Next Czech presidential election

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Next Czech presidential election
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  2018

President before election

Miloš Zeman
SPO

Elected President

TBD

Presidential elections will be held in the Czech Republic no later than January 2023. [1] The incumbent president Miloš Zeman is not eligible to run for another term, and the election will most likely be direct. [2] There has been speculation that Zeman will not finish his second term. [3] [4]

Contents

Background

Before 2018 election

Initial speculation about the 2023 election began after the first direct presidential election in 2013. Political scientist Ladislav Cabada said he expected the new president to be younger than Miloš Zeman when he was elected in 2013. Jiří Dienstbier Jr. was often mentioned as a potential left-wing candidate. Cabada mentioned Petr Fiala as a possible right-wing candidate. [2] There was also speculation that ANO 2011 leader Andrej Babiš might run for president in 2023. [5]

2018 election

At the previous election in January 2018, Miloš Zeman was elected for his second and final term. [6] It has been speculated that the election could be held before his term expires because of Zeman's health. [1] Speculation about possible successors to Zeman started soon after the election, with bookmakers considering Václav Klaus Jr. as the favourite. [7] ANO 2011 leader Andrej Babiš stated that his party would nominate its own candidate for the next election. [8]

Since 2018 election

Since Zeman's victory in 2018, there has been speculation that the next election might be held sooner than 2023 due to Zeman's health. [3]

In summer 2019, the leaders of the opposition Civic Democratic Party, Pirate Party, KDU-ČSL, TOP 09 and Mayors and Independents met to discuss a possible common candidate. The most discussed candidate was Petr Pavel. Other names included Miroslava Němcová and Věra Jourová. The Czech Social Democratic Party was also invited to the meeting but declined as it plans to support Josef Středula. [9] Speculation about Zeman's health was renewed in October 2019 when Zeman went into hospital and talked about his possible successors, noting Josef Středula, Vladimír Dlouhý and Andrej Babiš. [10] [11]

Marek Hilšer announced his candidacy on 21 November 2019. He started gathering signatures for his nomination on the same day. [12]

On 6 April 2020 Petr Pavel launched an initiative called "Stronger Together", aimed at helping those working in the fight against the coronavirus pandemic, especially in crowdfunding financial support for volunteers helping in hospitals or creating medical tools. [13] Political commentators including Petr Holec and Ondřej Leinert suggested that the initiative was a launch of Pavel's presidential bid, noting the similarity with Hillary Clinton's slogan during the 2016 United States presidential election. [14] [15] Pavel said in July 2021 that he plans to run for the presidency and is preparing his campaign. [16] Pavel also visited various regions, which was described by journalists including Tereza Šídlová as campaign activity. [17]

The 2021 legislative election resulted in defeat for ANO 2011, led by Prime Minister Andrej Babiš, and a majority for the opposition parties in the Chamber of Deputies. This prompted speculation that Babiš might run for the presidency following his defeat in the legislative election. [18] [19] Following the election on 10 October, President Zeman was hospitalized, casting doubts over how and when the government formation talks would be held. [20] [21] On 11 October, a spokesman for the hospital said that Zeman's condition had stabilized, but he could not yet talk about the prognosis: "The reason for [Zeman's] hospitalization are complications from the illnesses for which he has been receiving treatments." [22] SPOLU leader Petr Fiala stated on 12 October 2021 that the alliance would nominate a candidate. [23]

On 18 October 2021, Miloš Vystrčil, the President of the Senate of the Czech Republic, announced he had received a letter from the Central Military Hospital declaring Zeman unfit to fulfil his duties as the president, and indicated plans to trigger Article 66 of the constitution to remove Zeman from office. [24] In response, the Senate announced their intention to transfer Zeman's constitutional powers to the incumbent prime minister Andrej Babiš and the speaker of the Chamber of Deputies Radek Vondráček, also of ANO 2011. [25] However, he was discharged from hospital on 27 November 2021 and resumed his duties. [26]

The outgoing Prime Minister Andrej Babiš stated on 20 November 2021 that he would run for Presidency if his supporters gather the required 50,000 signatures. [27] Security analyst Miloslav Ondra launched an initiative to do so and started gathering signatures at Anděl metro station on 1 December 2021, reaching 200 signatures. According to Ondra, he has around 50 gathering stations across the Czech Republic. [28]

Karel Janeček, billionaire and anti-corruption activist announced his candidacy on 21 January 2022. He launched his campaign with slogan "This is Us." Janeček stated that lying, manipulations and populism in politics bothers him. [29]

Candidates

Announced

Speculative

Declined

Opinion polls

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