Districts of Switzerland

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Map of Switzerland showing cantonal, districts and municipal boundaries (April 2021). Karte Gemeinden der Schweiz 2021.04.18.png
Map of Switzerland showing cantonal, districts and municipal boundaries (April 2021).

In contrast to centrally organised states, in the federally constituted Switzerland each canton is completely free to decide its own internal organisation. Therefore, there exists a variety of structures and terminology for the subnational entities between canton and municipality, loosely termed districts.

Contents

Most cantons are divided into Bezirke (German for districts, singular Bezirk). They are also termed Ämter (Lucerne, singular Amt), Amtsbezirke (Bern, Amtsbezirk), district (in French) or distretto (Ticino and part of Graubünden). The Bezirke generally provide only administration and court organization. However, for historical reasons districts in cantons Graubünden and Schwyz are their own legal entities with jurisdiction over tax and often have their own Landsgemeinde.

Seven of the 26 cantons – Uri, Obwalden, Nidwalden, Glarus, Zug, Basel-City and Geneva – have always existed without the district level of government. An eighth one, Appenzell Innerrhoden, uses no intermediate level either, but calls its lowest-level subdivisions Bezirke, although they are functionally equivalent to municipalities elsewhere.

A number of further cantons are considering (or have already decided) an abolition of the district level in the future: Appenzell Ausserrhoden, Schaffhausen, Lucerne, St. Gallen, Schwyz in 2006 voted on its abolition, but voted in favour of keeping the division, some with modifications. Bern in 2006 decided a reduction of its 26 districts to ten administrative regions, which took effect in 2010. St. Gallen, Solothurn and Lucerne removed the administrative role, but retained districts for elections. In 2008 Vaud decided on a reduction from 19 to 10 districts, followed by Thurgau which combined eight into five in 2012. In 2017 Graubünden replaced the 11 districts with 11 regions. In 2018 Neuchâtel eliminated the district level.

For further updated about this districts, see: Population size and population composition – Data, indicators: Cantons, communes [1] or Permanent resident population by age, canton, district and commune 2010–2013. [2]

Zürich

Districts in the Canton of Zurich Karte Kanton Zurich Bezirke 2010.png
Districts in the Canton of Zürich

The Canton of Zürich is divided into 12 districts (German: Bezirke):

Bern

Districts of the canton of Bern Karte Kanton Bern Verwaltungskreise 2010.png
Districts of the canton of Bern

The Canton of Bern is divided in five regions: Berner Jura, Seeland (with two subregions, Biel/Bienne and Seeland), Bern-Mittelland, Oberland (with subregions Thun, Obersimmental-Saanen, Frutigen-Niedersimmental, Interlaken-Oberhasli) and Emmental-Oberaargau (with two subregions, Emmental and Oberaargau) The current division has taken effect on 1 January 2010, based on a 2006 decision to abolish the former system of districts.

On 1 January 2010, the 26 administrative districts (Amtsbezirke) were combined into 10 new administrative districts (Verwaltungskreise): [3]

Lucerne

Districts of Canton Lucerne Karte Kanton Luzern Bezirke 2010.png
Districts of Canton Lucerne

The Canton of Lucerne used to be divided into 5 Ämter:

These were abolished with the new cantonal constitution of 2007, although they will continue to be used as electoral districts.

Schwyz

Districts of the Cantons of Schwyz Karte Kanton Schwyz Bezirke 2010.png
Districts of the Cantons of Schwyz

The Canton of Schwyz is divided into 6 districts:

Fribourg

Districts of canton Fribourg Karte Kanton Freiburg Bezirke 2010.png
Districts of canton Fribourg

The Canton of Fribourg is divided into 7 districts:

Solothurn

Districts of Canton Solothurn Karte Kanton Solothurn Bezirke 2010.png
Districts of Canton Solothurn

From 2005, Solothurn's ten districts are merged pairwise into five electoral districts, termed Amtei. From 2005, districts only have a statistical meaning.

Basel-Landschaft

districts of Canton Basel-Landschaft Karte Kanton Baselland Bezirke 2010.png
districts of Canton Basel-Landschaft

Basel-Landschaft is divided into 5 districts:

St. Gallen

Constituencies of St. Gallen Karte Kanton St.Gallen Wahlkreise 2010.png
Constituencies of St. Gallen

The canton abolished the district level in 2003, but it remains divided into eight constituencies (Wahlkreise) without administrative significance:

Graubünden

Regions of Canton Graubunden Karte Kanton Graubunden Regionen 2016.png
Regions of Canton Graubünden

Beginning in 2017 Graubünden is divided into 11 regions:

Aargau

Districts in Aargau Karte Kanton Aargau Bezirke 2010.png
Districts in Aargau

Aargau is divided into 11 districts:

Thurgau

Districts of Canton Thurgau Karte Kanton Thurgau Bezirke 2011.png
Districts of Canton Thurgau

Thurgau is divided into five districts (eight prior to 2011) and each is named after its capital:

Ticino

Districts of Canton Ticino Karte Kanton Tessin Bezirke 2017.png
Districts of Canton Ticino

Ticino is divided into 8 districts:

Vaud

Districts of Canton Vaud Karte Kanton Waadt Bezirke 2010.png
Districts of Canton Vaud

Vaud is divided into 10 districts:

Valais

Districts in Valais Karte Kanton Wallis Bezirke 2010.png
Districts in Valais

Valais is divided into 13 districts:

The district of Raron is divided into:

Neuchâtel

Districts of Canton Neuchatel Karte Kanton Neuenburg Bezirke 2010.png
Districts of Canton Neuchâtel

The Canton of Neuchâtel was divided into 6 districts until 1 January 2018 when the district system was terminated. [4]

Jura

Districts in Canton of Jura Karte Kanton Jura Bezirke 2010.png
Districts in Canton of Jura

The Canton of Jura is divided into 3 districts:

Schaffhausen

Districts in Canton of Schaffhausen Karte Kanton Schaffhausen Bezirke 1999.png
Districts in Canton of Schaffhausen

The Canton of Schaffhausen is divided into 6 districts:

Appenzell Ausserrhoden

Districts of Appenzell Ausserrhoden Karte Lage Kanton Appenzell Ausserrhoden 2015.png
Districts of Appenzell Ausserrhoden

The Canton of Appenzell Ausserrhoden is divided into 3 districts:

Appenzell Innerrhoden

Districts of Appenzell Innerrhoden Karte Kanton Appenzell Innerrhoden Bezirke 2010.png
Districts of Appenzell Innerrhoden

In Appenzell Innerrhoden districts are the lowest administrative division as the canton has no municipalities (except for the Feuerschaugemeinde, a special-purpose municipality for the town of Appenzell). The districts are functionally equivalent to municipalities elsewhere in Switzerland, and are generally shown as municipalities on maps etc.

The Canton is divided into 6 districts:

See also

Notes and references

  1. Population size and population composition – Data, indicators: Cantons, communes (Report). Federal Statistical Office. 2014. nden. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  2. Permanent resident population by age, canton, district and commune 2010–2013 (Report). Federal Statistical Office FSO. 2011. nden. Retrieved 15 August 2015.
  3. Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz, Mutationsmeldungen 2009 / Répertoire officiel des communes de Suisse, Mutations 2009 / Elenco ufficiale dei Comuni della Svizzera, Mutazione 2009 (PDF) (Report). Federal Statistical Office. 2009. nden. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 November 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2010.
  4. Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz (in German) accessed 15 February 2018

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