Departments of Ivory Coast

Last updated
Departments of Ivory Coast. Red lines indicate borders of districts. Bolded black lines indicate borders of regions. Grey area is not governed by a department. Departments map Cote d'Ivoire.jpg
Departments of Ivory Coast. Red lines indicate borders of districts. Bolded black lines indicate borders of regions. Grey area is not governed by a department.

Departments of Ivory Coast (French : départements de Côte d'Ivoire, also known as collectivités territoriale) are currently the third-level administrative subdivision of the country. Each of the 31 second-level regions of Ivory Coast is divided into two or more departments. (The autonomous districts contain no regions, but they do contain departments.) Each department is divided into two or more sub-prefectures, which are the fourth-level subdivisions in Ivory Coast. As of 2016, there are 108 departments of Ivory Coast.

Contents

There is one area of Ivory Coast that is not governed by departments: the portion of Comoé National Park that is within Zanzan District is not assigned to any department.

Departments were first created in 1961. During their existence, they have been first-, second-, and third-level administrative subdivisions.

Current departments

Departments map Cote d'Ivoire numbered.jpg

There are currently 108 departments of Ivory Coast. The departments are as follows:

  1. Abengourou
  2. Abidjan
  3. Aboisso
  4. Adiaké
  5. Adzopé
  6. Agboville
  7. Agnibilékrou
  8. Akoupé
  9. Alépé
  10. Arrah
  11. Attiégouakro
  12. Bangolo
  13. Béoumi
  14. Bettié
  15. Biankouma
  16. Bloléquin
  17. Bocanda
  18. Bondoukou
  19. Bongouanou
  20. Botro
  21. Bouaflé
  22. Bouaké
  23. Bouna
  24. Boundiali
  25. Buyo
  26. Dabakala
  27. Dabou
  28. Daloa
  29. Danané
  30. Daoukro
  31. Dianra
  32. Didiévi
  33. Dikodougou
  34. Dimbokro
  35. Divo
  36. Djékanou
  37. Doropo
  38. Duékoué
  39. Facobly
  40. Ferkessédougou
  41. Fresco
  42. Gagnoa
  43. Gbéléban
  44. Grand-Bassam
  45. Grand-Lahou
  46. Guéyo
  47. Guiglo
  48. Guitry
  49. Issia
  50. Jacqueville
  51. Kani
  52. Kaniasso
  53. Katiola
  54. Kong
  55. Korhogo
  56. Koro
  57. Kouassi-Kouassikro
  58. Kouibly
  59. Koun-Fao
  60. Kounahiri
  61. Kouto
  62. Lakota
  63. Madinani
  64. Man
  65. Mankono
  66. M'Bahiakro
  67. M'Batto
  68. M'Bengué
  69. Méagui
  70. Minignan
  71. Nassian
  72. Niakaramandougou
  73. Odienné
  74. Ouangolodougou
  75. Ouaninou
  76. Oumé
  77. Prikro
  78. Sakassou
  79. Samatiguila
  80. San-Pédro
  81. Sandégué
  82. Sassandra
  83. Séguéla
  84. Séguélon
  85. Sikensi
  86. Sinématiali
  87. Sinfra
  88. Sipilou
  89. Soubré
  90. Taabo
  91. Tabou
  92. Taï
  93. Tanda
  94. Téhini
  95. Tengréla
  96. Tiapoum
  97. Tiassalé
  98. Tiébissou
  99. Touba
  100. Toulépleu
  101. Toumodi
  102. Transua
  103. Vavoua
  104. Yakassé-Attobrou
  105. Yamoussoukro
  106. Zouan-Hounien
  107. Zoukougbeu
  108. Zuénoula

History

1961–69

Departments of Ivory Coast in 1961-63. Departments of Cote d'Ivoire locator map labelled (1961-63).jpg
Departments of Ivory Coast in 1961–63.
Departments of Ivory Coast in 1963-69. Departments of Cote d'Ivoire locator map labelled (1963-69).jpg
Departments of Ivory Coast in 1963–69.

Departments were established in 1961 and were the original first-level administrative subdivision of independent Ivory Coast. [1] Initially, there were just four departments: Centre, Nord, Sud-Est, and Sud-Ouest. In 1963, two more departments were created: Est was created by dividing Sud-Est, and Centre-Ouest) was created by dividing Sud-Ouest. As a result of the divisions, Sud-Est was renamed Sud and Sud-Ouest was renamed Ouest.

1969: 24 new departments

In 1969, the six departments were abolished and in their place 24 new departments were created. The following table illustrates how the old departments were divided into the new departments:

The 24 new departments that were created in 1969. These boundaries were consistent until departments began to be divided in 1974. Departments map Cote d'Ivoire numbered (1969-74).jpg
The 24 new departments that were created in 1969. These boundaries were consistent until departments began to be divided in 1974.
Old department New departments (number corresponds to position on map)
Centre Bouaflé (8), Bouaké (9), Dimbokro (13), Katiola (18)
Centre-Ouest Daloa (11), Gagnoa (16), Sassandra [2] (22)
Est Abengourou (1), Bondoukou (7)
Nord Boundiali (10), Ferkessédougou (15), Korhogo (19), Odienné (21), Séguéla (23), Touba (24)
Ouest Biankouma (6), Danané (12), Guiglo (17), Man (20)
Sud Abidjan (2), Aboisso (3), Adzopé (4), Agboville (5), Divo (14), Sassandra [2] (22)

Due to a lack of government resources, the 1969 changes were not fully implemented until 1974.

Subsequent divisions and relegation to second-level

From 1974 onward, new departments were occasionally created through division of pre-existing departments. New departments were created in 1974 (2), 1980 (8), 1988 (15), and 1995 (1). In 1997, when there were 50 departments, regions were created, which supplanted departments as the first-level administrative subdivision. As a result, the 50 departments became second-level divisions.

More departments were created in 1998 (8), 2005 (12), 2008 (11), and 2009 (9). By the time of the late-2011 reorganisation of the subdivisions of Ivory Coast, there were 90 departments in 19 regions.

2011 subdivision reorganisation

In the 2011 reorganisation of the subdivisions of Ivory Coast, five new departments were created, bringing the total to 95. More significantly, however, districts were created as a new first-level division. As a result, regions became second-level subdivisions and the 95 departments became third-level subdivisions.

Post-2011 changes

Since the 2011 reorganisation, 13 more departments have been created, bringing the total number to 108. Twelve departments were created in 2012 and one was created in 2013.

Names and governance

Departments are named after the city or town that serves as the seat of the department. In most cases, this is the most populous settlement in the department.

Each department is headed by a prefect, who is appointed by the council of ministers (cabinet) of the national government. [3] For departments that house regional capitals, the prefect of the department is the same individual as the prefect of the region, though the two offices of prefect remain distinct. [4]

Each department is divided into two or more sub-prefectures, which serve as fourth-level administrative subdivisions. There are currently 510 sub-prefectures in the country.

Current departments by district and region

Below are the departments divided by district and region with the establishment year of the departments in parentheses.

Abidjan Autonomous District

Bas-Sassandra District

Comoé District

Denguélé District

Gôh-Djiboua District

Lacs District

Lagunes District

Montagnes District

Sassandra-Marahoué District

Savanes District

Vallée du Bandama District

Woroba District

Yamoussoukro Autonomous District

Zanzan District

Defunct departments

There are six departments of Ivory Coast that have been eliminated.

Maps of departments through time

MapYears effectiveFirst-level subdivisionsSecond-level subdivisionsThird-level subdivisionsChanges
Departments of Cote d'Ivoire locator map labelled (1961-63).jpg 1961634 departmentsFour departments created as first-level subdivisions.
Departments of Cote d'Ivoire locator map labelled (1963-69).jpg 1963696 departmentsTwo departments added.
Departments map Cote d'Ivoire (1969-74).jpg 19697424 departmentsAll previous departments abolished. 24 new departments established as first-level subdivisions.
Departments map Cote d'Ivoire (1974-80).jpg 19748026 departmentsTwo departments added.
Departments map Cote d'Ivoire (1980-88).jpg 19808834 departmentsEight departments added.
Departments map Cote d'Ivoire (1988-95).jpg 19889549 departments15 departments added.
Departments map Cote d'Ivoire (1995-97).jpg 19959750 departmentsOne department added.
Departments map Cote d'Ivoire (1997-98).jpg 19979816 regions50 departments16 regions created as new first-level subdivisions. Departments converted to second-level subdivisions.
Departments map Cote d'Ivoire (1998-2000).jpg 1998200016 regions58 departmentsEight departments added.
Departments map Cote d'Ivoire (2000-05).jpg 20000519 regions58 departmentsThree regions added.
Departments map Cote d'Ivoire (2005-08).jpg 20050819 regions70 departments12 departments added.
Departments map Cote d'Ivoire (2008-09).jpg 20080919 regions81 departments11 departments added.
Departments map Cote d'Ivoire (2009-11).jpg 20091119 regions90 departments9 departments added.
Departments map Cote d'Ivoire (2011-12) 2.jpg 20111214 districts30 regions95 departments14 districts created as new first-level subdivisions. Regions increased to 30 and converted to second-level subdivisions. Departments converted to third-level subdivisions. Five departments added. One area removed from departmental jurisdiction.
Departments map Cote d'Ivoire (2012-13) 2.jpg 20121314 districts31 regions107 departmentsOne region added. 12 departments added.
Departments map Cote d'Ivoire.jpg 201314 districts31 regions108 departmentsOne department added.

Notes

  1. At independence in 1960, Ivory Coast was informally divided into 19 traditional cercles, but the cercles were not official administrative subdivisions.
  2. 1 2 Sassandra Department was created from territory taken partly from Centre-Ouest Department and partly from Sud Department.
  3. Loi n° 2014-451 du 05 août 2014 portant orientation de l'organisation générale de l'Administration Territoriale.
  4. Ordonnance n° 2011-262 du 28 septembre 2011 portant orientation de l'organisation générale de l'administration territoriale de l'Etat.
  5. The boundaries of Abidjan Department and Abidjan Autonomous District are the same.

Related Research Articles

Regions of Ivory Coast

The regions of Ivory Coast are the second-level subdivisions of Ivory Coast. There are 31 regions, and each region is subdivided into two or more departments, the third-level division in Ivory Coast. Two to four regions are combined to make up a district, the first-level subdivision. The two autonomous districts of Ivory Coast are not divided into regions.

Sud-Comoé Region in Comoé, Ivory Coast

Sud-Comoé Region is one of the 31 regions of Ivory Coast. Since 2011, it has been one of two regions in Comoé District. The region's seat is Aboisso. The region's area is 7,189 km², and its population in the 2014 census was 642,620.

Gagnoa Department Department in Gôh-Djiboua, Ivory Coast

Gagnoa Department is a department of Gôh Region in Gôh-Djiboua District, Ivory Coast. In 2014, its population was 602,097 and its seat is the settlement of Gagnoa. The sub-prefectures of the department are Bayota, Dahiépa-Kéhi, Dignago, Dougroupalégnaoa, Doukouyo, Gagnoa, Galebre-Galébouo, Gnagbodougnoa, Guibéroua, Ouragahio, Sérihio, and Yopohué.

Guiglo Department Department in Montagnes, Ivory Coast

Guiglo Department is a department of Cavally Region in Montagnes District, Ivory Coast. In 2014, its population was 176,688 and its seat is the settlement of Guiglo. The sub-prefectures of the department are Bédy-Goazon, Guiglo, Kaadé, and Nizahon.

Abengourou Department Department in Comoé, Ivory Coast

Abengourou Department is a department of Indénié-Djuablin Region in Comoé District, Ivory Coast. In 2014, its population was 336,148 and its seat is the settlement of Abengourou. The sub-prefectures of the department are Abengourou, Amélékia, Aniassué, Ebilassokro, Niablé, Yakassé-Féyassé, and Zaranou.

Abidjan Department Department in Abidjan, Ivory Coast

Abidjan Department is a department of Ivory Coast. It is the sole department in Abidjan Autonomous District: the territory of the department and the district are the same.

Aboisso Department Department in Comoé, Ivory Coast

Aboisso Department is a department of Sud-Comoé Region in Comoé District, Ivory Coast. In 2014, its population was 307,852 and its seat is the settlement of Aboisso. The sub-prefectures of the department are Aboisso, Adaou, Adjouan, Ayamé, Bianouan, Kouakro, Maféré, and Yaou.

Adiaké Department Department in Comoé, Ivory Coast

Adiaké Department is a department of Sud-Comoé Region in Comoé District, Ivory Coast. In 2014, its population was 83,547 and its seat is the settlement of Adiaké. The sub-prefectures of the department are Adiaké, Assinie-Mafia, and Etuéboué.

Adzopé Department Department in Lagunes, Ivory Coast

Adzopé Department is a department of La Mé Region in Lagunes District, Ivory Coast. In 2014, its population was 193,518 and its seat is the settlement of Adzopé. The sub-prefectures of the department are Adzopé, Agou, Annépé, Assikoi, Bécédi-Brignan, and Yakassé-Mé.

Bouaflé Department Department in Sassandra-Marahoué, Ivory Coast

Bouaflé Department is a department of Marahoué Region in Sassandra-Marahoué District, Ivory Coast. In 2014, its population was 409,683 and its seat is the settlement of Bouaflé. The sub-prefectures of the department are Bégbessou, Bonon, Bouaflé, N'Douffoukankro, Pakouabo, Tibéita, and Zaguiéta.

Daloa Department Department in Sassandra-Marahoué, Ivory Coast

Daloa Department is a department of Haut-Sassandra Region in Sassandra-Marahoué District, Ivory Coast. In 2014, its population was 591,633 and its seat is the settlement of Daloa. The sub-prefectures of the department are Bédiala, Daloa, Gadouan, Gboguhé, Gonaté, and Zaïbo.

Sassandra Department Department in Bas-Sassandra, Ivory Coast

Sassandra Department is a department of Gbôklé Region in Bas-Sassandra District, Ivory Coast. In 2014, its population was 299,500 and its seat is the settlement of Sassandra. The sub-prefectures of the department are Dakpadou, Grihiri, Lobakuya, Médon, Sago, and Sassandra.

Dimbokro Department Department in Lacs, Ivory Coast

Dimbokro Department is a department of N'Zi Region in Lacs District, Ivory Coast. In 2014, its population was 91,056 and its seat is the settlement of Dimbokro. The sub-prefectures of the department are Abigui, Diangokro, Dimbokro, and Nofou.

Divo Department Department in Gôh-Djiboua, Ivory Coast

Divo Department is a department of Lôh-Djiboua Region in Gôh-Djiboua District, Ivory Coast. In 2014, its population was 380,220 and its seat is the settlement of Divo. The sub-prefectures of the department are Chiépo, Didoko, Divo, Hiré, Nébo, Ogoudou, and Zégo.

Tiapoum Department Department in Comoé, Ivory Coast

Tiapoum Department is a department of Sud-Comoé Region in Comoé District, Ivory Coast. In 2014, its population was 72,158 and its seat is the settlement of Tiapoum. The sub-prefectures of the department are Noé, Nouamou, and Tiapoum.

Fresco Department Department in Bas-Sassandra, Ivory Coast

Fresco Department is a department of Gbôklé Region in Bas-Sassandra District, Ivory Coast. In 2014, its population was 101,298 and its seat is the settlement of Fresco. The sub-prefectures of the department are Dahiri, Fresco and Gbagbam.

Soubré Department Department in Bas-Sassandra, Ivory Coast

Soubré Department is a department of Nawa Region in Bas-Sassandra District, Ivory Coast. In 2014, its population was 464,554 and its seat is the settlement of Soubré. The sub-prefectures of the department are Grand-Zattry, Liliyo, Okrouyo, and Soubré.

Districts of Ivory Coast

The districts of Ivory Coast are the first-level administrative subdivisions of the country. The districts were created in 2011 in an effort to further decentralise the state, but in practice most of them have not yet begun to function as governmental entities.

Sud Department (Ivory Coast)

Sud Department was one of the original four departments of Ivory Coast. It was established in 1961, along with Centre Department, Nord Department, and Sud-Ouest Department. During Sud Department's existence, departments were the first-level administrative subdivisions of Ivory Coast.

Ouest Department (Ivory Coast)

Ouest Department was one of the original four departments of Ivory Coast. It was established in 1961, along with Centre Department, Nord Department, and Sud-Est Department. During Ouest Department's existence, departments were the first-level administrative subdivisions of Ivory Coast.

References