Tschappina

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Tschappina
Kirche Tschappina 2.jpg
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Location of Tschappina
Tschappina
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Tschappina
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Tschappina
Coordinates: 46°41′N9°23′E / 46.683°N 9.383°E / 46.683; 9.383 Coordinates: 46°41′N9°23′E / 46.683°N 9.383°E / 46.683; 9.383
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Viamala
Area
[1]
  Total24.67 km2 (9.53 sq mi)
Elevation
1,400 m (4,600 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31) [2]
  Total130
  Density5.3/km2 (14/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (Central European Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code(s)
7428
SFOS number 3669
Surrounded by Flerden, Lohn, Mathon, Safien, Urmein
Website www.tschappina.ch
SFSO statistics

Tschappina is a municipality in the Viamala Region in the Swiss canton of Graubünden.

Contents

History

Tschappina is first mentioned in 1396 as in Schipinen. [3]

Geography

Tschappina has an area, as of 2006, of 24.7 km2 (9.5 sq mi). Of this area, 42.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 26.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (30%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains). [4]

Before 2017, the municipality was located in the Thusis sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district, after 2017 it was part of the Viamala Region. [5] It consists of scattered settlements over the upper Heinzenberg mountains, at an elevation of 1,384–1,846 meters (4,541–6,056 ft). It consists of the settlements of Unter- and Ober-Tschappina, Ober Gmeind, Usser and Inner Glas.

Demographics

Tschappina has a population (as of 31 December 2020) of 134. [6] As of 2008, 4.9% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -1.8%. [4]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 53.1% male and 46.9% female. [7] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Tschappina is; 20 people or 13.2% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 14 people or 9.3% are 10 to 14, and 7 people or 4.6% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 8 people or 5.3% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 21 people or 13.9% are 30 to 39, 24 people or 15.9% are 40 to 49, and 21 people or 13.9% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 15 people or 9.9% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 10 people or 6.6% are 70 to 79, there are 10 people or 6.6% who are 80 to 89, and there is 1 person who is 90 to 99. [8]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 54.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (16.4%), the FDP (12.6%) and the CVP (9.3%). [4]

In Tschappina about 71.6% of the population (between age 25–64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule ). [4]

Tschappina has an unemployment rate of 0.39%. As of 2005, there were 54 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 23 businesses involved in this sector. 4 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 2 businesses in this sector. 19 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 7 businesses in this sector. [4]

The historical population is given in the following table: [3]

yearpopulation
1803330
1850251
1900209
1950209
2000151

Languages

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (98.0%), with Romansh being second most common ( 1.3%) and Portuguese being third ( 0.7%). [4]

Languages in Tschappina
LanguagesCensus 1980Census 1990Census 2000
NumberPercentNumberPercentNumberPercent
German 15196.79%13898.57%14898.01%
Romansh 31.92%21.43%21.32%
Population156100%140100%151100%

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References

  1. "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. 1 2 Tschappina in German , French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland .
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 08-Oct-2009
  5. Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz - Mutationsmeldungen 2016 accessed 16 February 2017
  6. "Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit". bfs.admin.ch (in German). Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB. 31 December 2020. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  7. Graubunden in Numbers Archived 2009-09-24 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  8. Graubunden Population Statistics Archived 2009-08-27 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 21 September 2009