Waterville, Texas

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Waterville, Texas
Ghost town
Relief map of Texas.png
Red pog.svg
Waterville, Texas
Location within the state of Texas
Coordinates: 29°14′18″N95°59′48″W / 29.23833°N 95.99667°W / 29.23833; -95.99667 Coordinates: 29°14′18″N95°59′48″W / 29.23833°N 95.99667°W / 29.23833; -95.99667
Country United States
State Texas
County Wharton
Elevation 80 ft (20 m)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
  Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 77488
Area code(s) 979

Waterville was a ghost town in Wharton County in the U.S. state of Texas. The former settlement was located along Water Hole Creek not far from the site of Preston, another ghost town. During the American Civil War, the town provided soldiers to the Confederate States Army as well as a Home Guard unit. Waterville had a post office intermittently between 1859 and 1880. Local residents attempted to restart postal service in 1883 but it was permanently stopped the following year.

Ghost town City depopulated of inhabitants and that stays practically intact

A ghost town is an abandoned village, town, or city, usually one that contains substantial visible remains. A town often becomes a ghost town because the economic activity that supported it has failed, or due to natural or human-caused disasters such as floods, prolonged droughts, government actions, uncontrolled lawlessness, war, pollution, or nuclear disasters. The term can sometimes refer to cities, towns, and neighbourhoods that are still populated, but significantly less so than in past years; for example, those affected by high levels of unemployment and dereliction.

Wharton County, Texas County in the United States

Wharton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 41,280. Its county seat is Wharton. The county was named for brothers William Harris Wharton and John Austin Wharton.

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Contents

History

The settlement of Waterville sprang up along Water Hole Creek near a place called Will's Water Hole. In January 1859 a post office was set up in the community. [1] Waterville was near Preston in southeast Wharton County. The town was situated along a major trail from Matagorda on the Gulf of Mexico and San Felipe on the Brazos River. [2]

Matagorda, Texas unincorporated community

Matagorda is a census-designated place in Matagorda County, located near the mouth of the Colorado River on the Upper Texas coast in the United States. In 2010, the population was 503. Matagorda is primarily a tourist town with commercial and recreational fishing being the top industries. There are 23 miles (37 km) of beach accessible by vehicle and 35 additional miles accessible only by boat. Matagorda is at the end of State Highway 60 and beginning of Farm to Market Road 2031, which runs over the Intracoastal Waterway and south to the Gulf of Mexico.

Gulf of Mexico An Atlantic Ocean basin extending into southern North America

The Gulf of Mexico is an ocean basin and a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean, largely surrounded by the North American continent. It is bounded on the northeast, north and northwest by the Gulf Coast of the United States, on the southwest and south by Mexico, and on the southeast by Cuba. The U.S. states of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida border the Gulf on the north, which are often referred to as the "Third Coast", in comparison with the U.S. Atlantic and Pacific coasts.

San Felipe, Texas Town in Texas, United States

San Felipe, also known as San Felipe de Austin, is a town in Austin County, Texas, United States. The town was the social, economic, and political center of the early Stephen F. Austin colony. The population was 747 at the 2010 census.

In the Civil War, Waterville raised a company of soldiers for the Confederate Army called the "Rough and Ready Mounted Rifles" under Captain C. F. Whittington. In 1861 there were 27 men enrolled but the number expanded to 39 the following year. In 1862 the town was the headquarters for Colonel Reuben R. Brown's 33rd Texas Cavalry Regiment. Waterville's Home Guard unit numbered 49 men in 1862 but 18 of the men had no firearms. The available weapons were a motley collection of nine rifles, 12 shotguns and five pistols. [1] Postal service was discontinued in 1867, restarted in 1872 and stopped again in 1880. [2] In 1883 a new application was submitted for postal service. Evidently there were too few residents because in August 1884 postal service was stopped and never revived. [1]

Geography

The 1883 postal application located Waterville on a direct line between Wharton and Pledger. The site was 10 miles (16 km) from Wharton and 8 miles (13 km) from Pledger. [1] Five-ninths of the distance along a straight line drawn on a map between Wharton and Pledger places Waterville very close to Farm to Market Road 1096 and Water Hole Creek. There are turf farms nearby. [3]

Wharton, Texas City in Texas, United States

Wharton is a city in Wharton County, Texas, United States. This city is 60 mi (97 km) southwest of Houston. The population was 8,832 at the 2010 census. Wharton is the county seat, and is located on the Colorado River of Texas just East of U.S. Highway 59.

Pledger is an unincorporated community in Matagorda County, Texas, United States. Although it is unincorporated, Pledger has a post office, with the ZIP code of 77468.

Farm to Market Road 1096 (FM 1096) is a state highway the U.S. state of Texas that stays within Wharton County. The highway starts at a junction with FM 442 to the northeast of Lane City, heads in a northeasterly direction through Boling-Iago and ends at a country road to the north-northeast.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Wharton County Pictorial History: 1846-1946 Volume 1. Austin, TX: Eakin Press. 1993. p. 8.
  2. 1 2 Hudgins, Merle R. "Handbook of Texas Online: WATERVILLE, TX". Texas State Historical Association . Retrieved April 5, 2014.
  3. Google (April 5, 2014). "Presumed location of Waterville, Texas" (Map). Google Maps . Google. Retrieved April 5, 2014.