Tirta Empul

Last updated
Ritual purifying bath at Tirta Empul. Around Ubud, Pura Tirta Empul (6985858921).jpg
Ritual purifying bath at Tirta Empul.
Gate featuring Bhoma at Tirta Empul Tirta Empul Gate.png
Gate featuring Bhoma at Tirta Empul

Tirta Empul temple (Indonesian : Pura Tirta Empul) is a Hindu Balinese water temple located near the town of Tampaksiring, Bali, Indonesia. The temple compound consists of a petirtaan or bathing structure, famous for its holy spring water, where Balinese Hindus go to for a ritual purification called Melukat . The temple pond has a spring which gives out fresh water regularly, which Balinese Hindus consider to be holy or amritha. [1] Tirta Empul means Holy Spring in Balinese.


Construction of the temple

Tirta Empul Temple was founded around a large water spring in 962 A.D. during the Warmadewa dynasty (10th-14th centuries). The name of the temple comes from the ground water source named "Tirta Empul". The spring is the source of the Pakerisan river. [2] The temple is divided into three sections: Jaba Pura (front yard), Jaba Tengah (central yard) and Jeroan (inner yard). Jaba Tengah contains 2 pools with 30 showers which are named accordingly: Pengelukatan, Pebersihan and Sudamala dan Pancuran Cetik (poison). [3]

The temple is dedicated to Vishnu, another Hindu god name for the supreme consciousness Narayana. [1] On a hill overlooking the temple, a modern villa was built for President Sukarno's visit in 1954. The villa is currently a rest house for important guests.

Water quality

For most of the time, Tirta Empul is believed as a source of clean water for ritual bathing. However, according to a Coconut Bali report in 2017, authorities were investigating reports of water pollution and health risk at Tirta Empul from Gianyar. [4]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Balinese people</span> Ethnic group in Indonesia

The Balinese people are an Austronesian ethnic group native to the Indonesian island of Bali. The Balinese population of 4.2 million live mostly on the island of Bali, making up 89% of the island's population. There are also significant populations on the island of Lombok and in the easternmost regions of Java.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Subak (irrigation)</span> Balinese irrigation system

Subak is the water management (irrigation) system for the paddy fields on Bali island, Indonesia. It was developed in the 9th century. For the Balinese, irrigation is not simply providing water for the plant's roots, but water is used to construct a complex, pulsed artificial ecosystem. The system consists of five terraced rice fields and water temples covering nearly 20,000 hectares. The temples are the main focus of this cooperative water management, known as subak.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tampaksiring</span> Place in Bali, Indonesia

Tampaksiring is a town in central Bali, Gianyar Regency, Indonesia. As of the 2010 census, the area was 42.63 km2 and the population was 45,818; the latest official estimate is 48,740. It is the home to the Gunung Kawi Temple and archaeological site and the Senang Hati Foundation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pura Ulun Danu Batur</span> Balinese Hindu temple in Indonesia

Pura Ulun Danu Batur is a Hindu Balinese temple located on the island of Bali, Indonesia. As one of the Pura Kahyangan Jagat, Pura Ulun Danu Batur is one of the most important temples in Bali which acted as the maintainer of harmony and stability of the entire island. Pura Ulun Danu Batur represents the direction of the North and is dedicated to the god Vishnu and the local goddess Dewi Danu, goddess of Lake Batur, the largest lake in Bali. Following the destruction of the original temple compound, the temple was relocated and rebuilt in 1926. The temple, along with 3 other sites in Bali, form the Cultural Landscape of Bali Province which was inscribed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2012.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tirta Gangga</span> Building in Bali, Indonesia

Tirta Gangga is a former royal palace in eastern Bali, Indonesia, about 5 kilometres from Karangasem, near Abang. Named after the sacred river Ganges in Hinduism, it is noted for the Karangasem royal water palace, bathing pools and its Patirthan temple. The one hectare complex was built in 1946 by the late King of Karangsem but was destroyed almost entirely by the eruption of nearby Mount Agung in 1963.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Balinese temple</span> Balinese Hindu temple

A Pura is a Balinese Hindu temple, and the place of worship for adherents of Balinese Hinduism in Indonesia. Puras are built following rules, style, guidance, and rituals found in Balinese architecture. Most puras are found on the island of Bali, where Hinduism is the predominant religion; however many puras exist in other parts of Indonesia where significant numbers of Balinese people reside. Mother Temple of Besakih is the most important, largest, and holiest temple in Bali. Many Puras have been built in Bali, leading it to be titled "the Island of a Thousand Puras".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Balinese architecture</span> Style of architecture

Balinese architecture is a vernacular architecture tradition of Balinese people that inhabits the volcanic island of Bali, Indonesia. Balinese architecture is a centuries-old architectural tradition influenced by Balinese culture developed from Hindu influences through ancient Javanese intermediary, as well as pre-Hindu elements of native Balinese architecture.

Bedulu, also spelt Bedahulu or Bedaulu, is a historical site in Bali, Indonesia. It is situated about two kilometer to the west of today Gianyar town.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ubud Palace</span> Building complex in Bali, Indonesia

The Ubud Palace, officially Puri Saren Agung, is a historical building complex situated in Ubud, Gianyar Regency of Bali, Indonesia.

Pura Griya Sakti is a Balinese Hindu temple located in the village of Manuaba, Kenderan administrative village, Tegalalang subdistrict, Gianyar Regency, Bali. The district is known for its woodcarving and its terraced rice field. The small village of Manuaba is about 4 km north of Kenderan or about 2.5 km southwest of the town of Tampaksiring with its famed Gunung Kawi temple. Pura Griya Sakti is the main temple of a powerful Brahman caste in the area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tampaksiring Palace</span> Building in Bali, Indonesia

The Tampaksiring Palace is one of 6 Presidential Palaces of Indonesia, it is located in Tampaksiring, Gianyar Regency, Bali. Built in 1957 and finished in 1963, unlike other presidential palaces of Indonesia that mostly were inherited from the colonial period of Dutch East Indies, Istana Tampaksiring was built after the independence of Indonesia, and built not in colonial Indies Empire style, but in modernism combined with elements of Balinese architecture.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pura Kehen</span> Balinese Hindu temple in Indonesia

Pura Kehen is a Balinese Hindu temple located in Cempaga, Bangli Regency, Bali. The temple is set on the foot of a wooded hill, about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) north of the town center. Established at least in the 13th-century, Pura Kehen was the royal temple of the Bangli Kingdom, now the Regency of Bangli.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pura Goa Lawah</span> Balinese Hindu temple in Indonesia

Pura Goa Lawah is a Balinese Hindu temple or a pura located in Klungkung, Bali, Indonesia. Pura Goa Lawah is often included among the Sad Kahyangan Jagad, or the "six sanctuaries of the world", the six holiest places of worship on Bali. Pura Goa Lawah is noted for built around a cave opening which is inhabited by bats, hence its name, the Goa Lawah or "bat cave".

Pura Dalem Sakenan is a pura located at the north-western shore of Serangan, a small island about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) south of Denpasar, Bali. Pura Dalem Sakenan is dedicated to [rambut sedhana] and is associated with prosperity. Pura Dalem Sakenan is the focus temple of the 210-day Piodalan festival where in the past processions of pilgrims visited the island on foot or by traditional colorful wooden boats called jukung. With the construction of the bridge connecting the Serangan island with Bali as well as the reclamation of the island, the use of colorful jukung for pilgrimage has died out.

Pura Pulaki is a Balinese Hindu temple or a pura located to the west of Singaraja, Bali, Indonesia. The temple is set on flat land with rocky outcrops as the backdrop. Pura Pulaki is a pura segara or Balinese sea temples, set around the island to form a chain of temples which protect the island.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pura Beji Sangsit</span> Hindu temple in Bali, Indonesia

Pura Beji Sangsit is a Balinese temple or pura located in Sangsit, Buleleng, on the island of Bali, Indonesia. The village of Sangsit is located around 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) east of Singaraja. Pura Beji is dedicated to the rice goddess Dewi Sri, and is revered especially by the farmers around the area. Pura Beji is an example of a stereotypical northern Balinese architecture with its relatively heavier decorations than it is southern Balinese counterpart, and its typical foliage-like carvings.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pura Penataran Agung Lempuyang</span> Balinese Hindu temple in Indonesia

Pura Penataran Agung Lempuyang is a Balinese Hindu temple or pura located in the slope of Mount Lempuyang in Karangasem, Bali. Pura Penataran Agung Lempuyang is considered as part of a complex of pura surrounding Mount Lempuyang, one of the highly regarded temples of Bali. The temples of Mount Lempuyang, represented by the highest pura at the peak of Mount Lempuyang, Pura Lempuyang Luhur, is one of the Sad Kahyangan Jagad, or the "six sanctuaries of the world", the six holiest places of worship on Bali.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pura Dalem Segara Madhu</span> Hindu temple in Bali, Indonesia

Pura Dalem Segara Madhu also known as Pura Dalem Jagaraga is a northern Balinese Hindu temple or pura located in the village of Jagaraga, Buleleng in northern Bali. It is about 11 km east of Singaraja. The village of Jagaraga is known historically as the place where the Dutch colonial government witnesses puputan or Balinese mass-suicide following their military attack on the kingdom of Bali in 1849. Pura Dalem Segara Madhu is known for its intensive wall decoration typical of northern Balinese architecture and for its unique western-influenced relief e.g. motifs of early 20th-century airplanes and automobiles.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pura Dasar Buana Gelgel</span> Balinese temple in Indonesia

Pura Dasar Buana is a Balinese Hindu temple or pura located in Gelgel, Bali, about 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) from Semarapura. Pura Dasar Buana is one of the Pura Dang Kahyangan Jagat, a temple which was built to honor a holy teacher of Hindu teaching. Pura Dasar Buana honored Mpu Ghana, a Brahmin who arrived to Bali from Javanese Majapahit to teach Hinduism in the island.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Melukat</span>

Melukat is a cleansing ritual of the mind, body, and spirit using water practiced in Bali, Indonesia. This ceremony has been passed down through generations among the Hindu community to the present day. Spiritual purification in this context means eliminating impurities within oneself. The term Melukat is derived from the words "su" meaning "good" and "lukat" meaning "purification". The Melukat ceremony is led by a priest and involves offerings such as prascita and bayuan, prepared with accompanying mantras. The individual to be purified is first subjected to mantras by the priest. After the mantra process is completed, the person is bathed with coconut water. Following the coconut water bath, the ritual continues with immersion in a lake, river, sea, or a bathing place believed to bring blessings. This ceremony is typically performed during Hindu religious days, such as Purnama, Tilem, and Kajeng Kliwon. Melukat ceremonies are often conducted collectively, such as by schools, offices, government bodies, or local communities. The ceremonies take place at historical sites, temples, bathing places, beaches, rivers, and the sea in Bali. The ritual can be found in several places such as Tirta Empul Temple, Campuhan Windhu Segara Temple, Sebatu Holy Spring Temple, Tirtha Sudamala Temple, Saraswati Temple in Ubud, and Goa Giri Putri Temple in Nusa Penida. Tirta Empul Temple is arguably considered the most renowned location for the ritual. The ritual has since become a tourist attraction.


  1. 1 2 "Pura Tirta Empul". Burari Bali. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  2. Carroll, Ryan Ver Berkmoes, Adam Skolnick, Marian (2009). Bali & Lombok (12th ed.). Footscray, Vic.: Lonely Planet. p. 202. ISBN   9781742203133 . Retrieved 5 October 2014.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. Pura Tirta Empul, babadbali.com
  4. "E.coli found in Bali temple water has Gianyar regency focusing on water quality standards". Coconuts Bali. 5 July 2017.

8°24′59″S115°18′53″E / 8.41639°S 115.31472°E / -8.41639; 115.31472