Bidenichthys beeblebroxi

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Bidenichthys beeblebroxi
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Ophidiiformes
Family: Bythitidae
Genus: Bidenichthys
Species:
B. beeblebroxi
Binomial name
Bidenichthys beeblebroxi
(Paulin, 1995)

Bidenichthys beeblebroxi is a species of common reef fish [1] of the family Bythitidae, [2] and one of three species in the genus Bidenichthys . The species is found in the coastal waters off North Island and northern South Island, New Zealand. [3] It is a common, uniformly gray-brown fish, [3] ranging from SL 6.5–9.5 centimetres (2 123 34 in) long in one study, [4] found in holes beneath rocks and boulders [3] in kelp forest and other reef habitats [5] from the surface down to depths of 30 metres (98 ft). [3] The species was described by Paulin in 1995. [6] [7]

The species was named after the character Zaphod Beeblebrox in Douglas Adams' The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy . [8]

The common names gray or grey brotula [9] and orange cuskeel [10] were used to describe Bidenichthys consobrinus (F. W. Hutton, 1876) prior to Paulin's 1995 redescription of B. consobrinus and description of B. beeblebroxi, in which Paulin referred to "the common grey brotula, here described as a new species [B. beeblebroxi], and Hutton's 'consobrinus'...". [7]

Related Research Articles

Ophidiiformes is an order of ray-finned fish that includes the cusk-eels, pearlfishes, viviparous brotulas, and others. Members of this order have small heads and long slender bodies. They have either smooth scales or no scales, a long dorsal fin and an anal fin that typically runs into the caudal fin. They mostly come from the tropics and subtropics, and live in both freshwater and marine habitats, including abyssal depths. They have adopted a range of feeding methods and lifestyles, including parasitism. The majority are egg-laying, but some are viviparous.

Cusk-eels family of fishes

The cusk-eel family, Ophidiidae, is a group of marine bony fishes in the order Ophidiiformes. The scientific name is from the Greek ophis meaning "snake", and refers to their eel-like appearance. True eels, however, diverged from other ray-finned fish during the Jurassic, while cusk-eels are part of the Percomorpha clade, along with tuna, perch, seahorses, and others. Unlike true eels of the order Anguilliformes, cusk-eels have ventral fins that are developed into a forked barbel-like organ below the mouth. In the true eels by contrast, the ventral fins are never well-developed and usually missing entirely.

Frederick Wollaston Hutton scientist

Captain Frederick Wollaston Hutton, FRS, was an English-New Zealand scientist who applied the theory of natural selection to explain the origins and nature of the natural history of New Zealand. An army officer in early life, he then had an academic career in geology and biology. He became one of the most able and prolific nineteenth century naturalists of New Zealand.

Grey brotula species of fish

The grey brotula or orange cuskeel is a species of viviparous brotula found around northern New Zealand. A rare species that inhabits rocky areas at 30–178 m depth.

Viviparous brotula family of fishes

The viviparous brotulas form a family, the Bythitidae, of ophidiiform fishes. They are known as viviparous brotulas as they generally bear live young, although there are indications that some species do not. They are generally infrequently seen, somewhat tadpole-like in overall shape and mostly about 5–10 cm (2–4 in) in length, but some species grow far larger and may surpass 60 cm (2 ft).

<i>Saccogaster</i> genus of fishes

Saccogaster is a genus of viviparous brotulas. They are found in the western Atlantic and Indo-Pacific.

The worm pearlfish is an eel-like fish in the family Carapidae.

Acarobythites larsonae, or Larson's cusk, is a species of viviparous brotula fish only known from reefs off the coast of the Northern Territory, Australia. This species grows to a length of 2.5 centimetres (0.98 in) SL. This species is the only known member of genus Acarobythites. The specific name and common name both honour the curator of fishes at the Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory in Darwin, Northern Territory, Helen Larson who sent speciemsn of fish, especially Ophidiiformes, to the describer Yoshiko Machida for him to study.

<i>Bidenichthys</i> genus of fishes

Bidenichthys is a genus of viviparous brotulas.

Timorichthys is a genus of viviparous brotulas so far known from the East China Sea and the Timor Sea.

Eurypleuron is a genus of pearlfishes, with these currently recognized species:

The faceless cusk is a species of cusk-eel found in the Indian and Pacific Oceans at depths from 3,935 to 5,100 m. This species grows to 28.5 cm (11.2 in) in standard length, and is the only known member of its genus.

Bidenichthys capensis, the freetail brotula, is an uncommon South African fish of the family Bythitidae, and one of three species, and the type species, of the genus Bidenichthys. The species is found in intertidal zones and rocky tidepools ranging from East London to the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa. It grows up to 90 mm long TL.

Brotulotaenia brevicauda is a benthopelagic marine fish species in the family Ophidiidae. It is primarily found in the Atlantic Ocean but can also be found in the Indian, where it lives in deep water and grows up to 32 cm in length.

Grammonus nagaredai, or the Nagareda's viviparous brotula, is a species of viviparous brotula found in the Hawaiian Islands where it occurs at depths of around 106 millimetres (4.2 in).

<i>Brotula multibarbata</i> species of fish

Brotula barbata, commonly known as the goatsbeard brotula, is a species of cusk-eels in the genus Brotula. It lives in the Indo-Pacific, in depths of up to 300 meters. It is dark brown with a submarginal black band and narrow white border on the dorsal and anal fins versus greenish to orange brown with orange-bordered dorsal and anal fins, and it grows up to be around 100 centimeters. It has a carnivorous diet, and it is oviparous.

Brosmophycinae subfamily of fishes

Brosmophycinae is a subfamily of the viviparous brotulas. They are divided from the subfamily Bythitinae by having the dorsal fin, caudal fin and anal fin all separate whereas they are joined in the Bythitinae. It is divided into the tribes Dinematichthyini and Brosmophycini, with the first having hardened genital claspers and the second soft genital claspers. A review in 2016 elevated the Dinematichthyini to the status of a family the Dinematichthyidae.

Brosmophycini tribe of fishes

Brosmophycini is a tribe of viviparous brotula, one of two tribes in the subfamily Brosmophycinae. They are distinguished from the other brosmophycin tribe, the Dinematichthyini, by having a male intromittent organ which has no ossified parts, a scale-covered body and well developed gill rakers.

Bythitinae subfamily of fishes

Bythitinae is a subfamily of viviparous brotulas, one of the two subfamilies in the family Bythitidae. This subfamily is characterised by having the dorsal, caudal and anal fins combined. They are mostly found in temperate to tropical seas, from reefs to the benthopelagic zone, but some species from the North Atlantic Ocean occur in into Arctic waters.

Bythitoidei is a suborder of the order Ophidiiformes, the cusk eels. They are distinguished from the other Ophidiform suborder, the Ophidioidei, by being largely viviparous.

References

  1. Roberts, CD; Stewart, AL (2006). Diversity and biogeography of coastal fishes of the East Cape Region of New Zealand (PDF). Science for Conservation. Wellington, NZ: Science & Technical Publishing. p. 20. ISBN   0-478-14049-5. ISSN   1173-2946. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2013-12-24.
  2. "ITIS standard report page: Bidenichthys beeblebroxi (Paulin, 1995)". Integrated Taxonomic Information System . Archived from the original on 20 December 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Nielsen, JG; Cohen, DM; Markle, DF; Robins, CR (1999). FAO species catalog, Volume 18: Ophidiiform fishes of the world (Order Ophidiiformes): An annotated and illustrated catalogue of pearlfishes, cusk-eels, brotulas and other ophidiiform fishes known to date (PDF). FAO species catalog. 18. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. p. 118. ISBN   92-5-104375-2.[ permanent dead link ]
  4. Nielsen, JG; Schwarzhans, W; Møller, PR (2004). "Reassignment of Melodicthys paxtoni to the genus Fiordicthys (Teleostei, Bythitidae)" (PDF). Cybium. 28 (1): 37–41. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-08-18.
  5. Willis, TJ; Anderson, MJ (2003). "Structure of cryptic reef fish assemblages: relationships with habitat characteristics and predator density" (PDF). Marine Ecology Progress Series. 257: 209–221. doi:10.3354/meps257209. ISSN   0171-8630. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2013-12-24.
  6. "WoRMS taxon details - Bidenichthys beeblebroxi (Paulin, 1995)". World Register of Marine Species . Archived from the original on 20 December 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  7. 1 2 Paulin, C.D. (1995). "Description of a new genus and two new species of bythitid fishes, and a redescription ofBidenichthys consobrinus(Hutton) from New Zealand". Journal of Natural History. 29 (1): 249–258. doi:10.1080/00222939500770121. ISSN   0022-2933.
  8. Muckenfuss, Mark (12 May 2013). "UCR: New wasp carries university's name". The Press-Enterprise . Freedom Communications. Archived from the original on 20 December 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  9. "Common Names for Brelich's Snub-nosed Monkey (Pygathrix brelichi)". Encyclopedia of Life. Archived from the original on 24 December 2013. Retrieved 21 December 2013.
  10. Ayling, Tony; Cox, Geoffrey J. (1982). Collins Guide to the Sea Fishes of New Zealand. Collins. p. 153. ISBN   978-0-00-216987-5. Archived from the original on 2017-12-11.