Turning Point (2008 wrestling)

Last updated
Turning Point (2008)
Turning Point (2008).jpg
Promotional poster featuring Mick Foley
Promotion Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA)
DateNovember 9, 2008
City Orlando, Florida
Venue TNA Impact! Zone
Attendance1,100 [1]
Tagline(s)"The balance of power has reached a Turning Point"
Pay-per-view chronology
 Previous
Bound for Glory IV
Next 
Final Resolution
Turning Point chronology
 Previous
2007
Next 
2009

Turning Point (2008) was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by the Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) promotion, which took place on November 9, 2008 at the TNA Impact! Zone in Orlando, Florida. It was the fourth in the Turning Point chronology and the first under its name to take place in November. It was originally scheduled for December, but TNA moved it to November in late 2008 for an unknown reason. It was the eleventh event in the 2008 TNA PPV schedule. Eight professional wrestling matches, with three involving championships, were featured on the event's card.

Professional wrestling entertainment form that mimics contact sports

Professional wrestling is a form of performance art and entertainment that combines athletics with theatrical performance. It takes the form of events, held by touring companies, that mimic a title-match combat sport. The unique form of sport portrayed is fundamentally based on classical and "catch" wrestling, with modern additions of striking attacks, strength-based holds and throws and acrobatic maneuvers. Much of these derive from the influence of various international martial arts. An additional aspect of combat with improvised weaponry is sometimes included to varying degrees.

Pay-per-view (PPV) is a type of pay television service by which a viewer can purchase events to view via private telecast. The broadcaster shows the event at the same time to everyone ordering it.

A professional wrestling promotion is a company or business that regularly performs shows involving professional wrestling. "Promotion" also describes a role which entails management, advertising and logistics of running a wrestling event. Within the convention of the show, the company is a sports governing body which sanctions wrestling matches and gives authority to the championships and is responsible for determining the divisions, rankings, etc. of wrestlers. In truth, the company serves as a touring theatre troupe, as well as event promotion body for its own events.

Contents

The main event was for the TNA World Heavyweight Championship, in which then-champion Sting defeated the challenger A.J. Styles. Kevin Nash versus Samoa Joe was also featured on the card. Nash defeated Joe in the contest. A falls count anywhere match pitting Kurt Angle against Abyss was promoted for the undercard, which Angle won. The TNA Legends Championship was defended for the first time by Booker T against Christian Cage during the show. Booker T was the victor in the bout, thus retaining the championship.

Sting (wrestler) American retired professional wrestler, actor, author and former bodybuilder

Steve Borden, better known by the ring name Sting, is an American retired professional wrestler, actor, author and former bodybuilder. He is currently signed to WWE under a Legends contract.

A.J. Styles American professional wrestler

Allen Neal Jones is an American professional wrestler currently signed to WWE, where he performs on the SmackDown brand under the ring name AJ Styles.

Kevin Nash American professional wrestler, basketball player and actor

Kevin Scott Nash is an American professional wrestler and actor, currently signed to WWE.

The Wrestling Observer Newsletter reported 30,000 viewers. Turning Point had an attendance of 1,100 people. Bryan and Chris Sokol of the professional wrestling section of the Canadian Online Explorer website rated Turning Point a 7 out of 10, which was just above the 2007 event's rating of 6.5. In his review, Phil Allely of the United Kingdom's The Sun newspaper felt Turning Point was "a thoroughly enjoyable show". [2]

The Wrestling Observer Newsletter (WON) is a newsletter that covers professional wrestling and mixed martial arts.

United Kingdom Country in Europe

The United Kingdom (UK), officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.

<i>The Sun</i> (United Kingdom) Tabloid newspaper from the United Kingdom and Ireland

The Sun is a tabloid newspaper published in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland. As a broadsheet, it was founded in 1964 as a successor to the Daily Herald; it became a tabloid in 1969 after it was purchased by its current owners. It is published by the News Group Newspapers division of News UK, itself a wholly owned subsidiary of Rupert Murdoch's News Corp. Since The Sun on Sunday was launched in February 2012, the paper has been a seven-day operation. The Sun previously had the largest circulation of any daily newspaper in the United Kingdom, but it was overtaken by rival Metro in March 2018.

In October 2017, with the launch of the Global Wrestling Network, the event became available to stream on demand. [3]

Global Wrestling Network Professional wrestling streaming service

Global Wrestling Network (GWN) is a digital streaming service and mobile app owned by Anthem Wrestling Exhibitions, a subsidiary of Anthem Sports & Entertainment and parent company of Impact Wrestling. It primarily features content from the Impact video library, along with original programming and content from independent and international promotions.

Production

Background

On the first day of 2008, TNA updated their official website to publicize the official dates for all of their PPV events to take place that year. The next installment in the Turning Point chronology was scheduled for December 14, 2008. [4] The date was later changed to December 21, and the location was announced as the TNA Impact! Zone in Orlando, Florida. [5] In October 2008, three events were rescheduled: Genesis, Final Resolution, and Turning Point. The first moved was Turning Point to the Genesis event date of November 9, while Final Resolution was announced for some time in December. [6] Genesis was later announced to be taking place in Charlotte, North Carolina on January 11, 2009. [7] The song Indestructible by the rock band Disturbed was used as the official theme of the event. [8] The promotional poster for the gathering, featuring Mick Foley, was released through PPV providers. [9]

Orlando, Florida City in Central Florida

Orlando is a city in the U.S. state of Florida and the county seat of Orange County. Located in Central Florida, it is the center of the Orlando metropolitan area, which had a population of 2,509,831, according to U.S. Census Bureau figures released in July 2017. These figures make it the 23rd-largest metropolitan area in the United States, the sixth-largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States, and the third-largest metropolitan area in Florida. As of 2015, Orlando had an estimated city-proper population of 280,257, making it the 73rd-largest city in the United States, the fourth-largest city in Florida, and the state's largest inland city.

Genesis (2009) 2009 Total Nonstop Action Wrestling pay-per-view event

Genesis (2009) was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA), which took place on January 11, 2009 at the Bojangles' Coliseum in Charlotte, North Carolina. It was originally scheduled to take place on November 9, 2008 at the Impact! Zone in Orlando, Florida, however, TNA moved Turning Point to that date instead. It was the fourth event under the Genesis chronology.

Final Resolution (December 2008) 2008 Total Nonstop Action Wrestling pay-per-view event

Final Resolution was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA), which took place on December 7, 2008 at the TNA Impact! Zone in Orlando, Florida. It was the fifth event under the Final Resolution chronology and second Final Resolution event to take place in 2008. Final Resolution is usually held in January; in early October 2008 TNA moved the event to December. As a result of TNA's decision, two Final Resolution events took place in 2008; the other was in January.

Storylines

Turning Point featured eight professional wrestling matches that involved different wrestlers from pre-existing scripted feuds and storylines. Wrestlers were portrayed as either villains or heroes in the scripted events which built tension and culminated with a wrestling match or series of matches. [10]

A narrative thread, or plot thread, refers to particular elements and techniques of writing to center the story in the action or experience of characters rather than to relate a matter in a dry "all-knowing" sort of narration. Thus the narrative threads experienced by different but specific characters or sets of characters are those seen in the eyes of those characters that together form a plot element or subplot in the work of fiction. In this sense, each narrative thread is the narrative portion of a work that pertains to the world view of the participating characters cognizant of their piece of the whole, and they may be the villains, the protagonists, a supporting character, or a relatively disinterested official utilized by the author, each thread of which is woven together by the writer to create a work.

In professional wrestling, a heel is a wrestler who portrays a villain or a "bad guy" and acts as an antagonist to the faces, who are the heroic protagonist or "good guy" characters.

In professional wrestling, a face (babyface) is a heroic or a "good guy" wrestler, booked (scripted) by the promotion with the aim of being cheered by fans. Traditionally, they wrestle within the rules and avoid cheating while behaving positively towards the referee and the audience. Such characters are also referred to as "blue-eyes" in British wrestling and técnicos in lucha libre. The face character is portrayed as a hero relative to the heel wrestlers, who are analogous to villains. Not everything a face wrestler does must be heroic: faces need only to be cheered by the audience to be effective characters.

A.J. Styles (pictured) fought Sting for the TNA World Heavyweight Championship at Turning Point. AJ Styles.jpg
A.J. Styles (pictured) fought Sting for the TNA World Heavyweight Championship at Turning Point.

Heading into Turning Point, TNA's main storyline was an on-screen rivalry between professional wrestling veterans, who played the villains and called themselves The Main Event Mafia (Sting, Kurt Angle, Kevin Nash, Booker T, and Scott Steiner), and the younger talent of the company, who played the heroic characters and were led by A.J. Styles and Samoa Joe. Multiple smaller rivalries broke off from this storyline, such as one over the TNA World Heavyweight Championship between the reigning champion, Sting, and the challenger, Styles. It began on August 10 at TNA's Hard Justice PPV event when Sting assaulted Styles after his encounter with Angle. [11] Sting then defeated Joe, an ally of Styles, at TNA's Bound for Glory IV PPV event on October 12 after an assist from Nash, which later sparked a rivalry between Joe and Nash. [12] Sting's and Styles' rivalry soon escalated to a point where storyline co-owner of TNA Mick Foley announced on the October 30 episode of TNA's television program TNA Impact! that the two would fight for the championship at Turning Point. [13]

The build to the encounter between Joe and Nash began in December 2007. On December 2, 2007 at the previous Turning Point event, Joe was scheduled to take part in a six-man tag team match, partnering with Nash and Nash's longtime real-life friend Scott Hall to face The Angle Alliance (Angle, Styles, and Tomko). [14] Hall, however, missed the event citing "food poisoning", leaving Joe legitimately angered by the excuse. Joe went on to make an on-camera statement in the ring insulting Hall. [15] Following the incident, TNA began a storyline in which Joe was unhappy with his position in the company for various reasons and had continuous conflicts with Nash. After time, Nash became Joe's on-screen mentor, which led to Joe defeating Angle on April 13 at TNA's Lockdown PPV event to become the new TNA World Heavyweight Champion. [16] Joe and Nash's partnership seemed to come to a close after Nash disappeared from TNA television in mid-2008. He returned at Bound for Glory IV where he cost Joe the championship in his match against Sting. [17] On the October 30 episode of Impact!, Foley announced that Joe would face Nash at Turning Point. [18]

Another bout advertised for the event was Angle versus Abyss in a falls count anywhere match. At Bound for Glory IV, Angle lost to TNA founder and on-screen co-owner Jeff Jarrett with Foley as Special Guest Enforcer. [12] On the Impact! after Bound for Glory IV, Angle challenged Jarrett to another match at Turning Point, however, Jarrett refused. [19] Angered by Jarrett's refusal, Angle began assaulting several wrestlers in TNA to persuade Jarrett into accepting the challenge. [20] On the October 23 episode of Impact!, Angle challenged Jarrett again to a rematch, which Jarrett again refused. [21] Jarrett, however, recommended Abyss as Angle's opponent, who was a casualty of Angle's attacks the previous week. [22] On the October 30 episode of Impact!, Angle fought Abyss in a contest which ended in a disqualification after Angle struck Abyss with a steel chair. [13] Following their encounter, a match was promoted pitting Angle against Abyss in a falls count anywhere match at Turning Point. [18]

On the October 23 episode of Impact!, Booker T introduced a new championship named the TNA Legends Championship and declared himself the inaugural champion. [23] Afterwards, Christian Cage, who had remained neutral in the storyline, entered the arena and challenged Booker T to defend the championship against him at Turning Point. [22] Booker T accepted after he added the stipulation that if Cage lost the encounter he would have to join The Main Event Mafia. [21] Later on the October 30 episode of Impact!, the match was made official when it was promoted for the event. [13]

Event

Miscellaneous

The event featured employees other than the wrestlers involved in the matches. There were four overall commentators for the event; Mike Tenay and Don West provided English commentary, while Hector Guerrero and Willie Urbina served as the Spanish announce team. [24] There were three ring announcers for the spectacle as the normal ring announcer, David Penzer, was used for all but two contests. [24] Retired Army veteran Sean M. Autrey served as the special guest ring announcer for the Rhino and Sheik Abdul Bashir encounter. [25] Jeremy Borash announced the competitors for the TNA World Heavyweight Championship match, using a style similar to professional boxing as made famous by Michael Buffer. [26] Shane Sewell, Earl Hebner, Rudy Charles, Mark "Slick" Johnson, and Andrew Thomas participated as referees for the encounters. [24] Borash and Lauren Thompson were used as interviewers throughout the event. Besides wrestlers who were appearing in a wrestling role, Jeff Jarrett, Mick Foley, Scott Steiner, and Matt Morgan were also featured in backstage segments. [25] Other than contractual employees being featured, the group Insane Clown Posse (ICP) and Scott Hall were seen in attendance. This was later revealed to have been scripted to occur, as TNA had asked ICP to attend the event, but were unaware of Hall being their guest. [27]

Preliminary matches

The event commenced with a ten-man X Division elimination rankings match, which involved Eric Young, Consequences Creed, Doug Williams, Homicide, Jay Lethal, Jimmy Rave, Petey Williams, Sonjay Dutt, Tanahashi, and Volador. The match was announced as following lucha libre tag team rules, in which a participant could be replaced if thrown from the ring to the floor, but not eliminated from the match unless by pinfall or submission. The order of elimination determined the standings in the X Division towards a future TNA X Division Championship match, in storyline. Homicide was injured during the match, thus was declared eliminated after a bad fall to the outside area. Lethal and Young were the final two men in the contest. Young was the victor in the match after slamming Lethal into the mat with a bridging back suplex at 17 minutes. [2]

Beer Money, Inc. (James Storm and Robert Roode; pictured) retained the TNA World Tag Team Championship at Turning Point. Beer Money July 2010.jpg
Beer Money, Inc. (James Storm and Robert Roode; pictured) retained the TNA World Tag Team Championship at Turning Point.

A tag team match pitting the team of Roxxi and Taylor Wilde against the team of Awesome Kong and Raisha Saeed, who were accompanied by Rhaka Khan, was held. After various maneuvers were performed by each competitor, Wilde gained the pinfall victory on Saeed after forcing her back into the mat with a bridging German suplex at eight minutes. [26]

Rhino fought Sheik Abdul Bashir in the following bout. Ten-year Army veteran Sean M. Autrey served as the special guest ring announcer for the encounter. The match lasted nine minutes, and came to a finish when Rhino pinned Bashir after a tackle. [25]

The TNA World Tag Team Championship was contested between the reigning champions Beer Money, Inc. (James Storm and Robert Roode), who were accompanied by Jacqueline, and The Motor City Machineguns of Alex Shelley and Chris Sabin. After several tag team maneuvers from both teams, Storm spat beer in Sabin's face, blinding him. This allowed Beer Money to lift up and slam Sabin back-first to the mat with their Drinking While Investing (DWI) tag team maneuver to gain the pinfall and retain the championship at 17 minutes. [28]

Main event matches

Samoa Joe (pictured) was defeated by Kevin Nash in their encounter at Turning Point. Samoa Joe pensive in London Sep 2008.jpg
Samoa Joe (pictured) was defeated by Kevin Nash in their encounter at Turning Point.

The fifth match was Booker T's defense of the TNA Legends Championship against Christian Cage, with the added stipulation that if Cage lost, he would be forced to join The Main Event Mafia. Booker T was accompanied by Sharmell for the bout. The match lasted for 11 minutes, ending when Booker T pinned Cage with a roll-up. [29]

A Falls Count Anywhere match between Kurt Angle and Abyss followed, lasting 17 minutes. At one point during the encounter while Abyss was standing on the concrete floor and Angle was on the stage, Angle performed a running leap off the stage into a somersault senton, connecting with Abyss on the floor. Angle was the victor in the bout, after throwing Abyss off of a scaffold through the Spanish announcers' table, then descending and covering Abyss for the pinfall. [26]

Kevin Nash fought Samoa Joe in the seventh contest of the night. The match lasted 12 minutes. At two points during the match, Nash performed his signature Jackknife Powerbomb with Joe kicking out before the three count. This led to Nash hitting Joe in the groin and placing his feet on the ropes for leverage in his winning pin attempt. [25]

The main event was for the TNA World Heavyweight Championship between the champion, Sting, and the challenger, A.J. Styles. During the 15 minutes the match lasted, Styles executed his aerial technique the Spiral Tap, in which he jumps off one of the top padded turnbuckles, spins and flips in mid-air before landing on his opponent. He then ascended the turnbuckle to perform the maneuver once again, but was distracted by Angle and Booker T. Later, Styles missed a pele kick on Sting, which allowed Sting to counter with a small package pin on Styles to retain the championship. [28]

Aftermath

On the November 13 episode of Impact!, Cage was to be inducted into The Main Event Mafia (MEM), however, they instead turned on and assaulted him. [30] This led to Cage's occasional tag team partner, Rhino, becoming involved in the overall storyline as the leader of the group The TNA Front Line after he was attacked by MEM on the November 20 episode of Impact!. [31] During that same telecast, Angle versus Rhino was announced as TNA's Final Resolution event, with the added stipulations that if Angle won he would gain an opportunity to face Jeff Jarrett, while if Rhino won, then Angle was to be released from his TNA contract. [31] Angle went on to defeat Rhino at the event, [32] which led to Angle defeating Jarrett in a no disqualification match at TNA's Genesis event in January 2009. [33]

Sting and Styles went on to have another match for the TNA World Heavyweight Championship at Final Resolution. This time, the team of Sting, Steiner, Nash, and Booker T faced off against Styles, Joe, and two mystery partners (The TNA Front Line) in an eight-man tag team match. The stipulations were if anyone from Styles' team pinned a member of Sting's team, then Styles won the TNA Title, while if anyone from Sting's team pinned a member of Styles' team, then Sting retained the title. The match was announced on the November 20 episode of Impact!. [31] Styles' mystery partners were revealed on the November 27 episode of Impact! as Team 3D (Brother Devon and Brother Ray). [34] Sting went on to retain the title at Final Resolution after he pinned Joe. [35]

Eric Young got his TNA X Division Championship match on the November 13 episode of Impact! against then-champion Sheik Abdul Bashir. [30] Though he defeated him to become the new champion, a week later the decision was reversed and Young was forced to relinquish the title belt to Bashir due to a controversial ending to their match. [31] Young and Bashir fought for the championship once again at Final Resolution, with referee Shane Sewell interfering in the bout like he had done in the previous encounter, which allowed Young to gain the victory. [32] Afterwards, Management Director Jim Cornette stripped Young of the championship. [35] This set up a tournament for the title, ending at Genesis where Alex Shelley defeated Chris Sabin to become the new champion. [33]

Reception

A total of 1,100 people attended the event. [1] In late 2008, The Wrestling Observer Newsletter reported that the number of pay-per-view purchasers for the event was believed to be 30,000. [36] Canadian Online Explorer writers Bryan and Chris Sokol rated the entire event a 7 out of 10, [29] which was .5 above the 2007 event's rating of 6.5 by Chris Sokol. [14] The falls count anywhere match was given the highest rating during their review, at 8 out of 10. [29] The lowest rating was given to the women's tag team match and the Rhino versus Bashir bout, at 5 out of 10. [29] The main event match for the TNA World Heavyweight Championship was rated 7 out of 10. [29] Wade Keller of the Pro Wrestling Torch stated during his review that the falls count anywhere match "had an epic feeling for a falls count anywhere brawl. It had various chapters, many convincing near falls, several creative big spots, and the crowd was into it." While regarding the main event, Keller stated he thought it was a "good match." [25] James Caldwell, also of the Pro Wrestling Torch, mentioned during his review that Joe versus Nash had "good drama" due to the storyline "with a big game veteran vs. a big game 'Young Lion' in a compelling match-up. Joe losing should be treated as a huge deal with proper follow-up to move Joe up to the next level. If he's losing, it needs to mean something for his overall growth." [28] Phil Allely, a journalist for The Sun , stated he felt the event was "a thoroughly enjoyable show". [2] The event was released by TNA Home Video on DVD on March 24, 2009 as part of the "TNA Wrestling: Cross The Line Vol. 2" box set, which included the December 2008 Final Resolution event and the Genesis 2009 event. [37]

Results

No.Results [26] StipulationsTimes
1 Eric Young won by last eliminating Jay Lethal Ten-Man X Division Elimination Rankings match 17:00
2 Roxxi and Taylor Wilde defeated Awesome Kong and Raisha Saeed (with Rhaka Khan) Tag team match 08:00
3 Rhino defeated Sheik Abdul Bashir Singles match 09:00
4 Beer Money, Inc. (James Storm and Robert Roode) (c) (with Jacqueline) defeated The Motor City Machine Guns (Alex Shelley and Chris Sabin)Tag team for the TNA World Tag Team Championship 17:00
5 Booker T (c) (with Sharmell) defeated Christian Cage Singles match for the TNA Legends Championship 11:00
6 Kurt Angle defeated Abyss Falls Count Anywhere match 17:00
7 Kevin Nash defeated Samoa Joe Singles match12:00
8 Sting (c) defeated A.J. Styles Singles match for the TNA World Heavyweight Championship 15:00
  • (c) – refers to the champion(s) heading into the match
X Division rankings match eliminations
Elimination No.Eliminated participant [26] Eliminator
1 Sonjay Dutt Volador
2 Volador Jimmy Rave
3 Jimmy Rave Doug Williams
4 Homicide Injured
5 Consequences Creed Petey Williams
6 Petey Williams Hiroshi Tanahashi
7 Hiroshi Tanahashi Jay Lethal
8 Doug Williams Eric Young
9 Jay Lethal Eric Young
WinnerN/A

Related Research Articles

Matt Morgan American professional wrestler

Matthew Morgan is an American professional wrestler and politician. He is currently a commissioner for the city of Longwood, Florida. He last worked for Impact Wrestling, where he is a two-time Impact World Tag Team Champion. As a college basketball player, Morgan competed in the 1996 NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament with Monmouth. Also, he has appeared in American Gladiators.

Samoa Joe American professional wrestler

Nuufolau Joel Seanoa, better known by his ring name Samoa Joe, is an American professional wrestler. He is currently signed to WWE, where he performs on the SmackDown brand, and is the current United States Champion in his first reign.

Abyss (wrestler) American professional wrestler

Christopher Joseph Parks is an American professional wrestler, best known for his time with Impact Wrestling under the ring name Abyss. He is currently signed to WWE as a producer. He became a one-time NWA World Heavyweight Champion, being the first of only two men to hold the title while competing under a mask. He is the heaviest wrestler to hold the X Division Championship and was the longest reigning Television Champion. In the tag team division, he held the NWA World Tag Team Championship once with A.J. Styles, and the TNA World Tag Team Championship twice, once with James Storm as The Revolution, and once with Crazzy Steve as Decay.

Lockdown (2008) 2008 Total Nonstop Action Wrestling pay-per-view event

Lockdown (2008) was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by the Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) promotion, which took place on April 13, 2008, at the Tsongas Arena in Lowell, Massachusetts. It was the fourth under the Lockdown chronology and fourth event in the 2008 TNA PPV schedule. Eight professional wrestling matches, two of which for championships, were featured on the card. In the tradition of Lockdown events, every match took place inside a six-sided steel structure known as the Six Sides of Steel.

Bound for Glory IV 2008 Total Nonstop Action Wrestling pay-per-view event

Bound for Glory IV was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by the Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) promotion that took place on October 12, 2008 at the Sears Centre in Hoffman Estates, Illinois. It was the fourth event under the Bound for Glory name and the tenth event in the 2008 TNA PPV schedule. The show was promoted as TNA's premier PPV event and their equivalent to the rival World Wrestling Entertainment's (WWE) WrestleMania. Eight professional wrestling matches and one untelevised match were featured on the event's card, four of which were for championships.

Hard Justice (2008) 2008 Total Nonstop Action Wrestling pay-per-view event

Hard Justice (2008) was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by the Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) promotion that took place on August 10, 2008 at the Sovereign Bank Arena in Trenton, New Jersey. It was the fourth event under the Hard Justice name and the eighth event in the 2008 TNA PPV schedule. Seven professional wrestling matches were featured on the event's card, three of which were for championships.

No Surrender (2008) 2008 Total Nonstop Action Wrestling pay-per-view event

No Surrender (2008) was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by the Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) promotion that took place on September 14, 2008 at the General Motors Centre in Oshawa, Ontario, Canada. It was the fourth event under the No Surrender name, TNA's first PPV to take place outside the United States, and the ninth event in the 2008 TNA PPV schedule. Nine professional wrestling matches were featured on the event's card, four of which were for championships.

The Main Event Mafia

The Main Event Mafia was a professional wrestling stable in the American promotion Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA). Beginning in 2008, the group included leader Kurt Angle, Sting, Kevin Nash, Booker T, Scott Steiner, Samoa Joe and Traci Brooks. All the male members of the stable were multiple time world heavyweight champions of multiple companies, TNA included, with extensive experience in main event matches. The MEM at one time held all the male titles TNA had to offer.

Beer Money, Inc. professional wrestling tag team

Beer Money, Inc. was a professional wrestling tag team which consisted of Robert "Bobby" Roode and James Storm in the professional wrestling promotion Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA), where they are record-tying five-time TNA World Tag Team Champions, while also holding the record for the longest single reign and longest combined reigns as champions. From 2008 to 2009, the team was managed by Storm's continuing manager Jacqueline.

The British Invasion (professional wrestling) tag team in professional wrestling

The British Invasion was a professional wrestling alliance in the American promotion Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA), consisting of English wrestlers Douglas Williams, Magnus and their Welsh enforcer Rob Terry. The alliance had some championship success with Williams and Magnus holding the IWGP and TNA World Tag Team Championships, while Williams and Terry also held the TNA X Division and TNA Global Championships respectively.

Turning Point (2007 wrestling) 2007 Total Nonstop Action Wrestling pay-per-view event

Turning Point (2007) was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced and by the Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) promotion, which took place on December 2, 2007 at the TNA Impact! Zone in Orlando, Florida. It was the fourth event under the Turning Point chronology, and the twelfth and last event on the 2007 TNA PPV schedule. Eight professional wrestling matches were featured on the event's card with only one featuring a championship.

Immortal was a villainous professional wrestling alliance in Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA). It originally consisted of leaders Eric Bischoff and Hulk Hogan, as well as Abyss, Jeff Hardy and Jeff Jarrett, and later also came to include Bully Ray, Chris Harris, stable Fortune, Gunner, Hernandez, referee Jackson James, Karen Jarrett, Kurt Angle, Matt Hardy, Mr. Anderson, Murphy, Ric Flair, Rob Terry, Scott Steiner, and Tommy Dreamer. Jeff Hardy was a two-time TNA World Heavyweight Champion, while Anderson and Angle were one-time TNA World Heavyweight Champions as members of the stable, and Jarrett was also once AAA Mega Champion in AAA. The group was named "The Immortal," after Hogan's long-standing nickname.

Genesis (2007) 2007 Total Nonstop Action Wrestling pay-per-view event

Genesis (2007) was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by the Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) promotion, which took place on November 11, 2007, at the TNA Impact! Zone in Orlando, Florida. It was the third event under the Genesis chronology, the last held in the month of November, and the eleventh event of the 2007 TNA PPV schedule. Eight professional wrestling matches were featured on the event's card, four of which were for championships.

Against All Odds (2008) 2008 Total Nonstop Action Wrestling pay-per-view event

Against All Odds (2008) was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by the Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) promotion, which took place on February 10, 2008 at the BI-LO Center in Greenville, South Carolina. It was the fourth event under the Against All Odds chronology and the second event in the 2008 TNA PPV schedule. Nine professional wrestling matches were featured on the event's card, four of which involved championships, while two matches were held prior to the event.

Final Resolution (2006) 2006 Total Nonstop Action Wrestling pay-per-view event

Final Resolution (2006) was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by the Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) promotion that took place on January 15, 2006 at the TNA Impact! Zone in Orlando, Florida. It was the second event under the Final Resolution name and first event of the 2006 TNA PPV schedule. Nine professional wrestling matches and two pre-show matches were featured on the event's card, two of which were for championships.

Turning Point (2005 wrestling) 2005 Total Nonstop Action Wrestling pay-per-view event

Turning Point (2005) was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by the Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA). It took place on December 11, 2005 at the TNA Impact! Zone in Orlando, Florida. It was the second event under the Turning Point name and the twelfth and final event of the 2005 TNA PPV schedule. Nine professional wrestling matches and one pre-show match were featured on the event's card, two of which featured championships.

TNA Television Championship Former championship created and promoted by the American professional wrestling promotion Total Nonstop Action Wrestling

The TNA Television Championship was a professional wrestling championship owned by the promotion Total Nonstop Action Wrestling. It was introduced on the October 23, 2008 episode of TNA's television program TNA Impact! as the TNA Legends Championship. It was later known as the TNA Global Championship and the TNA King of the Mountain Championship. The title appeared in Global Force Wrestling (GFW), during a talent exchange partnership.

References

Footnotes

  1. 1 2 "Turning Point 2008 at Pro Wrestling History.com". Pro Wrestling History.com. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
  2. 1 2 3 Allely, Phil (2008-11-14). "TNA reach their Turning Point". The Sun . Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  3. Varsallone, Jim. "Anthem, Impact announce Global Wrestling Network launch". The Miami Herald . Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  4. Martin, Adam (2008-01-01). "TNA Wrestling announces all 'Pay Per View' dates in 2008 and TV tapings". Total Nonstop Action Wrestling . WrestleView.com. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
  5. Martin, Adam (2008-08-31). "Update on PPV plans for Genesis & Turning Point events this year – more". WrestleView.com. Archived from the original on 2008-09-03. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
  6. Martin, Adam (2008-10-16). "TNA switches up names for PPV events in coming months". WrestleView.com. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
  7. Martin, Adam (2008-11-06). "Press Release: TNA Genesis PPV in Charlotte, NC on 1/11". Total Nonstop Action Wrestling . WrestleView.com. Retrieved 2009-10-23.
  8. TNA Wrestling (2008-11-03). TNA: Exclusive "Disturbed" PPV Music Video (Music Video). Tampa, Florida: TNAWrestling at Youtube.com. Retrieved 2009-10-23. A music video featuring the Turning Point theme song by TNA.
  9. "Turning Point at in Demand". In Demand . Retrieved 2009-10-23.
  10. Grabianowski, Ed (2006-01-13). "How Pro Wrestling Works". HowStuffWorks, Inc. Discovery Communications. Archived from the original on 2013-11-18. Retrieved 2011-02-11.
  11. Allely, Phil (2008-08-15). "Angle saves Hard going PPV". The Sun . News International . Retrieved 2012-01-26.
  12. 1 2 Sokol, Chris; Sokol, Bryan (2008-10-13). "Sting takes title at Bound for Glory". SLAM! Sports: Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer . Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  13. 1 2 3 Sokol, Chris (2008-10-31). "Impact: Steiner joins the mafia". SLAM! Sports: Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer . Retrieved 2011-02-11.
  14. 1 2 Sokol, Chris (2007-12-03). "Chaos rules at Turning Point". SLAM! Sports: Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer . Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  15. Martin, Adam (2008-12-03). "More on Scott Hall no-showing PPV, Samoa Joe upsets some with promo". Pro Wrestling Torch. WrestleView.com. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  16. Sokol, Chris (2008-04-12). "TNA Lockdown: Joe captures gold". SLAM! Sports: Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer . Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  17. Wilkenfeld, Daniel (2008-10-16). "ALT Perspective TNA Bound for Glory recap by Wilkenfeld". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2011-02-11.
  18. 1 2 Kellerl, Wade (2008-11-09). "Keller's TNA Impact report 10/30: Scott Steiner joined the MEM, Angle vs. Abyss, Nash & Booker vs. Styles & Joe, Turning Point hype". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  19. Caldwell, James (2008-10-16). "Caldwell's TNA Impact report 10/16: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of Spike TV broadcast". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  20. Sokol, Chris (2008-10-17). "Impact: Angle snaps". SLAM! Sports: Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer . Retrieved 2011-02-11.
  21. 1 2 Keller, Wade (2009-11-22). "Keller's TNA Impact report 1 YR. ago (10-23-08): One-year anniversary of the Main Event Mafia formed in Las Vegas, Kevin Nash & Sting vs. A.J. Styles & Samoa Joe main event". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  22. 1 2 Sokol, Chris (2008-10-24). "Impact: Main Event Mafia takes over Sin City". SLAM! Sports: Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer . Retrieved 2011-02-11.
  23. Allely, Phil (2008-10-28). "Booker reveals new TNA belt". The Sun . Retrieved 2011-02-10.
  24. 1 2 3 TNA Home Video and Navarre Corporation (2008-11-09). "Cross The Line Vol. 2 [Box set]: Turning Point". TNA Turning Point. In Demand.
  25. 1 2 3 4 5 Keller, Wade (2008-11-09). "Keller's TNA Turning Point PPV 11/9: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of Sting vs. Styles, Nash vs. Samoa Joe, Main Event Mafia". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2009-10-24.
  26. 1 2 3 4 5 Martin, Adam (2008-11-09). "TNA Turning Point PPV results – 11/9/08". WrestleView.com. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  27. Martin, Adam (2008-11-09). "More on Insane Clown Posse and Scott Hall at TNA PPV". Wrestling Observer. WrestleView.com. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  28. 1 2 3 Caldwell, James (2008-11-09). "Caldwell's TNA Turning Point PPV 11/9: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of live PPV". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2009-10-24.
  29. 1 2 3 4 5 Sokol, Chris; Sokol, Bryan (2008-11-10). "Turning Point: Mafia gains momentum". SLAM! Sports: Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer . Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  30. 1 2 Keller, Wade (2008-11-14). "Keller's TNA Impact report 11/13: Christian meets the Main Event Mafia, Joe & Styles vs. Beer Money, Sting vs. Lethal". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2011-02-10.
  31. 1 2 3 4 Caldwell, James (2008-11-20). "Caldwell's TNA Impact report 11/20: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of Spike TV broadcast". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2011-02-10.
  32. 1 2 Sokol, Chris; Sokol, Bryan (2008-12-08). "Final Resolution: The Mafia makes strides". SLAM! Sports: Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer . Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  33. 1 2 Sokol, Chris; Sokol, Bryan (2009-01-15). "Genesis a stalemate between Mafia and Frontline". SLAM! Sports: Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer . Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  34. Sokol, Chris (2009-11-28). "Impact: Bring out the turkeys". SLAM! Sports: Wrestling. Canadian Online Explorer . Retrieved 2009-10-25.
  35. 1 2 Caldwell, James (2008-12-07). "Caldwell's TNA Final Resolution PPV report 12/7: Ongoing "virtual time" coverage of live PPV". Pro Wrestling Torch. Retrieved 2011-02-10.
  36. Martin, Adam (2008-12-24). "Estimated domestic PPV buyrates for TNA in 2008". The Wrestling Observer Newsletter. WrestleView.com. Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  37. "TNA Wrestling: Cross The Line Vol. 2". For Your Entertainment. Archived from the original on 2012-02-24. Retrieved 2009-11-25.

Bibliography