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Tiphiidae - Tiphia femorata-1.JPG
Tiphia femorata . Val Noci, Genoa, Italy
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Family: Tiphiidae
Subfamily: Tiphiinae
Leach, 1815

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Tiphiinae is one of the two subfamilies of the flower wasp family Tiphiidae, the other being the Nearctic Brachycistidinae. It is the larger of the two and has a worldwide distribution.



Tiphiinae are small to medium sized solitary wasps, up to 25 mm in length. The eyes are ovate and do not demonstrate emargination. The males have 10-13 antennal segments while the females have 10-12. The antennae may, or may not be, bent at a sharp angle. The thorax is normally coloured orange-red or black and the thorax of the wingless females has distinct dorsal segmentation. The pronotum is long and extends posteriorly towards the tegulae. The spiracle cover lobes on the pronotum are lined with close fine hairs. There is no suture on the mesopleuron. Wings are present in all males but females may be winged or wingless. If wings are present they are not folded longitudinally. Fore-wings have a distinct pterostigma; and the wing venation is well developed. The legs show a fore femur which is not obviously thickened. [1]


The following genera are among those included in the Tiphiinae: [2] [3]

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  1. L. Watson; M.J. Dallwitz (2016). "Tiphiidae". Insects of Britain and Ireland: the families of Hymenoptera. delta-intkey.com. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  2. "Taxonomy for Tiphiinae". insectoid.info. Retrieved 13 May 2017.
  3. "Tiphiinae". Fauna Europaea. Archived from the original on April 6, 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2017.