Wauwil

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Wauwil
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Location of Wauwil
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Wauwil
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Wauwil
Coordinates: 47°11′N8°01′E / 47.183°N 8.017°E / 47.183; 8.017 Coordinates: 47°11′N8°01′E / 47.183°N 8.017°E / 47.183; 8.017
Country Switzerland
Canton Lucerne
District Willisau
Area
[1]
  Total2.94 km2 (1.14 sq mi)
Elevation
539 m (1,768 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31) [2]
  Total2,247
  Density760/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Postal code
6242
SFOS number 1146
Surrounded by Dagmersellen, Egolzwil, Ettiswil, Mauensee, Schötz
Website www.wauwil.ch
Profile (in German), SFSO statistics
Wauwil Wauwil 031.jpg
Wauwil

Wauwil is a municipality in the district of Willisau in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland.

Municipalities of Switzerland smallest government division in Switzerland

Municipalities are the lowest level of administrative division in Switzerland. Each municipality is part of one of the Swiss cantons, which form the Swiss Confederation. In most cantons municipalities are also part of districts or other sub-cantonal administrative divisions.

Cantons of Switzerland Member states of the Swiss Confederation

The 26 cantons of Switzerland are the member states of the Swiss Confederation. The nucleus of the Swiss Confederacy in the form of the first three confederate allies used to be referred to as the Waldstätte. Two further major steps in the development of the Swiss cantonal system are referred to by the terms Acht Orte and Dreizehn Orte ; they were important intermediate periods of the Ancient Swiss Confederacy.

Switzerland federal republic in Central Europe

Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state situated in the confluence of western, central, and southern Europe. It is a federal republic composed of 26 cantons, with federal authorities seated in Bern. Switzerland is a landlocked country bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east. It is geographically divided between the Alps, the Swiss Plateau and the Jura, spanning a total area of 41,285 km2 (15,940 sq mi), and land area of 39,997 km2 (15,443 sq mi). While the Alps occupy the greater part of the territory, the Swiss population of approximately 8.5 million is concentrated mostly on the plateau, where the largest cities are located, among them the two global cities and economic centres of Zürich and Geneva.

Contents

Geography

Wauwil has an area, as of 2006, of 2.9 km2 (1.1 sq mi). Of this area, 72.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 9.9% is forested. The rest of the land, (18%) is settled. [3] In the 1997 land survey, 10.17% of the total land area was forested. Of the agricultural land, 69.15% is used for farming or pastures, while 2.71% is used for orchards or vine crops. Of the settled areas, 10.85% is covered with buildings, 2.37% is industrial, 0.34% is classed as special developments, 0.68% is parks or greenbelts and 3.73% is transportation infrastructure. [4]

History

Reconstruction of a pile dwelling house of the Wauwilermoos settlement at the open-air museum Wauwil arkeologia lernopado 054.jpg
Reconstruction of a pile dwelling house of the Wauwilermoos settlement at the open-air museum

The prehistoric lakeside settlement Wauwilermoos is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance. [5] Also known as Egolzwil 3, the serial site of 56 sites in Switzerland is also part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps . [6] [7]

Wauwilermoos or Egolzwil 3 is one of the 111 serial sites of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps, of which are 56 located in Switzerland.

Wauwilermoos camp assumably in winter 1943/44 Egolzwil - Wauwilermoos POW camp around 1944.JPG
Wauwilermoos camp assumably in winter 1943/44

During World War II, mainly Allied soldiers who were caught after their escape from the Swiss internment camps, were detained in the prison camp Wauwilermoos. [8] [9] [10] Re-established in 1947 as a penitentiary, it was rebuilt in the early 1980s as a semi-open institution where custodial sentences are carried out. [10] The penitentiary (German: Strafanstalt Wauwilermoos) also serves as a deportation center. [11] [12] [13]

Wauwilermoos internment camp Internment and prisoner-of-war penal camp in Switzerland

Wauwilermoos was an internment camp and prisoner-of-war penal camp in Switzerland during World War II. It was situated in the municipalities of Wauwil and Egolzwil in the Canton of Lucerne (Luzern). Established in 1940, Wauwilermoos was a penal camp for internees, including Allied soldiers, among them members of the United States Army Air Forces, who were sentenced for attempting to escape from other Swiss camps for interned soldiers, or other offences. Together with Hünenberg and Les Diablerets, Wauwilermoos was one of three Swiss penal camps for internees that were established in Switzerland during World War II. The intolerable conditions were later described by numerous former inmates and by various contemporary reports and studies.

Demographics

Wauwil has a population (as of 31 December 2017) of 2,177. [14] As of 2007, 483 or about 28.5% are not Swiss citizens. [15] Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 0.5%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (81.4%), with Serbo-Croatian being second most common ( 6.7%) and Albanian being third ( 4.3%).

In the 2007 election the most popular party was the CVP which received 39.7% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (27.3%), the FDP (22%) and the SPS (5.5%).

Christian Democratic Peoples Party of Switzerland political party

The Christian Democratic People's Party of Switzerland is a Christian-democratic political party in Switzerland. It is the fourth-largest party in the National Council, with 28 seats, and the largest in the Council of States, with 13 seats. It has one seat, that of Viola Amherd, on the Swiss Federal Council.

Swiss Peoples Party Swiss political party

The Swiss People's Party, also known as the Democratic Union of the Centre, is a national-conservative, right-wing populist political party in Switzerland. Chaired by Albert Rösti, the party is the largest party in the Federal Assembly, with 65 members of the National Council and 5 of the Council of States.

Free Democratic Party of Switzerland

The Free Democratic Party or Radical Democratic Party was a liberal political party in Switzerland. Formerly one of the major parties in Switzerland, on 1 January 2009 it merged with the Liberal Party of Switzerland to form FDP.The Liberals.

The age distribution, as of 2008, in Wauwil is; 409 people or 24.2% of the population is 0–19 years old. 463 people or 27.3% are 20–39 years old, and 603 people or 35.6% are 40–64 years old. The senior population distribution is 157 people or 9.3% are 65–79 years old, 50 or 3% are 80–89 years old and 11 people or 0.6% of the population are 90+ years old. [4]

In Wauwil about 53.9% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule ).

As of 2000 there are 588 households, of which 144 households (or about 24.5%) contain only a single individual. 90 or about 15.3% are large households, with at least five members. [4] As of 2000 there were 304 inhabited buildings in the municipality, of which 255 were built only as housing, and 49 were mixed use buildings. There were 159 single family homes, 45 double family homes, and 51 multi-family homes in the municipality. Most homes were either two (143) or three (70) story structures. There were only 24 single story buildings and 18 four or more story buildings. [4]

Wauwil has an unemployment rate of 2.23%. As of 2005, there were 159 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 22 businesses involved in this sector. 113 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 17 businesses in this sector. 197 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 44 businesses in this sector. [3] As of 2000 53.4% of the population of the municipality were employed in some capacity. At the same time, females made up 43.1% of the workforce.

In the 2000 census the religious membership of Wauwil was; 1,135 (67.9%) were Roman Catholic, and 100 (6.%) were Protestant, with an additional 166 (9.93%) that were of some other Christian faith. There are 103 individuals (6.16% of the population) who are Muslim. Of the rest; there were 19 (1.14%) individuals who belong to another religion (not listed), 56 (3.35%) who do not belong to any organized religion, 92 (5.51%) who did not answer the question. [4]

Weather

Wauwil has an average of 128.1 days of rain per year and on average receives 1,006 mm (39.6 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is June during which time Wauwil receives an average of 115 mm (4.5 in) of precipitation. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 12.4 days. The month with the most days of precipitation is May, with an average of 13.1, but with only 101 mm (4.0 in) of precipitation. The driest month of the year is October with an average of 66 mm (2.6 in) of precipitation over 12.4 days. [16]

Related Research Articles

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Alberswil Place in Lucerne, Switzerland

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Altbüron Place in Lucerne, Switzerland

Altbüron is a municipality in the district of Willisau in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland.

Ebersecken Place in Lucerne, Switzerland

Ebersecken is a municipality in the district of Willisau in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland.

Egolzwil Place in Lucerne, Switzerland

Egolzwil is a municipality in the district of Willisau in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland.

Ettiswil Place in Lucerne, Switzerland

Ettiswil is a municipality in the district of Willisau in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland.

Grossdietwil Place in Lucerne, Switzerland

Grossdietwil is a municipality in the district of Willisau in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland.

Luthern Place in Lucerne, Switzerland

Luthern is a municipality in the district of Willisau in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland.

Nebikon Place in Lucerne, Switzerland

Nebikon is a municipality in the district of Willisau in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland.

Roggliswil Place in Lucerne, Switzerland

Roggliswil is a municipality in the district of Willisau in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland.

Schötz Place in Lucerne, Switzerland

Schötz is a municipality in the district of Willisau in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland. On 1 January 2013 the former municipality of Ohmstal merged into the municipality of Schötz.

Ufhusen Place in Lucerne, Switzerland

Ufhusen is a municipality in the district of Willisau in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland.

Menznau Place in Lucerne, Switzerland

Menznau is a municipality in the district of Willisau in the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland.

References

  1. "Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen". Federal Statistical Office. Retrieved 13 January 2019.
  2. "Ständige Wohnbevölkerung nach Staatsangehörigkeitskategorie Geschlecht und Gemeinde; Provisorische Jahresergebnisse; 2018". Federal Statistical Office. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  3. 1 2 Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 26-Aug-2009
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 LUSTAT Lucerne Cantonal Statistics Archived 2011-11-27 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 12 August 2009
  5. "A-Objekte KGS-Inventar" (PDF). Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft, Amt für Bevölkerungsschutz. 2015-01-01. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-22. Retrieved 2015-10-24.
  6. "Prehistoric Pile Dwellings in Switzerland". Swiss Coordination Group UNESCO Palafittes (palafittes.org). Retrieved 2015-10-24.
  7. "World Heritage". palafittes.org. Retrieved 2015-10-24.
  8. Franz Kasperski (2015-09-07). "Abgeschossen von der neutralen Schweiz" (in German). Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen SRF. Retrieved 2015-10-23.
  9. "Forced Landing". climage.ch. Retrieved 2015-10-23.
  10. 1 2 "Gedenkstein für Internierten-Straflager" (in German). Schweiz aktuell. 2015-10-23. Retrieved 2015-10-23.
  11. "Es sind keine groben Fehler gemacht worden" (PDF) (in German). NZZ. 2009-03-03. Retrieved 2015-10-23.
  12. "Ausschaffungsgefängnis" (in German). Strafanstalt Wauwilermoos. Retrieved 2015-10-23.
  13. "Wauwilermoos: Kritik von Gefängnisinsassen" (in German). Strafanstalt Wauwilermoos. 2009-03-03. Retrieved 2015-10-23.
  14. "STAT-TAB – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit" (online database) (official site) (in German and French). Neuchâtel, Switzerland: Federal Statistical Office - FSO. Retrieved 17 September 2018.
  15. LUSTAT-Canton Lucerne Statistical Office Archived 2012-02-29 at the Wayback Machine (in German) accessed 25 August 2009
  16. "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961-1990" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology - MeteoSwiss. Archived from the original on 27 June 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2009., the weather station elevation is 505 meters above sea level.