1937 Tonbridge by-election

Last updated

The Tonbridge by-election of 1937 was held on 23 March 1937. The by-election was held due to the death of the incumbent Conservative MP, Herbert Spender-Clay. It was won by the Conservative candidate Adrian Baillie. [1]

Contents

Candidates

Adrian Baillie had previously been the Unionist MP for the normally Labour seat of Linlithgowshire from 1931 to 1935.

The Liberal challenger was 59 year-old [2] Borlase Matthews. He was Liberal candidate at Henley for the 1931 general election, the 1932 Henley by-election and at Ashford for the 1935 general election. [3] He was an engineer but left engineering to take up farming. He was a Member of the Council of the Royal Agricultural Society. He was a Member of the Electricity Commissioners Rural Electrification Conference. He was Chairman of the Rural Reconstruction Association. He was also an author of several books and papers on farming. [4]

Result

Tonbridge by-election, 1937 [5]
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Conservative Adrian Baillie 18,802 56.9 -4.4
Labour H Smith8,14724.7+0.1
Liberal Richard Borlase Matthews6,07318.4+4.3
Majority10,65532.2-4.3
Turnout 33,02258.2
Conservative hold Swing -2.2

Related Research Articles

Henley (UK Parliament constituency) Parliamentary constituency in the United Kingdom, 1885 onwards

Henley is a constituency in Oxfordshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2008 by John Howell, a member of the Conservative Party.

Wednesbury was a borough constituency in England's Black Country which returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1868 until it was abolished for the February 1974 general election.

The Altrincham by-election, 1933 was a parliamentary by-election held on 14 June 1933 for the British House of Commons constituency of Altrincham in Cheshire.

The Cheltenham by-election, 1928 was a parliamentary by-election held on 26 September 1928 for the British House of Commons constituency of Cheltenham in Gloucestershire.

The Maldon by-election, 1942 was a parliamentary by-election held on 25 June 1942 for the British House of Commons constituency of Maldon in Essex. It was one a series of by-elections in World War II won by radical independent candidates.

Rev. Gordon Lang was a Welsh Congregationalist minister and Labour Party politician. He was Member of Parliament (MP) for Oldham from 1929 until 1931, and for Stalybridge and Hyde from 1945 until 1951. He was related to his namesake, Cosmo Gordon Lang, who was Archbishop of Canterbury at the time Gordon Lang was first elected to parliament.

The Holland with Boston by-election, 1937 was a parliamentary by-election held on 24 June 1937 for the British House of Commons constituency of Holland with Boston.

The Henley by-election, 1932 was a parliamentary by-election held on 25 February 1932 for the House of Commons constituency of Henley.

T. Atholl Robertson

Thomas Atholl Robertson was a Scottish fine arts printer and publisher and Liberal politician.

Walter Windsor was a British Labour Party politician. A native of Bethnal Green in the East End of London, he held a seat in the House of Commons from 1923 to 1929, and from 1935 to 1945, when he died.

The Batley and Morley by-election, 1939 was a parliamentary by-election held in the United Kingdom on 9 March 1939 for the House of Commons constituency of Batley and Morley in the West Riding of Yorkshire.

The North Dorset by-election, 1937 was a parliamentary by-election for the British House of Commons constituency of North Dorset on 13 July 1937.

The Brecon and Radnorshire by-election, 1939, was a parliamentary by-election held on 1 August 1939 for the British House of Commons constituency of Brecon and Radnorshire, in South Wales.

The Eddisbury by-election, 1943 was a parliamentary by-election for the British House of Commons constituency of Eddisbury on 7 April 1943.

The Combined English Universities by-election, 1937 was a parliamentary by-election for the British House of Commons dual member constituency of the Combined English Universities 22 March 1937.

The Chertsey by-election of 1937 was held on 2 July 1937. The by-election was held due to the death of the incumbent Conservative MP, Archibald Boyd-Carpenter.

The Perth by-election of 1935 was held on 16 April 1935. The by-election was held due to the succession to the peerage of the incumbent Liberal National MP, Mungo Murray. It was won by the Liberal National candidate Francis Norie-Miller.

The Stroud by-election of 1931 was held on 21 May 1931. The by-election was held due to the resignation of the incumbent Conservative MP, Sir Frank Nelson. It was won by the Conservative candidate Walter Perkins.

1930 Sheffield Brightside by-election UK Parliamentary by-election

The Sheffield Brightside by-election of 1930 was held on 6 February 1930. The by-election was held due to the elevated to the peerage of the incumbent Labour MP, Arthur Ponsonby. It was won by the Labour candidate Fred Marshall.

1928 Holborn by-election UK Parliamentary by-election

The Holborn by-election of 1928 was held on 28 June 1928. The by-election was held due to the elevation to the peerage of the incumbent Conservative MP, James Remnant. It was won by the Conservative candidate Stuart Bevan.

References

  1. http://www.leighrayment.com/commons.htm
  2. Who's who in Engineering, 1921
  3. The Times House of Commons, 1935
  4. The Times House of Commons, 1931
  5. British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig