Bilecik city center
|• Mayor||Selim Yağcı (AKP)|
|• District||840.47 km2 (324.51 sq mi)|
|• District density||80/km2 (210/sq mi)|
Bilecik is the provincial capital of Turkey's Bilecik Province. The population of the town is 62,320 (as of 2010 [update] ). The mayor is Selim Yağcı (AKP).
Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mainly in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, located in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous strait and the Dardanelles. Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. Istanbul is the largest city, but more central Ankara is the capital. Approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority; the size of the Kurdish population is a subject of dispute with estimates placing the figure at anywhere from 12 to 25 per cent of the population.
Bilecik Province is a province in midwest Turkey, neighboring Bursa to the west, Kocaeli and Sakarya to the north, Bolu to the east, Eskişehir to the southeast and Kütahya to the south, spanning an area of 4,307 km2. The population is 225,381. Most of the province laid down in Marmara Region but eastern parts of Gölpazarı and Söğüt district and districts of İnhisar and Yenipazar remained in Black Sea Region, smaller southeastern parts of Bozüyük and Söğüt remained in Central Anatolia Region and smaller southwestern part of Bozüyük remained in Aegean Region.
The Justice and Development Party, abbreviated officially AK Parti in Turkish, is a conservative political party in Turkey. Developed from the conservative tradition of Turkey's Ottoman past and its Islamic identity, the party is the largest in Turkey. Founded in 2001 by members of a number of existing conservative parties, the party has won pluralities in the six most recent legislative elections, those of 2002, 2007, 2011, June 2015, November 2015, and 2018. The party held a majority of seats for 13 years, but lost it in June 2015, only to regain it in the snap election of November 2015 but then lose it again in 2018. Its electoral success has been mirrored in the three local elections held since the party's establishment, coming first in 2004, 2009 and 2014 respectively. The current party leader is Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, the incumbent President of Turkey.
The town is famous for its numerous restored Turkish houses. It is increasingly becoming more attractive to tourists. With its rich architectural heritage, Bilecik is a member of the European Association of Historic Towns and Regions.
The Turkic peoples are a collection of ethno-linguistic groups of Central, Eastern, Northern and Western Asia as well as parts of Europe and North Africa. The origins of the Turkic people are to be found with people who lived in present-day South Siberia and Mongolia, while the roots of those people may be traced back to the West Liao River Basin. The Turkic peoples speak related languages belonging to the Turkic language family. They share, to varying degrees, certain cultural traits, common ancestry and historical backgrounds.
The European Association of Historic Towns and Regions (EAHTR), founded by the Congress of the Council of Europe in October 1999, is a self-governing organisation which groups together twelve associations, such as the Historic Towns Forum of Great Britain, from eleven states, namely the Czech Republic, Finland, Ireland, Malta, The Netherlands, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey and the United Kingdom, which claims to represent over 1,000 of Europe's historic towns.
30 kilometres (19 miles) southeast from Bilecik is Söğüt, a small town, where the Ottoman Empire was founded in 1299.
Söğüt is a town and district in Bilecik Province, Turkey. It is located in the Marmara region in the north-west of the country, with an area of 599 km2 (231 sq mi), bordering Bilecik to the west, Gölpazarı to the north, İnhisar to the north-east, Tepebaşı (Eskişehir) to the south-east, and Bozüyük to the south-west. Söğüt district has 5 boroughs and 23 villages, with the population last recorded as 21,012 citizens (2000), but according to a 2010 estimate the population was 19,425.
The Ottoman Empire, historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia in the town of Söğüt by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman I. After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans, the Ottoman beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire. The Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire with the 1453 conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed the Conqueror.
Bilecik has a mediterranean climate, with cool and often snowy winters and hot and dry summers. Summers are hot and dry with temperatures usually exceeding 30 °C (86 °F) in the height of summer, they are also the driest months. Winters are cold and it frequently snows between the months of December and March.
A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by dry summers and mild, wet winters. The climate receives its name from the Mediterranean Basin, where this climate type is most common. Mediterranean climate zones are typically located along the western sides of continents, between roughly 30 and 45 degrees north and south of the equator. The main cause of Mediterranean, or dry summer climate, is the subtropical ridge which extends northwards during the summer and migrates south during the winter due to greater temperature differences.
|Climate data for Bilecik|
|Average high °C (°F)||6.0|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||2.5|
|Average low °C (°F)||−0.3|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||50.5|
|Average rainy days||13.8||13.1||12.5||11.3||10.1||7.6||4.6||3.7||5.3||8.8||10.6||13.5||114.9|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||102.3||106.4||151.9||183||254.2||294||322.4||310||249||179.8||126||93||2,372|
|Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü|
Karaman is a city in south central Turkey, located in Central Anatolia, north of the Taurus Mountains, about 100 km (62 mi) south of Konya. It is the capital district of the Karaman Province. According to 2000 census, the population of the province is 231,872 of which 132,064 live in the town of Karaman. The district covers an area of 3,686 km2 (1,423 sq mi), and the town lies at an average elevation of 1,039 m (3,409 ft). The Karaman Museum is one of the major sights.
Tunceli is a city in Turkey. It is the capital of Tunceli Province, located in the middle of Eastern Anatolia Region. Former names of Tunceli include Mamiki, Kalan, and Dersim.
Karabük is a town and the capital district of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. According to the 2009 census, population of the city is 108 167. The district covers an area of 760 km2 (293 sq mi), and the town lies at an elevation of 354 m (1,161 ft).
Kırıkkale is the capital of the Kırıkkale Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. It is located 80 km east of Ankara. According to the 2000 census, the population of the province is 280,834, of which 192,705 live in the city of Kırıkkale. The name of the city means broken castle.
Siirt is a city in southeastern Turkey and the seat of Siirt Province). The population of the city according to the 2009 census was 129,188. The majority of the city's population is Kurdish.
Bartın is a city in northern Turkey and the central district of the province of Bartın.
Dazkırı is a town and district of Afyonkarahisar Province in the Aegean region of Turkey, 140 km from the city of Afyon on the road to Denizli. The climate in the district is hot and dry in summer, and cold and wet in winter. The mayor is Güneş Zengin (MHP).
Güdül is a rural town and district of Ankara Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey, 90 km north-west of the city of Ankara, off the motorway to Istanbul. The district covers an area of 419 km², and the average elevation is 720 m. According to 2010 census, population of the district is 8971 of which 2623 live in the town of Güdül with the majority in the surrounding countryside.
İnhisar is a town and district of Bilecik Province in the Marmara region of Turkey. The population was 1,034 in 2010. The mayor is İsmail Cambaz (AKP).
Kızıltepe is a town in, and a district of Mardin Province of Turkey. As of 2014, the town had a population of 225,888. Most of the people are Kurds but there are some Arabs, Turks and Christians.
Kofçaz is a town and district of Kırklareli Province in the Marmara region of Turkey. The mayor is Nuri Çalışkan (AKP). The nearby village of Ahlatlı, 30 km away, is the northernmost settlement in the country.
Laçin is a district of Çorum Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is located at 29 km from the city of Çorum. It covers an area of 214 km², and the elevation is 720 m. Population is about 9,425 of which 2,153 live in the town of Laçin, and the rest in the surrounding villages. The mayor is Ünal Gevşek (MHP).
Mihalgazi, formerly Gümele, is a town and district of Eskişehir Province in the Black Sea Anatolia region of Turkey. According to 2010 census, population of the district is 3,876 of which 1,730 live in the town of Mihalgazi. The district covers an area of 131 km2 (51 sq mi), and the town lies at an average elevation of 328 m (1,076 ft). She borders İnhisar to the west, Yenipazar to the northwest, Sarıcakaya to the east and Tepebaşı (Eskişehir) to the south. Mihalgazi has four boroughs and five villages. Alpagut and Sakarılıca, who are 2 of these villages, have a municipality. She 35 km away from Eskişehir. She was part of Eskişehir sanjak between 1292- second half of 15th century. She was part of Göynük township of Bursa sanjak between second half of 15th one - 16th one, her of Bolu sanjak between 16th century - 1894. She bounded to İnhisar nahiya in Söğüt township of Bilecik sanjak between 1894-1923. She was part of Söğüt district of Bilecik Province between 1923-1946 and became a township and changed her name as Mihalgazi in 1927 after People of Gümele repulsed attacks of Greeks troops, who marched from Söğüt and Eskişehir during Turkish War of Independence in 1921. She bounded to Central District of Eskişehir Province in 1946 and Sarıcakaya district of her in 1958. She had a municipality in 1967. She finally a district of Eskişehir Province in 1990. She is famous with hot spring in Sakarılıca.
Özvatan is a town and district of Kayseri Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. This is a tiny district of Kayseri. It is located in the north east of the province and it is almost 70 km from Kayseri. It is connected to the town 'Felahiye'. It has a harsh climate being too cold in winter and too hot in summer. It has a population of approximately 9,500. The mayor is Nihat Çiftçi (AKP).
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Ulukışla is a town and district of Niğde Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. It covers an area of 1,502 km², and the altitude is 1,427 m. Population is 22,728 of which 5,594 live in the town of Ulukışla.
Kulu is a town and district of Konya Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. According to the 2011 census, the population of the district is 55,573 and 22,844 of that nymber live in the town of Kulu. Many former residents live abroad and work in western European countries like Germany, Denmark and especially Sweden. It is one of the fastest developing cities in Turkey due to its strong ties with its communities in Europe. Kulu is a town in which many kurds live in. Kulu is situated approximately 110 km from Ankara and 150 km from the city of Konya. Fredrik Reinfeldt came here once.
Bozüyük is a town and district of Bilecik Province in the Marmara region of Turkey. The mayor is Fatih Bakıcı (AKP).
Nazımiye is a district of Tunceli, Turkey. The town has a population of 1,636. It was also known as Kızıl Kilise.
Muratpaşa is a district in Antalya, Turkey. The district has a coastline of 20 km (12 mi). Mediterranean Sea is in south of district.
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