|Raja Abhay Chand
|562 m (1,844 ft)
Tira Sujanpur, also known as Sujanpur Tira or Sujanpur Tihra, is a town and municipal council in the Hamirpur district of Himachal Pradesh. Founded in the 18th-century by the Katoch dynasty, the town is located midst the Himalayan foothills on the southern bank of the Beas River. It was one of the centers of Kangra-style miniature paintings (a chitrakala school) and Hindu temples built in an unusual blend of conventional Nagara architecture shrines with Mughal architecture palace, the latter decorated with floral murals of legends from the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.
The town was founded as "Sajjanpur" by Raja Sansar Chand Katoch in the 18th-century. Over time, it was referred to as Sujanpur. The Katoch dynasty developed it as a capital, adding a fort near it along a Tihra – a strip of the foothills. This led to the current name "Tihra Sujanpur".The king added several Hindu temples, a palace and square-shaped training center for warriors, locally called the "Chougan". It served the needs of its time where an alliance of Sikh and Hindu rulers were prone to plunder raids and invasion from the Mughal governors and Muslim tribes from Afghanistan and northwest Indian subcontinent. With the British rule, a period of relative peace arrived. The town and its historic buildings were damaged by the 1905 Kangra earthquake. After the end of the colonial era, the Chougan evolved into a public square hosting cultural festivals and other public events.
Tira Sujanpur has several historic temples, all traced to 18th-century or afterwards. Sansar Chand Katoch built the Narvardeshwar temple (Shiva), the Murlimanohar temple (Krishna, Vishnu), and the Chamundi Devi temple (Shakti, a fierce form of the Hindu war goddess). The third group at Thakardwara and inside the palace was sponsored by his wife Pransani Devi-Suketi, a patron of arts. These are unusual, as some shrines include elements of Mughal architecture while innovating over the core square and circle principles of the Hindu sacred architecture. The Katoch dynasty championed the conventional north Indian Nagara architecture as well, thus creating a complex where the ancient traditions were hosted with a palatial temple that incorporated influences from the late Indo-Saracenic architecture.
The town and nearby region were one of the centers of arts and created many Kangra-style miniature paintings. This influential was incorporated in its Hindu temples where the pillars and ceilings have floral decorations that frame murals. These depict scenes of historic Hindu legends. Further, both iconic (anthropomorphic Shiva and Parvati) and aniconic (Shiva linga) statues were included in the Shaiva, Vaishnava and Shakti temples.
The climate varies with hot summers and cold winters, but moderated by its Himalayan foothills location and being on the banks of Beas River. The temperature varies from 38 °C (100 °F) in the summer, to almost 0 °C (32 °F) in the winter. In the winter there are often areas of low-lying clouds.[ citation needed ]
Sujanpur is connected by road to all of the major towns in Himachal Pradesh, as well as the rest of the country. Its neighboring towns include Hamirpur, Palampur, Joginder Nagar, and Dharamshala. There are many bus connections to surrounding towns and cities. The nearest railway station is in Maranda.
About three decades ago, a Sainik School was opened in the town.[ clarification needed ]
As per the 2011 Census of India, the Tira Sujanpur Municipal Council had a population of 7,943, of which 4,262 were male, and 3,681 were female.The literacy rate of Tira Sujanpur City was 91.73%, higher than the state average of 82.80%.
Dharamshala is a town in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It also serves as the winter capital of the state and the administrative headquarters of the Kangra district since 1855. The town also hosts the Tibetan Government-in-exile. Dharamshala was a Municipal council till 2015 when it was upgraded to a Municipal corporation.
Kangra district is the most populous district of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. Dharamshala is the administrative headquarters of the district.
Hamirpur district is in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. The headquarters of the district are in the town of Hamirpur. With an area of 1,118 square kilometres or 432 square miles, it is the smallest district of Himachal Pradesh.
Kangra-Lambagraon was a historical princely estate (jagir) of British India located in the present-day state of Himachal Pradesh. In 1947, the estate comprised 437 villages, encompassing an area of 324 km2. It had with a Privy Purse of Rs 70,000/- and enjoyed a revenue of approx. Rs.1,76,000/-.
Kangra is a city and a municipal council in Kangra district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It is also known as Nagarkot.
Hamirpur is a Municipal Council and the headquarters of Hamirpur district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It is covered by Shivalik Ranges. Hamirpur is located in the Lower West Central Outer Himalayas at an average elevation of 790 M above sea level. Far northern High Altitude Dhauladhar Ranges overlook the city. It is also a major junction on National Highway 3 while National Highway 103 starts at Here. Hamirpur is famous for its high literacy rate, educational institutions and traditional festival of Hamir Utsav. Hamirpur City is spread from Jhaniari to Bhota along NH 3 and NH 103 and is a prominent commercial centre for the district. It is Connected to the National Capital with regular HRTC Volvo and ordinary buses. The nearest airport is Kangra Airport and Mohali International Airport while the nearest railway is in Una at 79 km. Hamirpur City is surrounded by Pine tree forests and has a good city infrastructure ranging from quality educational institutions, NIT, State Universities and Skill Learning centres.
Katoch is a Chandravanshi Rajput clan. Their traditional areas of residence was Trigarta Kingdom, Jalandhar, Multan i.e. the areas of residence are mainly in the Indian states of Punjab, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu. and at Kangra Fort. They descent from the Trigarta dynasty mentioned in the Mahabharata. Historically, they ruled from Multan, Jalandhar, and Kangra. The Multan Fort (1000-800 B.C and Kangra fort were also built by Katoch clan, establishing their antiquity. Katochs have only 4 sub-clans that came into existence from Katoch Rajputs are Dadwal Dynasty, Guleria Dynasty, Sibaia Dynasty, Jaswal Dynasty.
Sansar Chand was a Rajput ruler of the erstwhile Kangra State in what is now the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh.
Nadaun is a historical town and a nagar panchayat in the Hamirpur district of Himachal Pradesh, India. Previously a part of the princely state of Kangra, Nadaun is presently an independent small town located on NH 3 and NH 303 in the Sivalik range foothills. It is situated on the banks of the Beas.
Chamba is a town in the Chamba district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. According to the 2001 Indian census, Chamba has a population of 20,312 people. Located at an altitude of 1,006 metres (3,301 ft) above mean sea level, the town is situated on the banks of the Ravi River, at its confluence with the Sal River.
Himachal Pradesh was established in 1948 as a Chief Commissioner's Province within the Union of India. The province comprised the hill districts around Shimla and southern hill areas of the former Punjab region. Himachal became a part C state on 1951 with the implementation of the Constitution of India. Himachal Pradesh became a Union Territory on 1 November 1956. On 18 December 1970 the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament and the new state came into being on 25 January 1971. Thus Himachal emerged as the eighteenth state of the Indian Union.
McLeod Ganj or McLeodganj is a suburb of Dharamshala in Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh, India. It is known as "Little Lhasa" or "Dhasa" as the Tibetan government-in-exile is headquartered here and there is a significant population of Tibetans in the region.
Jaisinghpur is a small town and subdivision in Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh, India. There are two tehsils: the main tehsil is in Jaisinghpur and the sub tehsil is in Alampur. The population of Jaisinghpur Town is 2,602 and the overall population of Jaisinghpur Sub-Division is 58,623. It was named after Katoch, a Rajput king of the Princely estate of Kangra-Lambagraon, Col. His Highness Maharaja Shri Sir Jai Chand Katoch who ruled from 1864 to 1933. The current Maharaja of Jaisinghpur is Raja Akshey Kumar who ascended the throne in 2005, born on 12 June 1995 in the Sharma dynasty. Maharaja Akshey Kumar owns 700 acres of land, out of which the Maharaja donated 300 acres for the construction of hospitals and schools. The Maharaja also donated his Sujanpur Fort to the government as a heritage site. Maharaja Akshey Kumar leads a simple life and can be seen in Jaisinghpur on occasions like Holi and Dussehra. Jaisinghpur is situated on the bank of river Beas. It is known for its "Chaugan", which is the term used in Himachal Pradesh for a plain. There are several notable temples in the town such as the Janaki Nath temple, the Radhey Krishan temple near Bus Adda, the Laxmi Narayan temple, the Baba Mani Ram Temple, Baba khadesri kutiya, the Neel Kanth Mahadev Temple, the Dhudu Mahadev Mandir temple, the Guga temple, the Shitala Mata temple. There is also a Dargah midtown, popularly known as Baba Shah Mast Ali Dargah, and a Gurudwara on Jaisinghpur Lambagoan road. The Shitala Mata temple is a famous temple of the town on Tinbar-Palampur road. Another famous temple is the Jankinath temple. One of the more notable tourist places is Naguli Naag, which has a swimming pool. Another one is Basanti da Patan near the Beas river where people can go boating.
Shamirpur is a town in the Kangra district of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. It is located next to National Highway 20, which runs from Pathankot in Punjab to Mandi in Himachal Pradesh. It is easily accessible from Dharmasala. The nearest airport is Gaggal Airport, alternatively known as Kangra Airport or Dharamsala-Kangra Airport, which is located in Gaggal near Kangra, 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) southwest of Dharamshala.
Nurpur kingdom in the Himalayan foothills of India was founded in 1064 A.D at north-eastern Bari Doab between the Ravi and the Beas rivers at the fusion of Kangra, Duggar, Majha, Dharab and Chamba areas which ended in 1815. The remnants of Nurpur kingdom exist as ruined forts, restored temples, water bodies, and canals in Nurpur tehsil, Fatehpur tehsil, Pathankot tehsil, Dhar Kalan tehsil, Jawali tehsil, Indora tehsil Bhattiyat tehsil, and Sihunta tehsil.
Bangana is a Tehsil of Una District in the state of Himachal Pradesh, India. It is located in the foothills of Solah Singhi Dhar in Una District of Himachal Pradesh, India. Ancient forts are located on the top of hill. It is said that Maharaja Sansar Chand built those forts. Lahore can be seen from these forts with the help of telescopes. District headquarters is 28km from here. Bangana has further two sub-tehsils Jol and Bihru
The Narbadeshwar Temple, located in the Sujanpur Tira area of Hamirpur district in India, is dedicated to Lord Shiva.
Rajput architecture is an architectural style notable for the forts and palaces of the many Rajput rulers, which are popular tourist attractions, many of the Rajput forts are UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Shakoh is a village panchayat, of Lambagaon block, Jaisinghpur tehsil of the Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh, in India. It is located in the border area of the Kangra-Hamirpur district. It is the central point to Hamirpur (37Km) and Palampur. Shakoh is just 7 km away from Sujanpur Tira, a sub-town in the Hamirpur district, where Sainik School of Himachal is located. Kangra is one of twelve districts in Himachal Pradesh. Pin Code of Shakoh Village is 176 082 and the people of Shakoh village use the Pahadi dialect (Kangri).