Waukesha Beach Railway

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Waukesha Beach Railway
The Street Railway Review (Vol. 5, 1895) Walker generator and switch board of Waukesha Beach Railway.jpg
Waukesha Terminus
The Street Railway Review (Vol. 5, 1895) Waukesha Terminus of Waukesha Beach Railway.jpg
Walker generator and switch board of Waukesha Beach Railway
Technical
Line length6 miles (9.7 km)
Track gauge 4 ft 8½ in (1,435 mm)
Electrification 600 V   DC
Operating speed40 miles per hour (64 km/h) max.
Maximum incline 3.2   %
Route map
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0 mi (0 km) Waukesha Terminus
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Fox River
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C. M. & St. P. R.R.
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6 mi (9.7 km)Waukesha Beach

The Waukesha Beach Railway operated from 1895 until 1949 as an interurban railway from Waukesha to Pewaukee Lake in Wisconsin.

Waukesha, Wisconsin Place in Waukesha

Waukesha is a city in and the county seat of Waukesha County, Wisconsin, United States. It is part of the Milwaukee metropolitan area. Its population was 70,718 at the 2010 census. The city is adjacent to the Town of Waukesha.

Pewaukee Lake lake located in Waukesha County, Wisconsin, United States

Pewaukee Lake is a lake located in Waukesha County, Wisconsin, United States. The largest lake in Waukesha County's "Lake Country", Pewaukee Lake is approximately five miles long and one mile wide, with an average depth of 15 feet sloping to a maximum depth of 46 feet.

Wisconsin A north-central state of the United States of America

Wisconsin is a U.S. state located in the north-central United States, in the Midwest and Great Lakes regions. It is bordered by Minnesota to the west, Iowa to the southwest, Illinois to the south, Lake Michigan to the east, Michigan to the northeast, and Lake Superior to the north. Wisconsin is the 23rd largest state by total area and the 20th most populous. The state capital is Madison, and its largest city is Milwaukee, which is located on the western shore of Lake Michigan. The state is divided into 72 counties.

Contents

Track

The Waukesha Beach Railway was built by C. E. Loss & Company of Chicago. It was formally opened on 25 June 1895. [1]

Waukesha is situated 20 miles (32 km) west of Milwaukee and has become of national reputation on account of its mineral springs at the end of the 19th century, and developed to one of the best-known resorts of wealthy people from Chicago and Milwaukee. Aside from its spring water and the beauties of the town, Waukesha has had, originally, no attractions to make it popular as a resort. [1]

The new rail road, which was 6 miles (9.7 km) long, brought it within easy reach of Pewaukee Lake, a beautiful sheet of water about six miles long and a mile and a half wide. The railway was intended simply for summer pleasure travel to the lake and was planned to be shut down in winter. The railway line connected the terminus at the North-western Railroad depot in Waukesha with the beach of the lake. The railway company carried out extensive improvements at the beach, which it owned, and it became a beautiful spot. [1] The improvements included the Palm Gardens ballroom, a hotel, 3 roller coasters, a fun house and many other amusement rides. Well known entertainers such as Ted Mack, The Andrews Sisters and Heine & His Grenadiers were featured at the park. In 1897, a baseball diamond was added, where a Milwaukee team, managed by the legendary Connie Mack, played an exhibition game. [2]

Ted Mack (radio and television host) American broadcaster

William Edward Maguiness, known as Ted Mack, was the host of Ted Mack and The Original Amateur Hour on radio and television.

The Andrews Sisters American close harmony singing group

The Andrews Sisters were an American close harmony singing group of the swing and boogie-woogie eras. The group consisted of three sisters: contralto LaVerne Sophia, soprano Maxene Anglyn, and mezzo-soprano Patricia Marie "Patty". Throughout their career, the sisters sold over 75 million records . |url= |title=Patty Andrews Dies, Singer Was Last Surviving Member of the Andrews Sisters |last=|first=|date=January 30, 2013 |work=E!}} </ref> Their 1941 hit "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy" can be considered an early example of rhythm and blues or jump blues. Other songs closely associated with the Andrews Sisters include their first major hit, "Bei Mir Bist Du Schön " (1937), "Beer Barrel Polka " (1939), "Beat Me Daddy, Eight to the Bar" (1940), "Don't Sit Under the Apple Tree " (1942), and "Rum and Coca Cola" (1945), which helped introduce American audiences to calypso.

Connie Mack American baseball manager and owner

Cornelius McGillicuddy, better known as Connie Mack, was an American professional baseball catcher, manager, and team owner. The longest-serving manager in Major League Baseball history, he holds records for wins (3,731), losses (3,948), and games managed (7,755), with his victory total being almost 1,000 more than any other manager.

The railway bought and fenced-off its entire right of way. The construction was much the same as that of a good, solid, steam road, except that the grades were heavier and some of the curves sharper than would be called good practice unless in a mountainous country. The rails were standard 60-pound T rolled by the Illinois Steel Company. An abundance of gravel ballast was obtained along the route, and the contractors have put in a very solid roadbed over which trains ran as smoothly as if on the best steam trunk lines. The time usually taken between one terminus and another was about 15 minutes. The schedule, including switching at terminals, was a round trip every 40 minutes. A trip has been made in 12 minutes. Usually there were no stops between terminals. [1]

The profile of the road was furnished out by William Powrie, the engineer. From Waukesha a climb was made of 140 feet in the first three miles and a descent of about 90 feet in the last three. The heaviest grade was 3.2 per cent. The deepest cut and the greatest fill were 7 feet (2.1 m) each. Outside of the city limits of Waukesha there were no curves of more than 6 degrees, and when not too heavily loaded or when running down grade the cars made 40 miles an hour around them. At the crossing of the Fox River in Waukesha a plate girder bridge 50 feet long was erected. At the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad crossing interlocking home and distant semaphore signals were put in so that trains on neither road stop unless compelled to by the signals. [1]

Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad Class I railroad that operated in the Midwest and Northwest of the United States

The Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad; often referred to as the Milwaukee Road ; was a Class I railroad that operated in the Midwest and Northwest of the United States from 1847 until 1986.

Rolling stock

Two trains were kept in operation. The rolling stock consisted initially of three motor cars and four trailers. All were open except one motor car which was closed. They were all 37 feet (11 m) over all and the open cars had twelve seats. They were Pullman built mounted on Brill maximum traction trucks. The motor equipment consisted of two 50-horse-power Walker motors to each car. The Walker company has been devoting special attention to motors of this class for interurban service, and the results in this case were very satisfactory. [1]

The original two-motor cars were replaced with four-motor 100 type cars in 1903. [3] Year-around service began to West Limits on 11 December 1899. [4]

Power plant

The power plant contained a 250-horse-power Allis Corliss steam engine and a 150-kilowatt Walker generator and switchboard apparatus. The trolley line was divided into three sections, each fed separately. [1]

Management

TMER&L car and single phase transformer substation at Waukesha Beach, 1911 TMER&L3.png
TMER&L car and single phase transformer substation at Waukesha Beach, 1911

Alfred M. Jones, who was well known under the familiar name of "Long Jones," was the first president. The operation of the road was initially under the charge of C. L. Jones, formerly of the Milwaukee Street Railway. [1] The railway was bought by The Milwaukee Electric Railway and Light Company in August 1897 for $62,500. [4]

Decline and closure

By the late 1930s, financial problems and increased auto ownership led to the final abandonment of operations to the park on 21 July 1941. The interurban totally ceased operations on 2 July 1951. After World War II, Waukesha Beach became less of an attraction & the entire park closed in 1949. Today, the original 20 acres used for the amusement park are known as "Beach Park", a subdivision of homes. [2]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Waukesha Beach Railway. In: The Street Railway Review (Vol. 5, 1895).
  2. 1 2 Wisconsin Historical Markers: Waukesha Beach Amusement Park.
  3. Don Ross: The Milwaukee Electric Ry. & Light Co.
  4. 1 2 History of “The Milwaukee Electric Railway & Light Company.”

Coordinates: 43°03′28″N88°18′34″W / 43.0578507°N 88.3094258°W / 43.0578507; -88.3094258