Ch'iyar Qullu (Oruro)

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Ch'iyar Qullu
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Ch'iyar Qullu
Location in Bolivia
Highest point
Coordinates 19°26′00″S67°23′00″W / 19.43333°S 67.38333°W / -19.43333; -67.38333 Coordinates: 19°26′00″S67°23′00″W / 19.43333°S 67.38333°W / -19.43333; -67.38333 [1] [2]
Geography
Location Bolivia,
Oruro Department, Ladislao Cabrera Province
Parent range Andes

Ch'iyar Qullu (Aymara ch'iyara black, qullu mountain, [3] "black mountain", also spelled Chiar Kkollu) is a volcanic centre in Bolivia. It is located in the Oruro Department, Ladislao Cabrera Province, Salinas de Garci Mendoza Municipality, northeast of Salinas de Garci Mendoza, near a maar named Jayu Quta ("salt lake"). [4]

It is a sill formed from primitive phyric alkali basalt that closely resembles ocean island basalt in composition and now appears as a hill. The rocks contain augite and olivine and the eruption site coincides with a local lineament [2] [5] and is of Miocene age, [6] with dates of 22.51±0.45 mya by Ar-Ar dating and 25.2±0.5 mya by K-Ar dating. [5] The Ch'iyar Qullu magmas are Central Andes intraplate magmas and originate from the upper mantle. [7]

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Chiyar Qullu (Los Andes)

Ch'iyar Qullu is a 4,778-metre-high (15,676 ft) mountain in the western extension of the Cordillera Real in the Andes of Bolivia. It is situated in the La Paz Department, Los Andes Province, Pucarani Municipality. Ch'iyar Qullu lies southwest of Tuni Lake, between the rivers Kunturiri in the north and Tuni in the south.

Chiyar Qullu (Larecaja) mountain in the north of the Cordillera Real in the Andes of Bolivia

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Warachi Qullu

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Janqu Qullu (Potosí)

Janq'u Qullu is a mountain in the Andes of Bolivia, about 5,120 metres (16,798 ft) high. It is situated in the Potosí Department, Antonio Quijarro Province, in the east of the Uyuni Municipality. Janq'u Qullu lies south of the mountain Warachi Qullu. The river Ch'iyar Juqhu Q'awa (Chiar Jokho Khaua) which later is named Juqhu Jawira (Jokho Jahuiri), Jalsullani and Chiqapa (Chicapa) originates north of the mountain. Its waters flow to Qullpa Jawira in the northeast.

Chiyar Qullu (Sud Yungas)

Ch'iyar Qullu is a 5,398-metre-high (17,710 ft) mountain in the Cordillera Real in the Andes of Bolivia. It is situated in the La Paz Department, Sud Yungas Province, Irupana Municipality. Ch'iyar Qullu lies south of the mountain Pupusani, north-west of Illimani and south-east of P'iq'iñ Q'ara.

Ch'iyar Qullu may refer to:

Chiyar Qullu (Palca)

Ch'iyar Qullu is a 4,688-metre-high (15,381 ft) mountain in the Bolivian Andes. It lies in the La Paz Department, Murillo Province, Palca Municipality. Ch'iyar Qullu is situated north-east of the mountain Achachi Qala.

Tata Chiyar Qullu mountain in Bolivia

Tata Ch'iyar Qullu or just Ch'iyar Qullu(Charkkollu) is a mountain in the Bolivian Andes, about 4,800 metres (15,748 ft) high. It lies in the La Paz Department, Murillo Province, Palca Municipality. Ch'iyar Qullu is situated near the river Chuqi Quta, south-west of the lake Ch'uxña Quta and north-west of the village of Chuqi Quta (Choquecota, Choquekhota).

Cerro Guacha

Cerro Guacha is a Miocene caldera in southwestern Bolivia's Sur Lípez Province. Part of the volcanic system of the Andes, it is considered to be part of the Central Volcanic Zone (CVZ), one of the three volcanic arcs of the Andes, and its associated Altiplano-Puna volcanic complex (APVC). A number of volcanic calderas occur within the latter.

Pacha Qullu mountain in Bolivia

Pacha Qullu or Kimsa Misa is a 4,702-metre-high (15,427 ft) mountain in the Andes of Bolivia. It is located in the Oruro Department, Litoral Province, Huachacalla Municipality, west of Huachacalla (Wachaqalla). Pacha Qullu lies northwest of Inka Qhamachu. The plain at 18°42′44.86″S68°34′25.21″W northwest of Pacha Qullu is named Kimsa Misa Pampa (Quimsa Misa Pampa).

Wichhu Qullu (Cochabamba) mountain in Tapacari Province, Bolivia

Wichhu Qullu is a mountain in the Bolivian Andes which reaches a height of approximately 3,840 m (12,600 ft). It is located in the Cochabamba Department, Tapacari Province. Wichhu Qullu lies west of the Ch'iyar Jaqhi River and north of the village of Ch'iyar Jaqhi.

Quwa Qullu mountain in Bolivia

Q'uwa Qullu is a 4,425-metre-high (14,518 ft) mountain in the Bolivian Andes. It is located in the La Paz Department, Inquisivi Province, in the southern parts of the Colquiri Municipality. Q'uwa Qullu lies northwest of Ch'iyar Jaqhi.

References

  1. Pierre Soler, Gabriel Carlier, Michel G. Bonhomme, Michel FornariFORNARI, Field Observations and K-Ar DAting of the Cerro Chiar Kkollu (Southern Altiplano, Bolivia), Second ISAG, Oxford (UK), 21-23/9/1993 (see coordinates and sketch map)
  2. 1 2 Davidson, Jon P.; de Silva, Shanaka L. (1992). "Volcanic rocks from the Bolivian Altiplano: Insights into crustal structure, contamination, and magma genesis in the central Andes". Geology . 20 (12): 1127. doi:10.1130/0091-7613(1992)020<1127:VRFTBA>2.3.CO;2.
  3. Radio San Gabriel, "Instituto Radiofonico de Promoción Aymara" (IRPA) 1993, Republicado por Instituto de las Lenguas y Literaturas Andinas-Amazónicas (ILLLA-A) 2011, Transcripción del Vocabulario de la Lengua Aymara, P. Ludovico Bertonio 1612 (Spanish-Aymara-Aymara-Spanish dictionary)
  4. "Salinas de Garco Mendoza". INE, Bolivia. Archived from the original on January 27, 2016. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
  5. 1 2 Davidson, Jon P.; de Silva, Shanaka L. (April 1995). "Late Cenozoic magmatism of the Bolivian Altiplano". Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology . 119 (4): 387–408. doi:10.1007/BF00286937. S2CID   140667305.
  6. McLeod, C. L.; Davidson, J. P.; Nowell, G. M.; de Silva, S. L. (26 March 2012). "Disequilibrium melting during crustal anatexis and implications for modeling open magmatic systems" (PDF). Geology. 40 (5): 435–438. doi:10.1130/G33000.1.
  7. Mazzuoli, R.; Vezzoli, L.; Omarini, R.; Acocella, V.; Gioncada, A.; Matteini, M.; Dini, A.; Guillou, H.; Hauser, N.; Uttini, A.; Scaillet, S. (7 November 2008). "Miocene magmatism and tectonics of the easternmost sector of the Calama-Olacapato-El Toro fault system in Central Andes at 24 S: Insights into the evolution of the Eastern Cordillera". Geological Society of America Bulletin . 120 (11–12): 1493–1517. doi:10.1130/B26109.1.