Provinces of Italy

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Provinces of Italy in 2012:
- Regions (black borders)
- Provinces (grey borders) Italian regions provinces.svg
Provinces of Italy in 2012:
- Regions (black borders)
- Provinces (grey borders)
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The provinces of Italy (Italian : province d'Italia) are administrative divisions of Italy of intermediate level between a municipality ( comune ) and a region (regione). From 2015, the provinces were reorganized into "institutional bodies of second level", with the birth of 10 special Metropolitan cities. A further 4 such cities were added later. [1]

Contents

There are currently 103 institutional bodies of second level in Italy, including 80 active provinces, 2 autonomous provinces, 6 free municipal consortia, 14 metropolitan cities, and Aosta Valley region. Additionally, 4 provinces in Friuli Venezia Giulia were abolished and replaced by 18 unions of municipalities.

Overview

A province of the Italian Republic is composed of many municipalities (comune). Usually several provinces together form a region; the region of Aosta Valley is the sole exception – it is not subdivided into provinces, and provincial functions are exercised by the region.

The three main functions devolved to provinces are:

The number of provinces in Italy has been steadily growing in recent years, as many new ones are carved out of older ones. Usually, the province's name is the same as that of its capital city.

According to the 2014 reform, each province is headed by a President (or Commissioner) assisted by a legislative body, the Provincial Council, and an executive body, the Provincial Executive. President (Commissioner) and members of Council are elected together by mayors and city councilors of each municipality of the province. The Executive is chaired by the President (Commissioner) who appoint others members, called assessori . Since 2015, the President (Commissioner) and other members of the Council will not receive a salary. [2]

In each province, there is also a Prefect ( prefetto ), a representative of the central government who heads an agency called prefettura-ufficio territoriale del governo. The Questor (questore) is the head of State's Police ( Polizia di Stato ) in the province and his office is called questura. There is also a province's police force depending from local government, called provincial police (polizia provinciale).

The South Tyrol and Trentino are autonomous provinces: unlike all other provinces they have the same legislative powers as regions and are not subordinated to Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, the region they are part of.

List of provinces

  Metropolitan City  Free Municipal Consortium  Autonomous province  Abolished province

TypeProvinceCapital ISO
code
Administrative
Region
Macro-
Region
Population (January 2019) [3]
Area
(km²)
Density
(/km²)
Comuni
President
Free Agrigento Agrigento AG Sicily Insular434,8703,05314443Marcello Maisano (commissar)
Ordinary Alessandria Alessandria AL Piedmont North-West421,2843,559119188Gianfranco Lorenzo Baldi (CR)
Ordinary Ancona Ancona AN Marche Centre471,2281,96324147Liana Serrani (PD)
Abolished Aosta Aosta AO Aosta Valley North-West125,6663,2613974
Ordinary Arezzo Arezzo AR Tuscany Centre342,6543,23310636Roberto Vasai (PD)
Ordinary Ascoli Piceno Ascoli Piceno APMarcheCentre207,1791,22817033Paolo D'Erasmo (PD)
Ordinary Asti Asti ATPiedmontNorth-West214,6381,510143118Marco Gabusi (CR)
Ordinary Avellino Avellino AV Campania South418,3062,792157118Domenico Gambacorta (FI)
Metropolitan Bari Bari BA Apulia South1,251,9943,82132941Antonio Decaro (PD)
Ordinary Barletta-Andria-Trani Barletta, Andria, Trani BTApuliaSouth390,0111,53825510Nicola Giorgino (FI)
Ordinary Belluno Belluno BL Veneto North-East202,9503,6765863Roberto Padrin (IND)
Ordinary Benevento Benevento BNCampaniaSouth277,0182,07113978Claudio Ricci (PD)
Ordinary Bergamo Bergamo BG Lombardy North-West1,114,5902,723404243Matteo Rossi (PD)
Ordinary Biella Biella BIPiedmontNorth-West175,58591420374Emanuele Ramella Pralungo (PD)
Metropolitan Bologna Bologna BO Emilia-Romagna North-East1,014,6193,70226855Virginio Merola (PD)
Ordinary Brescia Brescia BSLombardyNorth-West1,265,9544,783263205Pier Luigi Mottinelli (PD)
Ordinary Brindisi Brindisi BRApuliaSouth392,9751,83921920Maurizio Bruno (PD)
Metropolitan Cagliari Cagliari CA Sardinia Insular431,0381,24834517Massimo Zedda (CL)
Free Caltanissetta Caltanissetta CLSicilyInsular262,4582,12412822Alessandro Di Liberto (commissar)
Ordinary Campobasso Campobasso CB Molise South221,2382,9107984Rosario De Matteis (PD)
Ordinary Caserta Caserta CECampaniaSouth922,9652,640347104Giorgio Magliocca (FI)
Metropolitan Catania Catania CTSicilyInsular1,107,7023,55330758Enzo Bianco (PD)
Ordinary Catanzaro Catanzaro CZ Calabria South358,3162,39215480Enzo Bruno (PD)
Ordinary Chieti Chieti CH Abruzzo South385,5882,588153104Mario Pupillo (PD)
Ordinary Como Como COLombardyNorth-West599,2041,288462148Maria Rita Livio (PD)
Ordinary Cosenza Cosenza CSCalabriaSouth705,7536,650110150Franco Iacucci (PD)
Ordinary Cremona Cremona CRLombardyNorth-West358,9551,771205113Davide Viola (PD)
Ordinary Crotone Crotone KRCalabriaSouth174,9801,71610227Armando Foresta (IND)
Ordinary Cuneo Cuneo CNPiedmontNorth-West587,0896,90286247Federico Borgna (CL)
Free Enna Enna ENSicilyInsular164,7882,5616720Giovanni Corso (commissar)
Ordinary Fermo Fermo FMMarcheCentre173,80086020740Moira Canigola (PD)
Ordinary Ferrara Ferrara FEEmilia-RomagnaNorth-East345,6912,63013721Tiziano Tagliani (PD)
Metropolitan Florence Florence FITuscanyCentre1,011,3493,51528441Dario Nardella (PD)
Ordinary Foggia Foggia FGApuliaSouth622,1836,9669261Francesco Miglio (PD)
Ordinary Forlì-Cesena Forlì FCEmilia-RomagnaNorth-East394,6272,37616630David Drei (PD)
Ordinary Frosinone Frosinone FR Lazio Centre489,0833,24315491Antonio Pompeo (PD)
Metropolitan Genoa Genoa GE Liguria North-West841,1801,83948067Marco Bucci (CR)
Abolished Gorizia Gorizia GO Friuli-Venezia Giulia North-East139,40346630625
Ordinary Grosseto Grosseto GRTuscanyCentre221,6294,5015128 Antonfrancesco Vivarelli Colonna (CR)
Ordinary Imperia Imperia IMLiguriaNorth-West213,8401,15619366Fabio Natta (PSI)
Ordinary Isernia Isernia ISMoliseSouth84,3791,5285852Lorenzo Coia (PD)
Ordinary La Spezia La Spezia SPLiguriaNorth-West219,55688125432Giorgio Cozzani (CR)
Ordinary L'Aquila L'Aquila AQAbruzzoSouth299,0315,03562108Angelo Caruso (CR)
Ordinary Latina Latina LTLazioCentre575,2542,25024733Giovanni Bernasconi (PD)
Ordinary Lecce Lecce LEApuliaSouth795,1342,75929697Antonio Maria Gabellone (FI)
Ordinary Lecco Lecco LCLombardyNorth-West337,38081641785Flavio Polano (PD)
Ordinary Livorno Livorno LITuscanyCentre334,8321,21128319Alessandro Franchi (PD)
Ordinary Lodi Lodi LOLombardyNorth-West230,19878229160Francesco Passerini (Lega)
Ordinary Lucca Lucca LUTuscanyCentre387,8761,77322233Luca Menesini (PD)
Ordinary Macerata Macerata MCMarcheCentre314,1782,77411755Antonio Pettinari (UdC)
Ordinary Mantua Mantua MNLombardyNorth-West412,2922,33917864Beniamino Mauro Morselli (PD)
Ordinary Massa and Carrara Massa MSTuscanyCentre194,8781,15717617Gianni Lorenzetti (PD)
Ordinary Matera Matera MT Basilicata South197,9093,4475931Francesco De Giacomo (PD)
Metropolitan Messina Messina MESicilyInsular626,8763,247201108Renato Accorinti (L)
Metropolitan Milan Milan MILombardyNorth-West3,250,3151,5752,004134Giuseppe Sala (PD)
Ordinary Modena Modena MOEmilia-RomagnaNorth-East705,3932,68926147Gian Carlo Muzzarelli (PD)
Ordinary Monza and Brianza Monza MBLombardyNorth-West873,9354052,09855Luca Santambrogio (Lega)
Metropolitan Naples Naples NACampaniaSouth3,084,8901,1712,63192Luigi De Magistris (L)
Ordinary Novara Novara NOPiedmontNorth-West369,0181,33927887Matteo Besozzi (PD)
Ordinary Nuoro Nuoro NUSardiniaInsular208,5505,83837.474Costantino Tidu
Ordinary Oristano Oristano ORSardiniaInsular157,7072,99053.3387Massimo Torrente (Commissar)
Ordinary Padua Padua PDVenetoNorth-East937,9082,143436102Enoch Soranzo (IND)
Metropolitan Palermo Palermo PASicilyInsular1,252,5884,99225082 Leoluca Orlando (CL)
Ordinary Parma Parma PREmilia-RomagnaNorth-East451,6313,45012844Filippo Fritelli (PD)
Ordinary Pavia Pavia PVLombardyNorth-West545,8882,965185186Vittorio Poma (CL)
Ordinary Perugia Perugia PG Umbria Centre656,3826,33210659Nando Mismetti (PD)
Ordinary Pesaro and Urbino Pesaro PUMarcheCentre358,8862,56414353Daniele Tagliolini (PD)
Ordinary Pescara Pescara PEAbruzzoSouth318,9091,22526446Antonio Di Marco (PD)
Ordinary Piacenza Piacenza PCEmilia-RomagnaNorth-East287,1522,59011246Francesco Rolleri (PD)
Ordinary Pisa Pisa PITuscanyCentre419,0372,44517137Marco Filippeschi (PD)
Ordinary Pistoia Pistoia PTTuscanyCentre292,47396530420Rinaldo Vanni (PD)
Abolished Pordenone Pordenone PNFriuli-Venezia GiuliaNorth-East312,5332,13014850
Ordinary Potenza Potenza PZBasilicataSouth364,9606,54959100Nicola Rocco Valluzzi (PD)
Ordinary Prato Prato POTuscanyCentre257,7163656847Matteo Biffoni (PD)
Free Ragusa Ragusa RGSicilyInsular320,8931,61419712Dario Caltabellotta (commissar)
Ordinary Ravenna Ravenna RAEmilia-RomagnaNorth-East389,4561,85821118Michele De Pascale (PD)
Metropolitan Reggio Calabria Reggio Calabria RCCalabriaSouth548,0093,18417897Giuseppe Falcomatà (PD)
Ordinary Reggio Emilia Reggio Emilia REEmilia-RomagnaNorth-East531,8912,29223142Gianmaria Manghi (PD)
Ordinary Rieti Rieti RILazioCentre155,5032,7505873Giuseppe Rinaldi (PD)
Ordinary Rimini Rimini RNEmilia-RomagnaNorth-East339,01786338225Andrea Gnassi (PD)
Metropolitan Rome Rome RMLazioCentre4,342,2125,352784121Virginia Raggi (M5S)
Ordinary Rovigo Rovigo ROVenetoNorth-East234,9371,79013850Marco Trombini (FI)
Ordinary Salerno Salerno SACampaniaSouth1,098,5134,918226158Giuseppe Canfora (PD)
Ordinary Sassari Sassari SSSardiniaInsular491,5717,69264.192Guido Sechi (commissar)
Ordinary Savona Savona SVLiguriaNorth-West276,0641,54518669Monica Giuliano (PD)
Ordinary Siena Siena SITuscanyCentre267,1973,8237135Fabrizio Nepi (PD)
Ordinary Sondrio Sondrio SOLombardyNorth-West181,0953,2105777Luca Della Bitta (CR)
Ordinary South Sardinia Carbonia SUSardiniaInsular350,7256,53054.3107Mario Mossa (commissar)
Autonomous South Tyrol Bolzano BZ Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol North-East531,1787,40069116Arno Kompatscher (SVP)
Free Syracuse Syracuse SRSicilyInsular399,2242,10819221Antonio Lutri (commissar)
Ordinary Taranto Taranto TAApuliaSouth576,7562,43623829Martino Carmelo Tamburrano (FI)
Ordinary Teramo Teramo TEAbruzzoSouth308,0521,94816047Domenico "Renzo" Di Sabatino (PD)
Ordinary Terni Terni TRUmbriaCentre225,6332,12211133Giampiero Lattanzi (PD)
Free Trapani Trapani TPSicilyInsular430,4922,46017724Giuseppe Amato (commissar)
Autonomous Trento Trento TNTrentino-Alto Adige/SüdtirolNorth-East541,0986,20385175Ugo Rossi (PATT)
Ordinary Treviso Treviso TVVenetoNorth-East887,8062,47735995Stefano Marcon (LN)
Abolished Trieste Trieste TSFriuli-Venezia GiuliaNorth-East234,4932121,1166
Metropolitan Turin Turin TOPiedmontNorth-West2,259,5236,829337312Chiara Appendino (M5S)
Abolished Udine Udine UDFriuli-Venezia GiuliaNorth-East528,7914,904110134
Ordinary Varese Varese VALombardyNorth-West890,7681,199737139Nicola Gunnar Vincenzi (PD)
Metropolitan Venice Venice VEVenetoNorth-East853,3382,46135144Luigi Brugnaro CR
Ordinary Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Verbania VBPiedmontNorth-West158,3492,2567274Stefano Costa (PD)
Ordinary Vercelli Vercelli VCPiedmontNorth-West170,9112,0888682Carlo Riva Vercellotti (FI)
Ordinary Verona Verona VRVenetoNorth-East926,4973,12029598Antonio Pastorello (FI)
Ordinary Vibo Valentia Vibo Valentia VVCalabriaSouth160,0731,13914650Andrea Niglia (IND)
Ordinary Vicenza Vicenza VIVenetoNorth-East862,4182,723320119Achille Variati (PD)
Ordinary Viterbo Viterbo VTLazioCentre317,0303,6148960Pietro Nocchi (PD)
Total60,359,546301,378200.457,926
Italian provinces by population (2011).png
Italian provinces by population
Italian provinces by population density, 2011.png
Italian provinces by population density

History

Kingdom of Italy

In 1861, at the birth of the Kingdom of Italy, there were 59 provinces. However, at that time the national territory was smaller than the current one: regions of Veneto, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol and Lazio were not included in the kingdom.

In 1866, following the Third Independence War, territories of Veneto, Friuli and Mantua were annexed. There were therefore nine more provinces: Belluno, Mantua, Padua, Rovigo, Treviso, Venice, Verona, Vicenza and Udine, all previously part of the Austrian Empire. Eventually, in 1870, following the union of Rome and its province from the Papal States, the provinces rose in number to 69.

After the First World War, new territories were annexed to Italy. The Province of Trento was created in 1920. Provinces of La Spezia, Trieste and Ionio in 1923. In 1924 the new provinces of Fiume , Pola , and Zara were created, increasing the total number of provinces in Italy to 76.

Between the two World Wars

Provinces of Italy in 1942 Kingdom of Italy 1942 with provinces.svg
Provinces of Italy in 1942

In 1927, following a Royal charter, [Note 1] a general province rearrangement took place. 17 new provinces were created (Aosta, Vercelli, Varese, Savona, Bolzano, Gorizia, Pistoia, Pescara, Rieti, Terni, Viterbo, Frosinone, Brindisi, Matera, Ragusa, Castrogiovanni, Nuoro) and the province of Caserta was suppressed. In the same year the institution of circondari, sub-provincial wards created before the unification, was abolished.

Province of Littoria (Latina) was created in 1934, and the Province of Asti in 1935.

Following the annexion of Yugoslavia in 1941, the Province of Zara was enlarged and joined the Governatorate of Dalmatia (comprising the provinces of Zara, Spalato, and Cattaro), while in the occupied central part of the present-day Slovenia the new Province of Ljubljana was created. This lasted only until 1945, when Yugoslavia was recreated.

After World War II

In 1945, after World War II, the province of Aosta changed its name to Valle d'Aosta and Littoria to Latina; the new province of Caserta was created. With the Paris Treaties, signed on 10 February 1947, Italy lost the provinces in the regions of Istria, Carnaro and Dalmazia and part of the provinces of Trieste and Gorizia. Moreover, the province of Trieste was occupied by United States and British forces. The Italian Republic therefore had 91 provinces at its birth.

The province of Ionio was renamed as Taranto in 1951, and in 1954 the province of Trieste was returned to Italy.

Recent history

The Province of Pordenone was created in 1968, the province of Isernia in 1970, and the Province of Oristano in 1974. In a reorganization in 1992 eight provinces were created: Verbano-Cusio-Ossola, Biella, Lecco, Lodi, Rimini, Prato, Crotone, and Vibo Valentia, while Forlì was renamed as Forlì-Cesena.

Four new provinces were created in Sardinia in 2001, with effect from 2005: Olbia-Tempio, Ogliastra, Medio Campidano and Carbonia-Iglesias. In 2004 three further provinces were created: Monza and Brianza, Fermo, and Barletta-Andria-Trani, making a total of 110 provinces.

In May 2012, a referendum abolished the eight provinces of Sardinia, and this suppression was to take effect on 1 March 2013. On 6 July 2012, new plans were published to reduce the number of provinces by around half. [10] In January 2014 the Sardinian Regional Administrative Court declared "unconstitutional" the abolition of the Sardinian provinces, which occurred in 2013.

Former provinces

Number of provinces
YearProvinces
186159
186668
187069
192375
192476
192792
193493
193594
194195
194494
194593
194791
195492
196893
197094
197495
1992103
2001107
2004110
2016107

Historical abolished provinces

Provinces of Istria and Dalmatia

Provinces established during World War II

Colonial provinces

Theoretical provinces

Number of provinces in Italy since 1861 Provinces of Italy trend.png
Number of provinces in Italy since 1861

Controversies

Italian Provinces, according to the reform proposed by Mario Monti's Government (the map does not include the updates of abolition of the provinces in Regions of Sicily and Sardinia). ITALIAN PROVINCES.png
Italian Provinces, according to the reform proposed by Mario Monti's Government (the map does not include the updates of abolition of the provinces in Regions of Sicily and Sardinia).

Provinces are often deemed useless, and many proposals have been made in recent years to eliminate them. [12] [13] [14] However, the difficulty of changing a constitutional law and the opposition of some groups and politicians halted any reform proposal. [15] [16] During his speech to the Chamber of Deputies, newly appointed Prime Minister Enrico Letta announced that a revision of the second part of the Italian Constitution is needed, in order to change the current bicameral parliamentary system and to abolish provinces. The proposal was rejected in the constitutional referendum held in 2016.

Provinces of Italy as of 2019 Italy colourable Provinces as of 2019-A4.svg
Provinces of Italy as of 2019

See also

Notes

  1. Regio Decreto Legislativo n. 1/1927, 3 January 1927, "Riordinamento delle circoscrizioni provinciali"

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References

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  2. "Le elezioni". Dipartimento per gli affari interni e territoriali.
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  8. http://www.gurs.regione.sicilia.it/Gazzette/g14-13o/g14-13o.pdf
  9. "Soppressione delle province del Friuli-Venezia Giulia". Autonomous Region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia. 2016-12-14.
  10. Redazione Online. "Spending review, province ridotte del 50% Patroni Griffi:«L'accorpamento è una svolta". Corriere.it. Retrieved 2013-02-04.
  11. 1 2 Davide Rodogno (2006). Fascism's European empire: Italian occupation during the Second World War. Cambridge University Press. pp. 89–92. ISBN   0-521-84515-7.
  12. "Lombardo contro le Province "È giunto il momento di abolirle"". la Repubblica. 26 July 2011. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
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