Coahoma County, Mississippi

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Coahoma County
WROX Building ~ Clarksdale, MS.JPG
Original WROX (AM) building in Clarksdale.
Map of Mississippi highlighting Coahoma County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Mississippi
Mississippi in United States.svg
Mississippi's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 34°14′N90°36′W / 34.23°N 90.6°W / 34.23; -90.6
CountryFlag of the United States.svg United States
StateFlag of Mississippi.svg  Mississippi
FoundedFebruary 9, 1836
Seat Clarksdale
Largest cityClarksdale
Area
  Total583 sq mi (1,510 km2)
  Land552 sq mi (1,430 km2)
  Water31 sq mi (80 km2)  5.3%
Population
 (2020)
  Total21,390
  Density37/sq mi (14/km2)
Time zone UTC−6 (Central)
  Summer (DST) UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district 2nd
Website www.coahomacounty.net
Cahoma County MS 001.jpg

Coahoma County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2020 census, the population was 21,390. [1] Its county seat is Clarksdale. [2]

Contents

The Clarksdale, MS Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Coahoma County. It is located in the Mississippi Delta region of Mississippi.

History

Coahoma County was established February 9, 1836, and is located in the northwestern part of the state in the fertile Yazoo Delta region. The name "Coahoma" is a Choctaw word meaning "red panther." [3] The act creating the county defined its limits as follows:

Beginning at the point where the line between townships 24 and 25 of the surveys of the late Choctaw cession intersects the Mississippi River, and running thence up the said river to the point where the dividing line between the Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes of Indians intersects the same; thence with the dividing line to the point where the line between ranges two and three of the survey of the said Choctaw cession intersects the same; thence with said range line, to the line between townships 24 and 25 aforesaid, and thence with the said township line to the beginning. [4]

In the early days of the county, before the construction of railways or extensive roadways inland, the Mississippi River was the primary transportation route, and the first three county seats were each located on the river. In 1836, Port Royal was designated as the first county seat. [5] In 1841, high waters on the Mississippi River flooded Port Royal, and in 1842 the county seat was moved to the town of Delta. [6] High waters on the Mississippi also flooded Delta, and in 1850 the county seat was moved to Friars Point, [6] which had a population of about 1,000 in 1920, and received its name in honor of Robert Friar, an early settler. As nearby Clarksdale grew in population and influence, it challenged Friars Point's hold on the county government, and in 1892, Coahoma County was divided into two jurisdictions, one going to Friars Point and the other to Clarksdale. In 1930, the county seat was given exclusively to Clarksdale, [7] which had a population of 7,500 in 1920. Clarksdale is now the largest and most important city in the county, and was named for John Clark, a brother-in-law of Governor James L. Alcorn, whose home, Eagle's Nest, was in this county.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 583 square miles (1,510 km2), of which 552 square miles (1,430 km2) is land and 31 square miles (80 km2) (5.3%) is water. [8]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1840 1,290
1850 2,780115.5%
1860 6,606137.6%
1870 7,1448.1%
1880 13,56889.9%
1890 18,34235.2%
1900 26,29343.3%
1910 34,21730.1%
1920 41,51121.3%
1930 46,32711.6%
1940 48,3334.3%
1950 49,3612.1%
1960 46,212−6.4%
1970 40,447−12.5%
1980 36,918−8.7%
1990 31,665−14.2%
2000 30,622−3.3%
2010 26,151−14.6%
2020 21,390−18.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]
1790–1960 [10] 1900–1990 [11]
1990–2000 [12] 2010–2013 [13]

2020 census

Coahoma County Racial Composition [14]
RaceNum.Perc.
White 4,28520.03%
Black or African American 16,20975.78%
Native American 260.12%
Asian 1120.52%
Other/Mixed 4081.91%
Hispanic or Latino 3501.64%

As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 21,390 people, 8,782 households, and 5,637 families residing in the county.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 26,151 people living in the county. 75.5% were Black or African American, 22.9% White, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 0.5% of some other race and 0.5% of two or more races. 1.1% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

2000 census

As of the census [15] of 2000, there were 30,622 people, 10,553 households, and 7,482 families living in the county. The population density was 55 people per square mile (21/km2). There were 11,490 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 65.21% Black or African American, 27.28% White, 6.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino, 0.47% Asian, 0.09% Native American, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. of any race.

There were 10,553 households, out of which 36.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.20% were married couples living together, 28.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.10% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.42.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 33.00% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 19.10% from 45 to 64, and 12.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 84.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $22,338, and the median income for a family was $26,640. Males had a median income of $26,841 versus $19,611 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,558. About 29.80% of families and 35.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.90% of those under age 18 and 31.50% of those age 65 or over.


Education

Coahoma County was previously in the service area of the Mississippi Delta Community College (MDCC). As a result of the 1995 Mississippi Legislature session, Coahoma County is no longer in the MDCC service area. [16]

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Ghost towns

Notable people

Politics

United States presidential election results for Coahoma County, Mississippi [19]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.%No.%No.%
2020 2,37527.94%6,02070.82%1061.25%
2016 2,42627.22%6,37871.57%1081.21%
2012 2,71225.71%7,79273.86%450.43%
2008 2,91727.60%7,59771.89%540.51%
2004 3,67634.65%6,80564.15%1271.20%
2000 3,69538.68%5,66259.27%1962.05%
1996 3,44135.80%5,77660.10%3944.10%
1992 4,12036.85%6,40957.33%6515.82%
1988 4,93943.79%6,13954.43%2001.77%
1984 5,75944.96%6,83953.39%2121.65%
1980 4,59238.22%7,03058.51%3933.27%
1976 4,26938.41%6,41257.70%4323.89%
1972 6,60261.56%3,70834.57%4153.87%
1968 1,87517.20%5,35249.11%3,67133.69%
1964 4,17281.23%96418.77%00.00%
1960 1,09628.34%1,38635.84%1,38535.82%
1956 1,08232.80%1,67750.83%54016.37%
1952 1,61943.36%2,11556.64%00.00%
1948 1134.87%24610.61%1,96084.52%
1944 1917.39%2,39292.61%00.00%
1940 1375.32%2,44094.68%00.00%
1936 492.32%2,05997.68%00.00%
1932 623.57%1,67296.26%30.17%
1928 22311.14%1,77888.86%00.00%
1924 1218.16%1,36291.84%00.00%
1920 616.40%88292.55%101.05%
1916 212.91%69796.67%30.42%
1912 163.64%39690.00%286.36%

See also

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Lyon is a town in Coahoma County, Mississippi, United States. Per the 2020 census, the population was 296.

The Coahoma County School District (CCSD) is a public school district with its administrative headquarters in Clarksdale, Mississippi (USA).

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Coahoma County Junior-Senior High School (CCJSHS) is a public junior and senior high school within the city limits of Clarksdale, Mississippi. It is a part of the Coahoma County School District.

References

  1. "Census - Geography Profile: Coahoma County, Mississippi". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 8, 2023.
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. Baca, Keith A. (2007). Native American Place Names in Mississippi. University Press of Mississippi. p. 29. ISBN   978-1-60473-483-6.
  4. Rowland, Dunbar (1907). Mississippi: Comprising Sketches of Counties, Towns, Events, Institutions, and Persons, Arranged in Cyclopedic Form. Vol. 1. Southern Historical Publishing Association. p. 450.
  5. Sansing, David G.; Jones, Walker W.; Bush, Jason R. (April 2004). "Unequal Justice: An Unintended Consequence in Mississippi Counties with Two Judicial Districts" (PDF). Mississippi Law Journal. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 22, 2014.
  6. 1 2 Kerstine, Margery (January 7, 2011). "Cotton-Family-Religion: Jewish Life in Coahoma County Mississippi, Delta History from 1836 to 1941, Prologue: 1721 to 1867". Margery Kerstine.
  7. Nelson, Lawrence J. (1999). King Cotton's Advocate: Oscar G. Johnston and the New Deal. University of Tennessee Press. ISBN   9781572330252.
  8. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 28, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  9. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  10. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  11. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  12. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  13. "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 3, 2013.
  14. "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 7, 2021.
  15. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  16. "The History of MDCC Archived 2010-06-27 at the Wayback Machine ." Mississippi Delta Community College. Retrieved on October 18, 2010.
  17. Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967.
  18. "View Marker Local Map Conway Twitty Conway Twitty - Friars Point". Mississippi Country Music Trail. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
  19. Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved March 5, 2018.

Coordinates: 34°14′N90°36′W / 34.23°N 90.60°W / 34.23; -90.60