Corinth, Mississippi

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Corinth, Mississippi
Landscape Downtown Corinth MS.jpg
Downtown Corinth in 2010
Alcorn County Mississippi Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Corinth Highlighted.svg
Location of Corinth, Mississippi
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Corinth, Mississippi
Location in Mississippi
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Corinth, Mississippi
Corinth, Mississippi (the United States)
Coordinates: 34°56′14″N88°30′55″W / 34.93722°N 88.51528°W / 34.93722; -88.51528 Coordinates: 34°56′14″N88°30′55″W / 34.93722°N 88.51528°W / 34.93722; -88.51528
CountryUnited States
State Mississippi
County Alcorn
Area
[1]
  Total30.29 sq mi (78.45 km2)
  Land30.16 sq mi (78.12 km2)
  Water0.13 sq mi (0.32 km2)
Elevation
440 ft (134 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total14,573
  Estimate 
(2019) [2]
14,472
  Density479.79/sq mi (185.25/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
38834–38835
Area code(s) 662
FIPS code 28-15700
GNIS feature ID0668825
Website cityofcorinthms.com

Corinth is a city in and the county seat of Alcorn County, Mississippi, United States. [3] The population was 14,573 at the 2010 census. [4] Its ZIP codes are 38834 and 38835. It lies on the state line with Tennessee.

Contents

History

Work crew repaving Taylor Street, 1930 CorinthMSTaylorStreet.jpg
Work crew repaving Taylor Street, 1930
"Crossroads of the Confederacy" Railroad crossover in Corinth, Mississippi, United States.jpg
"Crossroads of the Confederacy"

Corinth was founded in 1853 as Cross City, so-called because it served as a junction for the Mobile & Ohio and Memphis & Charleston railroads. It was the town's early newspaper editor, W. E. Gibson, who suggested its current name for the city of Corinth in Greece that also served as a crossroads.

Corinth's location at the junction of two railroads made it strategically important to the Confederacy during the American Civil War. Confederate General P. G. T. Beauregard retreated to Corinth after the Battle of Shiloh (April 1862), pursued by Union Major General Henry W. Halleck. General Beauregard abandoned the town on May 29 when General Halleck approached, letting it fall into the Union's hands. Since Halleck had approached so cautiously, digging entrenchments at every stop for over a month, this action has been known as the Siege of Corinth.

The Union sent Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans to Corinth as well and concentrated its forces in the city. The Second Battle of Corinth took place on October 3−4, 1862, when Confederate Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn attempted to retake the city.

Inside the Civil War Interpretive Center in Corinth. Inside the Corinth Civil War Interpretive Center.jpg
Inside the Civil War Interpretive Center in Corinth.

Locales on the National Register of Historic Places

Geography

Alcorn County Courthouse and Confederate Memorial Alcorn County Courthouse Mississippi.JPG
Alcorn County Courthouse and Confederate Memorial

Corinth is located in northeast Mississippi at the intersection of (north/south) U.S. Route 45 and (east/west) U.S. Route 72. U.S. 45 runs to the west of the city as a bypass, leading north 19 mi (31 km) to Selmer, Tennessee, and south 21 mi (34 km) to Booneville. U.S. 72 runs through the southern part of the city, leading southeast 14 mi (23 km) to Burnsville and west 23 mi (37 km) to Walnut. It is the county seat of Alcorn County, which is the smallest county by area in the state of Mississippi.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.3 square miles (78.4 km2), of which 30.2 square miles (78.1 km2) is land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 0.43%, is water. [6]

Communities near Corinth

Rivers and streams

Climate

The climate is humid subtropical (Köppen: Cfa) like all of Mississippi but with frequent and regular gusts of snow. [7]

Climate data for Corinth, Mississippi (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1895–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)80
(27)
86
(30)
89
(32)
97
(36)
100
(38)
106
(41)
111
(44)
110
(43)
105
(41)
96
(36)
88
(31)
80
(27)
111
(44)
Average high °F (°C)49.2
(9.6)
54.0
(12.2)
63.0
(17.2)
72.6
(22.6)
80.2
(26.8)
86.9
(30.5)
90.0
(32.2)
89.7
(32.1)
84.5
(29.2)
73.7
(23.2)
61.4
(16.3)
52.1
(11.2)
71.4
(21.9)
Daily mean °F (°C)39.8
(4.3)
43.7
(6.5)
51.6
(10.9)
60.5
(15.8)
69.2
(20.7)
76.5
(24.7)
79.9
(26.6)
78.9
(26.1)
72.5
(22.5)
61.0
(16.1)
49.6
(9.8)
42.6
(5.9)
60.5
(15.8)
Average low °F (°C)30.4
(−0.9)
33.5
(0.8)
40.1
(4.5)
48.4
(9.1)
58.2
(14.6)
66.0
(18.9)
69.7
(20.9)
68.0
(20.0)
60.5
(15.8)
48.2
(9.0)
37.7
(3.2)
33.2
(0.7)
49.5
(9.7)
Record low °F (°C)−19
(−28)
−6
(−21)
9
(−13)
25
(−4)
35
(2)
43
(6)
51
(11)
47
(8)
33
(1)
21
(−6)
4
(−16)
−6
(−21)
−19
(−28)
Average precipitation inches (mm)4.89
(124)
5.01
(127)
5.42
(138)
5.54
(141)
5.67
(144)
5.02
(128)
4.57
(116)
3.57
(91)
4.12
(105)
4.26
(108)
4.43
(113)
6.32
(161)
58.82
(1,494)
Average snowfall inches (cm)0.4
(1.0)
0.3
(0.76)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.7
(1.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)9.89.010.19.29.48.98.97.45.47.08.010.2103.3
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)0.30.10.10.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.5
Source: NOAA [8] [9]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870 1,512
1880 2,27550.5%
1890 2,111−7.2%
1900 3,66173.4%
1910 5,02037.1%
1920 5,4989.5%
1930 6,22013.1%
1940 7,81825.7%
1950 9,78525.2%
1960 11,45317.0%
1970 11,5811.1%
1980 13,18013.8%
1990 11,820−10.3%
2000 14,05418.9%
2010 14,5733.7%
2019 (est.)14,472 [2] −0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [10]

As of the census [11] of 2000, there were 14,054 people, 6,220 households, and 3,800 families residing in the city. The population density was 461.5 people per square mile (178.2/km2). There were 7,058 housing units at an average density of 231.8 per square mile (89.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 76.28% White, 21.60% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 0.84% from other races, and 0.73% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.73% of the population.

There were 6,220 households, out of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.9% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.9% were non-families. Of all households, 35.6% were made up of individuals, and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.82.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 21.8% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,436, and the median income for a family was $35,232. Males had a median income of $29,027 versus $21,071 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,452. About 18.2% of families and 22.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.2% of those under age 18 and 23.9% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Borroum's Drug Store Borroum's Drug Store.jpg
Borroum's Drug Store
Downtown Corinth between Fillmore Street and Cruise Street Corinth,Mississippi Fillmore and Cruise Streets.jpg
Downtown Corinth between Fillmore Street and Cruise Street

Public schools

Corinth School District: [12]

Alcorn School District: [13]

Libraries

Museums

Health care

Transportation

Highways

Air travel

Media

Newspapers

FM and AM radio stations

Notable people

See also

Notes

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2020.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. "Corinth (city), Mississippi". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2016-01-20.
  5. McCord's Studio. "'Taylor Street Looking North, Oct. 1930.' Work crew repaving street". Mississippi Department of Archives and History. Archived from the original on 6 April 2012. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
  6. "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Corinth city, Mississippi". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
  7. "Corinth climate: Average Temperature, weather by month, Corinth weather averages - Climate-Data.org". en.climate-data.org. Retrieved 2019-02-20.
  8. "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 9, 2021.
  9. "Station: Corinth 7 SW, MS". U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 9, 2021.
  10. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. "Corinth School District  :: Welcome to Corinth School District" . Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  13. "Alcorn School District". www.alcornschools.org. Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  14. "Alcorn School District ::" . Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  15. "Alcorn School District ::" . Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  16. "Alcorn School District ::" . Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  17. Northeast Mississippi Museum Archived 2005-03-08 at the Wayback Machine
  18. "Corinth" . Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  19. "AirNav: KCRX - Roscoe Turner Airport" . Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  20. "AirNav: Airport Information" . Retrieved 22 August 2015.
  21. 'Illinois Blue Book 1977-1978,' Biographical Sketch of Peggy Smith Martin, pg. 119

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References

External image
Searchtool.svg Corinth, Miss. CollectionMississippi Department of Archives and History