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politics and government of
Since 2009 (Law No. 18567 of 13 September 2009),the Uruguayan departments have been subdivided into municipalities. In the municipal elections of 2010 municipal authorities were elected for the first time and they assumed office months later. Currently there are 125 municipalities in Uruguay.
The Montevideo, Canelones and Maldonado departments are completely covered by municipalities. The other departments have areas not included in any municipality.
Each municipality is governed by a local council, made up of 5 members. The chairperson of the local council is known as alcalde (mayor).
Montevideo is the capital and largest city of Uruguay. According to the 2011 census, the city proper has a population of 1,319,108 in an area of 201 square kilometres (78 sq mi). The southernmost capital city in the Americas, Montevideo is situated on the southern coast of the country, on the northeastern bank of the Río de la Plata.
San Carlos is a city in the Maldonado Department of southern Uruguay. "San Carlos" is also the name of the municipality to which the city belongs. The municipality includes the following zones: San Carlos, El Tesoro, La Barra, Edén Rock, El Chorro, Manantiales, Balneario Buenos Aires, Punta Piedras, Santa Mónica, San Vicente, El Edén, Paso de la Cantera, Las Cañas, Carapé, Mataojo, Guardia Vieja, Pago de la Paja, Partido Norte, Partido Oeste, Cañada Bellaca, Corte de la Leña, Punta del Campanera, Puntas de Mataojo, and Laguna José Ignacio.
Las Piedras is a city in the Canelones Department of Uruguay. As of the census of 2011, it is the fifth most populated city of the country.
San Juan Bautista Tuxtepec, or simply referred to as Tuxtepec, is the head of the municipality by the same name and is the second most populous city of the Mexican state of Oaxaca. It is part of the Tuxtepec District of the Papaloapan Region. As of the 2010 census, the city is home to a population of 101,810 and 155,766 in the municipality, though census data are often under reported for various reasons. The municipality resides in the region called La Cuenca, is located 36 feet above sea level, and occupies an area of approximately 580 square miles (1,500 km2). The city itself is surrounded by the Papaloapan River, and lies a few kilometers south of the Cerro de Oro Dam on its tributary the Santo Domingo River. The municipality is bordered by the state of Veracruz in the north, the municipalities of Loma Bonita to the east and San José Chiltepec to the south. It is almost 100 miles (160 km) to the port of Veracruz, 130 miles (210 km) to Oaxaca City, the state capital, and 310 miles (500 km) to Mexico City.
Tlatlaya is a small town and municipality located in the southeast of the State of Mexico in Mexico. The word “Tlatlaya” means when the hearth is black and red.
Tejupilco is a municipality in the State of Mexico, Mexico, located approximately 100 kilometres (62 mi) southwest of the state capital Toluca, along Federal Highway 34. Its municipal seat is Tejupilco de Hidalgo. The municipality has a total area of about 1,327 km2 (512 sq mi), with a contrasting topography ranging from deep ravines and canyons to high ridges; the highest elevation within the municipality reaches some 1,117 metres (3,660 ft) asl. The 2005 census recorded a population of 62,547 inhabitants.
Temascal is a town in the Mexican state of Oaxaca which is the seat of the municipality of San Miguel Soyaltepec. It is part of the Tuxtepec District of the Papaloapan Region. The name Soyaltepec means "hill of palm trees" in Náhuatl but the area also carries the Mazatec name of Naxhingee which means “ragged hill”.
Luvianos is a small town and municipality located in the southwest of the State of Mexico. It gained municipal status in 2000. People can access Luvianos by driving Federal Road 134 south from Toluca, and then take a detour about 25 minutes north of Tejupilco. The name is derived from a hacienda what was established during colonial times.
Toledo is a small city in the Canelones Department of Uruguay. Together with Villa Crespo y San Andrés, it forms a population centre of more than 14,000, which is also generally known as "Toledo", although the censual area of Toledo itself has only about 4,400 inhabitants, according to the 2011 census. They are both part of the wider metropitan area of Montevideo.
Parque del Plata is a city of the Costa de Oro in the Canelones Department of southern Uruguay.
Route 6 is a national route of Uruguay. In 1981, it was assigned the name Joaquín Suárez. It connects Montevideo with the northeast of Rivera Department, at Vichadero, with an extension reaching the border with Brazil. The road is approximately 428 kilometres long till Vichadero.
Route 8 is a national route of Uruguay. In 1975, it was assigned the name Brigadier General Juan Antonio Lavalleja, a national hero of Uruguay. It connects Montevideo with Aceguá in the northeast.
San José de Carrasco is a residential neighbourhood and resort of Ciudad de la Costa in Canelones, Uruguay.
Ciudad del Plata is a city in San José Department of Uruguay.
Paso de Carrasco or Paso Carrasco is a city in the Canelones Department of Uruguay.
Arroyo de las Piedras is a river in Uruguay.
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