Truncated railway station termini

Last updated

A truncated railway station terminus an original railway station site that is sold for redevelopment and a new, usually smaller station is being constructed back down the line. There are many examples of station buildings and other structures, such as the redundant platforms at Whitby, being sold for redevelopment. The truncation however, was only partial, as one platform still survives in its original location. Many stations have had platforms truncated to accommodate larger concourses, such as London King's Cross and London Liverpool Street This article, however, is about new stations that have been fully truncated and cut short from a former location.

Truncating happens usually when traffic has declined so much that an original station site is no longer required and the land is deemed to have a greater commercial value. Money gained from the sale of a station site can then be reinvested in new facilities.

However, the newly constructed stations can often be sited farther away from a town or city centre. Many old stations have been redeveloped as shopping destinations, with the aim of generating footfall from passengers as they walk to the new platforms. The policy of truncating still continues, and a plan under discussion would relocate Lowestoft some 400 metres to the west and redevelop the land for retail. [1]

StationNotes
Balloch The original terminus of the North Clyde Line extended right up to the shores of the Loch Lomond. Following the end of steamer services, Balloch Pier fell into decline and closed in September 1986. Balloch Central, the next stop down the line, was later closed in April 1988 to avoid the Balloch Road level crossing. The modern truncated station is called simply Balloch.
Blackpool South The former Blackpool Central station was right in the heart of the town, but there was a decline in traffic and Blackpool North became the principal station. Blackpool Central was thus closed, with the railway cut right down so that the land could be redeveloped for car and coach parking.
Bradford Forster Square In 1990, a new smaller station was constructed about 100 m back down the line. The original station site was to be redeveloped as part of a new shopping centre, but due to the early 1990s recession stopped that from happening. A new tax office was later built on the site.
Bradford Interchange The original Bradford Exchange station was closed in 1972, and a new station was constructed about 100 metres to the south, as part of a combined rail and bus station facility. [2] There has long been an aspiration to link both of Bradford's railway stations via a cross city link. However, the policy of truncation reduces any chance of that ever happening.
Falmouth Docks resited December 1970 [3]
Felixstowe A new smaller station was constructed to the east of the original in the 1980s, with much of the old site becoming a car park and a shopping centre called 'Great Eastern Square'. The original station building, as well as some of the original platform canopies, still survives as a pub/restaurant.
Fort William The original station was alongside Loch Linnhe and was combined with a ferry pier. To facilitate the construction of a new road, a new station was built in 1975, about half a mile to the west of the original. [4] [5]
Henley-on-Thames The station was cut back in 1975.
London Victoria Brighton-bound platforms were truncated in the 1980s to make way for extra shops as part of the Victoria Place Shopping Centre development. [6]
Looe The original station extended 100 metres in the town and was connected to the quayside. The new station opened in April 1968.
Morecambe The old Morecambe Promenade station closed in February 1994, with a new, smaller station built 400 metres to the west. [7] The old station building survives as a pub/restaurant, with the rest of the site now occupied by a cinema and an indoor market.
North Berwick The North Berwick branch line had been under threat of closure following the publication of the Beeching Report in the 1960s. By the 1980s the threat of closure had gone, but the old station was demolished and a new car park and residential development was built in its place. At the same time, a smaller, unstaffed station, with cut-back platforms, was built back down the line.
Sheringham Replaced original station in 1967 allowing a level crossing to be closed
St Ives The original station was nearer to the town and had a long curved platform. The new station (with a straight platform) was constructed down the line in the early 1970s. Much of the old station site is now a car park.
Uckfield The original station was 50 metres to the south. A new station was constructed in 1991 to avoid the nearby level crossing.
Walton-on-the-Naze Only one short platform survives from the original station layout. The main platforms ran a few metres further on to the original terminus. Most of this land is now a car park, and the original station house was now converted into flats.
Windermere The original train shed is now a Booths supermarket, with a new truncated station constructed 50 metres back down the line in 1986. [8]
Windsor & Eton Central The site redeveloped as the Royal Windsor Shopping Centre, and only one truncated platform of the old station remains.

Related Research Articles

Glasgow Queen Street railway station railway station

Glasgow Queen Street is a city centre railway terminus in Glasgow, Scotland. It is the smaller of the city's two main line railway terminals and the third busiest station in Scotland. The station is situated between George Street to the south and Cathedral Street Bridge to the north, at the northern end of Queen Street adjacent to George Square. Queen Street station serves the Greater Glasgow area's northern towns and suburbs. The station also serves the Edinburgh Waverley shuttle and is the terminus for all inter-city services to destinations in the North of Scotland. The other main city-centre station in Glasgow is Glasgow Central.

Leeds railway station Mainline railway station in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England

Leeds railway station is the mainline railway station serving the city centre of Leeds in West Yorkshire, England. It is the third-busiest railway station in the UK outside London. It is located on New Station Street to the south of City Square, at the bottom of Park Row, behind the landmark Queens Hotel. It is one of 20 stations managed by Network Rail.

Ribble Steam Railway

The Ribble Steam Railway is a standard gauge preserved railway in Lancashire, in the United Kingdom. It was opened to the public on 17 September 2005, running along Preston Docks. The railway began by housing much of the collection from the previously closed Southport Railway Museum (Steamport), which was based in the old Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway engine shed at Southport.

Airedale line

The Airedale line is one of the rail services in the West Yorkshire Metro area centred on West Yorkshire in northern England. The service is operated by Northern, on the route connecting Leeds and Bradford with Skipton. Some services along the line continue to Morecambe or Carlisle. The route covered by the service was historically part of the Midland Railway.

Wakefield Westgate railway station Railway station in West Yorkshire, England

Wakefield Westgate railway station is a mainline railway station in Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England. It is 10 miles (16 km) south of Leeds to the west of the city centre, on the Wakefield Line and Leeds branch of the East Coast Main Line.

Guiseley railway station Railway station in West Yorkshire, England

Guiseley railway station is a railway station in Guiseley, in the City of Leeds metropolitan borough, West Yorkshire, England. On the Wharfedale Line between Ilkley and Leeds/Bradford Forster Square, it is served mostly by Class 333 electric trains run by Northern Trains, which also manages the station.

Island platform Railway platform placed between two railway tracks

An island platform is a station layout arrangement where a single platform is positioned between two tracks within a railway station, tram stop or transitway interchange. Island platforms are popular on twin-track routes due to pragmatic and cost-effective reasons. They are also useful within larger stations where local and express services for the same direction of travel can be provided from opposite sides of the same platform thereby simplifying transfers between the two tracks. An alternative arrangement is to position side platforms on either side of the tracks.

Bradford Forster Square railway station Railway station in West Yorkshire, England

Bradford Forster Square railway station serves Bradford, West Yorkshire, England. The majority of services to/from the railway station use Class 333 electrified trains operated by Northern Trains, on the Airedale Line to Skipton, the Wharfedale Line to Ilkley and the Leeds-Bradford Line to Leeds.

Wolverhampton railway station

Wolverhampton railway station in Wolverhampton, West Midlands, England is on the Birmingham Loop of the West Coast Main Line. It is served by Avanti West Coast, CrossCountry, Transport for Wales and West Midlands Trains services, and was historically known as Wolverhampton High Level.

Bradford Interchange Railway station in West Yorkshire, England

Bradford Interchange is a transport interchange in Bradford, West Yorkshire, England, which consists of a railway station and combined bus and coach station adjacent. The Interchange, which was designed in 1962, was hailed as a showpiece of European design and was opened on 14 January 1973. It is served by the majority of bus services in the city centre along with National Express Coaches, while the railway station, which is one of two in the city centre, is served by Northern and is also the terminus for Grand Central services from London King's Cross.

New Pudsey railway station Railway station in West Yorkshire, England

New Pudsey railway station is in Farsley, West Yorkshire, England, on the Calder Valley line from Leeds to Bradford Interchange, Halifax, Huddersfield, Manchester Victoria, and Blackpool North. Lying 5.75 miles (9.25 km) west of Leeds, it serves as a commuter station for the western edge of the Leeds conurbation.

Burley-in-Wharfedale railway station Railway station in West Yorkshire, England

Burley-in-Wharfedale railway station serves the village of Burley-in-Wharfedale in West Yorkshire, England, in the City of Bradford. The station lies on the Wharfedale Line between Ilkley and Leeds/Bradford Forster Square. It is served by Class 333 units run by Northern Trains, who also manage the station.

Shipley railway station Railway station in West Yorkshire, England

Shipley railway station serves the historic market town of Shipley in West Yorkshire, England. It is 2 34 miles (4.4 km) north of Bradford Forster Square and 10 34 miles (17.3 km) northwest of Leeds.

Saltaire railway station Railway station in West Yorkshire, England

Saltaire railway station serves the village of Saltaire near Shipley in West Yorkshire, England. It is situated 3 12 miles (6 km) north of Bradford Forster Square.

Bingley railway station Railway station in West Yorkshire, England

Bingley railway station is a grade II listed railway station that serves the town of Bingley in West Yorkshire, England, and is 13.5 miles (21.7 km) away from Leeds and 5.5 miles (8.9 km) away from Bradford Forster Square on the Airedale line operated by Northern Trains.

Steeton and Silsden railway station Railway station in West Yorkshire, England

Steeton and Silsden railway station serves the village of Steeton and the town of Silsden in West Yorkshire, England. It is situated closer to Steeton than to Silsden, and is on the Airedale Line. The station, and all trains serving it, are operated by Northern. Steeton & Silsden closed on 20 March 1965 but reopened in 1990. The current (staggered) station platforms built by British Rail are located on the site of the old A6068 level crossing, which was replaced by the current road bridge in 1988 as part of the Aire Valley Trunk Road project. Until its closure, both platforms were situated to the north of the former crossing, although the original station building was located on the Keighley side.

Forster Square

Forster Square in central Bradford was redeveloped in the (2006) Broadway development, but gives its name to Bradford Forster Square railway station and a retail park.

Apperley Bridge railway station Railway station in West Yorkshire, England

Apperley Bridge station is situated in Bradford on the line between Leeds and Shipley, West Yorkshire, England. It serves the district of Apperley Bridge in the north-east of the city.

Bradford Crossrail is an idea to link together Bradford's two railway stations, Bradford Forster Square and Bradford Interchange. Both these stations are truncated versions of former station sites, Bradford Forster Square station and Bradford Exchange. These stations were built in the nineteenth century by different railway companies with an individual, rather than a comprehensive plan for rail development in the city.

Perth City Link is an urban renewal and redevelopment project in Perth, Western Australia.

References

  1. Waveney District Council planning consultation
  2. Work begins on Bradford terminal Railway Gazette International March 1972 page 84
  3. Resited station at Falmouth The Railway Magazine issue 838 February 1971 page 63
  4. Disused Stations Fort William
  5. Fort William re-sited The Railway Magazine issue 892 August 1975 page 377
  6. Victoria platform additions The Railway Magazine issue 1043 March 1988 page 144
  7. Around the Regions Rail issue 235 14 September 1994 page 26
  8. Oxenholme to Windermere Line - Line History Archived 2013-07-15 at the Wayback Machine