Province of Belluno

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Province of Belluno
Faloria Cortina d'Ampezzo 10.jpg
Provincia di Belluno-Stemma.png
Coat of arms
Belluno in Italy.svg
Map highlighting the location of the province of Belluno in Italy
CountryFlag of Italy.svg  Italy
Region Veneto
Capital(s) Belluno
Comuni 61
Government
  PresidentRoberto Pedrin
Area
  Total3,610 km2 (1,390 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2018)
  Total202,950
  Density56/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
32100
Telephone prefix0437
Vehicle registration BL
ISTAT 025

The Province of Belluno (Italian : Provincia di Belluno; German : Provinz Belluno; Ladin : Provinzia de Belum) is a province in the Veneto region of Italy. Its capital is the city of Belluno.

Contents

It has an area of 3,610 square kilometres (1,390 sq mi) and a total population of about 205,000.

Geography

The province of Belluno is rather wide, and almost entirely occupied by mountain areas. It encompasses the natural and historical regions of Cadore, Feltrino, Alpago, Val di Zoldo, Agordino, Comelico and Ampezzano. The eastern part of the province features the Dolomites, including the famous Tofane, Marmolada, Tre Cime di Lavaredo and Antelao. The province is rich in water, with the presence of the wide Piave River, with its affluents Boite and Cordevole.

The southern part is called Valbelluna, the widest and most populous valley of the province, which is bordered by the Venetian Prealps. The National Park of Belluno Dolomites is located in the province.

Climate

The province of Belluno's climate is among the most severe in the Alps. It is mostly influenced by the continental, provided by the Dolomites and it is very similar to the eastern Tyrol's climate, or even more severe in the Prealps of the southern side.

The province may be divided in the following climatic zones:

History

Gray wolf killed at Malga Campo Bon (Comelico) on 24th May 1929 by Antonio "Tunin" Mina. Antonio Mina & Lupo (1929).jpg
Gray wolf killed at Malga Campo Bon (Comelico) on 24th May 1929 by Antonio "Tunin" Mina.

The oldest archaeological find in the province is that of Lagole di Calalzo, in Cadore, belonging to a c. 5th century BC sanctuary dedicated to a health god of Paleoveneti. A larger site, a necropolis, has been excavated in the commune of Mel. Findings from these sites are now housed in the Museums of Pieve di Cadore and Mel.

From 1420 until 1797, the area of Belluno was part of the Republic of Venice. When conquered by the French, it became a subject of the Austrian Empire as a part of Venetian Province. Belluno remained under Austrian control after the Napoleonic Wars, as part of the Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia until 1866, when it was ceded to the newly formed Kingdom of Italy. In 1923, the Province of Belluno obtained Cortina d'Ampezzo, Saint Lucia and Livinallongo Colle del Col di Lana which had been part of Austria-Hungary (the County of Tyrol).

In 1943, when the Italian government signed an armistice with the Allies, the province was occupied by Nazi Germany, which reorganised it as the Operation Zone of the Alpine Foothills and put it under the administration of Gauleiter Franz Hofer. The region was de facto annexed to the German Reich (with the addition of the region of Trentino-Südtirol) until the end of the war. This status ended along with the Nazi regime and Italian rule was restored in 1945.

Economy

Until recently, the province's economy was based on poor mountain agriculture, now less important, with the exception of the cultivation of beans in the Lamon highlands and the production of Piave cheese in the Dolomites valleys. Today, Belluno has one of the most important industrial sectors of northern Italy, the production of eyeglasses (Luxottica has its headquarters in Agordo, for example). Also important are the manufacturing sectors of home appliances (Zanussi and others) and bathroom fixtures (Ceramica Dolomite, IdealStandard).

One of the most important factors of the Bellunese economy is tourism. Cortina d'Ampezzo, Alleghe, Arabba, Sappada, and other locations are renowned in Italy and abroad.

Linguistic minorities

In the province, language minorities are present and recognized by law:

Inhabitants with foreign citizenship

The top ten countries of origin of the inhabitants of Belluno with foreign citizenship at December 31, 2018 were: [1]

Comuni

There are 61 comuni (singular: comune ) in the province. As of December 31, 2018, the main comuni by population are:

ComunePopulation
Belluno 35,833
Feltre 20,560
Borgo Valbelluna 13,699
Sedico 10,198
Ponte nelle Alpi 8,232
Alpago 6,852
Santa Giustina 6,786
Cortina d'Ampezzo 5,820
Limana 5,308
Longarone 5,201
Pedavena 4,396
Agordo 4,117
Cesiomaggiore 3,958
Pieve di Cadore 3,753
Auronzo di Cadore 3,279

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Cadore

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Giau Pass

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Cristallo (mountain) Mountain range in the Dolomites

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Cinque Torri

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Cadorino dialect

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Boite (river)

The Boite is a river of the Province of Belluno, Veneto region, northern Italy. Passing through the town of Cortina d'Ampezzo, it joins the Piave at Perarolo di Cadore. The principal valley, that of the Piave, runs parallel to the mountain chain which separates the province of Belluno from the basin of the Adige. The secondary valleys, which complete the river basin, are, in descending order and on the right bank, those of Visdende, Comelico Superiore, Auronzo, Boite and Zoldo, traversed, respectively, by the Silvella, or first branch of the Piave, the Padola, Ansiei, Boite, and Mae, which all flow into the main river in a rectangular direction.

White War

The White War, is the name given to the fighting in the high-altitude Alpine sector of the Italian front during the First World War, principally in the Dolomites, the Ortles-Cevedale Alps and the Adamello-Presanella Alps. More than two-thirds of this conflict zone lies at an altitude above 2,000m, rising to 3905m at Mount Ortler. In 1917 New York World correspondent E. Alexander Powell wrote: “On no front, not on the sun-scorched plains of Mesopotamia, nor in the frozen Mazurian marshes, nor in the blood-soaked mud of Flanders, does the fighting man lead so arduous an existence as up here on the roof of the world.”

References

  1. ISTAT. "Belluno". ISTAT. Retrieved 2012-06-06.

Coordinates: 46°8′27″N12°12′56″E / 46.14083°N 12.21556°E / 46.14083; 12.21556