Clinton, Mississippi

Last updated

Clinton, Mississippi
City
ClintonMSWelcomeSign.jpg
Nickname(s): 
Mount Salus (original name)
Motto(s): 
You Belong Here
Hinds County Mississippi Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Clinton Highlighted.svg
Location in Hinds County, Mississippi
Map of USA MS.svg
Location of Mississippi in the United States
Coordinates: 32°20′30″N90°19′18″W / 32.34167°N 90.32167°W / 32.34167; -90.32167 Coordinates: 32°20′30″N90°19′18″W / 32.34167°N 90.32167°W / 32.34167; -90.32167 [1]
CountryUnited States
State Mississippi
County Hinds
Founded1823
Incorporation1824
Government
  Type Strong Mayor-Council
  MayorPhil Fisher (R) [2]
   Board of Aldermen Dave Ellis, Jim Martin, Bill Barnett, Greg Cronin, Jan Cossitt, Mike Cashion, Jehu Brabham
Area
[3]
  Total42.15 sq mi (109.16 km2)
  Land41.87 sq mi (108.45 km2)
  Water0.28 sq mi (0.71 km2)
Elevation
[1]
358 ft (109 m)
Population
 (2010) [4]
  Total25,216
  Estimate 
(2019) [5]
24,440
  Density583.68/sq mi (225.36/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
39056, 39058,
39060 (P.O. boxes)
Area codes 601 and 769
FIPS code [6] [7] 28-14420
GNIS feature ID668609 [1]
Website www.clintonms.org

Clinton is a city in Hinds County, Mississippi, United States. Situated in the Jackson metropolitan area, it is the tenth largest city in Mississippi. The population was 25,216 at the 2010 United States Census. [4]

Contents

History

Camp Clinton entrance in 1943. The sign reads "Prisoner of War Camp Clinton, Miss." CampClintonGateThen.jpg
Camp Clinton entrance in 1943. The sign reads "Prisoner of War Camp Clinton, Miss."
The Cedars in Clinton is listed on the National Register of Historic Places The Cedars (Clinton, Mississippi) front.jpg
The Cedars in Clinton is listed on the National Register of Historic Places
City Logo Clinton, Mississippi (town logo).jpg
City Logo

Founded in 1823, Clinton was originally known as Mount Salus, which means "Mountain of health". It was named for the plantation home of Walter Leake, third governor of Mississippi, which was located in Clinton and built in 1812. The road east from Vicksburg was completed to Mount Salus and the federal government located the district land office at Mount Salus in 1822. [8] The original federal survey in 1822 references a spring called "Swafford's Spring" at the site of the town. [9] In 1828, the city changed its name to Clinton in honor of DeWitt Clinton, the former governor of New York who led completion of the Erie Canal.

The first road through Mount Salus/Clinton was the Natchez Trace, improved from a centuries-old Native American path. Currently Clinton has three major highways that pass through the city: the Natchez Trace Parkway, U.S. Route 80, and Interstate 20.

Mississippi College, a Christian university located in Clinton, is the oldest college in the state of Mississippi. It was founded January 24, 1826, as Hampstead Academy, the second male college in the state after Jefferson College. [10] Mississippi College is the second oldest Baptist university in the world, and was the first coeducational college in the United States to grant a degree to a woman. Clinton is home to sports teams known as the "Clinton Arrows" and "Mississippi College Choctaws". Hillman College, originally for women, was founded in 1853 as Central Female Institute, supported by the Central Baptist Association. [10] It changed its name in 1891. Mount Hermon Female Seminary, a historically black college, was established in 1875 by Sarah Ann Dickey. [10] It closed in 1924 as students moved to co-educational institutions.

The Clinton-Vicksburg Railroad was the second oldest in the state, incorporated in 1831. It contributed to the export of 20,000 bales of cotton annually from this city, the most of any city between Vicksburg and Meridian. [10] Cotton from three surrounding counties was shipped through Clinton and by rail to Grand Gulf on the Mississippi.

During the Civil War, Confederate forces, as well as Union troops— the latter commanded by generals Ulysses S. Grant and Sherman—briefly occupied Clinton on their way to the Battle of Vicksburg in May 1863. Grant had mistakenly believed that John C. Pemberton, a Confederate general, would attack him at Clinton. Grant finally took Vicksburg in this campaign. [11]

Clinton Riot

In September 1875 during the election campaign, a Republican political rally was held in downtown Clinton, where 3000 people were gathered and expecting Governor Adelbert Ames and other prominent speakers. White insurgents disrupted the rally, attacking blacks in what was called the "Clinton Riot." It resulted in the deaths of several white men and an estimated 50 blacks later that night and over the next few days. More armed whites arrived by train and widely attacked blacks. [10] Among the black victims were schoolteachers, church leaders, and local Republican organizers. [12]

Whites had been attacking black and white Republicans in every election cycle, and that year the paramilitary Red Shirts arose in the state as a force to intimidate blacks and suppress black voting. [12] The governor appealed to the federal government for protection and the U.S. government sent more troops. But election-related violence continued through the fall and, together with fraud at the polls, resulted in white Democrats regaining control of the state legislature and, in 1876, the governor's seat. This political shift signaled the end of the Reconstruction era, confirmed when the federal government withdrew remaining troops in 1877.

20th century to present

During World War II, Camp Clinton was established as a German POW camp south of town; it housed about 3,000 German soldiers. Most of the prisoners were from the Afrika Korps. Of the 40 German generals captured in the war, Camp Clinton housed 35 of them. The German soldiers provided the labor to build a replica model of the Mississippi River Basin for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, used for planning and designing flood prevention.

Clinton, the smallest city to ever host a Fortune 500 company, was the headquarters for WorldCom from the mid-1990s until 2002. It went bankrupt due to what was at the time the largest accounting scandal in U.S. history. The financial dealings resulted in fraud-related convictions of Bernard Ebbers, CEO, and Scott Sullivan, CFO. The company changed its name to MCI and moved its corporate headquarters location to Ashburn, Virginia. Verizon, MCI's successor, owns SkyTel (no relation to Bell Mobility's Skytel brand). It still occupies the massive former WorldCom compound in Clinton.

On April 15, 2011, an EF3 tornado struck the city at about 11:00 am. CDT. It produced damage near Interstate 20, which included total destruction to the BankPlus building. Malaco Records was destroyed as well. Ten people were injured by the tornado. [13]

Geography

According to the 2010 United States Census, the city has a total area of 42.147 square miles (109.16 km2), of which 41.822 square miles (108.32 km2) is land and 0.325 square miles (0.84 km2) is water. [6] [14]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 569
1900 354
1910 767116.7%
1920 669−12.8%
1930 91236.3%
1940 9160.4%
1950 2,255146.2%
1960 3,43852.5%
1970 7,289112.0%
1980 14,660101.1%
1990 21,84749.0%
2000 23,3476.9%
2010 25,2168.0%
2019 (est.)24,440 [5] −3.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [15]

2010 census

As of the census [16] of 2010, there were 25,216 people and 9,328 households in the city. The population density was 598.3 per square mile (231.0/km2). [6] The racial makeup of the city was 59.4% White, 33.8% African American, 0.2% Native American, 4.1% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

The average household size was 2.54. The median income for a household was $56,539, and the per capita income was $26,398. About 9.1% of the population was below the poverty line. [14]

2000 census

As of the census [16] of 2000, there were 23,347 people, 8,328 households, and 6,079 families residing in the city. The population density was 979.2 people per square mile (378.1/km2). There were 8,899 housing units at an average density of 373.2 per square mile (144.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.92% White, 22.53% Black, 0.10% Native American, 1.54% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.87% of the population.

There were 8,328 households, out of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the population was spread out, with 24.7% under the age of 18, 14.9% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $47,092, and the median income for a family was $53,482. Males had a median income of $38,194 versus $27,458 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,586. About 5.7% of families and 8.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.8% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Clinton operates as a Code Charter form of government, divided into six Wards. The local governing body consists of the mayor, one Alderman representing each of the six Wards and one Alderman-at-Large whose duty is to represent the entire community.

As of July 3, 2017, Philip R. Fisher, a retired major general in the Mississippi National Guard, [17] is the city's mayor. The Board of Aldermen are Dave Ellis (Ward 1), Jim Martin (Ward 2), Bill Barnett (Ward 3), Keith Perritt (Ward 4), Jan Cossitt (Ward 5), Mike Cashion (Ward 6) and Ricki Garrett (Alderwoman-At-Large). [18]

Economy

At one point WorldCom (now Verizon) was headquartered in Clinton. In 2003 the company announced that it would move its headquarters to Virginia. [19] [20]

Automotive component manufacturer Delphi Corporation operated a plant in Clinton from the early 1970s until its closure in 2009, making cable and wiring connectors. [21] When Delphi closed the plant in late 2009, with the loss of 280 jobs, production moved to Delphi's Warren, Ohio facility. [21] [22]

Education

Universities and colleges

Primary and secondary schools

The City of Clinton's public schools are served by the Clinton Public School District.

Secondary
Primary

Private schools:

Public library

Jackson/Hinds Library System operates the Quisenberry Library in Clinton. [23] In 2018 the Clinton city government, citing problems with the sanitary condition, closed the library. It stated that it would reopen if the library system revised the terms of the library lease. [24]

Sports

The Mississippi Brilla is a soccer team competing in USL League Two (PDL), the fourth highest league of the American Soccer Pyramid, and play in the Mid-South Division of the Southern Conference. They play their home games at Traceway Park in the city of Clinton.

Churches

One of the largest churches in Clinton is the Morrison Heights Baptist Church. [25]

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Jackson, Mississippi Capital of Mississippi

Jackson, officially the City of Jackson, is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. State of Mississippi. It is one of two county seats of Hinds County, along with Raymond, Mississippi. The city of Jackson also includes around 3,000 acres (12.1 km2) comprising Jackson-Medgar Evers International Airport in Rankin County and a small portion of Madison County. The city's population was estimated to be 160,628 in 2019, a decline from 173,514 in 2010. The city sits on the Pearl River and is located in the greater Jackson Prairie region of Mississippi.

Franklin County, Alabama County in Alabama, United States

Franklin County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 31,704. Its county seat is Russellville. Its name is in honor of Benjamin Franklin, famous statesman, scientist, and printer. It is a dry county, although the city of Russellville is wet.

Warren County, Mississippi U.S. county in Mississippi

Warren County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 48,773. Its county seat is Vicksburg. Created by legislative act of 22 December 1809, Warren County is named for American Revolutionary War officer Joseph Warren.

Hinds County, Mississippi County in Mississippi, United States

Hinds County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 245,285, making it the most populous county in Mississippi. Its county seats are Raymond and Jackson, the state capital. The county is named for General Thomas Hinds, a hero of the Battle of New Orleans during the War of 1812.

Choctaw County, Mississippi U.S. county in Mississippi

Choctaw County is a county located in the central part of the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 8,547. Its northern border is the Big Black River, which flows southwest into the Mississippi River south of Vicksburg. The county seat is Ackerman.

East Feliciana Parish, Louisiana Parish in Louisiana

East Feliciana Parish is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 20,267. The parish seat is Clinton.

Helena, Arkansas city in Arkansas

Helena is the eastern portion of Helena–West Helena, Arkansas, a city in Phillips County, Arkansas. It was founded in 1833 by Nicholas Rightor and is named after the daughter of Sylvanus Phillips, an early settler of Phillips County and the namesake of Phillips County. As of the 2000 census, this portion of the city population was 6,323. Helena was the county seat of Phillips County until January 1, 2006, when it merged its government and city limits with neighboring West Helena.

North Little Rock, Arkansas City in Arkansas, United States

North Little Rock is a city in Pulaski County, Arkansas, United States, across the Arkansas River from Little Rock in the central part of the state. The population was 62,304 at the 2010 census. In 2019 the estimated population was 65,903, making it the seventh-most populous city in the state. North Little Rock, along with Little Rock and Conway, anchors the six-county Little Rock–North Little Rock–Conway Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is further included in the Little Rock-North Little Rock Combined Statistical Area with 902,443 residents.

Morrison, Illinois City in Illinois, United States

Morrison is a city in Whiteside County, Illinois, United States. The population was 4,188 at the 2010 census, down from 4,447 in 2000. It is the county seat of Whiteside County. It is located on the Historic Lincoln Highway, the nation's first transcontinental highway and in Morrison was the site of two concrete "seedling miles", which served as prototypes of what an improved highway could do for the nation.

Crystal Springs, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States

Crystal Springs is a city in Copiah County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 5,044 as of the 2010 census, down from 5,873 in 2000. It is part of the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Edwards, Mississippi Town in Mississippi, United States

Edwards is a town in Hinds County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 1,034 at the 2010 census, down from 1,347 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Raymond, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States

Raymond is a city in Hinds County, Mississippi, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 1,933. Raymond is one of two county seats of Hinds County and is the home of the main campus of Hinds Community College.

Utica, Mississippi Town in Mississippi, United States

Utica is a town in Hinds County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 820 at the 2010 census, down from 966 at the 2000 census. Utica is part of the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Ridgeland, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States

Ridgeland is a city in Madison County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 24,047 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Jackson, Mississippi metropolitan area.

Holly Springs, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States

Holly Springs is a city in and the county seat of Marshall County, Mississippi, United States, at the border with southern Tennessee. Near the Mississippi Delta, the area was developed by European Americans for cotton plantations and was dependent on enslaved Africans. After the American Civil War, many freedmen continued to work in agriculture but as sharecroppers and tenant farmers.

Vicksburg, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States

Vicksburg is a historic city in Warren County, Mississippi, United States. It is the county seat, and the population at the 2010 census was 23,856.

Yazoo City, Mississippi City in Mississippi, United States of America

Yazoo City is a U.S. city in Yazoo County, Mississippi. It was named after the Yazoo River, which, in turn was named by the French explorer Robert La Salle in 1682 as "Rivière des Yazous" in reference to the Yazoo tribe living near the river's mouth. It is the county seat of Yazoo County and the principal city of the Yazoo City Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is part of the larger Jackson–Yazoo City Combined Statistical Area. According to the 2010 census, the population was 11,403.

Helena–West Helena, Arkansas Place in Arkansas, United States

Helena–West Helena is the county seat of and the largest city within Phillips County, Arkansas, United States. The current city was consolidated, effective January 1, 2006, from the two Arkansas cities of Helena and West Helena. Helena is sited on lowlands between the Mississippi River and the eastern side of Crowley's Ridge. West Helena is located on the western side of Crowley's Ridge, a geographic anomaly in the typically flat Arkansas Delta. The Helena Bridge, one of Arkansas' four Mississippi River bridges, carries U.S. Route 49 across to Mississippi. The combined population of the two cities was 15,012 at the 2000 census and at the 2010 census, the official population was 12,282.

Jackson–Vicksburg–Brookhaven, MS Combined Statistical Area

The Jackson–Vicksburg–Brookhaven, MS Combined Statistical Area is made up of eight counties in central Mississippi. The statistical area consists of the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area, the Brookhaven, MS Micropolitan Statistical Area, the Vicksburg micropolitan area, and the Yazoo City Micropolitan Statistical Area. The Jackson–Vicksburg–Brookhaven combined statistical area had a population of 650,764 according to the 2010 census.

Brandon, Mississippi City in Mississippi

Brandon is a city in Rankin County, Mississippi, United States. Brandon was incorporated December 19, 1831. The population was 21,705 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Rankin County. Brandon is part of the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area, and is located east of the state capital.

References

  1. 1 2 3 U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Clinton
  2. "Fisher elected Clinton's new mayor". WAPT News . June 4, 2013. Retrieved February 3, 2016. Republican Phil Fisher will become Clinton's new mayor
  3. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  4. 1 2 "Clinton city, Mississippi". Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved January 28, 2013.
  5. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  6. 1 2 3 "Places: Mississippi". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 28, 2013.
  7. "FIPS55 Data: Mississippi". FIPS55 Data. United States Geological Survey. February 23, 2006. Archived from the original on June 18, 2006.
  8. Claiborne, J.F.H. (1880). Mississippi, as a Province, Territory and State. Jackson, Mississippi: Power and Barksdale, Publishers and Printers. p. 525
  9. Department of the Treasury. General Land Office. 1812–1849. Mississippi. Township Six North, Range One West. Map. September 30, 1822, approved by Levin Wailes, Surveyor General Mississippi, United States Lands South of Tennessee. Washington, DC: National Archives.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 Mississippi: Comprising Sketches of Counties, Towns, Events, Institutions ..., ed. by Dunbar Rowland, Southern Historical Publishing Association, 1907, pp. 455–459
  11. John Keegan (1987). "Grant and Unheroic Leadership". The Mask of Command: A Study of Generalship. Pimlico (Random House). p. 214. ISBN   1-84413-738-4.
  12. 1 2 Eric Foner, Reconstruction, 1865–1877, 1988, paperback: Perennial Press, 1989, p. 560
  13. Unattributed (April 15, 2011). "Malaco Records destroyed by tornado in Mississippi". Oregon Music News. Archived from the original on July 18, 2012. Retrieved April 16, 2011.
  14. 1 2 "U.S. Census Bureau: State and County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 26, 2012. Retrieved March 16, 2012.
  15. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  16. 1 2 "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  17. "Military Service". Phil Fisher For Mayor of Clinton. Retrieved November 7, 2015.
  18. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved February 13, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. "MCI Inc – SC 13D/A – LCC International Inc ." Securities and Exchange Commission . March 14, 2003. Retrieved September 25, 2009.
  20. "WorldCom to emerge from collapse." CNN. Monday April 14, 2003. Retrieved September 25, 2009.
  21. 1 2 "Delphi closes Clinton, MS plant", Plastics Today, October 5, 2009
  22. "Delphi plant in Mississippi to close", Business Week
  23. "Quisenberry Library." Jackson/Hinds Library System. Retrieved December 29, 2018.
  24. Vicory, Justin (July 13, 2018). "Clinton mayor shuts down library for sanitation issues, won't reopen until new lease agreement in place". The Clarion Ledger . Retrieved June 10, 2021.
  25. Chisholm, Chad (2008). Clinton 1940–1980. Arcadia. p. 62. ISBN   9780738553719."In September 1958, the Dorcus Class of Morrison Heights Baptist Tent Ministry (pictured above) stopped for a quick snapshot after their Sunday lesson. Morrison Heights' tent ministry was on the eastern outskirts of Clinton. The massive Baptist Baptist church today at 201 Morrison Drive began as a missionary branch of the Clinton First Baptist Church on College Street, and Morrison Heights Baptist Church became independent in 1958 with 126 charter members."
  26. Chisholm, Chad. "Clinton". Barnes & Noble. Retrieved May 1, 2014.