [2] depicts the Potala (winter palace of the Dalai Lamas) in Lhasa on top of the red hill with the words 'TIBET 1903-04' below. [1]
The suspender is of the swivelling ornate scroll type. [2]
The clasp 'GYANTSE' was given to those present in operations between 3 May and 6 July 1904 in or near Gyantse Fortress. [3]
Both silver and bronze medals were issued named to the recipient on the rim in a cursive script. [2]
The 1.25 inches (32 mm) wide ribbon is maroon flanked by narrow white, and wider green, stripes. [3]

George William de Saulles was a British medallist. He authored and designed the obverse of coins from the United Kingdom and its colonies under Queen Victoria and Edward VII of the United Kingdom

Ernest Gillick British artist

Ernest George Gillick was a British sculptor.

Lhasa District in Tibet, China

Lhasa or Chengguan is a district and administrative capital of Lhasa City in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. The inner urban area of Lhasa City is equivalent to the administrative borders of Chengguan District, which is part of the wider prefectural Lhasa City.

The medal was awarded in silver to combatant troops and in bronze to camp followers, with both eligible for the 'Gyantse' clasp. Approximately 3,350 silver medals were awarded, including about 600 to the first battalion the Royal Fusiliers, the only British Army unit present, and about 2,600 to members of the Indian Army, in addition to staff and support personnel. [2] In excess of 2,500 bronze medals were awarded, mainly to those employed in transporting supplies over the difficult terrain, including to the Peshawar Camel Corps [2] and locally recruited coolies. [4]

Royal Fusiliers Line infantry regiment of the British Army

The Royal Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in continuous existence for 283 years. It was known as the 7th Regiment of Foot until the Childers Reforms of 1881.

British Army land warfare branch of the British Armed Forces of the United Kingdom

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces. As of 2018, the British Army comprises just over 81,500 trained regular (full-time) personnel and just over 27,000 trained reserve (part-time) personnel.

British Indian Army 1858–1947 land warfare branch of British Indias military, distinct from the British Army in India

The Indian Army (IA), often known since 1947 as the British Indian Army to distinguish it from the current Indian Army, was the principal military of the British Indian Empire before its decommissioning in 1947. It was responsible for the defence of both the British Indian Empire and the princely states, which could also have their own armies. The Indian Army was an important part of the British Empire's forces, both in India and abroad, particularly during the First World War and the Second World War.

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Gould, Robert W. (1982). Campaign Medals of the British Army 1815-1972: An Illustrated Reference Guide for Collectors. Great Britain: Arms and Armour Press. p. 53.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Joslin, Litherland and Simpkin. British Battles and Medals. p. 217-8. Published Spink, London. 1988.
  3. 1 2 John W. Mussell, editor. Medal Yearbook 2015. p. 196. Published Token Publishing Limited, Honiton, Devon. 2015.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  4. French, Patrick (1994). Younghusband: The Last Great Imperial Adventurer. Reprint: Flamingo Books, London. ISBN   0-00-637601-0. Pages 235–7 confirm that in May 1904 2,000 coolies with 4,000 yaks and mules were collected in the Chumbi Valley near Sikkim to support the expedition.