1919 in South Africa

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1919
in
South Africa

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The following lists events that happened during 1919 in South Africa .

1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1919th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 919th year of the 2nd millennium, the 19th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1910s decade. As of the start of 1919, the Gregorian calendar was 13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Union of South Africa state in southern Africa from 1910 to 1961, predecessor to the Republic of South Africa

The Union of South Africa is the historical predecessor to the present-day Republic of South Africa. It came into being on 31 May 1910 with the unification of the Cape Colony, the Natal Colony, the Transvaal, and the Orange River Colony. It included the territories that were formerly a part of the South African Republic and the Orange Free State.

Contents

Incumbents

George V King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India

George V was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions, and Emperor of India, from 6 May 1910 until his death in 1936.

The British office of high commissioner for Southern Africa was responsible for governing British possessions in Southern Africa, latterly the protectorates Basutoland, the Bechuanaland Protectorate and Swaziland, as well as for relations with autonomous governments in the area.

Sydney Buxton, 1st Earl Buxton British politician

Sydney Charles Buxton, 1st Earl Buxton, was a radical British Liberal politician of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Events

April
August
September
Prime Minister of South Africa position

The Prime Minister of South Africa was the head of government in South Africa between 1910 and 1984.

German South West Africa former colony of the German Empire

German South West Africa was a colony of the German Empire from 1884 until 1919. With an area of 835,100 km², it was one and a half times the size of the mainland German Empire in Europe at the time. The colony had a population of around 2,600 Germans.

November
Noon Gun

The Noon Gun has been a historic time signal in Cape Town, South Africa since 1806. It consists of a pair of black powder Dutch naval guns, fired alternatingly with one serving as a backup. The guns are situated on Signal Hill, close to the centre of the city.

Armistice Day commemoration on November 11 of the armistice signed between the Allies of World War I and Germany in 1918

Armistice Day is commemorated every year on 11 November to mark the armistice signed between the Allies of World War I and Germany at Compiègne, France at 5:45 am, for the cessation of hostilities on the Western Front of World War I, which took effect at eleven o'clock in the morning—the "eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month" of 1918. But, according to Thomas R. Gowenlock, an intelligence officer with the US First Division, shelling from both sides continued for the rest of the day, only ending at nightfall. The armistice initially expired after a period of 36 days and had to be extended several times. A formal peace agreement was only reached when the Treaty of Versailles was signed the following year.

Remembrance Day memorial day on 11 November

Remembrance Day is a memorial day observed in Commonwealth member states since the end of the First World War to remember the members of their armed forces who have died in the line of duty. Following a tradition inaugurated by King George V in 1919, the day is also marked by war remembrances in many non-Commonwealth countries. Remembrance Day is observed on 11 November in most countries to recall the end of hostilities of First World War on that date in 1918. Hostilities formally ended "at the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month", in accordance with the armistice signed by representatives of Germany and the Entente between 5:12 and 5:20 that morning. The First World War officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on 28 June 1919.

Births

Peter Abrahams South African novelist, journalist and political commentator (1919–2017)

Peter Henry Abrahams Deras, commonly known as Peter Abrahams, was a South African-born novelist, journalist and political commentator who in 1956 settled in Jamaica, where he lived for the rest of his life. His death at the age of 97 is considered to have been murder.

Mary Benson was a South African civil rights campaigner and author.

Deaths

Class 12A Class 12A no. 1520.jpg
Class 12A
Class 16C SAR Class 16C (4-6-2) (1).jpg
Class 16C
Class NG G11 Class NG G11 no. 51 works picture.jpg
Class NG G11

Railways

Railway lines opened

Locomotives

Two new Cape gauge and one narrow gauge locomotive types enter service on the South African Railways (SAR):

Related Research Articles

The following lists events that happened during 1925 in South Africa.

The following lists events that happened during 1914 in South Africa.

The following lists events that happened during 1913 in South Africa.

The following lists events that happened during 1910 in South Africa.

The following lists events that happened during 1902 in South Africa.

The following lists events that happened during 1921 in South Africa.

The following lists events that happened during 1922 in South Africa.

The following lists events that happened during 1917 in South Africa.

The following lists events that happened during 1911 in South Africa.

The following lists events that happened during 1901 in South Africa.

The following lists events that happened during 1900 in South Africa.

The following lists events that happened during 1918 in South Africa.

The following lists events that happened during 1916 in South Africa.

The following lists events that happened during 1907 in South Africa.

The following lists events that happened during 1927 in South Africa.

The following lists events that happened during 1931 in South Africa.

The following lists events that happened during 1908 in South Africa.

The following lists events that happened during 1915 in South Africa.

The following lists events that happened during 1929 in South Africa.

South African Class NG G14 2-6-2+2-6-2 class of 1 South African 2-6-2+2-6-2 Garratt locomotive

The South African Railways Class NG G14 2-6-2+2-6-2 of 1931 was an articulated narrow gauge steam locomotive.

References

  1. Archontology.org: A Guide for Study of Historical Offices: South Africa: Governors-General: 1910-1961 (Accessed on 14 April 2017)
  2. 1 2 Royal Canadian Legion Branch # 138."2-Minute Wave of Silence" Revives a Time-honoured Tradition. Accessed on 5 June 2014.
  3. Statement Showing, in Chronological Order, the Date of Opening and the Mileage of Each Section of Railway, Statement No. 19, p. 188, ref. no. 200954-13
  4. 1 2 Paxton, Leith; Bourne, David (1985). Locomotives of the South African Railways (1st ed.). Cape Town: Struik. pp. 55, 105–106. ISBN   0869772112.
  5. 1 2 Durrant, A. E. (1989). Twilight of South African Steam (1st ed.). Newton Abbott, London: David & Charles. pp. 92–93, 123. ISBN   0715386387.