This is a list of political parties in the Czech Republic. The Czech Republic has a multi-party system. Due to the electoral system used, a limited number of parties are successful in each parliamentary election.
There are currently nine parties in the Chamber of Deputies – ANO 2011, the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), the Czech Pirate Party (Pirates), Freedom and Direct Democracy (SPD), the Communist Party (KSČM), the Social Democratic Party (ČSSD), the Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party (KDU-ČSL), TOP 09 and Mayors and Independents (STAN). All except SPD and KSČM also have seats in the Senate, as do the Green Party (SZ), Severočeši.cz (S.cz), the Party of Civic Rights (SPO), Freeholder Party of the Czech Republic (SsČR) and the Ostravak political movement.
The only party to have had members elected to every Parliament since the dissolution of Czechoslovakia is ODS.
The next legislative election will be held no later than 2025.
| ANO |
72 / 200
5 / 81
178 / 675
6 / 21
|ALDE||Centrist to centre-right and populist political party led by Andrej Babiš.|
| Civic Democratic Party |
Občanská demokratická strana
34 / 200
18 / 81
99 / 675
4 / 21
|ECR||Right-wing conservative, Eurosceptic party founded by the former Czech President Václav Klaus. Its leader is Petr Fiala.|
| Mayors and Independents |
Starostové a nezávislí
33 / 200
19 / 81
91 / 675
1 / 22
|-||Party focusing on localism and promoting powers for municipalities. Led by Vít Rakušan.|
| Christian and Democratic Union –|
Czechoslovak People's Party
Křesťanská a demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová
23 / 200
12 / 81
53 / 675
2 / 21
|EPP||Christian democratic party, traditionally strong in South Moravia.|
| Freedom and Direct Democracy |
Svoboda a přímá demokracie
20 / 200
0 / 81
35 / 675
2 / 21
|I&D||Eurosceptic, far-right political party that advocates direct democracy and opposition to immigration. Founded by Tomio Okamura.|
| TOP 09 |
14 / 200
5 / 81
19 / 675
2 / 21
|EPP||Liberal conservative, pro-European and fiscally conservative political party led by Markéta Pekarová Adamová.|
| Czech Pirate Party |
Česká pirátská strana
4 / 200
2 / 81
99 / 675
3 / 21
|PPEU||Pirate and liberal party led by Ivan Bartoš.|
| Communist Party of|
Bohemia and Moravia
Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy
0 / 200
0 / 81
13 / 675
1 / 21
|EL (observer)||Left-wing to far-left party which is the successor to the former ruling Communist Party of Czechoslovakia.|
| Czech Social Democratic Party |
Česká strana sociálně demokratická
0 / 200
3 / 81
37 / 675
0 / 21
|PES||Centre-left social democratic party. The leader is Jan Hamáček.|
| Green Party |
0 / 200
1 / 81
6 / 675
0 / 21
|EGP||Centre-left, green political party.|
The Czech Social Democratic Party is a social-democratic political party in the Czech Republic. It holds 15 seats in the Chamber of Deputies following the 2017 legislative election in which the party lost 35 seats. The party has been led by Jan Hamáček since 2018. It has been a junior coalition party within a minority cabinet since June 2018, and was a senior coalition party from 1998 to 2006 and from 2013 to 2017.
The Civic Democratic Alliance was a conservative-liberal political party in the Czech Republic, active between 1989 and 2007. The ODA was part of government coalitions until 1997 and participated in transformation of the Czech economy. The party was supported by president Václav Havel who voted for it in 1992 and 1996 election.
The Civic Democratic Party is a liberal-conservative and eurosceptic political party in the Czech Republic. It holds 34 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, and is the second strongest party by number of seats following the 2021 election. It is the only political party in the Czech Republic that has always been represented in the Chamber of Deputies.
The Civic Forum was a political movement in the Czech part of Czechoslovakia, established during the Velvet Revolution in 1989. The corresponding movement in Slovakia was called Public Against Violence.
This article gives an overview of liberalism in the Czech lands. It is limited to liberal parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign ⇒ denotes another party in that scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it is not necessary that parties label themselves as a liberal party.
Czech Crown is a Czech monarchist political party that strives for the restoration of Czech monarchy with House of Habsburg-Lorraine. The party was founded in 1990 and current leader is Radim Špaček. In the 2017 Czech legislative election Koruna Česká ran in a coalition with TOP 09 and the list got 5.35% of the votes. In the 2019 European Parliament election it ran together with KDU-ČSL and the list received 7.24% of the votes.
Elections to regional councils in the Czech Republic were held in 13 regions on 12–13 October 2012. The Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) won in nine regions, though with a considerable loss of vote share. The Communist Party won in two regions and increased its vote share, finishing second overall. The election results were widely seen as a defeat for the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), which finished third overall and won only in the Plzeň Region. The regional grouping Mayors for Liberec Region won unexpectedly in Liberec Region.
The Party of Civic Rights – Zeman's people, also known as Zemanovci, formerly Party of Civic Rights is a political party in the Czech Republic founded in October 2009 by Miloš Zeman, former Prime Minister and former leader of the Czech Social Democratic Party. Zeman was elected President of the Czech Republic in the second round of the 2013 presidential election.
Jan Bobrovský is a former Czechoslovak professional basketball player, coach, and sports official. He is listed on the honor meritorious deed Sports Masters. His son in law is a former football defender Petr Křivánek.
A leadership election was held within the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD) on 25 March 1990. It was the first leadership election since the party's re-establishment and saw Jiří Horák defeat Rudolf Battěk. Battěk was supported by exiled politicians from the party, and wanted ČSSD to run in the 1990 parliamentary elections as part of the Civic Forum list, while Horák wanted it the party to run independently.
A leadership election for the Civic Democratic Party was held on 7 November 1992 during the party's Congress in Prague. It was held prior to expected dissolution of Czechoslovakia and following to 1992 legislative election in which the Civic Democratic Party was victorious. The incumbent leader Václav Klaus was reelected as party's leader. Klaus was unopposed and received votes of 333 delegates while only 8 delegates voted against him.
Democratic Bloc was a parliamentary alliance formed in 2017 by four Centre-right parties. Parties agreed to cooperate in parliament. Czech Pirate Party and Czech Social Democratic Party were also offered participation but both parties declined. It was announced on 15 November 2017 on a Press Conference by Petr Fiala. Fiala stated that Democratic Bloc isn't meant to be a long term coalition but its only task is to take over initiative during negotiations of parliament's body and for constituent meeting. Democratic Bloc was dissolved on 21 December 2017.
This is a list of notable individuals and organizations who voiced their endorsement for the office of the Czech president, including those who subsequently retracted or withheld their endorsement, of any candidate during 2018 Czech presidential election.
Civic Conservative Party is a national conservative political party based in the Czech Republic. It was founded in 2013 as a split from the Civic Democratic Party by Jiří Janeček.
Senate elections were held in the Czech Republic on 5 and 6 October 2018 alongside municipal elections, with a second round held on 12 and 13 October 2018. The Conservative Civic Democratic Party (ODS) won the election with 10 seats. Governing parties ANO 2011 and the Czech Social Democratic Party were heavily defeated, winning only 1 seat each. The Communist Party lost its last seat in the Senate when Václav Homolka failed to be re-elected, meaning the party would be without representation in the Senate for the first time in the history of Czech Republic. The election was considered the first major win for the opposition to Andrej Babiš' Cabinet. Commentators including Josef Kopecký also noted ODS confirmed their position as the main opposition party, ahead of the Czech Pirate Party.
Young Civic Democrats is a political platform within the Civic Democratic Party. It consists of young people. It is considered a competitor to the Young Conservatives. It had 2,000 members in January 2018 making it the largest youth wing in the Czech Republic. Its members are also members of the Civic Democratic Party.
The Masaryk Democratic Party is a centrist political party in the Czech Republic, founded on 25 May 1992. The party follows the legacy of the first Czechoslovak President Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk and considers itself a successor and to the tradition of the historical Czech Realist Party.
The Tricolour Citizens' Movement is a hard Eurosceptic and national-conservative political party in the Czech Republic. It holds three seats in the Chamber of Deputies.
Elections to regional councils in the Czech Republic in 13 regions were held on 2–3 October 2020.
The Left is a democratic socialist political party in the Czech Republic. The party was founded in 2020 as the result of the merger of the Party of Democratic Socialism and The Real Left initiative.