Districts of the Czech Republic

Last updated
Districts of the Czech Republic
  • Also known as:
  • Okresy České Republiky
Czech Republic districts.png
Location Czech Republic
Found in Regions of the Czech Republic (13+1)
Created
  • 1960
Abolished
  • 2003 (as administrative units)
Number76 (as of 2021)
Possible status
  • still exist as territorial units
Additional status
Subdivisions
  • Administrative districts of municipalities with extended competence (205)

Districts of the Czech Republic are territorial units, formerly used as second-level administrative divisions of the Czech Republic. After their primary administrative function has been abolished in 2003, they still exist for the activities of specific authorities and as statistical units. Their administrative function was moved to selected municipalities.

Contents

Establishment

In 1960, Czechoslovakia was re-divided into districts ( okres , plural okresy) often without regard to traditional division and local relationships. In the area of the Czech Republic, there were 75 districts; the 76th Jeseník District was split in the 1990s from Šumperk District. Three consisted only of statutory cities Brno, Ostrava and Plzeň which gained the status of districts only in 1971; Ostrava and Plzeň districts were later expanded. The capital city of Prague has a special status, being considered a municipality and region at the same time and not being a part of any district, but ten districts of Prague (obvody) were in some ways equivalent to okres.

Municipalities with extended competence

A reform in effect since January 2003 replaced the districts with 205 Administrative Districts of Municipalities with Extended Competence (abbreviated AD MEC; správní obvody obcí s rozšířenou působností, abbreviated SO ORP), also called third-level municipalities, or unofficially "little districts". These municipalities took over most of the administration of the former district authorities. The old districts still exist as territorial units and remain as seats of some of the offices, especially courts, police and archives.

In 2007 the borders of the districts were slightly adjusted and 119 municipalities were moved into different districts. [1] In 2021 another reform was made and 18 municipalities were moved between districts or between administrative districts of municipalities with extended competence. [2]

After the 2021 reform, borders of AD MECs respect borders of districts, with only exception granted by law being AD MEC of Turnov, which is partly in districts of Semily, Jablonec nad Nisou and Liberec. The reasons are the vastness of this territory and different requirements of the territory's population. [2]

Municipalities with commissioned local authority

Administrative districts of municipalities with extended competence are further divided into 393 Administrative Districts of Municipalities with Commissioned Local Authority (abbreviated AD CLA; správní obvody obcí s pověřeným obecním úřadem, abbreviated SO POÚ), also called "second-level municipalities"). A municipality with commissioned local authority is a municipality to which the state delegates part of its powers, but not to the extent that it delegates it to a municipality with extended competence.

Maps of districts

Okresy CR 2007.PNG
Map of districts (borders as of 2016)
ORP.PNG
Map of administrative districts of municipalities with extended competences (borders as of 2016)

List of districts

Region District Area
(km2)
Population
(2021) [3]
Mun.
Prague

Prague administrative districts.png

Prague 4961,335,0841
Central Bohemian Region

Central Bohemia districts.png

Benešov 1,47599,742114
Beroun 66296,40385
Kladno 720166,845100
Kolín 748103,93290
Kutná Hora 91776,31088
Mělník 701109,98769
Mladá Boleslav 1,023131,042120
Nymburk 846101,53986
Prague-East 755188,939110
Prague-West 580152,28579
Příbram 1,693115,236120
Rakovník 89655,73783
South Bohemian Region

South Bohemia districts.png

České Budějovice 1,639196,602109
Český Krumlov 1,61661,32047
Jindřichův Hradec 1,94490,279106
Písek 1,12771,58875
Prachatice 1,37550,77965
Strakonice 1,03270,532112
Tábor 1,326102,451110
Plzeň Region

Plzen districts.png

Domažlice 1,05255,26876
Klatovy 1,94686,25394
Plzeň-City 261194,84015
Plzeň-South 1,06870,13199
Plzeň-North 1,28780,67198
Rokycany 57549,48968
Tachov 1,37854,38951
Karlovy Vary Region

Carlsbad districts.png

Cheb 1,04691,43440
Karlovy Vary 1,515114,37456
Sokolov 75487,50338
Ústí nad Labem Region

Usti nad Labem districts.png

Chomutov 935124,60044
Děčín 909128,44952
Litoměřice 1,032119,177105
Louny 1,11886,36470
Most 467110,93326
Teplice 469128,83034
Ústí nad Labem 405118,65123
Liberec Region

Liberec districts.png

Česká Lípa 1,073102,99857
Jablonec nad Nisou 43991,53335
Liberec 989175,46559
Semily 66274,66065
Hradec Králové Region

Hradec Kralove districts.png

Hradec Králové 892164,435104
Jičín 88780,134111
Náchod 852109,48778
Rychnov nad Kněžnou 98279,33380
Trutnov 1,147117,41475
Pardubice Region

Pardubice districts.png

Chrudim 993104,708108
Pardubice 880176,137112
Svitavy 1,379104,000116
Ústí nad Orlicí 1,267138,011115
Vysočina Region

Vysocina districts.png

Havlíčkův Brod 1,26594,612120
Jihlava 1,199113,664123
Pelhřimov 1,29072,298120
Třebíč 1,463110,337167
Žďár nad Sázavou 1,579117,941174
South Moravian Region

South Moravia districts.png

Blansko 862109,104116
Břeclav 1,038116,48263
Brno-City 230382,4051
Brno-Country 1,499226,442187
Hodonín 1,099153,60782
Vyškov 87692,73580
Znojmo 1,590114,552144
Olomouc Region

Olomouc districts.png

Jeseník 71937,70924
Olomouc 1,620235,44198
Přerov 845128,901105
Prostějov 770108,50497
Šumperk 1,313119,96778
Zlín Region

Zlin districts.png

Kroměříž 796104,82679
Uherské Hradiště 991141,63078
Vsetín 1,131141,89659
Zlín 1,046191,76791
Moravian-Silesian Region

Moravia-Silesia districts.png

Bruntál 1,53790,97167
Frýdek-Místek 1,208214,58772
Karviná 356242,77917
Nový Jičín 882151,39854
Opava 1,113175,77777
Ostrava-City 332317,32213

See also

Related Research Articles

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Plzeň Region Region of the Czech Republic

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Plasy Town in Plzeň, Czech Republic

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Nepomuk Town in Plzeň, Czech Republic

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Statutory city (Czech Republic)

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Blovice Town in Plzeň, Czech Republic

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Lázně Kynžvart Town in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic

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Radnice Town in Plzeň, Czech Republic

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Planá (Tachov District) Town in Plzeň, Czech Republic

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Bavorov town in the Czech Republic

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Hazlov Municipality in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic

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Krásná (Cheb District) Municipality in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic

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Dolní Studénky Municipality in Olomouc, Czech Republic

Dolní Studénky is a municipality and village in Šumperk District in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 1,400 inhabitants.

Černovice (Plzeň-South District) Municipality in Plzeň, Czech Republic

Černovice is a municipality and village in Plzeň-South District in the Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 100 inhabitants.

Ježovy Municipality in Plzeň, Czech Republic

Ježovy is a village and municipality (obec) in Klatovy District in the Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic. The municipality covers an area of 11.47 square kilometres (4.43 sq mi), and has a population of 248. In 2019 it was recorded as 243. Ježovy is located approximately 11 kilometres (7 mi) north of Klatovy, 31 km (19 mi) south of Plzeň, and 108 km (67 mi) south-west of Prague.

The cultural monuments of the Czech Republic are protected properties designated by the Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republic. Cultural monuments that constitute the most important part of the Czech cultural heritage may be declared national cultural monuments by a regulation of the Government of the Czech Republic. Government may also proclaim a territory, whose character and environment is determined by a group of immovable cultural monuments or archaeological finds, as a whole, as a monument reservation. Ministry of Culture may proclaim a territory of a settlement with a smaller number of cultural monuments, historical environment or part of a landscape area that display significant cultural values as a monument zone.

References

  1. "Změny hranic okresů k 1. 1. 2007". czso.cz (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office . Retrieved 2021-06-02.
  2. 1 2 "Obecně o novém zákonu č. 51/2020 Sb". mvcr.cz (in Czech). Ministry of the interior of the Czech Republic . Retrieved 2021-06-02.
  3. "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.