Universidad de Sonora

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University of Sonora
Escudo Unison.png
Motto "El saber de mis hijos hará mi grandeza"
The knowledge of my children will be my greatness
Type Public
Established 1942
Rector Dr. Enrique F. Velázquez Contreras
Location Hermosillo , Sonora , Mexico Flag of Mexico.svg
29°04′59″N110°57′43″W / 29.083°N 110.962°W / 29.083; -110.962 Coordinates: 29°04′59″N110°57′43″W / 29.083°N 110.962°W / 29.083; -110.962
Website www.uson.mx

The University of Sonora (Universidad de Sonora, abbreviated as Unison) is a public university in the northwestern state of Sonora, Mexico that has a strong research program. The University was founded in 1942 and is considered the main cultural and educational driver in the state. The University motto is “El saber de mis hijos hará mi grandeza” (“The knowledge of my children will be my greatness”). It is the largest university of Sonora with about 30,000 students (about 28,000 for undergraduate studies and 2,000 for postgraduate studies) distributed in five campuses.

Sonora State of Mexico

Sonora, officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora, is one of 31 states that, with Mexico City, comprise the 32 federal entities of United Mexican States. It is divided into 72 municipalities; the capital city is Hermosillo. Sonora is bordered by the states of Chihuahua to the east, Baja California to the northwest and Sinaloa to the south. To the north, it shares the U.S.–Mexico border with the states of Arizona and New Mexico, and on the west has a significant share of the coastline of the Gulf of California.

Mexico country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.


Dr. Enrique Velázquez Contreras started his tenure as the University Rector in June 2017 for a period of four years (renewable). Under his leadership the University has prepared its Strategic Initiative putting special emphasis on the Internationalization of its academic and research programs.


According to the Mexican National Center for Evaluation for Higher Education (CENEVAL), Sonora has recently ranked 5th in the Mexican university ranking survey[ citation needed ]. It has six post-graduate subjects accredited in the level of academic excellence for the "Mexican Research Council in Science and Technology" (Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología de México, CONACYT). It is currently, leader of the National Association of Mexican Higher Education Institutions (ANUIES) in northwestern Mexico[ citation needed ].

ANUIES organization

The National Association of Universities and Higher Education Institutions is a non-governmental organization which includes 191 public and private higher education institutions in Mexico. The association is involved in the development of programs, plans and national policies for higher education, as well as establishing agencies aimed at fostering the development of higher education in the country.


The University of Sonora has research departments and teaching schools in most academic disciplines. The University provides educational programs in the following colleges:

Engineering applied science

Engineering is the application of knowledge in the form of science, mathematics, and empirical evidence, to the innovation, design, construction, operation and maintenance of structures, machines, materials, devices, systems, processes, and organizations. The discipline of engineering encompasses a broad range of more specialized fields of engineering, each with a more specific emphasis on particular areas of applied mathematics, applied science, and types of application. See glossary of engineering.

Economics Social science that analyzes the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services

Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.

Humanities academic disciplines that study human culture

Humanities are academic disciplines that study aspects of human society and culture. In the Renaissance, the term contrasted with divinity and referred to what is now called classics, the main area of secular study in universities at the time. Today, the humanities are more frequently contrasted with natural, and sometimes social, sciences as well as professional training.

Postgraduate programs

At the postgraduate level, Unison tends to be biased towards scientific subjects, but it also has a number of strong humanities and social science schools. There are 6 subjects accredited in the level of academic excellence for CONACYT.

Social science is a category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society. Social science as a whole has many branches. These social sciences include, but are not limited to: anthropology, archaeology, communication studies, economics, history, human geography, jurisprudence, linguistics, political science, psychology, public health, and sociology. The term is also sometimes used to refer specifically to the field of sociology, the original "science of society", established in the 19th century. For a more detailed list of sub-disciplines within the social sciences see: Outline of social science.

Physics Study of the fundamental properties of matter and energy

Physics is the natural science that studies matter, its motion, and behavior through space and time, and that studies the related entities of energy and force. Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves.

Geology The study of the composition, structure, physical properties, and history of Earths components, and the processes by which they are shaped.

Geology is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time. Geology can also include the study of the solid features of any terrestrial planet or natural satellite such as Mars or the Moon. Modern geology significantly overlaps all other earth sciences, including hydrology and the atmospheric sciences, and so is treated as one major aspect of integrated earth system science and planetary science.


Admissions processes at Sonora are based on qualifications relevant to their chosen undergraduate course, admission tests given by the university, and, in some subjects, interviews between applicants and faculty members[ citation needed ].

Postgraduate admission is first decided by the department or research center relating to the applicant's subject. In recent years, UNISON has made greater efforts to attract overseas students[ citation needed ].

Research Institutes


There are five campuses. Its main campus is located in the capital of the state of Sonora, Hermosillo.

Mobility of students

UNISON intends to increase the access and mobility of its students within the Americas and the European Union area of higher education, contributing to the improvement of their professional skills and their access to better working opportunities in the northwestern region of the country.

Other items of interest

The University is part of the UN Regional Coordination of Activities in Basic Space Science for America, an aerospace consortium based in Vienna, Austria, and co-sponsored by the European Space Agency.

Starting in the 2011 season, the University will have a team named "Búhos" (Owls) playing in one league of College Football in Mexico, the CONADEIP premier league.


PeriodRector's name
1942–1943Prof. Aureliano Esquivel Casas
1944–1946Ing. Francisco Antonio Astiazarán
1946–1953Prof. Manuel Quiróz Martínez
1953–1956Ing. Norberto Aguirre Palancares
1956–1961Lic. Luis Encinas Johnson
1961–1967Dr. Moisés Canale Rodríguez
1967–1968Lic. Roberto Reynoso Dávila
1968–1972Dr. Federico Sotelo Ortiz
1973–1982Lic. Alfonso Castellanos Idiáquez
1982–1987Ing. Manuel Rivera Zamudio
1987–1989Ing. Manuel Balcázar Meza
1989–1993Mat. Marco Antonio Valencia Arvizu
1993–2001M.C. Jorge Luis Ibarra Mendívil
2001–2009Dr. Pedro Ortega Romero
2009–2017Dr. Heriberto Grijalva Monteverde
2017–presentDr. Enrique Fernando Velázquez Contreras

See also

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