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Municipalities in Bolivia are administrative divisions of the entire national territory governed by local elections. Municipalities are the third level of administrative divisions, below departments and provinces. Some of the provinces consist of only one municipality. In these cases the municipalities are identical to the provinces they belong to.
Municipalities in Bolivia are each led by a mayor, an executive office. Mayors were appointed by the national government from 1878 to 1942 and from 1949 to 1987.Local elections were held under the 1942 municipal code, which was in force until 1991. The 1985 Organic Law of Municipalities restored local elections for mayor and created a legislative body, the municipal council.
In 1994, the entire territory of Bolivia was merged into municipalities, where previously only urban areas were organized as municipalities. As an effect of decentralization through the 1994 Law of Popular Participation the number of municipalities in Bolivia has risen from an initial twenty-four (in 1994) to 327 (in 2005), to 337 (at the time of the 2010 elections), as of August 2010 [update] ). Of the 327 municipalities existing after 2005, 187 are inhabited by mainly indigenous population; 184 of these are located in the five Andean departments, with the remaining three in Santa Cruz department. New municipalities must have at least 10,000 residents, or 5,000 in the case of border areas.to 339 (
The municipalities are as follows ordered by department:
The politics of Bolivia takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the president is head of state, head of government and head of a diverse multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament. Both the Judiciary and the electoral branch are independent of the executive and the legislature. After the 2014 election, 53.1% of the seats in national parliament were held by women, a higher proportion of women than that of the population.
Transport in Bolivia is mostly by road. The railways were historically important in Bolivia, but now play a relatively small part in the country's transport system. Because of the country's geography, aviation is also important.
Cochabamba, from Quechua qucha or qhucha, meaning "lake", pampa meaning "plain", is one of the nine departments of Bolivia. It is known to be the "granary" of the country because of its variety of agricultural products from its geographical position. It has an area of 55,631 km². Its population in the 2012 census was 1,758,143. Its capital is the city of Cochabamba, known as the "City of Eternal Spring" and "The Garden City" because of its spring-like temperatures all year.
Nor Carangas is a province in the northern parts of the Bolivian department of Oruro. Its seat is Huayllamarca.
San Pedro de Totora is a province in the northern parts of the Bolivian department of Oruro.
The Catholic Church in Bolivia is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome. Catholicism was introduced in the 1530s and the first diocese was established in 1552. Evangelization among the Indians bore much fruit from the mid-18th to early 19th century, resuming again in 1840. The country declared independence from Spain in 1825.
Turco Municipality is the second municipal section of the Sajama Province in the Oruro Department in Bolivia, and was founded on February 15, 1957. Its seat is Turco, situated 154 km west of Oruro at an altitude of 3,860 m. The municipality covers an area of 3,973 km², not taking into account the area of Laca Laca Canton.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Bolivia:
The Bolivian general election, 2009 was held on December 6, 2009, following a constitutional referendum held on 25 January 2009. Voters elected:
The Bolivian football league system is a series of interconnected leagues for association football clubs in Bolivia.
The 2010 Bolivian regional elections were held on 4 April 2010. Departmental and municipal authorities were elected by an electorate of approximately 5 million people. Among the officials elected are:
The Syndicalist Confederation of Intercultural Communities of Bolivia is a peasant union of rural communities in the lowlands of Bolivia whose members included people of highland origin. It is led by Pedro Calderón and includes federations in six departments: La Paz, Cochabamba, Santa Cruz, Tarija, Chuquisaca, and Beni. It was founded on February 18, 1971 as the Syndicalist Confederation of Colonizers of Bolivia. At the time, its independence from the government represented a defiant break from the so-called Military-Peasant Pact.
Bolivia held a parliamentary election in December 1920, electing a new National Congress.
The Supreme Court of Justice is the highest court of ordinary jurisdiction in Bolivia, based in Sucre. Its powers are set out in Articles 181–185 of the 2009 Constitution and the Law of the Judicial Organ. It was first seated on 2 January 2012.
Wila Qullu may refer to:
Pukara means a ruin of the fortifications made by the natives of the central Andean cultures.