|Merger of|| SNK Union of Independents |
|Headquarters||Malá Štěpánská 7, Prague|
|Ideology|| Liberal conservatism |
|Political position||Centre to centre-right|
|European Parliament group||EPP-ED (2004–2009)|
|Chamber of Deputies|
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0 / 81
0 / 21
8 / 675
|Governors of the regions|
0 / 13
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The SNK European Democrats (Czech : SNK Evropští demokraté) is a political party in the Czech Republic, led by Zdeňka Marková. The first regular chairperson of this party was Jana Hybášková. The party was created in January 2006 by the merger of two Czech political parties – SNK Union of Independents (Czech : SNK sdružení nezávislých), led by the former Foreign Minister Josef Zieleniec, and the European Democrats (Czech : Evropští demokraté), led by Jan Kasl, the former Mayor of the City of Prague.[ citation needed ]
The European Democrats were founded by Kasl, who resigned from his post as Mayor of Prague in protest at the policies of the Civic Democratic Party (ODS), Prague's municipal government. In the 2002 municipal elections in Prague, the ED won 15 seats, finishing in second place and becoming the main opposition party.[ citation needed ] In the 2004 Senate elections, they won one seat out of 27.[ citation needed ] Kasl remained the party's chairman until the party merged with SNK.
Although the two parties did not merge until 2006, they had already formed an alliance prior to the 2004 European Parliament elections, winning 11% of the vote with three MEPs elected: Josef Zieleniec, Jana Hybášková, and Tomáš Zatloukal.[ citation needed ]
Merger negotiations began immediately after the positive results in the 2004 elections, and the result was that the two parties united into one, named the SNK European Democrats. The extended delay to the merger was because according to Czech law, "if two parties unite to form a new party then they would lose their right on the money for their mandates" (950 000 CZK per senator per year and around 12 000 000 CZK for all their seats in Prague's municipal government), and these funds were crucial for the forthcoming parliament elections. No formal chairman was appointed;[ citation needed ] instead, the merged party was led by Josef Zieleniec as the "Political Leader" and Jan Kasl as the "Executive Vice Chairman."
The new party hoped to win support from voters who were tired of mainstream political parties.[ citation needed ] However, there were tensions between former SNK and ED members and a dispute over funding, when Social Democrat Finance Minister Bohuslav Sobotka refused to pay out the money for ED's seats in Prague's municipal government (around 15 000 000 CZK), despite declarations from the Czech Ombudsman, and the Supreme Administrative and Constitutional Court that ED had the right to these funds. In the end the SNK European Democrats' campaign for the 2006 general election was unsuccessful, finishing with 2.1% of the vote and failing to have any representatives elected.[ citation needed ]
Jana Hybášková, elected as an MEP, became the party's first regular chairperson.[ citation needed ]
The Czech Social Democratic Party is a social-democratic political party in the Czech Republic. Sitting on the centre-left of the political spectrum and holding pro-European views, it is a member of the Party of European Socialists, the Socialist International, and the Progressive Alliance. Masaryk Democratic Academy is the party-affiliated's think tank.
The Civic Democratic Party is a liberal-conservative and soft eurosceptic political party in the Czech Republic. It holds 34 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, and is the second strongest party by number of seats following the 2021 election. It is the only political party in the Czech Republic that has always been represented in the Chamber of Deputies.
The Freedom Union–Democratic Union was a small pro-European liberal party in the Czech Republic from 1998 to 2011.
2004 European Parliament election were held between 10 and 13 June 2004 in the 25 member states of the European Union, using varying election days according to local custom. The European Parliamental parties could not be voted for, but elected national parties aggregated in European Parliamental parties after the elections.
Stanislav Gross was a Czech lawyer and politician who served as the prime minister of the Czech Republic and leader of the Czech Social Democratic Party from 2004 until 2005 when he resigned as a result of his financial irregularities. He previously served as minister of the Interior in cabinets of Miloš Zeman and Vladimír Špidla from 2000 to 2004. Gross was Member of the Chamber of Deputies (MP) from 1992 to 2004.
Czech National Social Party is a civic nationalist political party in the Czech Republic, that once played an important role in Czechoslovakia during the interwar period. It was established in 1897 by break-away groups from both the national liberal Young Czech Party and the Czech Social Democratic Party, with a stress on achieving independence of the Czech lands from Austria-Hungary. Its variant of socialism was moderate and reformist rather than a Marxist one. After the National Labour Party dissolved and merged with National Socialists in 1930, the party also became the refuge for Czech liberals. Its best-known member was Edvard Beneš, a co-founder of Czechoslovakia and the country's second President during the 1930s and 1940s.
The SNK Union of Independents, or SNK, was a small political party in Czech Republic, led since May 2007 by Helmut Dohnálek.
This article gives an overview of liberalism in the Czech lands. It is limited to liberal parties with substantial support, mainly proved by having had a representation in parliament. The sign ⇒ denotes another party in that scheme. For inclusion in this scheme it is not necessary that parties label themselves as a liberal party.
Josef Zieleniec is a Czech politician and former Member of the European Parliament. From 2004, was a member of the SNK European Democrats (SNK-ED). In the European Parliament, he was a member of the European People's Party and served on the European Parliament's Committee on Foreign Affairs and Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs. Zieleniec is currently a lecturer at the Prague academic center of New York University.
Jan Kasl is a Czech politician and former Mayor of the City of Prague and one of the leaders of the SNK European Democrats.
European Democrats may refer to:
Josef Řihák is a Czech politician. Řihák is a member of Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic and the Assembly of the Central Bohemian Region. He is also a former member of Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic and a former mayor of Příbram.
The European Parliament election of 2009 in Czech Republic was the election of the delegation from Czech Republic to the European Parliament in 2009. The Civic Democratic Party has won the election with a surprisingly strong lead against the Czech Social Democratic Party. Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia came third and the Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party became the last party to enter the Parliament.
TOP 09 is a liberal-conservative political party in the Czech Republic, led by Markéta Pekarová Adamová. TOP 09 holds 14 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and has three MEPs.
Pirate Party is a label adopted by political parties around the world. Pirate parties support civil rights, direct democracy or alternatively participation in government, reform of copyright and patent law, free sharing of knowledge, information privacy, transparency, freedom of information, free speech, anti-corruption and net neutrality.
The Mayors and Independents, abbreviated to STAN, is a liberal political party in the Czech Republic that is focused on localism and subsidiarity. The party grew out of four minor parties, including Independent Mayors for the Region, which allied itself with the liberal-conservative SNK European Democrats, and cooperated with the similarly liberal-conservative TOP 09 until 2016.
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ANO 2011, often shortened to simply ANO, is a populist political party in the Czech Republic. The party was founded by Andrej Babiš.
The 2002 Prague municipal election was held as part of 2002 Czech municipal elections. It was held on 1 and 2 November 2002. Civic Democratic Party has won the election and Pavel Bém became the Mayor of Prague.