Ukrainian frigate Dnipropetrovsk

Last updated
Bezzavetnyy&Zhdanov&Magomed Gadzhiev.jpg
Bezzavetnyy is closest to the camera, the cruiser Zhdanov in the middle and the submarine tender Magomed Gadzhiev in the rear
History
Naval Ensign of the Soviet Union.svgNaval Ensign of Russia.svg Soviet UnionRussia
Name:Bezzavetnyy
Ordered: 4 July 1973
Builder: Zaliv Shipbuilding yard (Kerch)
Yard number: 14
Launched: 7 May 1977
Commissioned: 17 February 1978
Decommissioned: 8 September 1997
Fate: Transferred to Ukraine on 1 August 1997
Naval Ensign of Ukraine.svgUkraine
Name:Dnipropetrovsk
Acquired: 1 August 1997
Decommissioned: October 2002
Renamed: 1997
Reclassified: "Technical property" (2002)
Identification: U134
Fate: Scuttled on 12 May 2005
General characteristics
Class and type: Burevestnik-class frigate
Displacement: 3,300 tons standard, 3,575 tons full load
Length: 405.3 ft (123.5 m)
Beam: 46.3 ft (14.1 m)
Draft: 15.1 ft (4.6 m)
Propulsion:
  • 2 shaft; COGAG
  • 2 x M-8k gas-turbines, 40,000 shp (30,000 kW)
  • 2 x M-62 gas-turbines (cruise), 14,950 shp (11,150 kW)
Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph)
Range: 4,995  nmi (9,251 km; 5,748 mi) at 14 knots (26 km/h; 16 mph)
Complement: 200
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Radar: 1 MR-755 Fregat-M/Half Plate air/surface search
  • Sonar: Zvezda-2 suite with MGK-345 Bronza/Ox Yoke bow mounted LF, Ox Tail LF VDS
  • Fire Control: Purga ASW combat system, 2 Drakon/Eye Bowl SSM targeting, 2 MPZ-301 Baza/Pop Group
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Start suite with Bell Shroud intercept, Bell Squat jammer, 4 PK-16 decoy RL, 8 PK-10 decoy RL, 2 towed decoys
Armament:

The Ukrainian frigate Dnipropetrovsk was a former Soviet frigate (guard ship) Bezzavetnyy of the Burevestnik-class (NATO codename: Krivak I) ship built for the Soviet Navy in the late 1970s.

A guard ship is a warship assigned as a stationary guard in a port or harbour, as opposed to a coastal patrol boat which serves its protective role at sea.

Soviet Navy naval arm of the Soviet Armed Forces

The Soviet Navy was the naval arm of the Soviet Armed Forces. Often referred to as the Red Fleet, the Soviet Navy was a large part of the Soviet Union's strategic plan in the event of a conflict with opposing super power, the United States, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), or another conflict related to the Warsaw Pact of Eastern Europe. The influence of the Soviet Navy played a large role in the Cold War (1945-1991), as the majority of conflicts centered on naval forces.

Contents

Service history

Black Sea incident

On 12 February 1988 the ship intentionally [1] [2] nudged the U.S. missile cruiser USS Yorktown in Soviet territorial waters while Yorktown was claiming innocent passage.

USS <i>Yorktown</i> (CG-48) CG-48, Ticonderoga-class cruiser

USS Yorktown (DDG-48/CG-48) was a Ticonderoga-class cruiser in the United States Navy from 1984 to 2004, named for the American Revolutionary War Battle of Yorktown.

Territorial waters Coastal waters that are part of a nation-states sovereign territory

The term territorial waters is sometimes used informally to refer to any area of water over which a state has jurisdiction, including internal waters, the territorial sea, the contiguous zone, the exclusive economic zone and potentially the continental shelf. In a narrower sense, the term is used as a synonym for the territorial sea.

Innocent passage is a concept in the law of the sea that allows for a vessel to pass through the territorial waters of another state, subject to certain restrictions. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Article 19 defines innocent passage as:

1. Passage is innocent so long as it is not prejudicial to the peace, good order or security of the coastal State. Such passage shall take place in conformity with this Convention and with other rules of international law.

2. Passage of a foreign ship shall be considered to be prejudicial to the peace, good order or security of the coastal State if in the territorial sea it engages in any of the following activities:

(a) any threat or use of force against the sovereignty, territorial integrity or political independence of the coastal State, or in any other manner in violation of the principles of international law embodied in the Charter of the United Nations;

(b) any exercise or practice with weapons of any kind;

(c) any act aimed at collecting information to the prejudice of the defence or security of the coastal State;

(d) any act of propaganda aimed at affecting the defence or security of the coastal State;

(e) the launching, landing or taking on board of any aircraft;

(f) the launching, landing or taking on board of any military device;

(g) the loading or unloading of any commodity, currency or person contrary to the customs, fiscal, immigration or sanitary laws and regulations of the coastal State;

(h) any act of wilful and serious pollution contrary to this Convention;

(i) any fishing activities;

(j) the carrying out of research or survey activities;

(k) any act aimed at interfering with any systems of communication or any other facilities or installations of the coastal State;

(l) any other activity not having a direct bearing on passage.

Bezzavetnyy shown colliding with Yorktown USS Yorktown collision.jpg
Bezzavetnyy shown colliding with Yorktown

Ukrainian service

In summer of 1997 during the division of the Black Sea fleet she was transferred to the Ukrainian Navy, receiving the name of Dnipropetrovsk.

Ukrainian Navy navy of Ukraine and part of the Armed Forces of Ukraine

The Ukrainian Naval Forces is the navy of Ukraine and part of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

Fate

Dnipropetrovsk was decommissioned in 2002 and was scuttled in the Black Sea in the spring of 2005.

Black Sea Marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Europe and Asia

The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between the Balkans, Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia. It is supplied by a number of major rivers, such as the Danube, Dnieper, Southern Bug, Dniester, Don, and the Rioni. Many countries drain into the Black Sea, including Austria, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey and Ukraine.

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1988 Black Sea bumping incident

The Black Sea bumping incident of 12 February 1988 occurred when American cruiser USS Yorktown tried to exercise the right of innocent passage through Soviet territorial waters in the Black Sea during the Cold War. The cruiser was bumped by the Soviet frigate Bezzavetny with the intention of pushing Yorktown into international waters. This incident also involved the destroyer USS Caron, sailing in company with USS Yorktown and claiming the right of innocent passage, which was intentionally shouldered by a Soviet Mirka-class frigate SKR-6. Yorktown reported minor damage to its hull, with no holing or risk of flooding. Caron was not damaged.

1986 Black Sea incident

In the 1986 Black Sea incident on 13 March the American cruiser USS Yorktown and the destroyer USS Caron, claiming the right of innocent passage, entered the Soviet territorial waters near the southern Crimean Peninsula. The warships passed within six miles of the Soviet coast, where they were soon confronted by the Soviet frigate Ladny. The commander of Ladny notified the U.S. warships that they had violated Soviet territorial waters and requested that they depart immediately. The U.S. warships confirmed receipt of the warning but did not change course. The Soviet command placed its Black Sea air and naval forces on combat readiness and dispatched border guard vessels and naval aircraft to intercept the U.S. warships.

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References

Bibliography

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