Provinces of Chile

Last updated
Provinces of Chile
Provincias de Chile (Spanish)
Chile provinces.png
Category Unitary unit
LocationFlag of Chile.svg  Chile
Number56
Populations1,792 (Antártica Chilena) – 4,997,637 (Santiago Province)
Areas164 km2 (63.2 sq mi) (Easter Island) - 1,265,854 km2 (488,748.8 sq mi) (Antártica Chilena)
GovernmentProvincial government, National government
Subdivisions Communes

A province is the second largest administrative division in Chile with 56 in total. The largest administrative division in Chile is that of a region with 16 in total.

Contents

Each provincial government (gobernación provincial) is headed by a governor (gobernador) appointed by the President. The governor exercises their powers in accordance with instructions from the regional intendant (intendente). The governor is advised by the Provincial Economic and Social Council (Consejo Económico y Social Provincial or CESPRO). The only exception is the Santiago Province, which makes no provision for provincial government in its regulations; the position corresponds to the intendant of the Santiago Metropolitan Region. In January 2001, the Provincial Delegation of Santiago was created with the position of a Provincial Delegate, who exercises the functions of a provincial governor on behalf of the respective intendant.

The country's provinces are further divided into 346 communes which are administered by an alcalde and municipal council.

Until the 1980s, a province was the main administrative division in Chile, with 25 provinces: Tarapacá, Antofagasta, Atacama, Coquimbo, Aconcagua, Valparaíso, Santiago, O'Higgins, Colchagua, Curicó, Talca, Maule, Linares, Ñuble, Concepción, Arauco, Biobío, Malleco, Cautín, Valdivia, Osorno (since 1940), Llanquihue, Chiloé, Aisén (since 1929), Magallanes (since 1929)

List of provinces

The following table gives each province, its capital, surface area and 2002 population according to the National Statistics Institute.

INE
Region
Natural
Region
Region Province Capital No. of
Communes
Area [1] [2] 2002 [1] [2]
Population
North Far North Chile Arica and Parinacota (XV) Arica Arica 28,726.4186,488
North Far North Chile Arica and Parinacota (XV) Parinacota Putre 28,146.93,156
North Far North Chile Tarapacá (I) Iquique Iquique 22,835.3216,419
North Far North Chile Tarapacá (I) Tamarugal Pozo Almonte 539,390.522,531
North Far North Chile Antofagasta (II) Antofagasta Antofagasta 467,793.5318,779
North Far North Chile Antofagasta (II) El Loa Calama 341,999.6143,689
North Far North Chile Antofagasta (II) Tocopilla Tocopilla 216,23631,516
North Near North Chile Atacama (III) Copiapó Copiapó 332,538.5155,713
North Near North Chile Atacama (III) Huasco Vallenar 418,201.566,491
North Near North Chile Atacama (III) Chañaral Chañaral 224,436.232,132
North Near North Chile Coquimbo (IV) Elqui La Serena 616,894.8365,371
North Near North Chile Coquimbo (IV) Limarí Ovalle 513,553.2156,158
North Near North Chile Coquimbo (IV) Choapa Illapel 410,131.681,681
Central North Central Chile Valparaíso (V) Isla de Pascua Hanga Roa 1163.63,791
Central North Central Chile Valparaíso (V) Los Andes Los Andes 43,217.795,474
Central North Central Chile Valparaíso (V) Marga Marga Quilpué 3927.2263,420
Central North Central Chile Valparaíso (V) Petorca La Ligua 64,736.471,243
Central North Central Chile Valparaíso (V) Quillota Quillota 61,344.9190,022
Central North Central Chile Valparaíso (V) San Antonio San Antonio 61,611.6136,594
Central North Central Chile Valparaíso (V) San Felipe de Aconcagua San Felipe 62,659.2131,911
Central North Central Chile Valparaíso (V) Valparaíso Valparaíso 61,999.1651,188
Central North Central Chile O'Higgins (VI) Cachapoal Rancagua 177,384.2542,901
Central North Central Chile O'Higgins (VI) Colchagua San Fernando 105,678196,566
Central North Central Chile O'Higgins (VI) Cardenal Caro Pichilemu 63,324.741,160
Central South Central Chile Maule (VII) Talca Talca 109,937.8352,966
Central South Central Chile Maule (VII) Linares Linares 810,041.2253,990
Central South Central Chile Maule (VII) Curicó Curicó 97,280.9244,053
Central South Central Chile Maule (VII) Cauquenes Cauquenes 33027.257,088
Central South Central Chile Ñuble (XVI) Diguillín Bulnes 95,229.3319,809
Central South Central Chile Ñuble (XVI) Punilla San Carlos 55,202.598,596
Central South Central Chile Ñuble (XVI) Itata Quirihue 72,177.1153,832
Central South Central Chile Biobío (VIII) Concepción Concepción 123,439.3912,889
Central South Central Chile Biobío (VIII) Biobío Los Ángeles 1414,987.9353,315
Central South Central Chile Biobío (VIII) Arauco Lebu 75,457.2157,255
South South Chile Araucanía (IX) Cautin Temuco 2118,409667,920
South South Chile Araucanía (IX) Malleco Angol 1113,433.3201,615
South South Chile Los Ríos (XIV) Valdivia Valdivia 810,197.2259,243
South South Chile Los Ríos (XIV) Ranco La Unión 48,232.397,153
South South Chile Los Lagos (X) Llanquihue Puerto Montt 914,876.4321,493
South South Chile Los Lagos (X) Osorno Osorno 79,223.7221,509
South South Chile Los Lagos (X) Chiloe Castro 107,165.5142,194
South South Chile Los Lagos (X) Palena Futaleufú 415,301.918,971
South Austral Chile Aysén (XI) Coihaique Coihaique 212,942.551,103
South Austral Chile Aysén (XI) Aysén Puerto Aysén 346,588.829,631
South Austral Chile Aysén (XI) General Carrera Chile Chico 211,919.56,921
South Austral Chile Aysén (XI) Capitan Prat Cochrane 337,043.63,837
South Austral Chile Magallanes (XII) Magallanes Punta Arenas 436,400.8121,675
South Austral Chile Magallanes (XII) Última Esperanza Puerto Natales 255,443.919,855
South Austral Chile Magallanes (XII) Tierra del Fuego Porvenir 322,592.76,904
South Austral Chile Magallanes (XII) Antártica Chilena Puerto Williams 21,265,853.72,392
Central North Central Chile Santiago Metropolitan (XIII) Santiago Santiago 322,090.34,668,473
Central North Central Chile Santiago Metropolitan (XIII) Cordillera Puente Alto 35,528.3522,856
Central North Central Chile Santiago Metropolitan (XIII) Maipo San Bernardo 41,120.5378,444
Central North Central Chile Santiago Metropolitan (XIII) Talagante Talagante 5582.3217,449
Central North Central Chile Santiago Metropolitan (XIII) Melipilla Melipilla 54,076.7141,165
Central North Central Chile Santiago Metropolitan (XIII) Chacabuco Colina 32,076.1132,798

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "National Statistics Institute" (in Spanish). Retrieved 30 December 2010.
  2. 1 2 "Territorial division of Chile" (PDF). Retrieved 30 December 2010.