Bilecik

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Bilecik
Bilecik Panaroma.jpg
Bilecik city center
Turkey adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Bilecik
Coordinates: 40°08′35″N29°58′45″E / 40.14306°N 29.97917°E / 40.14306; 29.97917 Coordinates: 40°08′35″N29°58′45″E / 40.14306°N 29.97917°E / 40.14306; 29.97917
Country Turkey
Province Bilecik
Government
  MayorSelim Yağcı (AKP)
Area
[1]
  District840.47 km2 (324.51 sq mi)
Population
 (2012) [2]
   Urban
51,260
  District
66,887
  District density80/km2 (210/sq mi)
Website www.bilecik.bel.tr

Bilecik is the provincial capital of Turkey's Bilecik Province. The population of the town is 62,320 (as of 2010). The mayor is Selim Yağcı (AKP).

Turkey Republic in Western Asia

Turkey, officially the Republic of Turkey, is a transcontinental country located mainly in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. East Thrace, located in Europe, is separated from Anatolia by the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorous strait and the Dardanelles. Turkey is bordered by Greece and Bulgaria to its northwest; Georgia to its northeast; Armenia, the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan and Iran to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the south. Istanbul is the largest city, but more central Ankara is the capital. Approximately 70 to 80 per cent of the country's citizens identify as Turkish. Kurds are the largest minority; the size of the Kurdish population is a subject of dispute with estimates placing the figure at anywhere from 12 to 25 per cent of the population.

Bilecik Province Province of Turkey in East Marmara

Bilecik Province is a province in midwest Turkey, neighboring Bursa to the west, Kocaeli and Sakarya to the north, Bolu to the east, Eskişehir to the southeast and Kütahya to the south, spanning an area of 4,307 km2. The population is 225,381. Most of the province laid down in Marmara Region but eastern parts of Gölpazarı and Söğüt district and districts of İnhisar and Yenipazar remained in Black Sea Region, smaller southeastern parts of Bozüyük and Söğüt remained in Central Anatolia Region and smaller southwestern part of Bozüyük remained in Aegean Region.

Justice and Development Party (Turkey) conservative political party in Turkey

The Justice and Development Party, abbreviated officially AK Parti in Turkish, is a conservative political party in Turkey. Developed from the conservative tradition of Turkey's Ottoman past and its Islamic identity, the party is the largest in Turkey. Founded in 2001 by members of a number of existing conservative parties, the party has won pluralities in the six most recent legislative elections, those of 2002, 2007, 2011, June 2015, November 2015, and 2018. The party held a majority of seats for 13 years, but lost it in June 2015, only to regain it in the snap election of November 2015 but then lose it again in 2018. Its electoral success has been mirrored in the three local elections held since the party's establishment, coming first in 2004, 2009 and 2014 respectively. The current party leader is Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, the incumbent President of Turkey.

Contents

The town is famous for its numerous restored Turkish houses. It is increasingly becoming more attractive to tourists. With its rich architectural heritage, Bilecik is a member of the European Association of Historic Towns and Regions. [3]

Turkic peoples collection of ethnic groups

The Turkic peoples are a collection of ethno-linguistic groups of Central, Eastern, Northern and Western Asia as well as parts of Europe and North Africa. The origins of the Turkic people are to be found with people who lived in present-day South Siberia and Mongolia, while the roots of those people may be traced back to the West Liao River Basin. The Turkic peoples speak related languages belonging to the Turkic language family. They share, to varying degrees, certain cultural traits, common ancestry and historical backgrounds.

The European Association of Historic Towns and Regions (EAHTR), founded by the Congress of the Council of Europe in October 1999, is a self-governing organisation which groups together twelve associations, such as the Historic Towns Forum of Great Britain, from eleven states, namely the Czech Republic, Finland, Ireland, Malta, The Netherlands, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey and the United Kingdom, which claims to represent over 1,000 of Europe's historic towns.

30 kilometres (19 miles) southeast from Bilecik is Söğüt, a small town, where the Ottoman Empire was founded in 1299.

Söğüt Town in Marmara, Turkey

Söğüt is a town and district in Bilecik Province, Turkey. It is located in the Marmara region in the north-west of the country, with an area of 599 km2 (231 sq mi), bordering Bilecik to the west, Gölpazarı to the north, İnhisar to the north-east, Tepebaşı (Eskişehir) to the south-east, and Bozüyük to the south-west. Söğüt district has 5 boroughs and 23 villages, with the population last recorded as 21,012 citizens (2000), but according to a 2010 estimate the population was 19,425.

Ottoman Empire Former empire in Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa

The Ottoman Empire, historically known in Western Europe as the Turkish Empire or simply Turkey, was a state that controlled much of Southeast Europe, Western Asia and North Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries. It was founded at the end of the 13th century in northwestern Anatolia in the town of Söğüt by the Oghuz Turkish tribal leader Osman I. After 1354, the Ottomans crossed into Europe, and with the conquest of the Balkans, the Ottoman beylik was transformed into a transcontinental empire. The Ottomans ended the Byzantine Empire with the 1453 conquest of Constantinople by Mehmed the Conqueror.

Climate

Bilecik has a mediterranean climate, with cool and often snowy winters and hot and dry summers. Summers are hot and dry with temperatures usually exceeding 30 °C (86 °F) in the height of summer, they are also the driest months. Winters are cold and it frequently snows between the months of December and March.

Mediterranean climate Type of climate

A Mediterranean climate or dry summer climate is characterized by dry summers and mild, wet winters. The climate receives its name from the Mediterranean Basin, where this climate type is most common. Mediterranean climate zones are typically located along the western sides of continents, between roughly 30 and 45 degrees north and south of the equator. The main cause of Mediterranean, or dry summer climate, is the subtropical ridge which extends northwards during the summer and migrates south during the winter due to greater temperature differences.

Climate data for Bilecik
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)6.0
(42.8)
7.7
(45.9)
11.7
(53.1)
16.9
(62.4)
21.9
(71.4)
25.9
(78.6)
28.5
(83.3)
28.5
(83.3)
24.8
(76.6)
19.3
(66.7)
13.0
(55.4)
7.7
(45.9)
17.7
(63.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)2.5
(36.5)
3.6
(38.5)
6.8
(44.2)
11.6
(52.9)
16.1
(61.0)
20.0
(68.0)
22.3
(72.1)
22.0
(71.6)
18.4
(65.1)
13.8
(56.8)
8.5
(47.3)
4.4
(39.9)
12.5
(54.5)
Average low °C (°F)−0.3
(31.5)
0.3
(32.5)
2.6
(36.7)
6.8
(44.2)
10.7
(51.3)
14.2
(57.6)
16.3
(61.3)
16.4
(61.5)
13.1
(55.6)
9.5
(49.1)
5.1
(41.2)
1.6
(34.9)
8.0
(46.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)50.5
(1.99)
39.5
(1.56)
43.3
(1.70)
42.3
(1.67)
42.9
(1.69)
35.3
(1.39)
19.3
(0.76)
10.6
(0.42)
22.0
(0.87)
47.5
(1.87)
43.0
(1.69)
55.4
(2.18)
451.6
(17.79)
Average rainy days13.813.112.511.310.17.64.63.75.38.810.613.5114.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 102.3106.4151.9183254.2294322.4310249179.8126932,372
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [4]

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References

  1. "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. "HistoricTowns.org - Turkey". Archived from the original on 2008-09-10. Retrieved 2006-05-13.
  4. "İl ve İlçelerimize Ait İstatistiki Veriler- Meteoroloji Genel Müdürlüğü". Dmi.gov.tr. Archived from the original on 2013-01-17. Retrieved 2013-03-26.

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