Trincomalee Urban Council

Last updated
Trincomalee Urban Council
Type
Type
Leadership
Chairman
Kanthasamy Selvarajah, TNA
since April 2011
Deputy Chairman
Senathirajah Siriskandarajah, TNA
since April 2011
Secretary
A. G. Devendra
Seats12
Elections
Last election
2011 Sri Lankan local government elections

Trincomalee Urban Council (TUC) is the local authority for the city of Trincomalee in eastern Sri Lanka. [1] TUC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 12 members elected using the open list proportional representation system.

Local government is the third and lowest level of government in Sri Lanka – after the central government and provincial councils. The local government bodies are collectively known as local authorities. They are responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. Local authorities are divided into three different groups: municipal councils, urban councils and divisional councils. As of November 2017 there were 341 local authorities. All local authorities are elected using the mixed electoral system.

Trincomalee City in Sri Lanka

Trincomalee also known as Gokanna/Gokarna, is the administrative headquarters of the Trincomalee District and major resort port city of Eastern Province, Sri Lanka. Located on the east coast of the island overlooking the Trincomalee Harbour, 237 kilometres (147 mi) north-east of Colombo, 182 kilometres (113 mi) south-east of Jaffna and 111 kilometres (69 mi) miles north of Batticaloa, Trincomalee has been one of the main centres of Sri Lankan Tamil language speaking culture on the island for over two millennia. With a population of 99,135, the city is built on a peninsula of the same name, which divides its inner and outer harbours. People from Trincomalee are known as Trincomalians and the local authority is Trincomalee Urban Council. Trincomalee city is home to the famous Koneswaram temple from where it developed and earned its historic Tamil name Thirukonamalai. The town is home to other historical monuments such as the Bhadrakali Amman Temple, Trincomalee, the Trincomalee Hindu Cultural Hall and, opened in 1897, the Trincomalee Hindu College. Trincomalee is also the site of the Trincomalee railway station and an ancient ferry service to Jaffna and the south side of the harbour at Muttur.

Sri Lanka Island country in South Asia

Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea. The island is geographically separated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. The legislative capital, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, is a suburb of the commercial capital and largest city, Colombo.

Contents

History

Trincomalee was administered by a Local Board between 1884 and 1933. [2] Between 1933 and 1939 the city administered by a Local Development Board. The city was promoted to an Urban Council on 1 January 1940. [2] Trincomalee is one of the largest cities in Sri Lanka without municipality status.Cities and towns with much lower population than Trincomalee, such as Hambantota (home of President Mahinda Rajapaksa) and Akkaraipattu (home of Local Government Minister A. L. M. Athaullah), have been promoted to Municipal Council in 2011 but Trincomalee has been overlooked.

Hambantota Town in Southern Province, Sri Lanka

Hambantota is the main town in Hambantota District, Southern Province, Sri Lanka. This underdeveloped area was hit hard by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and is undergoing a number of major development projects including the construction of a new sea port and international airport finished in 2013. These projects and others such as Hambantota Cricket Stadium are said to form part of the government's plan to transform Hambantota into the second major urban hub of Sri Lanka, away from Colombo.

Mahinda Rajapaksa Prime Minister of Sri Lanka

Mahinda Rajapaksa is a Sri Lankan politician serving as Leader of the Opposition since 2018, and has served as Member of Parliament (MP) for Kurunegala since 2015. He served as the President of Sri Lanka and Leader of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party from 2005 to 2015.

Akkaraipattu Town in Sri Lanka

Akkaraipattu is a coastal town in the Ampara District, Eastern Province of Sri Lanka. It is approximately 250 km (160 mi) east of Colombo. During the period of British rule, the town was called Karunkodithivu. Akkaraipattu acts as an agro-economic hub. Vast extents of paddy field surround the township.

Election results

1983 local government election

Results of the local government election held on 18 May 1983: [3]

Alliances and partiesVotes%Seats
  Tamil United Liberation Front 10,94069.58%9
  United National Party 2,54216.17%2
  Sri Lanka Freedom Party 2,13513.58%1
  All Ceylon Tamil Congress 1060.67%0
Valid Votes15,723100.00%12
Rejected Votes77
Total Polled15,800
Registered Electors24,529
Turnout64.41%

Point Pedro didn't have an elected local government for sporadic periods, this was due to various reasons. [4] Aljazeera, the Asiafoundation and the Daily Mirror attribute this to civil war; [5] [6] Reuters and the US State Department attribute this to calls for election boycotts by the LTTE (enforced with brutal reprisals for non compliance) [7] [8] and the Tamilnet attribute it to The Sri Lankan government's suspension of all local government in the north and east of the country in 1983 using Emergency Regulations. [9] Trincomalee was administered by special commissioners until 1994 when local elections were held. The council was dissolved in 1999. [2] Special commissioners administered the city until the 2006 elections.

The Asia Foundation is a nonprofit international development organization committed to "improving lives across a dynamic and developing Asia." Informed by six decades of experience and deep local expertise, its programs address critical issues affecting Asia in the 21st century—governance and law, economic development, women's empowerment, environment, and regional cooperation. Headquartered in San Francisco, The Asia Foundation works through a network of 18 offices in 18 Asian countries and in Washington, DC.

The Daily Mirror is a daily English-language newspaper published in Colombo, Sri Lanka, by Wijeya Newspapers. Its Sunday counterpart is the Sunday Times. Its sister newspaper on financial issues is the Daily FT.

Sri Lankan Civil War Armed conflict in Sri Lanka (1983–2009) between the government and the separatist organization Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam

The Sri Lankan Civil War was an armed conflict fought on the island of Sri Lanka. Beginning on 23 July 1983, there was an intermittent insurgency against the government by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, which fought to create an independent Tamil state called Tamil Eelam in the north and the east of the island. After a 26-year military campaign, the Sri Lankan military defeated the Tamil Tigers in May 2009, bringing the civil war to an end.

2006 local government election

Results of the local government election held on 30 March 2006: [10]

Alliances and partiesVotes%Seats
  Tamil National Alliance (ITAK, EPRLF (S), TELO)16,36875.06%10
Independent (UPFA, UNP, SLMC, NESO)4,28619.65%2
  Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna 8954.10%0
  Eelam People's Democratic Party 2591.19%0
Valid Votes21,808100.00%12
Rejected Votes935
Total Polled22,743
Registered Electors36,961
Turnout61.53%

The following candidates were elected: [11] [12] Subramaniam Gowrimuhunthan (TNA), 6,115 preference votes (pv); Kanthasamy Selvarajah (TNA), 5,994 pv; Kandiah Thurairajah (TNA), 5,400 pv; Jeganathan Pulendraraj (TNA), 5,027 pv; Perumal Muniayandy (TNA), 2,717 pv; Sithiravelu Arudchelvam (TNA), 2,237 pv; Thandayuthapani Karikalan (TNA), 2,099 pv; Ratnasabapathy Navaratnarajah Varathan (TNA), 1,926 pv; Sultan Farook (Ind-UPFA), 1,650 pv; Abdul Hussein Sahul Hameed (TNA), 1,516 pv; Kanmany Amma Ratnavadivel (TNA), 1,294 pv; and Nahoor Noor Mohamed (Ind-UNP), 1,286 pv.

Subramaniam Gowrimuhunthan (TNA) and Kanthasamy Selvarajah (TNA) were appointed Chairman and Deputy Chairman respectively. [13]

The term of the council was due to expire in 2010 but on 22 December 2009 Minister of Local Government and Provincial Councils Janaka Bandara Tennakoon extended it until 31 March 2011. [14]

Subramaniam Gowrimuhunthan (TNA) and Kanmany Amma Ratnavadivel (TNA) were suspended from their party for contesting the 2010 parliamentary election for the Tamil National People's Front (against the TNA). [15] Subramaniam Gowrimuhunthan (TNA) was subsequently removed from the Chairmanship in August 2010 and replaced by Kanthasamy Selvarajah (TNA). [16]

2011 local government election

Results of the local government election held on 17 March 2011: [17]

Alliances and partiesVotes%Seats
  Tamil National Alliance (ITAK, EPRLF (S), TELO, PLOTE, TULF, TNLA)11,60159.43%8
  United People's Freedom Alliance (SLFP, EPDP, et al.)4,13721.19%2
  United National Party 2,04410.47%1
  Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna 5192.66%1
All Lanka Tamil United Front4632.37%0
Independent 1 4192.15%0
Tamil Makkal Viduthalai Pulikal 3271.68%0
Independent 2 100.05%0
Valid Votes19,520100.00%12
Rejected Votes560
Total Polled20,080
Registered Electors31,927
Turnout62.89%

The following candidates were elected: [18] Sithiravelu Arudchelvam (TNA); Dharmarasa Gowrimuhunthan (TNA); P. W. Susantha Jayalath (JVP); Kalirajah Kokulraj (TNA); Galappaththige Saman Kumara (UPFA); Nahoor Noor Mohamed (UPFA); Sivasubramaniam Nandakumar (TNA); Saboordeen Sanoon (UNP); Nagalingam Satheeskanna (TNA); Konamalai Saththiyaseelarajah (TNA); Kanthasamy Selvarajah (TNA); and Senathirajah Siriskandarajah (TNA).

Kanthasamy Selvarajah of TNA and Senathirajah Siriskandarajah of TNA were appointed Chairman and Deputy Chairman respectively.

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References

  1. "Trincomalee Urban Council". Government of Sri Lanka.
  2. 1 2 3 Gurunathan, Sinniah (2 April 2006). "TNA gets important councils in EP".
  3. Sarveswaran, K. (2005). The Tamil United Liberation Front: Rise and Decline of a Moderate Ethnic Party in Sri Lanka (1976-2000). Jawaharal Nehru University.
  4. Lanka cannot afford to despise UN system
  5. In Northern Sri Lanka, Local Governments Prepare for Post-War Development
  6. Sri Lankans vote in local elections
  7. Sri Lanka's war-weary north votes amid intimidation, mistrust
  8. US State Department
  9. "TNA urges PM to put off NE local polls". TamilNet. 11 September 2002. Retrieved 4 July 2009.
  10. "Local Authorities Election 2006 Final Results Trincomalee Urban Council". Department of Elections, Sri Lanka.
  11. "PART IV (B) — LOCAL GOVERNMENT Notices under the Local Authorities Elections Ordinance THE LOCAL AUTHORITIES ELECTIONS ORDINANCE (CHAPTER 262)" (PDF). The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. 1440/11. 10 April 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 April 2013.
  12. "Tamil, Muslim candidates elected to Trincomalee UC". TamilNet . 31 March 2006.
  13. "ITAK administration in Trinco UC begins". TamilNet . 20 April 2006.
  14. "Extraordinary Gazette No. 1633/09" (PDF). The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. Government of Sri Lanka. 23 December 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2011.
  15. "3 ITAK members in Trincomalee file petition against expulsion from the party". TamilNet . 3 August 2010.
  16. "PART IV (A) - PROVINCIAL COUNCILS Provincial Councils Notifications EASTERN PROVINCE PROVINCIAL COUNCIL" (PDF). The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. 1666/28. 11 August 2010.
  17. "Local Authorities Election - 17.03.2011 Trincomalee District Trincomalee Urban Council". Department of Elections, Sri Lanka.
  18. "PART IV (B) — LOCAL GOVERNMENT Notices under the Local Authorities Elections Ordinance (Chapter 262) LOCAL AUTHORITY ELECTIONS ORDINANCE" (PDF). The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. 1699/5. 28 March 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 October 2011.