|10th Prime Minister of Grenada|
9 July 2008 –20 February 2013
|Governors-General|| Daniel Williams |
|Preceded by||Keith Mitchell|
|Succeeded by||Keith Mitchell|
|Leader of the Opposition|
2 December 2003 –8 July 2008
|Preceded by||Michael Baptiste|
|Succeeded by||Keith Mitchell|
| Member of Parliament |
for Saint Patrick East
2 November 2003 –19 February 2013
|Preceded by||Adrian F. Mitchell|
|Succeeded by||Clifton Paul|
|Leader of the National Democratic Congress|
October 2000 –14 February 2014
|Preceded by||George Brizan|
|Succeeded by||Nazim Burke|
|Born||13 June 1947|
|Political party||National Democratic Congress|
Tillman Joseph Thomas,CBE (born 13 June 1947) is a Grenadian politician who served as Prime Minister of Grenada from 2008 to 2013. He was the leader of the National Democratic Congress (NDC) from 2000 to 2014.
Thomas was born in Hermitage,St. Patrick,Grenada.He was among those imprisoned under Prime Minister Maurice Bishop for two years.
Thomas is a graduate of New York's Fordham University,where he earned a bachelor's degree in economics,as well as the University of the West Indies,Cave Hill Campus and the Hugh Wooding Law School where he completed a LL.B. and a Certificate of Legal Education respectively. His political career began in 1978,when he became involved in the Human Rights and Legal Aid Programme with the leader of the New Jewel Movement,Maurice Bishop.
In December 1984,Thomas was elected to the House of Representatives from St. Patrick East constituency,and from 1984 to 1990,he was a Junior Minister in the Ministry of Legal Affairs. In 1987,he was a founding member of the NDC,and from 1987 to 1990,he was the party's Assistant General Secretary. Thomas was defeated in St. Patrick East in the 1990 election,but he was,nevertheless,appointed as a Junior Minister in the Ministry of Labour. Subsequently,he was appointed as Minister in the Ministries of Works and Tourism.
Following the NDC's defeat in the 1999 general election,in which it failed to win any seats,Thomas was elected as the party leader in October 2000. He won a House of Representatives seat in the November 2003 general election,along with six other members from his party;the NDC fell one seat short of a majority in the 15-seat House of Representatives. However,and the governing New National Party (NNP) won another term.Thomas became Leader of the Opposition in the House of Representatives of Grenada in early December 2003.
After spending 13 years in opposition,the NDC won the general election held on 8 July 2008,taking 11 out of 15 seats and defeating the NNP. Thomas himself was elected from St. Patrick East constituency. On 9 July Thomas was sworn in as Prime Minister at the Grenada Trade Centre in Grand Anse,St. George's by Governor-General Daniel Williams. Speaking on this occasion,he promised "openness and transparency" of government as well as " [the practice of] the politics of inclusion".
Thomas's cabinet,composed of 17 members,was sworn in at the National Stadium on 13 July 2008. In addition to being Prime Minister,Thomas took the portfolios of Foreign Affairs,Legal Affairs,National Security,Information,and Public Administration. Two members of non-governmental organizations who were not affiliated with the NDC were included in the cabinet:Franka Bernadine as Minister of Education and Human Resources,and Jimmy Bristol as Attorney-General.
After nearly five years in power,the NDC suffered a crushing defeat in the February 2013 general election,losing all of its seats,including the seat held by Thomas. The opposition NNP won all 15 seats,and Keith Mitchell returned to the office as Prime Minister. In the wake of the defeat,Thomas said at an interview that he was willing to stand aside as the party leader:"Once somebody comes forward,I am prepared to let that person take over the responsibility of leadership of the party".
Thomas was succeeded as the NDC's political leader by Nazim Burke,former deputy political leader and Minister of Finance of Grenada,in early 2014.
Thomas was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2023 Birthday Honours for services to Grenada.
The history of Grenada in the Caribbean,part of the Lesser Antilles group of islands,covers a period from the earliest human settlements to the establishment of the contemporary nationstate of Grenada.
The politics of Grenada takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democracy,whereby the prime minister is the head of government. Grenada is an independent Commonwealth realm. It is governed under a multi-party parliamentary system whose political and legal traditions closely follow those of the United Kingdom;it has a prime minister and a cabinet,and a bicameral Parliament with an elected House of Representatives and an appointed Senate. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. Constitutional safeguards include freedom of speech,press,worship,motion,and association. Grenada is a member of the eastern Caribbean court system. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Jurisprudence is based on English common law.
Keith Claudius Mitchell is a Grenadian politician who served as Prime Minister of Grenada from 1995 to 2008 and from 2013 to 2022. He is the longest-serving Prime Minister in Grenadian history,holding the office for more than 22 years. He is currently leader of the New National Party (NNP) and has been the Leader of the Opposition in the House of Representatives of Grenada from 2008 to 2013,and again since 2022.
Sir Daniel Charles WilliamsCOG is a Grenadian lawyer who served as Governor-General of Grenada from 8 August 1996 until 27 November 2008. He was formally appointed by Queen Elizabeth II on 9 August 1996 after having been nominated by Prime Minister Keith Mitchell.
The New National Party (NNP), also known as NNP Grenada,Carriacou and Petite Martinique,is a conservative political party in Grenada. It is led by former Prime Minister,Keith Mitchell.
The National Democratic Congress (NDC),also known as the National Democratic Congress of Grenada,Carriacou and Petite Martinique,is a social democratic and centre-left political party in Grenada. It is the governing party in Grenada,having won a majority in the 2022 general elections. The party is led by current prime minister Dickon Mitchell as of October 2021.
Dean Oliver Barrow,SC PC is a politician from Belize who served as prime minister of Belize from 2008 until 2020 and as leader of Belize's United Democratic Party.
Sir Nicholas Alexander Brathwaite OBE was the head of government of Grenada for two periods,first as Chairman of the Interim Advisory Council established after the United States invasion of Grenada,and latterly as Prime Minister from 1990 to 1995.
General elections were held in Grenada on 8 July 2008. Out of a total of fifteen seats,the opposition National Democratic Congress (NDC) won eleven seats and the governing New National Party (NNP) won four,bringing the NDC to power for the first time since 1995. The NNP was looking for a fourth consecutive term in power,which would have been a first in Grenadian history.
George Ignatius Brizan,CMG,CBE was a Grenadian politician who served as Prime Minister of Grenada for four months in 1995. He moved to the top post in February,upon the resignation of Nicholas Brathwaite,and remained in office until Keith Mitchell was inaugurated on 22 June.
Mia Amor Mottley,is a Barbadian politician and attorney who has served as the eighth prime minister of Barbados since 2018 and as Leader of the Barbados Labour Party (BLP) since 2008. Mottley is the first woman to hold either position. She is also Barbados' first prime minister under its republican system,following constitutional changes she introduced that abolished the country's constitutional monarchy.
Grenada is an island country in the West Indies in the Caribbean Sea at the southern end of the Grenadines island chain. Grenada consists of the island of Grenada itself,two smaller islands,Carriacou and Petite Martinique,and several small islands which lie to the north of the main island and are a part of the Grenadines. It is located northwest of Trinidad and Tobago,northeast of Venezuela and southwest of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Its size is 348.5 square kilometres (134.6 sq mi),and it had an estimated population of 124,523 in July 2021. Its capital is St. George's. Grenada is also known as the "Island of Spice" due to its production of nutmeg and mace crops.
Peter Charles David is a Grenadian politician. He is the Deputy General Secretary of the New National Party (NNP),(Grenada),a member of the House of Representatives from the Town of Saint George constituency,and served as Minister of Foreign Affairs from July 2008 to November 2010. He subsequently served as Minister of Tourism until he resigned from the Cabinet on April 30,2012.
Nazim Burke is a politician &Opposition Leader from the island of Carriacou which is part of the tri island state of Grenada. He was born in Belair Carriacou as Victor Gordon Burke and changed his name to Victor Nazim Gordon Burke. He served as the nation's Minister of Finance,Planning,Economic Development,Energy and Foreign Trade during the reign of the NDC government,from 2008 to 2013,headed by Tillman Thomas. He was elected as the political leader of the NDC at a party convention in early 2014 after Tillman Thomas stepped aside following the loss at the 2013 elections. Burke resigned as party leader in July 2018 following his party's disastrous election results in that year's election in which the party failed to gain any seats leaving it out of the house of representatives for a third time. He was succeeded by his Deputy Joseph Andall as acting leader pending a new leadership election due no later than March 2019.
Keith Christopher Rowley is a Trinidadian and Tobagonian politician serving as the seventh prime minister of Trinidad and Tobago,first elected into office on 9 September 2015 and again following the 2020 general election. He has led the People's National Movement (PNM) since May 2010 and was Leader of the Opposition from 2010 to 2015. He has also served as the Member of the House of Representatives for Diego Martin West since 1991. He is a volcanologist by profession,holding a doctorate in geology,specializing in geochemistry.
General elections were held in Barbados on 24 May 2018. The result was a landslide victory for the opposition Barbados Labour Party (BLP),which won all 30 seats in the House of Assembly,resulting in BLP leader Mia Mottley becoming the country's first female Prime Minister. The BLP's victory was the first time a party had won every seat in the House of Assembly. Previously,the most one-sided result for a Barbadian election had been in 1999,when the BLP won 26 of the 28 seats. The BLP's 73.5 percent vote share was also the highest on record.
General elections were held in Saint Lucia on 26 July 2021,having been constitutionally required by 12 October 2021. Voters elected all 17 members of the House of Assembly. The result was a victory for the opposition Saint Lucia Labour Party,which won 13 of the 17 seats in the House,while the ruling United Workers Party lost nine of its eleven seats,its worst result since 1997. It was the fourth consecutive election in which the incumbent government was defeated.
Snap general elections were held in Grenada on 23 June 2022. The incumbent Prime Minister Keith Mitchell sought a sixth term. National Democratic Congress (NDC) made a return to parliament after nine years of absence,defeating the ruling party New National Party (NNP),which led to Dickon Mitchell becoming the new prime minister of Grenada. This is also the first election since 2008 where the NDC gained seats.
Dickon Amiss Thomas Mitchell is a Grenadian politician and attorney serving as the ninth prime minister of Grenada since 24 June 2022 and the leader of the National Democratic Congress (NDC) since 2021. He led his party to victory in the 2022 general election.