American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Last updated
ASME
Formation1880
Typenot-for-profit membership organization
HeadquartersNew York City, U.S.
Location
  • Two Park Avenue
    New York
    NY 10016-5990
    United States
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
110,000+ in over 150 countries
Official language
English
President [1]
Karen Ohland
Immediate Past President
Mahantesh Hiremath
Executive Director [2]
Thomas Costabile
Affiliations AIChE
Engineering for Change
Website www.asme.org

The American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) is an American professional association that, in its own words, "promotes the art, science, and practice of multidisciplinary engineering and allied sciences around the globe" via "continuing education, training and professional development, codes and standards, research, conferences and publications, government relations, and other forms of outreach." [3] ASME is thus an engineering society, a standards organization, a research and development organization, an advocacy organization, [4] a provider of training and education, and a nonprofit organization. Founded as an engineering society focused on mechanical engineering in North America, ASME is today multidisciplinary and global.

Contents

ASME has over 85,000 members in more than 135 countries worldwide. [5] [6]

ASME was founded in 1880 by Alexander Lyman Holley, Henry Rossiter Worthington, John Edison Sweet and Matthias N. Forney in response to numerous steam boiler pressure vessel failures. [7] Known for setting codes and standards for mechanical devices, ASME conducts one of the world's largest technical publishing operations, [8] holds numerous technical conferences and hundreds of professional development courses each year, and sponsors numerous outreach and educational programs. Kate Gleason and Lydia Weld were the first two women members. [9]

ASME codes and standards

ASME is one of the oldest standards-developing organizations in America. It produces approximately 600 codes and standards covering many technical areas, such as fasteners, plumbing fixtures, elevators, pipelines, and power plant systems and components. ASME's standards are developed by committees of subject matter experts using an open, consensus-based process. Many ASME standards are cited by government agencies as tools to meet their regulatory objectives. ASME standards are therefore voluntary, unless the standards have been incorporated into a legally binding business contract or incorporated into regulations enforced by an authority having jurisdiction, such as a federal, state, or local government agency. ASME's standards are used in more than 100 countries and have been translated into numerous languages. [10]

ASME boiler and pressure vessel code (BPVC)

The largest ASME standard, both in size and in the number of volunteers involved in its preparation, is the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC). The BPVC provides rules for the design, fabrication, installation, inspection, care, and use of boilers, pressure vessels, and nuclear components. The code also includes standards on materials, welding and brazing procedures and qualifications, nondestructive examination, and nuclear in-service inspection.

Other notable standardization areas

Other Notable Standardization Areas include but not limited to are; Elevators and Escalators (A17 Series), Overhead and Mobile Cranes and related lifting and rigging equipment (B30 Series), Piping and Pipelines (B31 Series), Bio-processing Equipment (BPE), Valves Flanges, Fittings and Gaskets (B16), Nuclear Components and Processes Performance Test Codes.

Society awards

ASME offers four categories of awards: achievement awards to recognize "eminently distinguished engineering achievement"; literature awards for original papers; service awards for voluntary service to ASME; and unit awards, jointly awarded by six societies in recognition of advancement in the field of transportation. [11]

ASME Fellows

ASME Fellow is a Membership Grade of Distinction conferred by The ASME Committee of Past Presidents [12] to an ASME member with significant publications or innovations and distinguished scientific and engineering background. Over 3,000 members have attained the grade of Fellow. [12] The ASME Fellow membership grade is the highest elected grade in ASME. [13]

ASME E-Fests

ASME runs several annual E-Fests, or Engineering Festivals, [14] taking the place of the Student Professional Development Conference (SPDC) series. [15] In addition to the Human Powered Vehicle Challenge (HPVC), the Innovative Additive Manufacturing 3D Challenge (IAM3D), the Student Design Competition, and the Old Guard Competition, [16] there are also talks, interactive workshops, and entertainment. [17] These events allows students to network with working engineers, host contests, and promote ASME's benefits to students as well as professionals. E-Fests are held in four regions in the United States and internationally [18] —western U.S, eastern U.S., Asia Pacific, and South America—with the E-Fest location for each region changing every year. [19]

Student competitions

ASME holds a variety of competitions every year for engineering students from around the world. [20]

Organization

AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS. 12 WEST 31ST St, 19th century headquarters (King1893NYC) pg328 AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS. 12 WEST 31ST STREET.jpg
AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS. 12 WEST 31ST St, 19th century headquarters

ASME has four key offices in the United States, [21] including its headquarters operation in New York, N.Y., and three international offices in Beijing, China; Brussels, Belgium, and New Delhi, India. ASME has two institutes and 32 technical divisions within its organizational structure. Volunteer activity is organized into four sectors: Technical Events and Content, Public Affairs and Outreach, Standards and Certification, and Student and Early Career Development.

Controversy

In 1982, ASME was found to be the first non-profit organization to in violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act. The United States Supreme Court found the organization liable for more than $6 million in American Society of Mechanical Engineers v. Hydrolevel Corp.

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boiler</span> Closed vessel in which fluid is heated

A boiler is a closed vessel in which fluid is heated. The fluid does not necessarily boil. The heated or vaporized fluid exits the boiler for use in various processes or heating applications, including water heating, central heating, boiler-based power generation, cooking, and sanitation.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pressure vessel</span> Vessel for pressurised gases or liquids

A pressure vessel is a container designed to hold gases or liquids at a pressure substantially different from the ambient pressure.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boilermaker</span> Tradesperson who fabricates steel, iron, or copper into boilers

A boilermaker is a tradesperson who fabricates steel, iron, or copper into boilers and other large containers intended to hold hot gas or liquid, as well as maintains and repairs boilers and boiler systems.

Welder certification, is a process which examines and documents a welder's capability to create welds of acceptable quality following a well defined welding procedure.

Engineering ethics is the field of system of moral principles that apply to the practice of engineering. The field examines and sets the obligations by engineers to society, to their clients, and to the profession. As a scholarly discipline, it is closely related to subjects such as the philosophy of science, the philosophy of engineering, and the ethics of technology.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">College of Engineering, Adoor</span>

The Government College of Engineering, Adoor (CEA) is a college in Adoor, Pathanamthitta District, Kerala, India, located 3 km from the town centre at Manakala. It is affiliated with the APJ Abdul Kalam Technological University and is run under the aegis of the Institute of Human Resources Development, an institute of the government of Kerala. The College was inaugurated in 1995 by the Chief Minister of Kerala A K Antony. College of Engineering Adoor is recognized by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE). Recently the college has been selected in Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme (TEQIP) Phase II. It is one of the major engineering colleges in Pathanamthitta District and is one of the eight engineering colleges in the District.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">American Welding Society</span>

The American Welding Society (AWS) was founded in 1919 as a non-profit organization to advance the science, technology and application of welding and allied joining and cutting processes, including brazing, soldering and thermal spraying.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Welding Procedure Specification</span>

A Welding Procedure Specification (WPS) is the formal written document describing welding procedures, which provides direction to the welder or welding operators for making sound and quality production welds as per the code requirements. The purpose of the document is to guide welders to the accepted procedures so that repeatable and trusted welding techniques are used. A WPS is developed for each material alloy and for each welding type used. Specific codes and/or engineering societies are often the driving force behind the development of a company's WPS. A WPS is supported by a Procedure Qualification Record. A PQR is a record of a test weld performed and tested to ensure that the procedure will produce a good weld. Individual welders are certified with a qualification test documented in a Welder Qualification Test Record (WQTR) that shows they have the understanding and demonstrated ability to work within the specified WPS.

American Society of Mechanical Engineers v. Hydrolevel Corporation, 456 U.S. 556 (1982), is a United States Supreme Court case where a non-profit association, for the first time, was held liable for treble damages under the Sherman Antitrust Act due to antitrust violations.

The ASME Boiler & Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC) is an American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) standard that regulates the design and construction of boilers and pressure vessels. The document is written and maintained by volunteers chosen for their technical expertise. The ASME works as an accreditation body and entitles independent third parties to inspect and ensure compliance to the BPVC.

The National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors (NBBI) is composed of chief boiler and pressure vessel inspectors representing states, cities, and provinces enforcing pressure equipment laws and regulations. Created to prevent death, injury and destruction, these laws and regulations represent the collective input of National Board members.

The Penn State College of Engineering is the engineering school of the Pennsylvania State University, headquartered at the University Park campus in University Park, Pennsylvania. It was established in 1896, under the leadership of George W. Atherton. Today, with 13 academic departments and degree programs, over 11,000 enrolled undergraduate and graduate students, and research expenditures of $124 million for the 2016-2017 academic year, the Penn State College of Engineering is in the top 20 of engineering schools in the United States. It is estimated that at least one out of every fifty engineers in the United States got their bachelor's degree from Penn State. Dr. Justin Schwartz currently holds the position of Harold and Inge Marcus Dean of Engineering.

ASME is a non-profit organization that continues to develop and maintains nearly 600 codes and standards in a wide range of disciplines. Some of which includes the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code (BPVC), Elevators and Escalators, Piping and Pipelines, Bioprocessing Equipment (BPE), Nuclear Facility Applications (NQA), Process Performance Test Codes (PTC), and Valves, Flanges, Fittings and Gaskets (B16).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">David Schenk Jacobus</span> American mechanical engineer

David Schenk Jacobus was an American mechanical engineer, head of the Engineering Department of Babcock & Wilcox, inventor and educator, who served as president of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers in the year 1916–17.

Reginald James Seymour Pigott was a British/American mechanical and consulting engineer, director of the engineering division of Gulf Research & Development Company, a subsidiary of Gulf Oil, and inventor.

Elmer Otto Bergman was an American civil, mechanical and consulting engineer at the University of Colorado and at C. F. Braun & Company, later KBR Inc. He served as the 83nd president of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers in the year 1964-65.

Madiha El Mehelmy Kotb is an Egyptian-born Canadian mechanical and consulting engineer and former executive at the Régie du Bâtiment du Québec (RBQ), who served as 132nd president of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers in 2013–2014.

J. Robert Sims is an American chemical and mechanical engineer, former research engineer at ExxonMobil, and inventor, who served as president of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers for the year 2014–15.

June Ling is a retired American mechanical engineer who worked for many years on standardization at the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).

References

  1. "Karen Ohland Begins Term as ASME's 141st President, Three New Members of the Board of Governors Announced". www.asme.org.
  2. "ASME Selects Thomas Costabile as Executive Director". www.asme.org.
  3. ASME. "ASME.org > About ASME" . Retrieved 2011-12-27.
  4. "Engineering Advocacy". Archived from the original on 2015-02-13.
  5. "ASME by the Numbers" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2022-10-13.
  6. "About ASME – At a Glance". ASME. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
  7. "Setting the Standard". History. ASME. Retrieved 2011-10-01.
  8. "The ASME Digital Collection". ASME. Retrieved 15 February 2017.
  9. "The Woman Engineer Vol 1". www2.theiet.org. Retrieved 2020-09-27.
  10. "Standards Are Global". History of ASME Standards. ASME. Retrieved 7 November 2011.
  11. "Honors & Awards". www.asme.org.
  12. 1 2 "Fellows". ASME. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
  13. "Award Descriptions & Applications". ASME IPTI. Archived from the original on 2011-11-12. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
  14. "ASME E-Fests™". efests.asme.org. Retrieved 2018-08-30.
  15. "ASME Competitions". Archived from the original on 2011-04-10.
  16. "ASME E-Fests™ Competitions". efests.asme.org. Retrieved 2018-08-30.
  17. "ASME E-Fests™". efests.asme.org. Retrieved 2018-08-30.
  18. "ASME E-Fests™". efests.asme.org. Retrieved 2018-08-30.
  19. "Student Professional Development Conference". ASME. Archived from the original on 2008-03-23. Retrieved 2008-03-27.
  20. "ASME Competitions". ASME. Retrieved 2012-06-25.
  21. "Contact Us". Archived from the original on 2011-03-21.

Further reading