2002 Czech Senate election

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2002 Czech Senate election
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  2000 25–26 October 2002 (first round)
1–2 November 2002 (second round)
2004  
 First partySecond party
  Vaclav Klaus headshot.jpg Vladimir Spidla, 2007 crop.jpg
Leader Václav Klaus Vladimír Špidla
Party ODS ČSSD
Seats won97
First round165,794
24.9%
122,397
18.4%
Second round284,537
34.6%
224,386
27.3%

 Third partyFourth party
  Miroslav Grebenicek (4).jpg Flickr - europeanpeoplesparty - EPP Congress Warsaw (708) (cropped).jpg
Leader Miroslav Grebeníček Cyril Svoboda
Party KSČM KDU–ČSL
Seats won11
First round110,171
16.5%
58,858
8.8%
Second round57,434
7.0%
47,049
5.7%
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Senate elections were held in the Czech Republic on 25 and 26 October 2002, with a second round on 1 and 2 November. [1] Voter turnout was just 24.1% in the first round and 31.7% in the second. [2]

Czech Republic Country in Central Europe

The Czech Republic, also known by its short-form name, Czechia, is a country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast. The Czech Republic has a landlocked and hilly landscape that covers an area of 78,866 square kilometers (30,450 sq mi) with a mostly temperate continental climate and oceanic climate. It is a unitary parliamentary republic, with 10.6 million inhabitants. Its capital and largest city is Prague, with 1.3 million residents; other major cities are Brno, Ostrava, Olomouc and Pilsen.

Contents

The results saw the Civic Democratic Party emerge as the most successful party, winning nine seats. Independent candidates were also successful, winning eight seats. The parties of the former Four-Coalition were heavily defeated. [3]

Civic Democratic Party (Czech Republic) Czech political party

The Civic Democratic Party is a liberal-conservative political party in the Czech Republic. It holds 25 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, and is the second strongest party following the 2017 election.

Four-Coalition

The Four-Coalition, also translated as the Coalition of Four or Quad-Coalition, abbreviated to 4K, was a liberal centre-right political alliance in the Czech Republic between 1998 and 2002.

Electoral system

One third of the 81-member Senate is elected every two years, giving Senators six year terms. The seats are elected in single-member constituencies using the two-round system. [4]

Two-round system voting system used to elect a single winner where a second round of voting is used if no candidate wins an absolute majority in the first round

The two-round system is a voting method used to elect a single winner, where the voter casts a single vote for their chosen candidate. However, if no candidate receives the required number of votes, then those candidates having less than a certain proportion of the votes, or all but the two candidates receiving the most votes, are eliminated, and a second round of voting is held.

Background

Czech Social Democratic Party held 11 Seats in the elected part of Senate. Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party held second highest number of seats - 6. Both parties were part of governing coalition. Opposition Civic Democratic Party held only 5 Seats. Election was considered important due to 2003 Presidential election. Czech Social Democratic Party was considered front-runner of the election while the Civic Democratic Party was expected to be second strongest party. [5]

Czech Social Democratic Party Czech political party

The Czech Social Democratic Party is a social-democratic political party in the Czech Republic. It holds 15 seats in the Chamber of Deputies following the 2017 legislative election, losing 35 seats. The party has been led by Jan Hamáček since 2018. It has been a junior coalition party within a minority cabinet since June 2018, and was a senior coalition party from 1998 to 2006 and from 2013 to 2017.

Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak Peoples Party Czech political party

The Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party (Czech: Křesťanská a demokratická unie – Československá strana lidová, KDU–ČSL, often shortened to lidovci is a Christian-democratic political party in the Czech Republic. The party has taken part in almost every Czech Government since 1990. In the June 2006 election, the party won 7.2% of the vote and 13 out of 200 seats; but in the 2010 election, this dropped to 4.4% and they lost all their seats. The party regained its parliamentary standing in the 2013 legislative election, winning 14 seats in the new parliament, thereby becoming the first party ever to return to the Chamber of Deputies after dropping out.

2003 Czech presidential election

Indirect presidential elections were held in the Czech Republic in January and February 2003 to elect a new President. The Parliament of the Czech Republic failed to elect a candidate on the first two ballots on the 15 and 24 January. However, on the third round of the third ballot on 28 February, Václav Klaus was elected.

Composition of contested seats prior to the elections

NameIdeologyLeaderSeats
Czech Social Democratic Party Social democracy Vladimír Špidla
11 / 27
KDU-ČSL Christian democracy Cyril Svoboda
6 / 27
Civic Democratic Party Conservatism Václav Klaus
5 / 27
Civic Democratic Alliance Liberalism Jiřina Nováková
3 / 27
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia Communism Miroslav Grebeníček
1 / 27
Independents
1 / 27

Opinion polls

DatePolling firm ČSSD KDU-ČSL ODS ODA KSČM US–DEU
2 November 2002Result719011
7 October 2002SC&C [6] 1244011
November 1996Previous election1165310

Results

PartyFirst roundSecond roundSeats+/–
Votes%Votes%WonOverall
Civic Democratic Party 165,79424.9284,53734.6926+4
Czech Social Democratic Party 122,39718.4224,38627.3711–4
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 110,17116.557,4347.0130
KDU-ČSL 58,8588.847,0495.7115–4
Freedom Union – Democratic Union 48,8797.336,2944.4826+4
Union of Independents 44,1126.645,0965.5
Independent Candidate29,7764.536,0214.4
Independents 27,5334.123,8122.9
Independents and others58,9358.867,6588.2
Invalid/blank votes7,36635,204
Total673,821100857,49110027810
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

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References

  1. Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p471 ISBN   978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. Nohlen & Stöver, p472
  3. "Nezávislí útočí". iDNES.cz. 3 November 2002. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  4. Electoral system IPU
  5. "V senátních volbách jde i o prezidenta". iDNES.cz. 18 October 2002. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  6. "Průzkum výsledků senátních voleb". www.kurzy.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 7 May 2018.