3 Mile, Lae

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3 Mile
Suburb
3 MileAgriculturaTrainingCentreBuildings.jpg
3 Mile Agricultural Training Centre buildings on foothills of Atzera Range
1200px Lae suburban map of Papua New Guinea.png
Red pog.svg
3 Mile
Location in Lae
Coordinates: 6°42′50″S146°57′11″E / 6.71389°S 146.95306°E / -6.71389; 146.95306 Coordinates: 6°42′50″S146°57′11″E / 6.71389°S 146.95306°E / -6.71389; 146.95306
CountryFlag of Papua New Guinea.svg Papua New Guinea
Province Morobe Province
District Lae District
Time zone UTC+10 (AEST)

3 Mile is a suburb of Lae in the Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea.

Contents

Geography

3 Mile is located 3 miles (4.8 km) from the center of Lae on the Highlands Highway between the foothills of the Atzera Range and the Markham River. The Atzera Range starts at Bugandi and runs adjacent to the Markham River has an elevation of 280 meters above sea level. [1] [2]

Anticlines in the vicinity of Lae, such as the Atzera Range and hills near Situm, appear to indicate that the Ramu-Markham Fault (which follows the northern edge of the Markham Valley) changes dip close to the surface from a steep ramp to a shallow fault, breaching the surface south of Lae. [3]

Before the construction of the Highlands Highway, a road in the Atzera foothills connected Nadzab with Lae and a rough trail on the other side of the Atzeras paralleled this road from Lae to Yalu. Jensen's plantation was located in the Markham Valley and the location of battles between Japanese and Australian soldiers. On 10 September the 25th Australian Infantry Brigade moved East from Nadzab towards Lae along the Atzera foothills while the 9th Division approached Lae from the East and on 16 September both units converged on Lae [4]

The Lae Seismic Zone has been identified between the Atzera Range and Situm [5] which has the potential to generate shallow Mw~7.0 earthquakes and landslides around the Atzera Range. [3] The possibility of major landsides in this area has increased as a result of human modification to the natural vegetation cover through clearing and gardening. [6]

The 1983 floods remain the worst natural disaster since the establishment of the town in the late 1920s. Hundreds of people at the Five Mile settlement along the Highland Highway were also affected by mud-slides from the Atzera mountain ranges. [7]

3 mile AgriculturalTrainingCenter.jpg
View facing East -front gate of the Lae in Service Training Centre on foothills of Atzera Range

Atzera Hills Project

In 1978 the Human Ecology Programme of the Department of Minerals and Energy, assisted by the UNEP and Unesco (Man and the Biosphere MAB Project 11) and in co-operation with the Lae City Council, instigated the Atzera Hills Project, described as an ecologically sound management system to arrest the rapid deterioration and loss of productive capacity of 600 ha of Atzera Hills. [8]

The Atzera project folded after only three years despite efforts to train and raise awareness on the benefits of charcoal, the uptake in PNG households was minimal. [9]

Heavy rains in 2005 resulted in the Morobe administration highlighting the vulnerability of the city to the weather and recommending that a major rehabilitation program be started immediately to reforest the surrounding hills behind the city to prevent soil erosion. This problem has been exacerbated as a result of the increased number of squatter settlements. [10]

Economy

The 3-Mile breeder unit is the first one established in Lae where work has focused on cross-breeding different varieties of chicken (Tok Pisin|Kakaruk). [11]

The Department of Agriculture & Livestock exists to "enable the increase in agricultural production for domestic consumption and export, thus increasing the well being and contributing to social economic development". [12] [lower-alpha 1] The Education & Training Branch manages the Animal Industry Centre and operates as an In-Service Co-ordination Centre for all courses conducted by the Department. [12] The Animal Industry Centre is a quarantine station, regional store and base for the District Veterinary Officer. [13] [14] Theoretical training is given at Animal Industry In-service Training Center and practical work is carried out on cattle, pigs and poultry projects as well as the department's cattle breeding and research station at ERAPS. [15]

Law and Order

In October 2011, a group of teenagers from the Garaina area of Bulolo District engaged in a crime spree lasting three weeks. In retaliation, a gang of 30 men including 3-Mile community leaders retaliated by burning 25 houses belonging to the criminals, resulting in one suspected criminal's death. [16]

In March 2013, a group of men attacked a family during a funeral and set fire to the coffin containing the deceased. [17]

Sport

The 3 Mile Brothers is a rugby league team and a contender in the country's biggest Rugby League Off-season Competition, The Coca Cola Ipatas Cup. [18] [19]

Notes

  1. National Executive Council (NEC) Decision No.157/90

Related Research Articles

Lae City in Morobe, Papua New Guinea

Lae is the capital of Morobe Province and is the second-largest city in Papua New Guinea. It is located near the delta of the Markham River and at the start of the Highlands Highway, which is the main land transport corridor between the Highlands region and the coast. Lae is the largest cargo port of the country and is the industrial hub of Papua New Guinea. The city is known as the Garden City and home of the University of Technology.

Morobe Province Place in Papua New Guinea

Morobe Province is a province on the northern coast of Papua New Guinea. The provincial capital and largest city is Lae. The province covers 33,705 km², with a population of 674,810, and since the division of Southern Highlands Province in May 2012 it is the most populous province. It includes the Huon Peninsula, the Markham River, and delta, and coastal territories along the Huon Gulf. The province has nine administrative districts. At least 101 languages are spoken, including Kâte and Yabem language. English and Tok Pisin are common languages in the urban areas, and in some areas pidgin forms of German are mixed with the native language.

Eastern Highlands Province Place in Papua New Guinea

Eastern Highlands is a highlands province of Papua New Guinea. The provincial capital is Goroka. The province covers an area of 11,157 km², and has a population of 579,825. The province shares a common administrative boundary with Madang Province to the north, Morobe Province to the east, Gulf Province to the south, and Simbu Province to the west. The province is the home of the Asaro mud mask that is displayed at shows and festivals within the province and in the country. It is reachable by air and road transport.

Lae Nadzab Airport is a regional airport located at Nadzab 42 kilometres (26 mi) outside Lae, Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea along the Highlands Highway. It is served by both private and regional aircraft with domestic flights. The airport replaced the Lae Airfield in 1977.

Malahang Suburb in Lae District, Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea

Malahang is a suburb of Lae, Morobe Province in Papua New Guinea.

Nadzab Village in Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea

Nadzab Village is in the Markham Valley, Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea on the Highlands Highway. Administratively, it is located in Gapsongkeg ward of Wampar Rural LLG. The Nadzab Airport is located East of Nadzab Village and was the site of the only Allied paratrooper assault in New Guinea on 5 September 1943.

Lae Airfield closed airport in Lae, Papua New Guinea

Lae Airfield is a former World War II airfield and later, civilian airport located at Lae, Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea. The airport was closed in the 1980s, in favour of Lae Nadzab Airport, which was able to accommodate larger jet aircraft. The airport was known as Lae Drome or Lae Aerodrome

Malahang Mission Station, Lae

The Malahang Mission Station is a Lutheran filial station situated in Malahang, Morobe Province in Papua New Guinea now under the auspices of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Papua New Guinea. The Mission station is located on Busu Road, Malahang opposite the Malahang Industrial Area.

Taraka, Papua New Guinea Suburb in Lae District, Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea

Taraka is a suburb of Lae in the Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea. The main campus for the Papua New Guinea University of Technology is located in Taraka.

Tent City, Papua New Guinea Suburb in Lae District, Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea

Tent City is a suburb of Lae in the Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea. The main campus for the Papua New Guinea University of Technology is located 1 kilometre to the South of Tent City.

Bumayong Suburb in Lae District, Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea

Bumayong is an outer suburb of Lae in the Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea.

Situm Village in Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea

Situm is a village outside of Lae in Labuta Rural LLG, Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea.

Dowsett, Papua New Guinea Suburb in Lae District, Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea

Dowsett is a suburb of Lae in the Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea.

Eriku Suburb in Lae District, Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea

Eriku is a suburb of Lae in the Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea.

Bugandi Suburb in Lae District, Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea

Bugandi is a suburb of Lae in the Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea.

Yalu, Papua New Guinea Village in Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea

Yalu is a large village in Wampar Rural LLG, located in the Markham Valley of Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea. It lies along the Highlands Highway 21.5 kilometres (13.4 mi) north-west of Lae, 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) southeast of Nadzab. The landscape is typically lowland rainforest.

6 Mile, Lae Suburb in Lae District, Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea

6 Mile is a suburb of Lae in the Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea.

9 Mile, Lae Village in Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea

9 Mile is a large village in the Markham Valley of Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea. It lies along the Highlands Highway 9 miles (14 km) from the center of Lae between the foothills of the Atzera Range and the Markham River. The Atzera Range starts at Bugandi and runs adjacent to the Markham River has an elevation of 280 meters above sea level. northwest of Lae, 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) southeast of Nadzab. The landscape is typically lowland rainforest.

History of Lae

As the township of Lae, in Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea is a relatively new entity, the history of the Lae environs is much older.

ANGAU General Hospital Hospital in Morobe, Papua New Guinea

ANGAU Hospital is a major hospital in Lae, Papua New Guinea. Named after an Australian Army unit that was responsible for the civil administration of the Territory of Papua and the Mandated Territory of New Guinea, the hospital provides in-patient and specialist medical services to people in the Sepik, Madang and Morobe provinces. In 2013–14, the Australian government announced that it would contribute to the hospital's redevelopment as part of a deal with the PNG government relating to the resettlement of asylum seekers.

References

  1. "Atzera Range". GeoView. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
  2. "Atzera Range". TravelsRadiate. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
  3. 1 2 43rd Association of Surveyors PNG Congress, Lae; Richard Stanaway; Laura Wallace; Zebedee Sombo; Johnson Peter; Trevor Palusi; Ben Safomea; John Nathan (12–15 August 2009). "Lae, a City caught between two plates – 15 years of Deformation Measurements with GPS" (PDF). Focus on Challenges; Society-Space-Surveyors.
  4. Miller (jnr), John. "CHAPTER XI The Markham Valley and the Huon Peninsula". Hyperwar. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
  5. Kulig, Christopher; McCaffrey, Robert; Abers, Geoffrey A.; Letz, Horst (November 1993). "Shallow seismicity of arc-continent collision near Lae, Papua New Guinea". Tectonophysics. 1. 227 (1–4): 81–93. doi:10.1016/0040-1951(93)90088-2.
  6. Tau, Asigau. "Lae – Nabzad Development Plan Using Gis". Secretariat of the Pacific Community. Archived from the original on 5 March 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2014.
  7. KAITILLA, S; YAMBUI, A (1996). "Intervention in PNG: The Case of Lae" (PDF). Disaster Management and Government. 20 (1): 61–63. doi:10.1111/j.1467-7717.1996.tb00515.x. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2014.
  8. DUBE, V.N. (1983). "FIREWOODCROPPING, FOOD CULTIVATION, AND CONSERVATION PLANTING A THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRATEGY FOR DISPLACED RURAL COMMUNITIES_THE CASE OF THE ATZERA HILLS, LAE, PAPUA NEW GUINEA" (PDF). Mountain Research and Development. Lae City Interim Authority. 3 (4): 422–428. doi:10.2307/3673051. JSTOR   3673051.
  9. Murphy, MEG (2009). What is free about fuelwood? A critique of the value of fuelwood in the rural and squatter settlement households in the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea. PhD thesis, Southern Cross University.
  10. Editorial (7 September 2005). "PNG'S LAE IN NEED OF MAJOR REHABILITATION". Post Courier. Archived from the original on 4 March 2014.
  11. South Pacific Bulletin. 20. South Pacific Commission University of California. 1970. p. 61.
  12. 1 2 Department of Agriculture and Livestock. "About us". Archived from the original on 2 March 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2014.
  13. Report. the University of California. 1969. p. 22.
  14. Papua New Guinea. Dept. of Agriculture, Stock and Fisheries (1965). Report. p. 22.
  15. World Directory of Schools for Animal Health Assistants. World Health Organization. 1974. p. 97.
  16. Kivia, Haiveta (28 October 2011). "MURDER, MAYHEM TRIGGERS VIGILANTES IN PNG'S LAE – Community up in arms over murderous gang". Post Courier. Archived from the original on 2 March 2014.
  17. medianiuginiEMTV12 (20 March 2013). "Coffin containing deceased burnt during clash". EMTV. YouTube. Retrieved 2 March 2014.
  18. RLSpotlight (23 December 2013). "Coca Cola Ipatas Cup ready for its 15th year".
  19. "Ipatas cup challenge kick starts". PNG Edge. 21 December 2013. Archived from the original on 2 March 2014. Retrieved 2 March 2014.