This article contains a sortable table listing all major lakes of Switzerland. The table includes all still water bodies, natural or artificial, that have a surface area of at least 30 hectares (74 acres), regardless of water volume, maximum depth or other metric. These lakes are ranked by area, the table including also the elevation above sea level and maximum depth. They are either natural (type N), natural but used as reservoirs (NR) or fully artificial (A). For a list of artificial lakes only, see List of dams and reservoirs in Switzerland. For a list of lakes above 800 metres (2,600 ft) that includes smaller water bodies, see List of mountain lakes of Switzerland.
Along with the mountains, lakes constitute a major natural feature of Switzerland, with over 1,000 km (620 mi) of shores within the country. Lakes, large and small, can be found in almost all cantons and provide an important source of water as well as leisure opportunities. The two most extensive, Lake Geneva and Lake Constance, are amongst the largest in Europe and mark the border of the Swiss Plateau, along with the Alps and the Jura Mountains. The largest wholly Swiss lake is Lake Neuchâtel. The remaining lakes over 100 km2 (39 sq mi) are Lake Maggiore and Lake Lucerne. In total 103 lakes exist that are more than 30 ha (74 acres) in surface area, and a considerable number of smaller lakes. All these lakes are found in the four major river basins of Switzerland: Rhine, Rhone, Po and Danube, at almost all elevations below the permanent snow line.
There are several thousand lakes in Switzerland, with estimations up to 7000, km2, 17 are over 10 km2, and just five are over 100 km2 in area. Of these lakes, 37 are natural, 21 are natural, but are used as reservoirs, and 45 are manmade reservoirs. These 103 lakes are shared among 21 cantons, out of the 26. Some of these lakes are also shared with neighboring France, Germany, Austria, and Italy (for simplicity purposes, only the total area of the lake is indicated). Four of the cantons (Grisons, Berne, Valais, and Ticino) have more than 10 of the lakes, apiece, and just over one-half of the cantons (14) have one or more lakes of over 100 km2 in area. Most of these lakes are either below 800 metres above sea level (mostly natural lakes), or above 1600 metres (mostly manmade lakes). A large majority of the lakes, 66, are located in the Rhine basin (partly via the Aare River); 17 in the Rhone basin (partly via the Doubs River); 14 in the Po River basin (mostly via the Ticino River); and six are in the Danube River basin (all via the Inn River).although those include very small water bodies, traditionally referred to as "lakes". On this list, only the 103 largest lakes, which are over 30 hectares in area, are included. Among these, 58 are over 1.0
|Canton||By area||By elevation||By max. depth||Total||Lakes/100 km2 (39 sq mi)|
|<1 km2 (0.4 sq mi)||1–9.99 km2 (0.4–3.9 sq mi)||10–99 km2 (4–38 sq mi)||+100 km2 (39 sq mi)||<800 m (2,625 ft)||800–1,599 m (2,625–5,246 ft)||+1,600 m (5,249 ft)||<50 m (160 ft)||50–99 m (164–325 ft)||100–199 m (328–653 ft)||+200 m (660 ft)|
|Rank||Name||Type*||Local names||Canton(s), neighboring countries||River basin||Area||Elevation||Max. depth|
|1||Lake Geneva||N||Lac Léman, Lac de Genève||Geneva, Vaud, Valais, France||Rhone||580.03||223.95||372.0||1,220.5||310||1,020|
|2||Lake Constance||N||Bodensee||St. Gallen, Thurgau, Austria , Germany||Rhine||473.00||182.63||396||1,299||252||827|
|3||Lake Neuchâtel||N||Lac de Neuchâtel, Neuenburgersee||Berne, Fribourg, Neuchâtel, Vaud||Rhine||215.20||83.09||429.4||1,409||153||502|
|4||Lake Maggiore||N||Lago Maggiore||Ticino, Italy||Po||210.12||81.13||193.5||635||372||1,220|
|5||Lake Lucerne||N||Vierwaldstättersee||Lucerne, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Schwyz, Uri||Rhine||113.72||43.91||433.6||1,423||214||702|
|6||Lake Zurich||N||Zürichsee||St. Gallen, Schwyz, Zurich||Rhine||88.17||34.04||405.9||1,332||136||446|
|7||Untersee||N||Untersee||Schaffhausen, Thurgau, Germany||Rhine||63.00||24.32||396||1,299||37||121|
|8||Lake Lugano||N||Ceresio, Lago di Lugano||Ticino, Italy||Po||48.67||18.79||270.5||887||288||945|
|10||Lake Bienne||N||Lac de Bienne, Bielersee||Berne, Neuchâtel||Rhine||39.51||15.25||429.1||1,408||74||243|
|11||Lake Zug||N||Zugersee||Lucerne, Schwyz, Zug||Rhine||38.41||14.83||413.6||1,357||198||650|
|13||Lake Walen||N||Walensee||Glarus, St. Gallen||Rhine||24.16||9.33||419.0||1,374.7||150||490|
|14||Lake Morat||N||Lac de Morat (Murtensee)||Fribourg, Vaud||Rhine||22.80||8.80||429.2||1,408||46||151|
|17||Lake Hallwil||N||Hallwilersee||Aargau, Lucerne||Rhine||10.21||3.94||448.7||1,472||47||154|
|18||Lake Gruyère||A||Lac de la Gruyère||Fribourg||Rhine||9.60||3.71||677||2,221||75||246|
|19||Lac de Joux||NR||Lac de Joux||Vaud||Rhine||8.77||3.39||1,004||3,294||34||112|
|24||Lago di Livigno||A||Lago di Livigno||Grisons, Italy||Danube||4.71||1.82||1,805||5,922||119||390|
|25||Schiffenensee||A||Schiffenensee, Lac de Schiffenen||Fribourg||Rhine||4.25||1.64||532||1,745||38||125|
|27||Lago di Lei||A||Lago di Lei||Grisons, Italy||Rhine||4.12||1.59||1,931||6,335||133||436|
|28||Lake Sils||N||Silsersee, Lej da Segl||Grisons||Danube||4.10||1.58||1,797||5,896||71||233|
|29||Lac des Dix||A||Lac des Dix||Valais||Rhone||3.65||1.41||2,365||7,759||227||745|
|31||Lac d'Emosson||A||Lac d'Emosson||Valais||Rhone||3.27||10.7||1,930||6,330||161||528|
|33||Lake Silvaplana||N||Silvaplanersee, Lej da Silvaplauna||Grisons||Danube||3.18||1.23||1,790||5,870||77||253|
|37||Lake Lungern||NR||Lungerersee, Lungernsee||Obwalden||Rhine||2.01||0.78||688||2,257||68||223|
|38||Lac de Mauvoisin||A||Lac de Mauvoisin||Valais||Rhone||2.08||0.80||1,961||6,434||180||590|
|39||Lago di Poschiavo||NR||Lago di Poschiavo||Grisons||Po||1.98||0.76||962||3,156||85||279|
|40||Lai da Sontga Maria||A||Lai da Sontga Maria||Grisons, Ticino||Rhine||1.77||5.8||1,908||6,260||86||282|
|42||Lago di Vogorno||A||Lago di Vogorno||Ticino||Po||1.68||0.65||470||1,540||204||669|
|43||Lac de Salanfe||A||Lac de Salanfe||Valais||Rhone||1.62||0.63||1,925||6,316||48||157|
|45||Lac de l'Hongrin||A||Lac de l'Hongrin||Vaud||Rhine||1.60||0.62||1,255||4,117||105||344|
|46||Lago Bianco||NR||Lago Bianco||Grisons||Po||1.50||0.58||2,234||7,329||53||174|
|47||Lago Ritom||NR||Lago Ritom||Ticino||Po||1.49||0.58||1,850||6,070||69||226|
|49||Lai da Marmorera||A||Lai da Marmorera||Grisons||Rhine||1.41||0.54||1,680||5,510||65||213|
|50||Lac de Moiry||A||Lac de Moiry||Valais||Rhone||1.40||0.54||2,249||7,379||120||390|
|53||Lago di Luzzone||A||Lago di Luzzone||Ticino||Po||1.27||4.2||1,606||5,269||181||594|
|54||Albigna lake||A||Lago da l'Albigna |
Lägh da l'Albigna
|56||Klingnauer Stausee||A||Klingnauer Stausee||Aargau||Rhine||1.11||0.43||318||1,043||8.5||28|
|57||Lago del Sambuco||A||Lago del Sambuco||Ticino||Po||1.11||0.43||1,461||4,793||124||407|
|58||Lac de Verbois||A||Lac de Verbois||Geneva||Rhone||1.01||0.39||369||1,211|
|59||Lai da Nalps||A||Lai da Nalps||Grisons||Rhine||0.90||0.35||1,908||6,260||122||400|
|60||Lac de Tseuzier||A||Lac de Tseuzier||Valais||Rhone||0.83||0.32||1,777||5,830||140||460|
|62||Lai da Curnera||A||Lai da Curnera||Grisons||Rhine||0.79||0.31||1,956||6,417||136||446|
|63||Lake St. Moritz||N||Lej da San Murezzan, St. Moritzersee||Grisons||Danube||0.75||0.29||1,768||5,801||42||138|
|64||Lago del Narèt||NR||Lago del Narèt||Ticino||Po||0.73||0.28||2,310||7,580||104||341|
|66||Lac des Brenets||N||Lac des Brenets||Neuchâtel, France||Rhone||0.70||0.27||750||2,460||26||85|
|67||Alte Aare||N||Alte Aare||Berne||Rhine||0.70||0.27||428||1,404|
|69||Lac de Moron||A||Lac de Moron||Neuchâtel, France||Rhone||0.69||0.27||716||2,349||59||194|
|70||Lac de Montsalvens||A||Lac de Montsalvens||Fribourg||Rhine||0.66||0.25||801||2,628||50||160|
|72||Lac Brenet||NR||Lac Brenet||Vaud||Rhine||0.65||0.25||1,002||3,287||18||59|
|76||Lac des Toules||A||Lac des Toules||Valais||Rhone||0.60||0.23||1,810||5,940||75||246|
|78||Lac du Vieux Emosson||A||Lac du Vieux Emosson||Valais||Rhone||0.55||0.21||2,205||7,234||42||138|
|79||Lago di Lucendro||NR||Lago di Lucendro||Ticino||Rhine||0.54||0.21||2,135||7,005||96||315|
|84||Lac de Cleuson||A||Lac de Cleuson||Valais||Rhone||0.48||0.19||2,186||7,172||76||249|
|85||Lac de Bret||NR||Lac de Bret||Vaud||Rhone||0.48||0.19||674||2,211||20||66|
|86||Lago dei Cavagnöö||A||Lago dei Cavagnöö, Lago di Cavagnoli||Ticino||Po||0.48||0.19||2,310||7,580||100||330|
|89||Lac des Taillères||NR||Lac des Taillères||Neuchâtel||Rhine||0.46||0.18||1,040||3,410||7||23|
|91||Lago della Sella||NR||Lago della Sella||Ticino||Po||0.45||0.17||2,256||7,402||30||98|
|93||Lej da Vadret||N||Laj da Vadret||Grisons||Danube||0.43||0.17||2,160||7,090|
|95||Lac de Biaufond||A||Lac de Biaufond||Jura, Neuchâtel, France||Rhone||0.40||0.15||606||1,988||10||33|
|96||Lago Tremorgio||NR||Lago Tremorgio||Ticino||Po||0.40||0.15||1,851||6,073||57||187|
|97||Lag da Pigniu||A||Lag da Pigniu, Panixersee||Grisons||Rhine||0.39||0.15||1,450||4,760||42||138|
|99||Lago d'Isola||A||Lago d'Isola||Grisons||Po||0.36||0.14||1,604||5,262||39||128|
|100||Lai da Ova Spin||A||Lai da Ova Spin||Grisons||Danube||0.35||0.14||1,630||5,350||64||210|
* Types: N = natural; NR = natural but used as reservoirs; A = fully artificial
The geography of Switzerland encompasses the geographical features of Switzerland, a mountainous and landlocked country located in Western and Central Europe. Switzerland's natural landscape is marked by its numerous lakes and mountains. It is surrounded by 5 countries: Austria and Liechtenstein to the east, France to the west, Italy to the south and Germany to the north. Switzerland has a maximum north–south length of 220 kilometres (140 mi) and an east–west length of about 350 kilometres (220 mi).
The Alpine region of Switzerland, conventionally referred to as the Swiss Alps, represents a major natural feature of the country and is, along with the Swiss Plateau and the Swiss portion of the Jura Mountains, one of its three main physiographic regions. The Swiss Alps extend over both the Western Alps and the Eastern Alps, encompassing an area sometimes called Central Alps. While the northern ranges from the Bernese Alps to the Appenzell Alps are entirely in Switzerland, the southern ranges from the Mont Blanc massif to the Bernina massif are shared with other countries such as France, Italy, Austria and Liechtenstein.
Ticino, sometimes Tessin, officially the Republic and Canton of Ticino or less formally the Canton of Ticino, is one of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation. It is composed of eight districts and its capital city is Bellinzona. It is also traditionally divided into the Sopraceneri and the Sottoceneri, respectively north and south of Monte Ceneri. Red and blue are the colours of its flag.
The Grisons, Graubünden or Grigioni, more formally the Canton of the Grisons or the Canton of Graubünden, is one of the twenty-six cantons of Switzerland. It has eleven regions, and its capital is Chur. The German name of the canton, Graubünden, translates as the "Grey Leagues", referring to the canton's origin in three local alliances, the Three Leagues. The other native names also refer to the Grey League. The Alpine ibex is the canton's heraldic symbol.
Valais, sometimes Wallis, more formally the Canton of Valais, is one of the 26 cantons forming the Swiss Confederation. It is composed of thirteen districts and its capital and largest city is Sion. The flag of the canton is made of thirteen stars representing the districts, on a white-red background.
The canton of St. Gallen, also canton of St Gall, is a canton of Switzerland. The capital is St. Gallen.
The Reuss is a river in Switzerland. With a length of 164 kilometres (102 mi) and a drainage basin of 3,426 square kilometres (1,323 sq mi), it is the fourth largest river in Switzerland. The upper Reuss forms the main valley of the canton of Uri. The course of the lower Reuss runs from Lake Lucerne to the confluence with the Aare at Brugg and Windisch.
Lake Maggiore or Verbano is a large lake located on the south side of the Alps. It is the second largest lake in Italy and the largest in southern Switzerland. The lake and its shoreline are divided between the Italian regions of Piedmont and Lombardy and the Swiss canton of Ticino. Located halfway between Lake Orta and Lake Lugano, Lake Maggiore extends for about 65 kilometres between Locarno and Arona.
The Drin is a river in Southern and Southeastern Europe with two distributaries one discharging into the Adriatic Sea and the other one into the Buna River. Its catchment area extends across Albania, Kosovo, Greece, Montenegro and North Macedonia. The river and its tributaries form the Gulf of Drin, an ocean basin that encompasses the northern Albanian Adriatic Sea Coast.
The Gotthard Pass or St. Gotthard Pass at 2,106 m (6,909 ft) is a mountain pass in the Alps traversing the Saint-Gotthard Massif and connecting northern and southern Switzerland. The pass lies between Airolo in the Italian-speaking canton of Ticino, and Andermatt in the German-speaking canton of Uri, and connects further Bellinzona to Lucerne, Basel, and Zurich. The Gotthard Pass lies at the hearth of the Gotthard, an important north-south axis in Europe, and it is crossed by three major traffic tunnels, each being the world's longest at the time of their construction: the Gotthard Rail Tunnel (1882), the Gotthard Road Tunnel (1980) and the Gotthard Base Tunnel (2016). With the Lötschberg to the west, the Gotthard is one of the two main north-south routes through the Swiss Alps. Since the Middle Ages, transit across the Gotthard played an important role in Swiss history, the region north of Gotthard becoming the nucleus of the Swiss Confederacy in the early 14th century.
The Grimsel Pass is a mountain pass in Switzerland, crossing the Bernese Alps at an elevation of 2,164 metres (7,100 ft). The pass connects the Haslital, the upper valley of the river Aare, with the upper valley of the Rhône. In so doing, and as the Aare is a tributary of the Rhine, the pass crosses the continental divide between the North Sea and the Mediterranean Sea.
The Sihl is a Swiss river that rises near the Druesberg mountain in the canton of Schwyz, and eventually flows into the Limmat in the centre of the city of Zürich. It has a length of 73 km (45 mi), including the Sihlsee reservoir, through which the river flows. Water is abstracted from the river at the Sihlsee, leading to decreased downstream water flows and a consequent reduction in water quality.
The Vorderrhein is one of the two sources of the Rhine. Its catchment area of 1,512 square kilometres is located predominantly in the canton of Graubünden (Switzerland). The Vorderrhein is about 76 kilometres (47 mi) long, thus more than 5% longer than the Hinterrhein/Rein Posteriur. The Vorderrhein, however, has an average water flow of 53.8 m3/s (1,900 cu ft/s), which is less than the flow of the Hinterrhein. According to the Atlas of Switzerland of the Swiss Federal Office of Topography, the source of the Vorderrhein—and thus of the Rhine—is located north of the Rein da Tuma and Lake Toma.
The water bodies of Azerbaijan were formed over a long geological timeframe and changed significantly throughout that period. This is particularly evidenced by remnants of ancient rivers found throughout the country. The country's water systems are continually changing under the influence of natural forces and human introduced industrial activities. Artificial rivers (canals) and ponds are a part of Azerbaijan's water systems.
Lago di Luzzone is a reservoir in Ticino, Switzerland. The reservoir has a volume of 108 million m³ and a surface area of 1.27 km2 (0.49 sq mi). It is located in the upper Blenio valley, in the municipalities of Ghirone and Aquila.
Lai da Sontga Maria is a lake, located north of the Lukmanier Pass in Switzerland. It lies almost entirely in the municipality of Medel, a tiny fraction of the south-west part of the lake belonging to the municipalities of Quinto and Blenio. The reservoir has a surface area is 1.77 km2 (0.68 sq mi). The arch dam Santa Maria was completed in 1968. The main road of the Lukmanier Pass runs along the eastern shore of the lake.
A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, surrounded by land, apart from any river or other outlet that serves to feed or drain the lake. Lakes lie on land and are not part of the ocean, although like the much larger oceans, they form part of earth's water cycle. Lakes are distinct from lagoons which are generally coastal parts of the ocean. They are generally larger and deeper than ponds, which also lie on land, though there are no official or scientific definitions. Lakes can be contrasted with rivers or streams, which are usually flowing in a channel on land. Most lakes are fed and drained by rivers and streams.
The hydrology of Hungary, is mostly determined by Hungary's lying in the middle of the Carpathian Basin, half surrounded by the Carpathian Mountains. All parts of the country have some outflow. All surface water gravitates towards its southern center, and from there, is united in the Danube, which flows into the Black Sea. The whole of Hungary lies within the Danube drainage basin.
Lake Toma in the Swiss canton of Graubünden is generally regarded as the source of the Rhine. Its outflow is called Rein da Tuma and after a few kilometers, it forms the Vorderrhein/Rein Anteriur. The course of this river is not particularly representative: after about two kilometers, its water is diverted into Curnera reservoir. The water is released at the Tavanase plant and flows into the Rhine at Ilanz. The river begins to be called Rhine in the vicinity of Chur, more specifically, at the confluence of the Vorderrhein and Hinterrhein/Rein Posteriur next to Reichenau in Tamins.