Baarn

Last updated
Baarn
Municipality
Het kasteel op het landgoed Groeneveld te Baarn. Links oragerie.JPG
Baarn flag.svg
Flag
Coat of arms of Baarn.svg
Coat of arms
Map - NL - Municipality code 0308 (2009).svg
Location in Utrecht
Coordinates: 52°13′N5°17′E / 52.217°N 5.283°E / 52.217; 5.283 Coordinates: 52°13′N5°17′E / 52.217°N 5.283°E / 52.217; 5.283
Country Netherlands
Province Utrecht
Government [1]
  Body Municipal council
   Mayor Mark Röell (VVD)
Area [2]
  Total33.01 km2 (12.75 sq mi)
  Land32.53 km2 (12.56 sq mi)
  Water0.48 km2 (0.19 sq mi)
Elevation [3] 6 m (20 ft)
Population (August 2017) [4]
  Total24,665
  Density758/km2 (1,960/sq mi)
Demonyms Baarnaar, Barenaar
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode 3740–3749
Area code 035
Website www.baarn.nl

Baarn [baːrn]  ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ) is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht.

Netherlands Constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in Europe

The Netherlands is a country located mainly in Northwestern Europe. The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve separate provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom. Together with three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba— it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The official language is Dutch, but a secondary official language in the province of Friesland is West Frisian.

Utrecht (province) Province of the Netherlands

Utrecht is a province of the Netherlands. It is located in the centre of the country, bordering the Eemmeer in the north-east, the province of Gelderland in the east and south-east, the province of South Holland in the west and south-west and the province of North Holland in the north-west and north. With an area of approximately 1,400 square kilometres (540 sq mi), it is the smallest of the twelve Dutch provinces. Apart from its eponymous capital, major cities in the province are Amersfoort, Houten, Nieuwegein, Veenendaal, IJsselstein and Zeist.

Contents

The municipality Baarn

Topographic map of Baarn, June 2015 Gem-Baarn-OpenTopo.jpg
Topographic map of Baarn, June 2015

The municipality of Baarn consists of the following towns: Baarn, Eembrugge, Lage Vuursche.

Eembrugge Place in Utrecht, Netherlands

Eembrugge is a small village on the river Eem, east of Baarn. It received city rights in 1300. Eembrugge is partially in the municipality of Eemnes, partially in Baarn.

Lage Vuursche Village in Utrecht, Netherlands

Lage Vuursche is a village in the municipality of Baarn in the Netherlands. It lies about 5 km west of Soest, surrounded by woods, in the province of Utrecht.

The town Baarn

Paaskerk (Easter Church) in Baarn Paaskerk Baarn.jpg
Paaskerk (Easter Church) in Baarn

Baarn, the main town of the municipality, received city rights in 1391. The town lies about 8 km east of Hilversum.

Hilversum City and municipality in North Holland, Netherlands

Hilversum is a city and municipality in the province of North Holland, Netherlands. Located in the heart of the Gooi, it is the largest urban centre in that area. It is surrounded by heathland, woods, meadows, lakes, and smaller towns. Hilversum is part of the Randstad, one of the largest conurbations in Europe.

In 2001, the town of Baarn had a population of 22,871. The urban area of the town was 4.66 km2 (1.80 sq mi), and consisted of 10,076 residences. [5]

The royal family owns several houses around Baarn. The Soestdijk Palace in Baarn was the home of Queen Emma, Queen Juliana and Juliana's husband prince Bernard. Crown prince Willem Alexander and his brothers attended school ( Nieuwe Baarnse School and Het Baarnsch Lyceum ) in Baarn when Queen Beatrix (then princess) and her family lived at Castle Drakesteijn in the village of Lage Vuursche, before they moved to The Hague in 1980. A piece of forest, the Baarnse Bos, is adjacent to the palace and historically belonged to it.

Soestdijk Palace palace

Soestdijk Palace is a former palace of the Dutch Royal Family. It consists of a central block and two wings.

Juliana of the Netherlands Queen of the Netherlands from 1948 - 1980

Juliana was Queen of the Netherlands from 1948 until her abdication in 1980.

Beatrix of the Netherlands Queen of the Netherlands (1980-2013)

Beatrix of the Netherlands is a member of the Dutch royal family who reigned as Queen of the Netherlands from 30 April 1980 until her abdication on 30 April 2013.

Baarn's shopping facilities are mainly located in the Laanstraat. Other visitor destinations include 'het Cantonspark' (a botanical garden) and Groeneveld Castle. In the north and east there are polders, and the river Eem. Recreation resources include the woodlands south-west of Baarn, connecting Baarn to Soestdijk, and called 'Het Baarnsche Bos'.

Botanical garden well-tended area displaying a wide range of plants labelled with their botanical names

A botanical garden or botanic garden is a garden dedicated to the collection, cultivation, preservation and display of a wide range of plants labelled with their botanical names. It may contain specialist plant collections such as cacti and other succulent plants, herb gardens, plants from particular parts of the world, and so on; there may be greenhouses, shadehouses, again with special collections such as tropical plants, alpine plants, or other exotic plants. Visitor services at a botanical garden might include tours, educational displays, art exhibitions, book rooms, open-air theatrical and musical performances, and other entertainment.

Polder low-lying tract of land enclosed by embankments (barriers) known as dikes

A polder is a low-lying tract of land enclosed by dikes that form an artificial hydrological entity, meaning it has no connection with outside water other than through manually operated devices. There are three types of polder:

  1. Land reclaimed from a body of water, such as a lake or the sea bed
  2. Flood plains separated from the sea or river by a dike
  3. Marshes separated from the surrounding water by a dike and subsequently drained; these are also known as koogs especially in Germany

The Scout Centre Buitenzorg (Scouting Nederland) is located in Baarn. [6]

To the south lay the connecting road towards the city of Amersfoort, called 'Breemeentje'. This, approx. 10 km long straight of polder road, connects the town of Baarn to various roads in Soest and the industrial area of Amersfoort.

Due to good communications to Amsterdam, the town is home to a number of boutique international firms such as SEI Investments Company, Bain & Co and Cerberus Capital Management. Unilever's Conimex and software company Seyoda Games are located in Baarn.

Transport

Baarn has a railway station - Baarn railway station, with trains going every half-hour to Utrecht (Utrecht Centraal, 35 minutes), Amersfoort (Amersfoort, 10 minutes) and Amsterdam (Amsterdam Centraal, about 40 minutes).

The A1 motorway runs just north of Baarn.

Notable residents

Twin city

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Drakensteyn Castle

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Baarn railway station

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Baarnse Bos

The Baarnse Bos is a park/forest in the southern part of the municipality of Baarn, the province of Utrecht (province), the Netherlands. The area of the forest if approximately 80 hectares and is adjacent to the Soestdijk Palace.

References

  1. "Samenstelling college van B&W" [Members of the board of mayor and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Baarn. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  2. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  3. "Postcodetool for 3743EN". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 4 April 2014.
  4. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  5. Statistics Netherlands (CBS), Bevolkingskernen in Nederland 2001 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-03-19. Retrieved 2007-01-24.. Statistics are for the continuous built-up area.
  6. Fred Kelpin. "My Gilwell Training" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-17. Retrieved 2008-12-03.