Watonwan County Courthouse

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Watonwan County Courthouse
WatonwonCountyCourthouse.jpg
The Watonwan County Courthouse from the northwest
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Location710 2nd Avenue South, St. James, Minnesota
Coordinates 43°58′52.5″N94°37′32.5″W / 43.981250°N 94.625694°W / 43.981250; -94.625694 Coordinates: 43°58′52.5″N94°37′32.5″W / 43.981250°N 94.625694°W / 43.981250; -94.625694
AreaLess than one acre
Built1895–96
Built byOtto Kleinschmidt
ArchitectH.C. Gerlach
Architectural style Romanesque Revival
NRHP reference # 86003591 [1]
Designated January 7, 1987

The Watonwan County Courthouse in St. James, Minnesota, United States, is the seat of government for Watonwan County, in continual use since it was completed in 1896. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1987 for having state-level significance in the themes of architecture and politics/government. [2] It was nominated for its exemplary Romanesque Revival architecture, its status as one of Minnesota's remaining monumental Victorian courthouses and as a local landmark, and its longstanding service as county seat. [3]

St. James, Minnesota City in Minnesota, United States

St. James is a city in and the county seat of Watonwan County, Minnesota, United States. The population was 4,605 at the 2010 census.

Watonwan County, Minnesota County in the United States

Watonwan County is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 11,211. Its county seat is St. James.

National Register of Historic Places federal list of historic sites in the United States

The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government's official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property.

Contents

History

When Watonwan County was initially created in 1860, the city of Madelia was designated the county seat and a courthouse was built there around 1861. As St. James—a more centrally located community and a division headquarters for the Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha Railway—grew, a heated battle for county seat status erupted between the two cities. When the original wood-frame courthouse burned down in 1872, Madelia officials hastily leased space in a recently completed commercial building—Flanders' Block—to avoid losing county seat status. However St. James interests petitioned for a vote on the matter and in 1874 voters approved the move. The first courthouse in St. James was a wood-frame structure built on land donated by the railroad. A new courthouse, the present building, was designed by Mankato architect H.C. Gerlach and built by Mankato contractor Otto Kleinschmidt from 1895 to 1896. The building served as a show of government strength and traditional values in a city that was only 25 years old. It is monumental in size and design, and a county-wide survey of historic properties identified it as one of the most architecturally significant Victorian buildings in the county. [3] [4]

Madelia, Minnesota City in Minnesota, United States

Madelia is a city in Watonwan County, Minnesota, United States, along the Watonwan River. The population was 2,308 at the 2010 census.

Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha Railway defunct American railway

The Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha Railway or Omaha Road was a railroad in the U.S. states of Nebraska, Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin and South Dakota. It was incorporated in 1880 as a consolidation of the Chicago, St. Paul and Minneapolis Railway and the North Wisconsin Railway. The Chicago and North Western Railway (C&NW) gained control in 1882. The C&NW leased the Omaha Road in 1957 and merged the company into itself in 1972.

Framing (construction) in construction, is the fitting together of pieces to give a structure support and shape

Framing, in construction, is the fitting together of pieces to give a structure support and shape. Framing materials are usually wood, engineered wood, or structural steel. The alternative to framed construction is generally called mass wall construction, where horizontal layers of stacked materials such as log building, masonry, rammed earth, adobe, etc. are used without framing.

See also

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References

  1. National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service.
  2. "Watonwan County Courthouse". Minnesota National Register Properties Database. Minnesota Historical Society. 2009. Retrieved 2015-06-19.
  3. 1 2 Granger, Susan (February 1986). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Watonwan County Courthouse". National Park Service. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
  4. "Watonwan County Courthouse History". Minnesota Judicial Branch. Retrieved 2016-02-12.