Location of Cercado Province in Bolivia
|• Total||5,162 km2 (1,993 sq mi)|
|• Density||46.7/km2 (121/sq mi)|
|• Ethnicities||Quechua, Aymara|
|Time zone||UTC-4 (BOT)|
Cercado is a province in the northeastern parts of the Bolivian department of Oruro. Its capital is Oruro. The hamlet of Paria, established in 1535, was the first Spanish settlement in Bolivia and previously had been a regional capital of the Inca Empire. Paria is located in Soracachi municipality.
Cercado province is one of sixteen provinces in the Oruro Department. It is located between 17° 22' and 18° 35' South and between 66° 21' and 67° 20' West.
It borders Tomas Barrón Province and La Paz Department in the northwest, Nor Carangas Province and Saucarí Province in the west, Poopó Province and Pantaléon Dalence Province in the southeast, and Cochabamba Department in the east and north.
The province extends over 135 km from North to South, and 105 km from east to west.
Some of the highest mountains of the province are listed below:
The main language of the province is Spanish, spoken by 96.7%, 43.3% of the population speak Quechua and 25.5% speak Aymara.
The population increased from 213,755 inhabitants (1992 census) to 241,230 (2001 census), an increase of 12.9%. - 39.4% of the population is younger than 15 years old.
18.6% of the population have no access to electricity, 67.5% have no sanitary facilities.
16.3% of the population are employed in agriculture, 1.8% in mining, 11.9% in industry, 70.0% in general services (2001).
83.0% of the population are Catholics, 13.5% are Protestants (1992).
The province comprises four municipalities which are further subdivided into cantons.
|Capital Municipality||Oruro Municipality||Oruro|
|2nd||El Choro Municipality||El Choro|
Tapacarí is a province in the Cochabamba Department, Bolivia. Its capital is Tapacarí. The province is located at a turnoff from the major highway that links Cochabamba and Oruro. It has traditionally been amongst the poorest in the department. Tapacarí Province and neighboring Arque Province are the two poorest of the 16 provinces that make up the department of Cochabamba.
Aroma is one of the twenty provinces of the Bolivian La Paz Department. It is situated in the southern parts of the department. Its seat is Sica Sica.
Inquisivi is a province in the La Paz Department in Bolivia. During the presidency of José Ballivián it was created on November 2, 1844. The capital of the province is Inquisivi.
Larecaja is a province in the Bolivian La Paz Department. It was founded by Antonio José de Sucre on October 18, 1826. Its capital is Sorata.
Loayza or José Ramón Loayza is a province in the La Paz Department, Bolivia. Its seat is Luribay.
Los Andes is one of the twenty provinces in the central parts of the Bolivian La Paz Department. The province was legally founded on November 24, 1917, during the presidency of José Gutiérrez Guerra. The Spanish name of the province means "The Andes", referring to its position within the Cordillera Real which is part of the Bolivian Andes mountain range. The capital of the province is Pucarani, which has a population of 918 as of the 2001 census. Pucarani is situated in the Altiplano west of the Cordillera Real offering a view of some of its highest mountains such as Ch'iyar Juqhu, Chachakumani, Kunturiri, Wayna Potosí and Chacaltaya.
Pedro Domingo Murillo is a province in the Bolivian La Paz Department. It was created on January 8, 1838, with the name Cercado and on October 17, 1912, during the presidency of Eliodoro Villazón, its name was changed in honor of Pedro Domingo Murillo, protagonist of the revolution of June 16, 1809.
Tomás Frías is a province in the northern parts of the Bolivian Potosí Department. Its capital is Potosí which is also the capital of the department. The province is named after the former president Tomás Frías Ametller.
Antonio Quijarro is a province in the central parts of the Bolivian Potosí Department situated at the Salar de Uyuni. Its seat is Uyuni.
Sabaya is a province in the central parts of the Bolivian Oruro Department. Its seat is Sabaya.
Eduardo Abaroa, also Eduardo Avaroa, or Challapata is a province in the southeastern parts of the Bolivian department of Oruro. Its seat is Challapata. The province was named after Colonel Eduardo Abaroa, Bolivia's hero of the War of the Pacific.
Nor Carangas is a province in the northern parts of the Bolivian department of Oruro. Its seat is Huayllamarca.
Pantaleón Dalence is a province in the eastern parts of the Bolivian Oruro Department. Its seat is Huanuni. The province was named after the jurist Pantaleón Dalence Jiménez.
Puerto de Mejillones is a province in the western parts of the Bolivian department of Oruro. It is one of the sixteen provinces in the Oruro Department. Its seat is La Rivera.
Sajama is a province in the northwestern parts of the Bolivian Oruro Department.
San Pedro de Totora is a province in the northern parts of the Bolivian department of Oruro.
Turco Municipality is the second municipal section of the Sajama Province in the Oruro Department in Bolivia, and was founded on February 15, 1957. Its seat is Turco, situated 154 km west of Oruro at an altitude of 3,860 m. The municipality covers an area of 3,973 km², not taking into account the area of Laca Laca Canton.
Sorata Municipality is the first municipal section of the Larecaja Province in the La Paz Department, Bolivia. Its capital is Sorata. The Illampu - Janq'u Uma massif is located within the municipality, site of the 17th highest lake in the world, Laguna Glaciar.
Luribay Municipality is the first municipal section of the Loayza Province in the La Paz Department, Bolivia. Its seat is Luribay.
Jach'a Ch'ankha is a 4,345-metre-high (14,255 ft) mountain in the Andes in Bolivia. It is located in the Oruro Department, Cercado Province, Paria Municipality, 16 km east of Oruro. Jach'a Ch'ankha lies near the villages of Paya Payani in the northeast, Qala Qala in the south and Irsuma in the southwest.