Jayu Quta (Ladislao Cabrera)

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Jayu Quta
Crater de Jayu Kuta o Jayu Quta, Altiplano de Bolivia.jpg
Highest point
Elevation 3,650 m (11,980 ft) [1]
Coordinates 19°27′S67°25′W / 19.450°S 67.417°W / -19.450; -67.417 [1]
Geography
Bolivia physical map.svg
Red triangle with thick white border.svg
Jayu Quta
Parent range Andes
Geology
Mountain type Maar
Last eruption Unknown [1]

Jayu Quta (Aymara jayu salt, quta lake, [2] "salt lake", also spelled Jayo Khota, Jayu Khota, Jayu Kkota) is a maar partially filled with water, in the Bolivian Altiplano, north of the Salar de Uyuni and east of the Salar de Coipasa. It is situated in the Oruro Department, Ladislao Cabrera Province, Salinas de Garci Mendoza Municipality, Villa Esperanza Canton. It was originally misidentified as a meteorite impact crater. [1]

Contents

A smaller maar, named Ñiq'i Quta ("mud lake", Nekhe Khota, Nekhe Kkota), is located southwest of Jayu Quta. [1]

Volcanic activity of phreatomagmatic nature formed the maars, probably during the Holocene. During this activity, basalt-trachyandesite rocks were ejected, including xenoliths consisting of granite. [1] These maars belong to a group of volcanic centres in the Altiplano. These centres mostly consist of lava flows of trachyandesitic to dacitic composition. [3]

The maars appear to form a lineament with Ch'iyar Qullu. [1] However, in terms of Pb isotope ratios and geochemistry the eruption products of the maars bear no resemblance to these at Chiyar Qullu. [4] Potassium-argon dating has yielded an age of less than 128,000 years ago on a lava bomb on Ñiq'i Quta. [5]

See also

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Wila Quta (La Paz)

Wila Quta is a 5,032-metre-high (16,509 ft) mountain in the Cordillera Real in the Bolivian Andes. It is situated in the La Paz Department, Murillo Province, Palca Municipality. Wila Quta lies southwest of Mururata and Qutapata and northeast of Janq'u Qalani.

Juri Quta (Batallas)

Juri Quta is a lake in the Cordillera Real of Bolivia located in the La Paz Department, Los Andes Province, Batallas Municipality, Turquia Canton. It lies north of the Kunturiri massif, south-east of Wila Lluxita and east of Wila Lluxi, at the feet of Mullu Apachita and Jisk'a Turini. Juri Quta is situated at a height of about 4,596 metres (15,079 ft), about 0,5 km long and 0,25 km at its widest point. The little lake north of Juri Quta is named Ch'uxña Quta.

Qara Quta (La Paz)

Q'ara Quta is a lake on the western side of the Cordillera Real of Bolivia located in the La Paz Department, Los Andes Province, Batallas Municipality, Comunidad Alto Peñas. It lies north-west of the Kunturiri massif, between the lakes Wichhu Quta (5 km) in the south-west and Khotia Quta and Janq'u Quta in the north-east. The lakes are connected by Jach'a Jawira, a river which originates near the mountain Wila Lluxita and flows down to Lake Titicaca. Q'ara Quta is situated at a height of about 4,400 metres (14,400 ft), about 5 km long and 0,65 km at its widest point.

Jayu Quta may refer to:

Chuxña Quta (Loayza)

Ch'uxña Quta is a mountain in the Bolivian Andes, about 4,920 metres (16,142 ft) high. It lies in the Kimsa Cruz mountain range, west of Wallatani Lake. It is situated in the La Paz Department, Loayza Province, Malla Municipality.

Chuxña Quta (Murillo)

Ch'uxña Quta is a lake in the La Paz Department in Bolivia. It is situated in the Murillo Province, Palca Municipality. Ch'uxña Quta lies northeast of the mountain Tata Ch'iyar Qullu.

Laram Quta (Sud Yungas)

Laram Quta is a lake in the Cordillera Real in the Andes of Bolivia. It is located in the La Paz Department, Sud Yungas Province, Irupana Municipality. It lies south of the mountain Mururata. Laram Quta is situated south-west of the lakes Artisa Pata (Arteza Pata) and Artisa Quta (Arteza Kkota). The lakes north-west of it are named Qillwa Quta and Ch'iyar Quta which is the small one next to Laram Quta.

Wankar Quta Qullu

Wankar Quta Qullu is a mountain in the Andes of Bolivia, about 4,900 metres (16,076 ft) high. It is situated in the La Paz Department, Larecaja Province, Sorata Municipality, north of the main range of the Cordillera Real. Wankar Quta Qullu lies northeast of the mountain Wila Wilani. South of it there is a lake named Q'asiri Quta. A little river named Q'asiri Jawira originates here. It flows to Ch'uch'u Jawira in the south.

Maman Quta

Maman Quta is a mountain in the Cordillera Real in the Bolivian Andes, about 5,160 metres (16,929 ft) high. It is situated in the La Paz Department, Murillo Province, La Paz Municipality. Mama Quta lies southeast of Qala Wathiyani.

Chiyar Qullu (Oruro)

Ch'iyar Qullu is a volcanic centre in Bolivia. It is located in the Oruro Department, Ladislao Cabrera Province, Salinas de Garci Mendoza Municipality, northeast of Salinas de Garci Mendoza, near a maar named Jayu Quta.

Wichhu Qullu (Sajama)

Wichhu Qullu (Aymara jichu, wichhustipa ichu, qullu mountain, "ichu mountain", also named Wichukkollu Loma is a mountain in a volcanic field in the Cordillera Occidental of Bolivia northeast of the summit of the Chullkani volcano. It is located in the Oruro Department, Sajama Province, Turco Municipality, between Jach'a K'uchu in the northeast and Liyun Ikiña in the southwest. The peak of Wichhu Qullu reaches a height of approximately 4,040 m.

Liyun Ikiña

Liyun Ikiña or León Ikiña is a dome in the Cordillera Occidental of Bolivia north of the summit of the Chullkani volcano. It is located in the Oruro Department, Sajama Province, Turco Municipality. Its peak reaches a height of 4,748 m (15,577 ft). South of Liyun Ikiña there is a small lake named Q'illu Quta. The stream which originates here is a left tributary of the Sajama River.

Qillwan Quta

Qillwan Quta is a 4,826-metre-high (15,833 ft) mountain in the Bolivian Andes. It is located in the La Paz Department, Loayza Province, Luribay Municipality. Qillwan Quta lies northwest of Chuqi Sillani at a plain named Qillwan Quta Pampa.

Wila Quta (Loayza)

Wila Quta is a mountain in the Bolivian Andes which reaches a height of approximately 4,100 m (13,500 ft). It is located in the La Paz Department, Loayza Province, Sapahaqui Municipality, at the border with the Luribay Municipality. Wila Quta lies northwest of Qutani.

Janqu Quta (Loayza)

Janq'u Quta is a mountain in the Bolivian Andes which reaches a height of approximately 4,940 m (16,210 ft). It is located in the La Paz Department, Loayza Province, Cairoma Municipality.

Quta Kuchu

Quta K'uchu is a mountain in the La Paz Department in the Andes of Bolivia which reaches a height of approximately 4,820 m (15,810 ft). It is located in the Loayza Province, in the southeast of the Malla Municipality. Quta K'uchu lies southwest of Kimsa Willk'i.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Laguna Jayu Khota". Global Volcanism Program . Smithsonian Institution . Retrieved 2012-04-29.CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. Radio San Gabriel, "Instituto Radiofonico de Promoción Aymara" (IRPA) 1993, Republicado por Instituto de las Lenguas y Literaturas Andinas-Amazónicas (ILLLA-A) 2011, Transcripción del Vocabulario de la Lengua Aymara, P. Ludovico Bertonio 1612 (Spanish-Aymara-Aymara-Spanish dictionary)
  3. Davidson, Jon P.; de Silva, Shanaka L. (April 1995). "Late Cenozoic magmatism of the Bolivian Altiplano". Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology. 119 (4): 390. doi:10.1007/BF00286937. S2CID   140667305.
  4. Hoke, Leonore; Lamb, Simon; Entenmann, Jurgen; Davidson, Jon P.; de Silva, Shanaka L. (1993). "Volcanic rocks from the Bolivian Altiplano: Insights into crustal structure, contamination, and magma genesis: Comment and Reply". Geology. 21 (12): 1129. doi:10.1130/0091-7613(1993)021<1147:VRFTBA>2.3.CO;2.
  5. Hoke, Leonore; Lamb, Simon (July 2007). "Cenozoic behind-arc volcanism in the Bolivian Andes, South America: implications for mantle melt generation and lithospheric structure". Journal of the Geological Society. 164 (4): 801. doi:10.1144/0016-76492006-092. ISSN   0016-7649. S2CID   131307172.