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|Member of the Australian Parliament |
13 December 1975 –10 December 1977
|Preceded by||Fred Daly|
|Succeeded by||Frank Stewart|
|Justice of the Federal Court of Australia|
1 January 1993 –1 May 2005
|Additional Judge of the Supreme Court of the ACT|
7 April 1995 –30 April 2005
|Born||7 January 1944|
Sydney, New South Wales
|Political party||Australian Labor Party|
|Relations|| Fred Whitlam (grandfather)|
Gough Whitlam (father)
Margaret Whitlam (mother)
Nicholas Whitlam (brother)
Stephen Whitlam (brother)
Catherine Dovey (sister)
|Alma mater||Australian National University|
Antony Philip Whitlam QC (born 7 January 1944) is an Australian lawyer who has served as a politician and judge. He is the son of Gough Whitlam (former Prime Minister) and Margaret Whitlam.
Whitlam was born in Elizabeth Bay, Sydney,and educated at Sydney Boys High School (1956–60) and the Australian National University in Canberra, where he graduated in law.
Whitlam was called to the New South Wales bar in 1967.
In 1973, he became South-east Asia regional counsel for Rank Xerox.
After several unsuccessful runs for preselection, Whitlam was elected in 1975 to the House of Representatives seat of Grayndler in central Sydney.His father Gough Whitlam was at that time the Leader of the Labor Party and had just been dismissed as Prime Minister by the Governor-General, Sir John Kerr. Labor was heavily defeated but Tony Whitlam easily won Grayndler. He became only the second federal MP to serve in the House at the same time as his father. He is also the only child of an Australian Prime Minister to be a federal MP (Kevin and Brendan Lyons, sons of Prime Minister Joseph Lyons, were Tasmanian state MPs).
In 1977, there was a redistribution of electoral boundaries in New South Wales, and the Division of Lang, adjoining Grayndler, was abolished. Whitlam ceded Labor preselection to the sitting Labor MP for Lang, Frank Stewart and stood for another seat, the marginal Liberal seat of St George, where he was defeated at the December 1977 election by the sitting Liberal member, Maurice Neil.
He attempted a return to federal politics in 1979, but was defeated in a preselection battle for the seat of Grayndler.
During his time as a member of the Federal ALP Caucus he got to vote for his father as leader twice, the first in January 1976 the month after the 1975 election defeat and in May 1977 when Bill Hayden launched an unsuccessful challenge against Gough.
He returned to the Sydney bar, where he had a successful career.
Whitlam was appointed a judge of the Federal Court of Australia in 1993. In 1995 he was also appointed a judge of the Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory.Whitlam was one of only six politicians to have served in both the Parliament of Australia and the Federal Court of Australia, alongside Nigel Bowen, Robert Ellicott, Merv Everett, John Reeves and Duncan Kerr.
After retiring from his judgeships, Whitlam returned again to the bar.
Edward Gough Whitlam was the 21st Prime Minister of Australia, serving from 1972 to 1975. The Leader of the Labor Party from 1967 to 1977, Whitlam led his party to power for the first time in 23 years at the 1972 election. He won the 1974 election before being controversially dismissed by the Governor-General of Australia, Sir John Kerr, at the climax of the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis. Whitlam remains the only Australian prime minister to have been removed from office in this manner.
The 1975 Australian constitutional crisis, also known simply as the Dismissal, has been described as the greatest political and constitutional crisis in Australian history. It culminated on 11 November 1975 with the dismissal from office of the Prime Minister, Gough Whitlam of the Australian Labor Party (ALP), by Governor-General Sir John Kerr, who then commissioned the Leader of the Opposition, Malcolm Fraser of the Liberal Party, as caretaker Prime Minister.
Sir John Robert Kerr, was an Australian barrister and judge who served as the 18th Governor-General of Australia, in office from 1974 to 1977. He is primarily known for his involvement in the 1975 constitutional crisis, which culminated in his decision to dismiss the incumbent prime minister Gough Whitlam and appoint Malcolm Fraser as his replacement, unprecedented actions in Australian federal politics.
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The Division of Grayndler is an Australian electoral division in the state of New South Wales.
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The Whitlam Government was the federal executive government of Australia led by Prime Minister Gough Whitlam of the Australian Labor Party. The government commenced when Labor defeated the McMahon Government at the 1972 federal election, ending a record 23 years of continuous Coalition government. It was terminated by Governor-General Sir John Kerr following the 1975 constitutional crisis and was succeeded by the Fraser Government—the sole occasion in Australian history when an elected federal government was dismissed by the head of state.
Margaret Elaine Whitlam, AO was the wife of Gough Whitlam, the Prime Minister of Australia from 1972 to 1975. She was a social campaigner and published author, and also represented Australia in swimming at the 1938 British Empire Games in Sydney.
Francis Eugene "Frank" Stewart, Australian politician and rugby league footballer, was a member of the Australian House of Representatives representing Lang between 1953 and 1977 and subsequently Grayndler between 1977 and 1979 for the Australian Labor Party.
The 1974 Australian federal election was held in Australia on 18 May 1974. All 127 seats in the House of Representatives and all 60 seats in the Senate were up for election, due to a double dissolution. The incumbent Labor Party led by Prime Minister Gough Whitlam defeated the opposition Liberal–Country coalition led by Billy Snedden.
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|Parliament of Australia|
| Member for Grayndler |