Provinces of Italy

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Provinces of Italy (grey borders), within Regions (solid borders) Italian regions provinces.svg
Provinces of Italy (grey borders), within Regions (solid borders)

The provinces of Italy (Italian : province d'Italia) are the constituent entities of the Italian Republic, on an intermediate level between a municipality ( comune ) and a region (regione). Since 2015, provinces have been classified as ‘institutional bodies of second level’. [1]

Contents

There are currently 107 institutional bodies of second level in Italy, including 80 ordinary provinces, 2 autonomous provinces, 4 regional decentralization entities, 6 free municipal consortia, and 14 metropolitan cities, as well as the Aosta Valley region (which also exercises the powers of a province).

Italian provinces (with the exception of the current Sardinian provinces) correspond to the NUTS 3 regions.[ citation needed ]

Overview

A province of the Italian Republic is composed of many municipalities (comune). Usually several provinces together form a region; the region of Aosta Valley is the sole exception—it is not subdivided into provinces, and provincial functions are exercised by the region.

The three main functions devolved to provinces are:

The number of provinces in Italy has been steadily growing in recent years, as many new ones are carved out of older ones. Usually, the province's name is the same as that of its capital city.

According to the 2014 reform, each province is headed by a President (or Commissioner) assisted by a legislative body, the Provincial Council, and an executive body, the Provincial Executive. President (Commissioner) and members of Council are elected together by mayors and city councilors of each municipality of the province. The Executive is chaired by the President (Commissioner) who appoint others members, called assessori . Since 2015, the President (Commissioner) and other members of the council will not receive a salary. [2]

In each province, there is also a Prefect ( prefetto ), a representative of the central government who heads an agency called prefettura-ufficio territoriale del governo. The Questor (questore) is the head of State Police ( Polizia di Stato ) in the province and his office is called questura. There is also a provincial police force depending from local government, called provincial police (polizia provinciale).

The South Tyrol and Trentino are autonomous provinces: unlike all other provinces they have the same legislative powers as regions and are not subordinated to Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, the region they are part of.

List of provinces

List

TypeProvinceCapital Code RegionMacroregion
Population (2019) [3]
Area
(km²)
Density
(p/km²)
ComuniPresident
F Agrigento Agrigento AG Sicily Insular434,8703,05314443Marcello Maisano (commissioner)
O Alessandria Alessandria AL Piedmont North-West421,2843,559119188Gianfranco Lorenzo Baldi (R)
O Ancona Ancona AN Marche Centre471,2281,96324147Liana Serrani (L)
D Aosta Aosta AO Aosta Valley North-West125,6663,2613974
O Arezzo Arezzo AR Tuscany Centre342,6543,23310636Roberto Vasai (L)
O Ascoli Piceno Ascoli Piceno APMarcheCentre207,1791,22817033Paolo D'Erasmo (L)
O Asti Asti ATPiedmontNorth-West214,6381,510143118Marco Gabusi (R)
O Avellino Avellino AV Campania South418,3062,792157118Domenico Gambacorta (R)
M Bari Bari BA Apulia South1,251,9943,82132941 Antonio Decaro (L)
O Barletta-Andria-Trani Barletta, Andria, Trani BTApuliaSouth390,0111,53825510 Nicola Giorgino (R)
O Belluno Belluno BL Veneto North-East202,9503,6765863Roberto Padrin (I)
O Benevento Benevento BNCampaniaSouth277,0182,07113978Claudio Ricci (L)
O Bergamo Bergamo BG Lombardy North-West1,114,5902,723404243Matteo Rossi (L)
O Biella Biella BIPiedmontNorth-West175,58591420374Emanuele Ramella Pralungo (L)
M Bologna Bologna BO Emilia-Romagna North-East1,014,6193,70226855 Virginio Merola (L)
O Brescia Brescia BSLombardyNorth-West1,265,9544,783263205Pier Luigi Mottinelli (L)
O Brindisi Brindisi BRApuliaSouth392,9751,83921920Maurizio Bruno (L)
M Cagliari Cagliari CA Sardinia Insular431,0381,24834517 Massimo Zedda (L)
F Caltanissetta Caltanissetta CLSicilyInsular262,4582,12412822Alessandro Di Liberto (commissioner)
O Campobasso Campobasso CB Molise South221,2382,9107984Rosario De Matteis (L)
O Caserta Caserta CECampaniaSouth922,9652,640347104Giorgio Magliocca (R)
M Catania Catania CTSicilyInsular1,107,7023,55330758 Enzo Bianco (L)
O Catanzaro Catanzaro CZ Calabria South358,3162,39215480Enzo Bruno (L)
O Chieti Chieti CH Abruzzo South385,5882,588153104Mario Pupillo (L)
O Como Como COLombardyNorth-West599,2041,288462148Maria Rita Livio (L)
O Cosenza Cosenza CSCalabriaSouth705,7536,650110150Franco Iacucci (L)
O Cremona Cremona CRLombardyNorth-West358,9551,771205113Davide Viola (L)
O Crotone Crotone KRCalabriaSouth174,9801,71610227Armando Foresta (I)
O Cuneo Cuneo CNPiedmontNorth-West587,0896,90286247 Federico Borgna (L)
F Enna Enna ENSicilyInsular164,7882,5616720Giovanni Corso (commissioner)
O Fermo Fermo FMMarcheCentre173,80086020740Moira Canigola (L)
O Ferrara Ferrara FEEmilia-RomagnaNorth-East345,6912,63013721 Tiziano Tagliani (L)
M Florence Florence FITuscanyCentre1,011,3493,51528441 Dario Nardella (L)
O Foggia Foggia FGApuliaSouth622,1836,9669261Francesco Miglio (L)
O Forlì-Cesena Forlì FCEmilia-RomagnaNorth-East394,6272,37616630 Davide Drei (L)
O Frosinone Frosinone FR Lazio Centre489,0833,24315491Antonio Pompeo (L)
M Genoa Genoa GE Liguria North-West841,1801,83948067 Marco Bucci (R)
R Gorizia Gorizia GO Friuli-Venezia Giulia North-East139,40346630625TBD
O Grosseto Grosseto GRTuscanyCentre221,6294,5015128 Antonfrancesco Vivarelli Colonna (R)
O Imperia Imperia IMLiguriaNorth-West213,8401,15619366Fabio Natta (PSI)
O Isernia Isernia ISMoliseSouth84,3791,5285852Lorenzo Coia (L)
O La Spezia La Spezia SPLiguriaNorth-West219,55688125432Giorgio Cozzani (R)
O L'Aquila L'Aquila AQAbruzzoSouth299,0315,03562108Angelo Caruso (R)
O Latina Latina LTLazioCentre575,2542,25024733Giovanni Bernasconi (L)
O Lecce Lecce LEApuliaSouth795,1342,75929697Antonio Maria Gabellone (R)
O Lecco Lecco LCLombardyNorth-West337,38081641785Flavio Polano (L)
O Livorno Livorno LITuscanyCentre334,8321,21128319Alessandro Franchi (L)
O Lodi Lodi LOLombardyNorth-West230,19878229160Francesco Passerini (R)
O Lucca Lucca LUTuscanyCentre387,8761,77322233Luca Menesini (L)
O Macerata Macerata MCMarcheCentre314,1782,77411755Antonio Pettinari (R)
O Mantua Mantua MNLombardyNorth-West412,2922,33917864Beniamino Mauro Morselli (L)
O Massa and Carrara Massa MSTuscanyCentre194,8781,15717617Gianni Lorenzetti (L)
O Matera Matera MT Basilicata South197,9093,4475931Francesco De Giacomo (L)
M Messina Messina MESicilyInsular626,8763,247201108 Renato Accorinti (L)
M Milan Milan MILombardyNorth-West3,250,3151,5752,004134 Giuseppe Sala (L)
O Modena Modena MOEmilia-RomagnaNorth-East705,3932,68926147 Gian Carlo Muzzarelli (L)
O Monza and Brianza Monza MBLombardyNorth-West873,9354052,09855Luca Santambrogio (R)
M Naples Naples NACampaniaSouth3,084,8901,1712,63192 Luigi De Magistris (L)
O Novara Novara NOPiedmontNorth-West369,0181,33927887Matteo Besozzi (L)
O Nuoro Nuoro NUSardiniaInsular208,5505,8383774Costantino Tidu (L)
O Oristano Oristano ORSardiniaInsular157,7072,9905387Massimo Torrente (commissioner)
O Padua Padua PDVenetoNorth-East937,9082,143436102Fabio Bui (I)
M Palermo Palermo PASicilyInsular1,252,5884,99225082 Leoluca Orlando (L)
O Parma Parma PREmilia-RomagnaNorth-East451,6313,45012844Filippo Fritelli (L)
O Pavia Pavia PVLombardyNorth-West545,8882,965185186Vittorio Poma (L)
O Perugia Perugia PG Umbria Centre656,3826,33210659Nando Mismetti (L)
O Pesaro and Urbino Pesaro PUMarcheCentre358,8862,56414353Daniele Tagliolini (L)
O Pescara Pescara PEAbruzzoSouth318,9091,22526446Antonio Di Marco (L)
O Piacenza Piacenza PCEmilia-RomagnaNorth-East287,1522,59011246Francesco Rolleri (L)
O Pisa Pisa PITuscanyCentre419,0372,44517137 Marco Filippeschi (L)
O Pistoia Pistoia PTTuscanyCentre292,47396530420Rinaldo Vanni (L)
R Pordenone Pordenone PNFriuli-Venezia GiuliaNorth-East312,5332,13014850TBD
O Potenza Potenza PZBasilicataSouth364,9606,54959100Nicola Rocco Valluzzi (L)
O Prato Prato POTuscanyCentre257,7163656847 Matteo Biffoni (L)
F Ragusa Ragusa RGSicilyInsular320,8931,61419712Dario Caltabellotta (commissioner)
O Ravenna Ravenna RAEmilia-RomagnaNorth-East389,4561,85821118 Michele De Pascale (L)
M Reggio Calabria Reggio Calabria RCCalabriaSouth548,0093,18417897 Giuseppe Falcomatà (L)
O Reggio Emilia Reggio Emilia REEmilia-RomagnaNorth-East531,8912,29223142Gianmaria Manghi (L)
O Rieti Rieti RILazioCentre155,5032,7505873Giuseppe Rinaldi (L)
O Rimini Rimini RNEmilia-RomagnaNorth-East339,01786338225 Andrea Gnassi (L)
M Rome Rome RMLazioCentre4,342,2125,352784121 Virginia Raggi (M5S)
O Rovigo Rovigo ROVenetoNorth-East234,9371,79013850Marco Trombini (R)
O Salerno Salerno SACampaniaSouth1,098,5134,918226158Giuseppe Canfora (L)
O Sassari Sassari SSSardiniaInsular491,5717,6926492Guido Sechi (commissioner)
O Savona Savona SVLiguriaNorth-West276,0641,54518669Monica Giuliano (L)
O Siena Siena SITuscanyCentre267,1973,8237135Fabrizio Nepi (L)
O Sondrio Sondrio SOLombardyNorth-West181,0953,2105777Luca Della Bitta (R)
O South Sardinia Carbonia SUSardiniaInsular350,7256,53054107Mario Mossa (commissioner)
A South Tyrol Bolzano BZ Trentino-South Tyrol North-East531,1787,40069116 Arno Kompatscher (SVP)
F Syracuse Syracuse SRSicilyInsular399,2242,10819221Antonio Lutri (commissioner)
O Taranto Taranto TAApuliaSouth576,7562,43623829Martino Carmelo Tamburrano (R)
O Teramo Teramo TEAbruzzoSouth308,0521,94816047Domenico "Renzo" Di Sabatino (L)
O Terni Terni TRUmbriaCentre225,6332,12211133Giampiero Lattanzi (L)
F Trapani Trapani TPSicilyInsular430,4922,46017724Giuseppe Amato (commissioner)
A Trento Trento TNTrentino-South TyrolNorth-East541,0986,20385175 Maurizio Fugatti (R)
O Treviso Treviso TVVenetoNorth-East887,8062,47735995Stefano Marcon (R)
R Trieste Trieste TSFriuli-Venezia GiuliaNorth-East234,4932121,1166TBD
M Turin Turin TOPiedmontNorth-West2,259,5236,829337312 Chiara Appendino (M5S)
R Udine Udine UDFriuli-Venezia GiuliaNorth-East528,7914,904110134TBD
O Varese Varese VALombardyNorth-West890,7681,199737139Nicola Gunnar Vincenzi (L)
M Venice Venice VEVenetoNorth-East853,3382,46135144 Luigi Brugnaro (R)
O Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Verbania VBPiedmontNorth-West158,3492,2567274Stefano Costa (L)
O Vercelli Vercelli VCPiedmontNorth-West170,9112,0888682Carlo Riva Vercellotti (R)
O Verona Verona VRVenetoNorth-East926,4973,12029598Antonio Pastorello (R)
O Vibo Valentia Vibo Valentia VVCalabriaSouth160,0731,13914650Andrea Niglia (I)
O Vicenza Vicenza VIVenetoNorth-East862,4182,723320119 Francesco Rucco (R)
O Viterbo Viterbo VTLazioCentre317,0303,6148960Pietro Nocchi (L)
Total60,359,546301,3782007,926

Data

Italian provinces by population (2011).png
Italian provinces by population
Italian provinces by population density, 2011.png
Italian provinces by population density

History

Kingdom of Italy

In 1861, at the birth of the Kingdom of Italy, there were 59 provinces. However, at that time the national territory was smaller than the current one: regions of Veneto, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol and Lazio were not included in the kingdom.

In 1866, following the Third Independence War, territories of Veneto, Friuli and Mantua were annexed. There were therefore nine more provinces: Belluno, Mantua, Padua, Rovigo, Treviso, Venice, Verona, Vicenza and Udine, all previously part of the Austrian Empire. Eventually, in 1870, following the union of Rome and its province from the Papal States, the provinces rose in number to 69.

After the First World War, new territories were annexed to Italy. The Province of Trento was created in 1920. Provinces of La Spezia, Trieste and Ionio in 1923. In 1924 the new provinces of Fiume , Pola , and Zara were created, increasing the total number of provinces in Italy to 76.

Between the two World Wars

Provinces of Italy in 1942 Kingdom of Italy 1942 with provinces.svg
Provinces of Italy in 1942

In 1927, following a Royal charter, [Note 1] a general province rearrangement took place. 17 new provinces were created (Aosta, Vercelli, Varese, Savona, Bolzano, Gorizia, Pistoia, Pescara, Rieti, Terni, Viterbo, Frosinone, Brindisi, Matera, Ragusa, Castrogiovanni, Nuoro) and the province of Caserta was suppressed. In the same year the institution of circondari, sub-provincial wards created before the unification, was abolished.

Province of Littoria (Latina) was created in 1934, and the Province of Asti in 1935.

Following the annexion of Yugoslavia in 1941, the Province of Zara was enlarged and joined the Governatorate of Dalmatia (comprising the provinces of Zara, Spalato, and Cattaro), while in the occupied central part of the present-day Slovenia the new Province of Ljubljana was created. This lasted only until 1945, when Yugoslavia was recreated.

After World War II

In 1945, after World War II, the province of Aosta changed its name to Valle d'Aosta and Littoria to Latina; the new province of Caserta was created. With the Paris Treaties, signed on 10 February 1947, Italy lost the provinces in the regions of Istria, Carnaro and Dalmazia and part of the provinces of Trieste and Gorizia. Moreover, the province of Trieste was occupied by United States and British forces. The Italian Republic therefore had 91 provinces at its birth.

The province of Ionio was renamed as Taranto in 1951, and in 1954 the province of Trieste was returned to Italy.

Recent history

The Province of Pordenone was created in 1968, the province of Isernia in 1970, and the Province of Oristano in 1974. In a reorganization in 1992 eight provinces were created: Verbano-Cusio-Ossola, Biella, Lecco, Lodi, Rimini, Prato, Crotone, and Vibo Valentia, while Forlì was renamed as Forlì-Cesena.

Four new provinces were created in Sardinia in 2001, with effect from 2005: Olbia-Tempio, Ogliastra, Medio Campidano and Carbonia-Iglesias. In 2004 three further provinces were created: Monza and Brianza, Fermo, and Barletta-Andria-Trani, making a total of 110 provinces.

In May 2012, a referendum abolished the eight provinces of Sardinia, and this suppression was to take effect on 1 March 2013. On 6 July 2012, new plans were published to reduce the number of provinces by around half. [11] In January 2014 the Sardinian Regional Administrative Court declared "unconstitutional" the abolition of the Sardinian provinces, which occurred in 2013.

In 2014 the Delrio Law [12] transformed the Provinces of Italy in a reduced number of broader administrative entities. [13]

In 2014 the Friuli Venezia Giulia of Debora Serracchiani was the first Italian region to pass a law for abolishing its provinces, while implementing the national reform in the local administrative level. [13] The Friuli region has multiplied four provinces in 18 unions of the Italian administrative unit called Comune . [14] After rejection of the 2016 Italian constitutional referendum, the Provinces of Italy were still kept alive under provisions of the Delrio Constitutional Law to be merged in a smaller number of union of provinces. [15]

Former provinces

Number of provinces
YearProvinces
186159
186668
187069
192375
192476
192792
193493
193594
194195
194494
194593
194791
195492
196893
197094
197495
1992103
2001107
2004110
2016107
Trend in number of provinces Provinces of Italy trend.png
Trend in number of provinces

Historical abolished provinces

Provinces of Istria and Dalmatia

Provinces established during World War II

Colonial provinces

Theoretical provinces

Controversies

Provinces as proposed by the Monti Cabinet in 2012 ITALIAN PROVINCES.png
Provinces as proposed by the Monti Cabinet in 2012

Provinces are often deemed useless, and many proposals have been made in recent years to eliminate them. [17] [18] [19] However, the difficulty of changing the constitution and the opposition of groups of politicians and citizens halted any proposal of reform. [20] [21]

In 2013, during his speech to the Chamber of Deputies, newly appointed Prime Minister Enrico Letta announced that a revision of the second part of the constitution was needed, in order to change the bicameral parliamentary system and to abolish the provinces. The proposal, presented during the Renzi premiership, was rejected in the constitutional referendum held in December 2016.

See also

Notes

  1. Regio Decreto Legislativo n. 1/1927, 3 January 1927, "Riordinamento delle circoscrizioni provinciali"

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