The provinces of Italy (Italian : province d'Italia) are the constituent entities of the Italian Republic, on an intermediate level between a municipality ( comune ) and a region (regione). Since 2015, provinces have been classified as ‘institutional bodies of second level’.
There are currently 107 institutional bodies of second level in Italy, including 80 ordinary provinces, 2 autonomous provinces, 4 regional decentralization entities, 6 free municipal consortia, and 14 metropolitan cities, as well as the Aosta Valley region (which also exercises the powers of a province).
Italian provinces (with the exception of the current Sardinian provinces) correspond to the NUTS 3 regions.[ citation needed ]
A province of the Italian Republic is composed of many municipalities (comune). Usually several provinces together form a region; the region of Aosta Valley is the sole exception—it is not subdivided into provinces, and provincial functions are exercised by the region.
The three main functions devolved to provinces are:
The number of provinces in Italy has been steadily growing in recent years, as many new ones are carved out of older ones. Usually, the province's name is the same as that of its capital city.
According to the 2014 reform, each province is headed by a President (or Commissioner) assisted by a legislative body, the Provincial Council, and an executive body, the Provincial Executive. President (Commissioner) and members of Council are elected together by mayors and city councilors of each municipality of the province. The Executive is chaired by the President (Commissioner) who appoint others members, called assessori . Since 2015, the President (Commissioner) and other members of the council will not receive a salary.
In each province, there is also a Prefect ( prefetto ), a representative of the central government who heads an agency called prefettura-ufficio territoriale del governo. The Questor (questore) is the head of State Police ( Polizia di Stato ) in the province and his office is called questura. There is also a provincial police force depending from local government, called provincial police (polizia provinciale).
The South Tyrol and Trentino are autonomous provinces: unlike all other provinces they have the same legislative powers as regions and are not subordinated to Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol, the region they are part of.
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|F||Agrigento||Agrigento||AG||Sicily||Insular||434,870||3,053||144||43||Marcello Maisano (commissioner)|
|O||Alessandria||Alessandria||AL||Piedmont||North-West||421,284||3,559||119||188||Gianfranco Lorenzo Baldi (R)|
|O||Ancona||Ancona||AN||Marche||Centre||471,228||1,963||241||47||Liana Serrani (L)|
|O||Arezzo||Arezzo||AR||Tuscany||Centre||342,654||3,233||106||36||Roberto Vasai (L)|
|O||Ascoli Piceno||Ascoli Piceno||AP||Marche||Centre||207,179||1,228||170||33||Paolo D'Erasmo (L)|
|O||Asti||Asti||AT||Piedmont||North-West||214,638||1,510||143||118||Marco Gabusi (R)|
|O||Avellino||Avellino||AV||Campania||South||418,306||2,792||157||118||Domenico Gambacorta (R)|
|M||Bari||Bari||BA||Apulia||South||1,251,994||3,821||329||41||Antonio Decaro (L)|
|O||Barletta-Andria-Trani||Barletta, Andria, Trani||BT||Apulia||South||390,011||1,538||255||10||Nicola Giorgino (R)|
|O||Belluno||Belluno||BL||Veneto||North-East||202,950||3,676||58||63||Roberto Padrin (I)|
|O||Benevento||Benevento||BN||Campania||South||277,018||2,071||139||78||Claudio Ricci (L)|
|O||Bergamo||Bergamo||BG||Lombardy||North-West||1,114,590||2,723||404||243||Matteo Rossi (L)|
|O||Biella||Biella||BI||Piedmont||North-West||175,585||914||203||74||Emanuele Ramella Pralungo (L)|
|M||Bologna||Bologna||BO||Emilia-Romagna||North-East||1,014,619||3,702||268||55||Virginio Merola (L)|
|O||Brescia||Brescia||BS||Lombardy||North-West||1,265,954||4,783||263||205||Pier Luigi Mottinelli (L)|
|O||Brindisi||Brindisi||BR||Apulia||South||392,975||1,839||219||20||Maurizio Bruno (L)|
|M||Cagliari||Cagliari||CA||Sardinia||Insular||431,038||1,248||345||17||Massimo Zedda (L)|
|F||Caltanissetta||Caltanissetta||CL||Sicily||Insular||262,458||2,124||128||22||Alessandro Di Liberto (commissioner)|
|O||Campobasso||Campobasso||CB||Molise||South||221,238||2,910||79||84||Rosario De Matteis (L)|
|O||Caserta||Caserta||CE||Campania||South||922,965||2,640||347||104||Giorgio Magliocca (R)|
|M||Catania||Catania||CT||Sicily||Insular||1,107,702||3,553||307||58||Enzo Bianco (L)|
|O||Catanzaro||Catanzaro||CZ||Calabria||South||358,316||2,392||154||80||Enzo Bruno (L)|
|O||Chieti||Chieti||CH||Abruzzo||South||385,588||2,588||153||104||Mario Pupillo (L)|
|O||Como||Como||CO||Lombardy||North-West||599,204||1,288||462||148||Maria Rita Livio (L)|
|O||Cosenza||Cosenza||CS||Calabria||South||705,753||6,650||110||150||Franco Iacucci (L)|
|O||Cremona||Cremona||CR||Lombardy||North-West||358,955||1,771||205||113||Davide Viola (L)|
|O||Crotone||Crotone||KR||Calabria||South||174,980||1,716||102||27||Armando Foresta (I)|
|O||Cuneo||Cuneo||CN||Piedmont||North-West||587,089||6,902||86||247||Federico Borgna (L)|
|F||Enna||Enna||EN||Sicily||Insular||164,788||2,561||67||20||Giovanni Corso (commissioner)|
|O||Fermo||Fermo||FM||Marche||Centre||173,800||860||207||40||Moira Canigola (L)|
|O||Ferrara||Ferrara||FE||Emilia-Romagna||North-East||345,691||2,630||137||21||Tiziano Tagliani (L)|
|M||Florence||Florence||FI||Tuscany||Centre||1,011,349||3,515||284||41||Dario Nardella (L)|
|O||Foggia||Foggia||FG||Apulia||South||622,183||6,966||92||61||Francesco Miglio (L)|
|O||Forlì-Cesena||Forlì||FC||Emilia-Romagna||North-East||394,627||2,376||166||30||Davide Drei (L)|
|O||Frosinone||Frosinone||FR||Lazio||Centre||489,083||3,243||154||91||Antonio Pompeo (L)|
|M||Genoa||Genoa||GE||Liguria||North-West||841,180||1,839||480||67||Marco Bucci (R)|
|O||Grosseto||Grosseto||GR||Tuscany||Centre||221,629||4,501||51||28||Antonfrancesco Vivarelli Colonna (R)|
|O||Imperia||Imperia||IM||Liguria||North-West||213,840||1,156||193||66||Fabio Natta (PSI)|
|O||Isernia||Isernia||IS||Molise||South||84,379||1,528||58||52||Lorenzo Coia (L)|
|O||La Spezia||La Spezia||SP||Liguria||North-West||219,556||881||254||32||Giorgio Cozzani (R)|
|O||L'Aquila||L'Aquila||AQ||Abruzzo||South||299,031||5,035||62||108||Angelo Caruso (R)|
|O||Latina||Latina||LT||Lazio||Centre||575,254||2,250||247||33||Giovanni Bernasconi (L)|
|O||Lecce||Lecce||LE||Apulia||South||795,134||2,759||296||97||Antonio Maria Gabellone (R)|
|O||Lecco||Lecco||LC||Lombardy||North-West||337,380||816||417||85||Flavio Polano (L)|
|O||Livorno||Livorno||LI||Tuscany||Centre||334,832||1,211||283||19||Alessandro Franchi (L)|
|O||Lodi||Lodi||LO||Lombardy||North-West||230,198||782||291||60||Francesco Passerini (R)|
|O||Lucca||Lucca||LU||Tuscany||Centre||387,876||1,773||222||33||Luca Menesini (L)|
|O||Macerata||Macerata||MC||Marche||Centre||314,178||2,774||117||55||Antonio Pettinari (R)|
|O||Mantua||Mantua||MN||Lombardy||North-West||412,292||2,339||178||64||Beniamino Mauro Morselli (L)|
|O||Massa and Carrara||Massa||MS||Tuscany||Centre||194,878||1,157||176||17||Gianni Lorenzetti (L)|
|O||Matera||Matera||MT||Basilicata||South||197,909||3,447||59||31||Francesco De Giacomo (L)|
|M||Messina||Messina||ME||Sicily||Insular||626,876||3,247||201||108||Renato Accorinti (L)|
|M||Milan||Milan||MI||Lombardy||North-West||3,250,315||1,575||2,004||134||Giuseppe Sala (L)|
|O||Modena||Modena||MO||Emilia-Romagna||North-East||705,393||2,689||261||47||Gian Carlo Muzzarelli (L)|
|O||Monza and Brianza||Monza||MB||Lombardy||North-West||873,935||405||2,098||55||Luca Santambrogio (R)|
|M||Naples||Naples||NA||Campania||South||3,084,890||1,171||2,631||92||Luigi De Magistris (L)|
|O||Novara||Novara||NO||Piedmont||North-West||369,018||1,339||278||87||Matteo Besozzi (L)|
|O||Nuoro||Nuoro||NU||Sardinia||Insular||208,550||5,838||37||74||Costantino Tidu (L)|
|O||Oristano||Oristano||OR||Sardinia||Insular||157,707||2,990||53||87||Massimo Torrente (commissioner)|
|O||Padua||Padua||PD||Veneto||North-East||937,908||2,143||436||102||Fabio Bui (I)|
|M||Palermo||Palermo||PA||Sicily||Insular||1,252,588||4,992||250||82||Leoluca Orlando (L)|
|O||Parma||Parma||PR||Emilia-Romagna||North-East||451,631||3,450||128||44||Filippo Fritelli (L)|
|O||Pavia||Pavia||PV||Lombardy||North-West||545,888||2,965||185||186||Vittorio Poma (L)|
|O||Perugia||Perugia||PG||Umbria||Centre||656,382||6,332||106||59||Nando Mismetti (L)|
|O||Pesaro and Urbino||Pesaro||PU||Marche||Centre||358,886||2,564||143||53||Daniele Tagliolini (L)|
|O||Pescara||Pescara||PE||Abruzzo||South||318,909||1,225||264||46||Antonio Di Marco (L)|
|O||Piacenza||Piacenza||PC||Emilia-Romagna||North-East||287,152||2,590||112||46||Francesco Rolleri (L)|
|O||Pisa||Pisa||PI||Tuscany||Centre||419,037||2,445||171||37||Marco Filippeschi (L)|
|O||Pistoia||Pistoia||PT||Tuscany||Centre||292,473||965||304||20||Rinaldo Vanni (L)|
|O||Potenza||Potenza||PZ||Basilicata||South||364,960||6,549||59||100||Nicola Rocco Valluzzi (L)|
|O||Prato||Prato||PO||Tuscany||Centre||257,716||365||684||7||Matteo Biffoni (L)|
|F||Ragusa||Ragusa||RG||Sicily||Insular||320,893||1,614||197||12||Dario Caltabellotta (commissioner)|
|O||Ravenna||Ravenna||RA||Emilia-Romagna||North-East||389,456||1,858||211||18||Michele De Pascale (L)|
|M||Reggio Calabria||Reggio Calabria||RC||Calabria||South||548,009||3,184||178||97||Giuseppe Falcomatà (L)|
|O||Reggio Emilia||Reggio Emilia||RE||Emilia-Romagna||North-East||531,891||2,292||231||42||Gianmaria Manghi (L)|
|O||Rieti||Rieti||RI||Lazio||Centre||155,503||2,750||58||73||Giuseppe Rinaldi (L)|
|O||Rimini||Rimini||RN||Emilia-Romagna||North-East||339,017||863||382||25||Andrea Gnassi (L)|
|M||Rome||Rome||RM||Lazio||Centre||4,342,212||5,352||784||121||Virginia Raggi (M5S)|
|O||Rovigo||Rovigo||RO||Veneto||North-East||234,937||1,790||138||50||Marco Trombini (R)|
|O||Salerno||Salerno||SA||Campania||South||1,098,513||4,918||226||158||Giuseppe Canfora (L)|
|O||Sassari||Sassari||SS||Sardinia||Insular||491,571||7,692||64||92||Guido Sechi (commissioner)|
|O||Savona||Savona||SV||Liguria||North-West||276,064||1,545||186||69||Monica Giuliano (L)|
|O||Siena||Siena||SI||Tuscany||Centre||267,197||3,823||71||35||Fabrizio Nepi (L)|
|O||Sondrio||Sondrio||SO||Lombardy||North-West||181,095||3,210||57||77||Luca Della Bitta (R)|
|O||South Sardinia||Carbonia||SU||Sardinia||Insular||350,725||6,530||54||107||Mario Mossa (commissioner)|
|A||South Tyrol||Bolzano||BZ||Trentino-South Tyrol||North-East||531,178||7,400||69||116||Arno Kompatscher (SVP)|
|F||Syracuse||Syracuse||SR||Sicily||Insular||399,224||2,108||192||21||Antonio Lutri (commissioner)|
|O||Taranto||Taranto||TA||Apulia||South||576,756||2,436||238||29||Martino Carmelo Tamburrano (R)|
|O||Teramo||Teramo||TE||Abruzzo||South||308,052||1,948||160||47||Domenico "Renzo" Di Sabatino (L)|
|O||Terni||Terni||TR||Umbria||Centre||225,633||2,122||111||33||Giampiero Lattanzi (L)|
|F||Trapani||Trapani||TP||Sicily||Insular||430,492||2,460||177||24||Giuseppe Amato (commissioner)|
|A||Trento||Trento||TN||Trentino-South Tyrol||North-East||541,098||6,203||85||175||Maurizio Fugatti (R)|
|O||Treviso||Treviso||TV||Veneto||North-East||887,806||2,477||359||95||Stefano Marcon (R)|
|M||Turin||Turin||TO||Piedmont||North-West||2,259,523||6,829||337||312||Chiara Appendino (M5S)|
|O||Varese||Varese||VA||Lombardy||North-West||890,768||1,199||737||139||Nicola Gunnar Vincenzi (L)|
|M||Venice||Venice||VE||Veneto||North-East||853,338||2,461||351||44||Luigi Brugnaro (R)|
|O||Verbano-Cusio-Ossola||Verbania||VB||Piedmont||North-West||158,349||2,256||72||74||Stefano Costa (L)|
|O||Vercelli||Vercelli||VC||Piedmont||North-West||170,911||2,088||86||82||Carlo Riva Vercellotti (R)|
|O||Verona||Verona||VR||Veneto||North-East||926,497||3,120||295||98||Antonio Pastorello (R)|
|O||Vibo Valentia||Vibo Valentia||VV||Calabria||South||160,073||1,139||146||50||Andrea Niglia (I)|
|O||Vicenza||Vicenza||VI||Veneto||North-East||862,418||2,723||320||119||Francesco Rucco (R)|
|O||Viterbo||Viterbo||VT||Lazio||Centre||317,030||3,614||89||60||Pietro Nocchi (L)|
In 1861, at the birth of the Kingdom of Italy, there were 59 provinces. However, at that time the national territory was smaller than the current one: regions of Veneto, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol and Lazio were not included in the kingdom.
In 1866, following the Third Independence War, territories of Veneto, Friuli and Mantua were annexed. There were therefore nine more provinces: Belluno, Mantua, Padua, Rovigo, Treviso, Venice, Verona, Vicenza and Udine, all previously part of the Austrian Empire. Eventually, in 1870, following the union of Rome and its province from the Papal States, the provinces rose in number to 69.
After the First World War, new territories were annexed to Italy. The Province of Trento was created in 1920. Provinces of La Spezia, Trieste and Ionio in 1923. In 1924 the new provinces of Fiume , Pola , and Zara were created, increasing the total number of provinces in Italy to 76.
In 1927, following a Royal charter,a general province rearrangement took place. 17 new provinces were created (Aosta, Vercelli, Varese, Savona, Bolzano, Gorizia, Pistoia, Pescara, Rieti, Terni, Viterbo, Frosinone, Brindisi, Matera, Ragusa, Castrogiovanni, Nuoro) and the province of Caserta was suppressed. In the same year the institution of circondari, sub-provincial wards created before the unification, was abolished.
Province of Littoria (Latina) was created in 1934, and the Province of Asti in 1935.
Following the annexion of Yugoslavia in 1941, the Province of Zara was enlarged and joined the Governatorate of Dalmatia (comprising the provinces of Zara, Spalato, and Cattaro), while in the occupied central part of the present-day Slovenia the new Province of Ljubljana was created. This lasted only until 1945, when Yugoslavia was recreated.
In 1945, after World War II, the province of Aosta changed its name to Valle d'Aosta and Littoria to Latina; the new province of Caserta was created. With the Paris Treaties, signed on 10 February 1947, Italy lost the provinces in the regions of Istria, Carnaro and Dalmazia and part of the provinces of Trieste and Gorizia. Moreover, the province of Trieste was occupied by United States and British forces. The Italian Republic therefore had 91 provinces at its birth.
The province of Ionio was renamed as Taranto in 1951, and in 1954 the province of Trieste was returned to Italy.
The Province of Pordenone was created in 1968, the province of Isernia in 1970, and the Province of Oristano in 1974. In a reorganization in 1992 eight provinces were created: Verbano-Cusio-Ossola, Biella, Lecco, Lodi, Rimini, Prato, Crotone, and Vibo Valentia, while Forlì was renamed as Forlì-Cesena.
Four new provinces were created in Sardinia in 2001, with effect from 2005: Olbia-Tempio, Ogliastra, Medio Campidano and Carbonia-Iglesias. In 2004 three further provinces were created: Monza and Brianza, Fermo, and Barletta-Andria-Trani, making a total of 110 provinces.
In May 2012, a referendum abolished the eight provinces of Sardinia, and this suppression was to take effect on 1 March 2013. On 6 July 2012, new plans were published to reduce the number of provinces by around half.In January 2014 the Sardinian Regional Administrative Court declared "unconstitutional" the abolition of the Sardinian provinces, which occurred in 2013.
In 2014 the Delrio Lawtransformed the Provinces of Italy in a reduced number of broader administrative entities.
In 2014 the Friuli Venezia Giulia of Debora Serracchiani was the first Italian region to pass a law for abolishing its provinces, while implementing the national reform in the local administrative level.The Friuli region has multiplied four provinces in 18 unions of the Italian administrative unit called Comune . After rejection of the 2016 Italian constitutional referendum, the Provinces of Italy were still kept alive under provisions of the Delrio Constitutional Law to be merged in a smaller number of union of provinces.
Provinces are often deemed useless, and many proposals have been made in recent years to eliminate them.However, the difficulty of changing the constitution and the opposition of groups of politicians and citizens halted any proposal of reform.
In 2013, during his speech to the Chamber of Deputies, newly appointed Prime Minister Enrico Letta announced that a revision of the second part of the constitution was needed, in order to change the bicameral parliamentary system and to abolish the provinces. The proposal, presented during the Renzi premiership, was rejected in the constitutional referendum held in December 2016.
The province of Carbonia-Iglesias was a province in the autonomous region of Sardinia, Italy. It included the historical area of Sulcis-Iglesiente and it was the smallest province of Sardinia. It is bordered by the provinces of Cagliari and Medio Campidano. All three provinces have been suppressed by the regional decree in 2016.
Friuli Venezia Giulia is one of the 20 regions of Italy, and one of five autonomous regions with special statute. The regional capital is Trieste.
Province of Cattaro was a province of the Italian Governorate of Dalmatia, created in May 1941 during World War II. It lasted until September 1943.
The province of Pordenone was a province in the autonomous region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia in Italy. Its capital was the city of Pordenone. The province was subdivided from the province of Udine in 1968. It had a total population of 312,794 inhabitants. The province was abolished on 30 September 2017.
The Province of Trieste was a province in the autonomous Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of Italy. Its capital was the city of Trieste. It had an area of 212 square kilometres (82 sq mi) and it had a total population of 234,668. It had a coastal length of 48.1 kilometres (29.9 mi).
The province of Udine was a province in the autonomous region Friuli-Venezia Giulia of Italy, bordering Austria and Slovenia. Its capital was the city of Udine, which has a population of 99,242 inhabitants. It had a total population of 530,849 inhabitants over an area of 4,907.24 square kilometres (1,894.70 sq mi). The province was abolished on 30 September 2017.
The province of Medio Campidano was a province in the autonomous region of Sardinia, Italy. As of 2015, the province had a population of 100,141 inhabitants over an area of 1,517.34 square kilometres (585.85 sq mi), giving it a population density of 66 inhabitants per square kilometre. It had two chief towns, Villacidro and Sanluri, with 14,245 and 8,543 inhabitants, respectively. It was established in 2005 from a section of the province of Cagliari. It contained 28 comuni and the president of the province was Fulvio Tocco.
Venezia Giulia, traditionally called Julian March or Julian Venetia is an area of southeastern Europe which is currently divided among Croatia, Italy and Slovenia. The term was coined in 1863 by the Italian linguist Graziadio Isaia Ascoli, a native of the area, to demonstrate that the Austrian Littoral, Veneto, Friuli and Trentino shared a common Italian linguistic identity. Ascoli emphasized the Augustan partition of Roman Italy at the beginning of the Empire, when Venetia et Histria was Regio X.
There are approximately 34 native living spoken languages and related dialects in Italy, most of which are largely independent Romance languages. Although they are sometimes colloquially referred to as "dialects" or regional languages, they are almost all distributed in a continuum across the regions' administrative boundaries, and speakers from one locale within a single region are typically aware of the features distinguishing their own variety from one of the other places nearby.
A regional council in Italy is the elected legislative assembly of a region of Italy. In Emilia-Romagna and Sicily, the legislative bodies are called the Legislative Assembly of Emilia-Romagna and the Sicilian Regional Assembly respectively.
Italianization is the spread of Italian culture, language and identity by way of integration or assimilation.
The Governorate of Dalmatia was a territory divided in three Provinces of Italy during Italian Kingdom and Italian Empire epoch. It was created later as an entity in April 1941 at the start of World War II in Yugoslavia, by uniting the existing Province of Zara together with occupied Yugoslav territory annexed by Italy after the invasion of Yugoslavia by the Axis powers and the signing of the Rome Treaties.
The article provides an overview of the entire chain of command and organization of the Italian Army after the reform of 1 October 2016 and includes all active units as of 1 July 2019. The Armed Forces of Italy are under the command of the Italian Supreme Defense Council, presided over by the President of the Italian Republic. The Italian Army is commanded by the Chief of the Army General Staff or "Capo di Stato Maggiore dell’Esercito" in Rome.
Istrian Italians are an ethnic group from the Adriatic region of Istria in modern northwestern Croatia and southwestern Slovenia. Istrian Italians descend from the original Latinized population of Roman Histria, from the Venetian-speaking settlers who colonized the region during the time of the Republic of Venice, and from the local South Slavic people who culturally assimilated.
The Metropolitan City of Venice is a metropolitan city in the Veneto region, Italy. Its capital is the city of Venice. It replaced the Province of Venice and includes the city of Venice and 43 other municipalities (comuni). It was first created by the reform of local authorities and then established by the Law 56/2014. The Metropolitan City of Venice is headed by the Metropolitan Mayor and by the Metropolitan Council. Since 15 June 2015, as new mayor of the capital city, Luigi Brugnaro is the first mayor of the Metropolitan City.
Banca Mediocredito del Friuli Venezia Giulia S.p.A. is an Italian commercial bank based in Udine, Friuli – Venezia Giulia region.
The province of South Sardinia is an Italian province of Sardinia instituted on 4 February 2016. It includes the suppressed provinces of Carbonia-Iglesias and Medio Campidano, a large part of the old Province of Cagliari, and two other municipalities.
The Italian Regional councils are composed as follows: