Tibetans in Burma

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Tibetan Burmese
Total population
Regions with significant populations
Tahaundam, Kachin State
Tibetan, Burmese
Related ethnic groups

Tibetans in Burma are a relatively unknown and unreached Tibetan population outside of Tibet. They are concentrated primarily in the northernmost village in Burma, Tahaundam. As early into the twentieth century as 1932, Tibetans, along with Chinese traders, conducted raids into the northernmost regions of Burma, often displacing the Derung pygmies who resided there. As recently as 2003, Tibetan Khampa traders still cross the border into Burma to conduct business". [1]

Myanmar Republic in Southeast Asia

Myanmar, officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast. To its south, about one third of Myanmar's total perimeter of 5,876 km (3,651 mi) forms an uninterrupted coastline of 1,930 km (1,200 mi) along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. The country's 2014 census counted the population to be 51 million people. As of 2017, the population is about 54 million. Myanmar is 676,578 square kilometres in size. Its capital city is Naypyidaw, and its largest city and former capital is Yangon (Rangoon). Myanmar has been a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) since 1997.

Tahaundam Place in Kachin State, Burma

Tahaundam is the northernmost village inhabited year round by ethnic Tibetans of northern Kachin State, in extreme northern Myanmar. The village, at an elevation of 1200 m, is surrounded by snow-capped mountains, rising to the highest peak of Myanmar, Mt. Hkakabo Razi at 5880 m. Tahaundam is briefly described by the WCS. Between Tahaundam and Nogmung are several smaller villages with local ethnic groups.

The Taron or Trone are a small ethnic group in the Himalayan foothills of northern Kachin, Myanmar, whose population is declining to the point where they are in danger of disappearing entirely. They have been referred to as the "Asian pygmies". They are allegedly descended from an ethnic group concentrated in China known as Derung who migrated to Burma from Tibet in the 1880s.

In 2002-2003, P. Christiaan Klieger, anthropologist from California Academy of Sciences, and photographer Dong Lin retraced their previous steps, and succeeded in making the first anthropological survey of the Hkakabo Razi region. On foot they reached Tahaundam, which is inhabited by about 200 Khampa Tibetans, including mountaineer Nyima Gyaltsen (see below). [2]

Hkakabo Razi mountain

Hkakabo Razi is believed to be Myanmar's highest mountain, and with its height of 5,881 metres (19,295 ft) the probable highest mountain in South East Asia. It is located in the northern Myanmar state of Kachin in an outlying subrange of the Greater Himalayan mountain system near the border tri-point with India and China. Its highest status has recently been challenged by Gamlang Razi, located about 6.6 kilometres (4.1 mi) WSW on the Chinese border.

Kham former Tibet area

Kham is a historical region of Tibet covering a land area largely divided between present-day Tibet Autonomous Region and Sichuan, with smaller portions located within Qinghai, Gansu and Yunnan provinces of China. During the Republic of China's rule over mainland China (1911–1949), most of the region was administratively part of Hsikang. It held the status of "special administrative district" until 1939, when it became an official Chinese province. Its provincial status was nominal and without much cohesion, like most of China's territory during the time of Japanese invasion and civil war. The natives of the Kham region are called Khampas.

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  1. , by Dr. Christiaan Klieger
  2. Klieger, P. Christiaan (2006). "A Tale of the Tibeto-Burman 'Pygmies'". In P. Christiaan Klieger. Proceedings of the Tenth Seminar of the IATS, 2003, Volume 2 Tibetan Borderlands. Leiden.