|Districts of the Czech Republic|
|Found in||Regions of the Czech Republic (13+1)|
|Number||76 (as of 2021)|
Districts of the Czech Republic are territorial units, formerly used as second-level administrative divisions of the Czech Republic. After their primary administrative function has been abolished in 2003, they still exist for the activities of specific authorities and as statistical units. Their administrative function was moved to selected municipalities.
In 1960, Czechoslovakia was re-divided into districts ( okres , plural okresy) often without regard to traditional division and local relationships. In the area of the Czech Republic, there were 75 districts; the 76th Jeseník District was split in the 1990s from Šumperk District. Three consisted only of statutory cities Brno, Ostrava and Plzeň which gained the status of districts only in 1971; Ostrava and Plzeň districts were later expanded. The capital city of Prague has a special status, being considered a municipality and region at the same time and not being a part of any district, but ten districts of Prague (obvody) were in some ways equivalent to okres.
A reform in effect since January 2003 replaced the districts with 205 Administrative Districts of Municipalities with Extended Competence (abbreviated AD MEC; správní obvody obcí s rozšířenou působností, abbreviated SO ORP), also called third-level municipalities, or unofficially "little districts". These municipalities took over most of the administration of the former district authorities. The old districts still exist as territorial units and remain as seats of some of the offices, especially courts, police and archives.
In 2007 the borders of the districts were slightly adjusted and 119 municipalities were moved into different districts.In 2021 another reform was made and 18 municipalities were moved between districts or between administrative districts of municipalities with extended competence.
After the 2021 reform, borders of AD MECs respect borders of districts, with only exception granted by law being AD MEC of Turnov, which is partly in districts of Semily, Jablonec nad Nisou and Liberec. The reasons are the vastness of this territory and different requirements of the territory's population.
Administrative districts of municipalities with extended competence are further divided into 393 Administrative Districts of Municipalities with Commissioned Local Authority (abbreviated AD CLA; správní obvody obcí s pověřeným obecním úřadem, abbreviated SO POÚ), also called "second-level municipalities"). A municipality with commissioned local authority is a municipality to which the state delegates part of its powers, but not to the extent that it delegates it to a municipality with extended competence.
|Region||District|| Area |
| Population |
|Central Bohemian Region||Benešov||1,475||99,742||114|
|South Bohemian Region||České Budějovice||1,639||196,602||109|
|Karlovy Vary Region||Cheb||1,046||91,434||40|
|Ústí nad Labem Region||Chomutov||935||124,600||44|
|Ústí nad Labem||405||118,651||23|
|Liberec Region||Česká Lípa||1,073||102,998||57|
|Jablonec nad Nisou||439||91,533||35|
|Hradec Králové Region||Hradec Králové||892||164,435||104|
|Rychnov nad Kněžnou||982||79,333||80|
|Ústí nad Orlicí||1,267||138,011||115|
|Vysočina Region||Havlíčkův Brod||1,265||94,612||120|
|Žďár nad Sázavou||1,579||117,941||174|
|South Moravian Region||Blansko||862||109,104||116|
The Czech Republic is a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic, in which the President is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government.
Executive power is exercised by the Government of the Czech Republic which reports to the Chamber of Deputies. The Legislature is exercised by the Parliament. Czech Parliament is bicameral, the upper house of the Parliament is the Senate, the lower house of the Parliament is the Chamber of Deputies. The Senate consists of 81 members who are elected for six years. The Chamber of Deputies consists of 200 members who are elected for four years. The Judiciary system is topped by the trio of Constitutional Court, Supreme Court and Supreme Administrative Court.
The highest legal document is the Constitution of the Czech Republic, complemented by constitutional laws and the Charter of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms. The current constitution went in effect on 1st January 1993, after the Dissolution of Czechoslovakia.
Kladno is a city in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 69,000 inhabitants. It is the largest city in the region and together with its adjacent suburban areas has a population of more than 110,000. It is located 25 kilometres northwest of the capital city Prague and is a part of the Prague metropolitan area.
The Moravian-Silesian Region, is one of the 14 administrative regions of the Czech Republic. Before May 2001, it was called the Ostrava Region. The region is located in the north-eastern part of its historical region of Moravia and in most of the Czech part of the historical region of Silesia. The region borders the Olomouc Region to the west and the Zlín Region to the south. It also borders two other countries – Poland to the north and Slovakia to the east.
Plzeň Region is an administrative unit (kraj) in the western part of Bohemia in the Czech Republic. It is named after its capital Plzeň. In terms of area, Plzeň Region is 7,561 km2, the third largest region in the Czech Republic. However, the population of about 585,000 inhabitants it is the ninth most populous region. After the South Bohemian Region it is the second least densely populated region. The region can be roughly divided into two parts: a highly industrialized north-eastern part with a strong engineering tradition around Pilsen and a more hilly and rural south-western part with smaller-sized manufacturing companies processing natural resources.
Plasy is a town in the Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 2,700 inhabitants. It lies on the Střela River, some 20 km (12 mi) to the north of Plzeň, the regional capital.
Nepomuk is a town in the Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 3,700 inhabitants. It is known as the birthplace of Saint John of Nepomuk, who was born here in around 1340 and whose statue can be seen on the town square.
In Czech politics, a statutory city is a municipal corporation which has been granted city status by Act of Parliament. It is more prestigious than the simple title město ("town"), which can be awarded by the cabinet and chair of the Chamber of Deputies to a municipality which applies for it.
Blovice is a town in the Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 4,100 inhabitants. It lies on the River Úslava, some 25 kilometres (16 mi) to the South-East from the regional capital of Plzeň.
Lázně Kynžvart is a spa town in Cheb District, Karlovy Vary Region, Czech Republic. It has about 1,400 inhabitants. It is known for the Kynžvart Castle.
Obec is the Czech and Slovak word for a municipality. The literal meaning of the word is "commune" or "community". It is the smallest administrative unit that is governed by elected representatives. Cities and towns are also municipalities.
Radnice is a town in the Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 1,800 inhabitants. It lies some 20 km (12 mi) to the northeast from the region capital of Plzeň.
Planá, also known as Planá u Mariánských Lázní, is a town in the Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 5,400 inhabitants. It lies some 50 km (30 mi) to the west from the region capital of Plzeň.
Bavorov is a town in Strakonice District in the South Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 1,600 inhabitants. The town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as urban monument zone.
Nehvizdy is a market town in Prague-East District] in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. Is has about 3,700 inhabitants. It is located in a flat agricultural landscape about 22 km east of Prague.
Hazlov is a municipality and village in Cheb District in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 1,500 inhabitants.
Krásná is a municipality and village in Cheb District in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 600 inhabitants. The westernmost point of the country is located in the municipal area.
Dolní Studénky is a municipality and village in Šumperk District in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 1,400 inhabitants.
Černovice is a municipality and village in Plzeň-South District in the Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 100 inhabitants.
Ježovy is a village and municipality (obec) in Klatovy District in the Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic. The municipality covers an area of 11.47 square kilometres (4.43 sq mi), and has a population of 248. In 2019 it was recorded as 243. Ježovy is located approximately 11 kilometres (7 mi) north of Klatovy, 31 km (19 mi) south of Plzeň, and 108 km (67 mi) south-west of Prague.
The cultural monuments of the Czech Republic are protected properties designated by the Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republic. Cultural monuments that constitute the most important part of the Czech cultural heritage may be declared national cultural monuments by a regulation of the Government of the Czech Republic. Government may also proclaim a territory, whose character and environment is determined by a group of immovable cultural monuments or archaeological finds, as a whole, as a monument reservation. Ministry of Culture may proclaim a territory of a settlement with a smaller number of cultural monuments, historical environment or part of a landscape area that display significant cultural values as a monument zone.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Districts of the Czech Republic .|