Central High School (Jackson, Mississippi)

Last updated
Central High School
Jackson December 2018 18 (Mississippi Department of Education).jpg
Former school building, now the Mississippi Department of Education headquarters
Address
359 North West Street

,
39201

United States
Coordinates 32°18′08″N90°11′05″W / 32.3022°N 90.1848°W / 32.3022; -90.1848 Coordinates: 32°18′08″N90°11′05″W / 32.3022°N 90.1848°W / 32.3022; -90.1848
Information
Type Public high school
Established1888 (1888)
School district Jackson Public School District
Grades9–12

Central High School was a public high school in Jackson, Mississippi, United States. It was established in 1888 and was part of the Jackson Public School District. Its building currently serves as the headquarters of the Mississippi Department of Education (MDE). [1]

State schools, called public schools in North America and many other countries, are generally primary or secondary schools mandated for or offered to all children without charge, funded in whole or in part by taxation.

Secondary school A building and/or organization where secondary education is provided

A secondary school is both an organization that provides secondary education and the building where this takes place. Some secondary schools can provide both lower secondary education and upper secondary education, but these can also be provided in separate schools, as in the American middle and high school system.

Jackson, Mississippi Capital of Mississippi

Jackson, officially the City of Jackson, is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Mississippi. It is one of two county seats of Hinds County, along with Raymond, Mississippi. The city of Jackson also includes around 3,000 acres comprising Jackson-Medgar Evers International Airport in Rankin County and a small portion of Madison County. The city's population was estimated to be 165,072 in 2017, a decline from 173,514 in 2010. The city sits on the Pearl River and is located in the greater Jackson Prairie region of Mississippi.

Contents

History

Central High School was established in 1888. [2] It was an all-white school until the late 1960s. [3] Donna Ladd, in an article in the Jackson Free Press , described it as one of several "jewels in the crown of white Jackson back before forced integration—in a time when white conservatives abundantly funded public schools and extracurricular activities with tax money for their own." [4] Circa 1969 the first African-American students attended the school. [3] Jackson schools integrated by law as per Derek Jerome Singleton vs. the Jackson Public School District, decided in 1969. [5]

School segregation in the United States racial segregation; aspect of history

School segregation in the United States has a long history. In 1782, African Americans in Boston, including Prince Hall, campaigned against inequality and discrimination in the city's public schools. They petitioned the state legislature, protesting that their taxes supported the schooling of white students while there was no public school open to their children. In 1835, an anti-abolitionist mob attacked and destroyed Noyes Academy, an integrated school in Canaan, New Hampshire founded by abolitionists in New England. In 1849, the Massachusetts Supreme Court ruled that segregated schools were allowed under the Constitution of Massachusetts.

<i>Jackson Free Press</i> newspaper in Jackson, Mississippi

The Jackson Free Press, referred to often as simply "JFP", is a for profit community magazine available free of charge at various retail establishments in Jackson, Mississippi founded in 2002 and owned by Mississippi native and Donna Ladd, author and technology expert Todd Stauffer. It is currently the only member of the Association of Alternative Newsweeklies (AAN) in the state of Mississippi. JFP distributes approximately 15,000 free copies to 425+ locations throughout the Jackson metropolitan area twice monthly. It is known locally for its annual Best of Jackson awards as nominated by its readers and its online political blogs. It also has sponsored numerous local events such as the Fondren ArtMix, JubileeJam, the Chick Ball, the "Race, Religion & Society Series" and the Crossroads Film Festival.

Desegregation is the process of ending the separation of two groups usually referring to races. Desegregation is typically measured by the index of dissimilarity allowing researchers to determine whether desegregation efforts are having impact on the settlement patterns of various groups. This is most commonly used in reference to the United States. Desegregation was long a focus of the Civil Rights Movement, both before and after the United States Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education, particularly desegregation of the school systems and the military. Racial integration of society was a closely related goal.

In August 2015, smoke from a fire in a nearby hotel, as well as water resulting from the incident, damaged the Central High building, so the Mississippi Department of Education temporarily moved its headquarters to the South Pointe Business Park in Clinton. The headquarters was scheduled to move back on July 25, 2016. [1]

Mississippi Department of Education

The Mississippi Department of Education (MDE) is the state education agency of Mississippi. It is headquartered in the former Central High School Building at 359 North West Street in Jackson.

Clinton, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States

Clinton is a city in Hinds County, Mississippi, United States. Situated in the Jackson metropolitan area, it is the tenth largest city in Mississippi. The population was 25,216 at the 2010 United States Census.

Notable alumni

Eudora Welty American short story writer and novelist

Eudora Alice Welty was an American short story writer and novelist who wrote about the American South. Her novel The Optimist's Daughter won the Pulitzer Prize in 1973. Welty received numerous awards, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Order of the South. She was the first living author to have her works published by the Library of America. Her house in Jackson, Mississippi, has been designated as a National Historic Landmark and is open to the public as a house museum.

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References

  1. 1 2 "MDE Offices to Move Back to Central High School Building". Mississippi Department of Education. July 19, 2016. Retrieved November 18, 2019.
  2. 1 2 3 Fowler, Sarah (May 1, 2015). "Central High School Class of '65 celebrates reunion". The Clarion-Ledger. Retrieved November 18, 2019.
  3. 1 2 Dreher, Arielle (November 15, 2017). "How Integration Failed in Jackson's Public Schools from 1969 to 2017". Jackson Free Press. Retrieved November 18, 2019.
  4. Ladd, Donna (September 27, 2017). "Yep, JPS Takeover Is a Conspiracy. Prove Me Wrong". Jackson Free Press. Retrieved November 18, 2019.
  5. Taylor, Ayana (May 12, 2004). "JPS, Then and Now". Jackson Free Press. Retrieved November 18, 2019.