Tibia insulaechorab

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Tibia insulaechorab
Tibia insulaechorab curta 01.JPG
Five views of a shell
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Subclass: Caenogastropoda
Order: Littorinimorpha
Family: Rostellariidae
Genus: Tibia
Species:
T. insulaechorab
Binomial name
Tibia insulaechorab
Röding, 1798
Synonyms [1]
  • Rostellaria brevirostris Schumacher, 1817
  • Rostellaria curvirostra Lamarck, 1816
  • Rostellaria dentula Perry, 1811
  • Rostellaria magna Mörch, 1852
  • Rostellum ternatanum Montfort, 1810
  • Tibia luteostoma Angas, 1878

Tibia insulaechorab, common name the Arabian tibia, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Rostellariidae. It is native to the Red Sea and the Horn of Africa. [1]

Contents

Taxonomy

This species was first described by the German malacologist Peter Friedrich Röding in 1798, the type locality being the Red Sea. He gave it the name Tibia insulaechorab; it was at first included in the family Strombidae, but this large family was later split and the genus Tibia was transferred to the family Rostellariidae. A 2005 study by Sabine, concluded that Tibia was probably closely related to Terebellum , there being several well known morphological similarities between them. [2]

Description

T. insulaechorab shell, dorsal view Tibia insulaechorab.jpg
T. insulaechorab shell, dorsal view

The shell can grow to a length of 200 mm (8 in), and the live snail can weigh about 450 g (16 oz). [3] [4] The shell is elongated ovate, with a short body whorl and a narrowly conical spire with ten or more whorls. The smaller whorls are finely sculptured with transverse ridges; the larger whorls are nearly smooth. The large ovate aperture is whitish, contracted at the top by a transverse fold of the left lip. The outer lip is emarginated at its upper edge, and has about six blunt teeth on its lower edge. The beak is straight in young shells but becomes curved with age. The colour is some shade of brown or reddish-brown with a white or golden aperture. [4]

Because of their attractive appearance, these shells are highly sought after by shell collectors.

Distribution

Tibia insulaechorab is native to the western Indian Ocean. Its range extends from Madagascar and the east coast of Africa to the Red Sea, the Gulf of Aqaba, western India, and the Maldives. [5]

Ecology

Members of this family are mostly herbivorous, browsing on delicate algae, or detritivores, swallowing sand in order to extract decomposing plant material. [5]

Related Research Articles

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Strombidae Family of molluscs

Strombidae, commonly known as the true conchs, is a taxonomic family of medium-sized to very large sea snails in the superfamily Stromboidea. The term true conchs, being a common name, does not have an exact meaning. It may refer generally to any of the Strombidae but sometimes is used more specifically to include only Strombus and Lambis. The family currently includes 23 extant, and 10 extinct genera.

<i>Strombus</i> genus of molluscs

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Stromboidea superfamily of molluscs

The Stromboidea, originally named the Strombacea by Rafinesque in 1815, is a superfamily of medium-sized to very large sea snails in the clade Littorinimorpha.

<i>Harpa</i> genus of molluscs

Harpa, common name the "harp snails", is a genus of large predatory sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks in the family Harpidae.

<i>Tibia</i> (gastropod) Genus of molluscs

Tibia is a genus of large sea snails, marine gastropod mollusks.

<i>Strombus pugilis</i> species of mollusc

Strombus pugilis, common names the fighting conch and the West Indian fighting conch, is a species of medium to large sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Strombidae, the true conchs.

<i>Lobatus raninus</i> species of mollusc

Lobatus raninus, common name the hawk-wing conch, is a species of medium to large sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Strombidae, the true conchs.

<i>Lobatus goliath</i> species of mollusc

Lobatus goliath, previously known as Eustrombus goliath and Strombus goliath, common name the goliath conch, is a species of very large edible sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Strombidae, the true conchs. L. goliath is one of the largest mollusks of the Western Atlantic Ocean, and also one of the largest species among the Strombidae. It was once considered endemic to Brazil, but specimens have also been recently found in the waters of Barbados. Brazilian common names for this species include búzio de chapéu or búzio, and búzio de aba or buzo in. L. goliath is considered closely related to the queen conch, Lobatus gigas.

<i>Phos senticosus</i> species of mollusc

Phos senticosus, common name Common Pacific Phos or Thorny Phos, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Buccinidae, the true whelks.

<i>Tritia corniculum</i> species of mollusc

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<i>Nassarius siquijorensis</i> species of mollusc

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<i>Harpa amouretta</i> species of mollusc

Harpa amouretta, common name the lesser harp, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Harpidae, the harp snails.

<i>Harpa doris</i> species of mollusc

Harpa doris, common name the rose harp, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Harpidae, the harp snails.

<i>Harpa harpa</i> species of mollusc

Harpa harpa, common name the true harp or the noble harp, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Harpidae, the harp snails.

Terebellum terebellum, common name the Terebellum conch, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Seraphsidae, the true conchs.

<i>Strombus gracilior</i> species of mollusc

Strombus gracilior, common names the Eastern Pacific fighting conch, or the Panama fighting conch, is a species of medium to large sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Strombidae, the true conchs.

Rostellariidae family of molluscs

Rostellariidae is a family of sea snails, marine gastropod molluscs in the clade Littorinimorpha.

<i>Rimellopsis powisii</i> species of mollusc

Rimellopsis powisii, common name Powis's tibia, is a species of large sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusks in the family Rostellariidae within the Stromboidea, the true conchs and their allies.

<i>Pseudamycla dermestoidea</i> species of mollusc

Pseudamycla dermestoidea is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Columbellidae, the dove snails.

References

  1. 1 2 Tibia insulaechorab Röding, 1798 . Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species .
  2. Simone, L.R.L. (2005). "Comparative morphological study of representatives of the three families of Stromboidea and the Xenophoroidea (Mollusca, Caenogastropoda), with an assessment of their phylogeny". Arquivos de Zoologia. São Paulo, Brazil: Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo. 37 (2): 141–267. doi: 10.11606/issn.2176-7793.v37i2p141-267 . ISSN   0066-7870.
  3. "Tibia insulaechorab Röding 1798". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
  4. 1 2 Tibia insulaechorab Gastropoda Stromboidea
  5. 1 2 "Tibia insulaechorab Röding, 1798: Arabian tibia". SeaLifeBase. Retrieved 18 August 2020.