World Festival of Youth and Students

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The 10th World Festival of Youth and Students in 1973 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-M0804-0734, Berlin, 10. Weltfestspiel, Demonstration.jpg
The 10th World Festival of Youth and Students in 1973

The World Festival of Youth and Students is an international event organized by the World Federation of Democratic Youth (WFDY) and the International Union of Students after 1947. Initially pluralist, the event became an outlet for Soviet propaganda for foreign audiences during the Cold War. [1]

Contents

History

The festival has been held regularly since 1947 as an event of global youth solidarity for democracy and against war and imperialism. The largest festival was the 6th, held in 1957 in Moscow, when 34,000 young people from 131 countries attended the event. This festival also marked the international debut of the song "Moscow Nights", which subsequently went on to become perhaps the most widely recognized Russian song in the world. Until the 19th festival in Sochi, Russia in 2017 (with 185 countries participating), [2] the largest festival by number of countries with participants was the 13th, held in 1989 in Pyongyang when 177 countries attended the event. [3]

The most recent festival took place in Sochi, Russia, from 13 to 22 October 2017.

Editions

EditionYearLogoCountryHost CityParticipantsNumber of Represented CountriesMotto
1st 1947 Fmje-1.jpg Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia Prague 17,00071"Youth Unite, Forward for Lasting Peace!"
2nd 1949 Fmje-2.jpg Flag of Hungary (1949-1956; 1-2 aspect ratio).svg Hungary Budapest 20,00082"Youth Unite, Forward for Lasting Peace, Democracy, National Independence and a better future for the people"
3rd 1951 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-10013-0001, III. Weltfestspiele, Emblem.jpg Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany East Berlin 26,000104"For Peace and Friendship – Against Nuclear Weapons"
4th 1953 Fmje-4.jpg Flag of Romania (1952-1965).svg Romania Bucharest 30,000111"No! Our generation will not serve death and destruction!."
5th 1955 Fmje-5.jpg Flag of Poland (1928-1980).svg Poland Warsaw 30,000114"For Peace and Friendship – Against the Aggressive Imperialist Pacts"
6th 1957 Fmje-6.jpg Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Moscow 34,000131"For Peace and Friendship"
7th 1959 Fmje-7.jpg Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Vienna 18,000112"For Peace and Friendship and Peaceful Coexistence"
8th 1962 Fmje-8.jpg Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Helsinki 18,000137"For Peace and Friendship"
9th 1968 Fmje-9.jpg Flag of Bulgaria (1967-1971).svg Bulgaria Sofia 20,000138"For Solidarity, Peace and Friendship"
10th 1973 Fmje-10.jpg Flag of East Germany.svg  East Germany East Berlin 25,600140"For Anti-Imperialist Solidarity, Peace and Friendship"
11th 1978 Fmje-11.jpg Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba Havana 18,500145"For Anti-Imperialist Solidarity, Peace and Friendship"
12th 1985 Fmje-12.jpg Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union Moscow 26,000157"For Anti-Imperialist Solidarity, Peace and Friendship"
13th 1989 Pyongyang13thWorldFestivalforYouthsandStudents.svg Flag of North Korea (1948-1992).svg  North Korea Pyongyang 22,000177"For Anti-Imperialist Solidarity, Peace and Friendship"
14th 1997 Fmje-14.jpg Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba Havana 12,325136"For Anti-Imperialist Solidarity, Peace and Friendship"
15th 2001 Fmje-15.jpg Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria Algiers 6,500110"Let’s Globalize the Struggle For Peace, Solidarity, Development, Against Imperialism"
16th 2005 Fmje-16.jpg Flag of Venezuela (1930-1954).svg  Venezuela Caracas 17,000144"For Peace and Solidarity, We Struggle Against Imperialism and War"
17th 2010 17th World Festival of Youth and Students logo.jpg Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Pretoria 15,000126"Let's Defeat Imperialism, for a World of Peace, Solidarity and Social Transformation!"
18th 2013Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador Quito 8,50080 [4] "Youth Unite Against Imperialism, for a World of Peace, Solidarity and Social Transformation!"
19th 2017 RR5111-0363R.png Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Sochi 30,000185 [5] "For peace, solidarity and social justice, we struggle against imperialism. Honoring our past, we build the future!"

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19th World Festival of Youth and Students

The 19th World Festival of Youth and Students (WFYS) was opened on October 14, 2017 in Sochi, Russia. The festival attracted 20,000 people from 180 countries. The opening ceremony of the Festival was held in the arena of the Bolshoy Ice Dome in Sochi. The official slogan of the festival is "For peace, solidarity and social justice, we are fighting against imperialism - respecting our past, we are building our future!". This was the 3rd World Festival of Youth and Students on Russian territory, with the 6th and 12th festivals being held in Moscow in 1957, and 1985.

17th World Festival of Youth and Students

The 17th World Festival of Youth and Students (WFYS) was an event that was opened on December 13, 2010 in the South African capital of Pretoria and was organized by the World Federation of Democratic Youth (WFDY). The festival attracted 15,000 people from close to 130 countries and was held under the slogan, "Let's Defeat Imperialism, for a World of Peace, Solidarity and Social Transformation!". It was the second time that an edition of the WFYS has been held in Africa, with the other being in Algeria in 2001

8th World Festival of Youth and Students

The Eighth World Festival of Youth and Students (WFYS) was held in 1962, in Helsinki, the capital of Finland.

References

  1. Kotek, Joel (1996). Students and the Cold War. London: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 63–4. ISBN   978-1-349-24840-7.
  2. "#WFYS2017". russia2017.com.
  3. "North Korea's Would-Be Olympics: A Tale of a Cold War Boondoggle". nytimes.com.
  4. "El festival busca que los jóvenes tengan presencia". telegrafo.com.ec.
  5. "#WFYS2017". russia2017.com.