Global Volcanism Program

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1995 eruption of Mount Rinjani in Indonesia Rinjani 1994.jpg
1995 eruption of Mount Rinjani in Indonesia

The Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program (GVP) documents Earth's volcanoes and their eruptive history over the past 10,000 years. The GVP reports on current eruptions from around the world as well as maintaining a database repository on active volcanoes and their eruptions. In this way, a global context for the planet's active volcanism is presented. Smithsonian reporting on current volcanic activity dates back to 1968, with the Center for Short-Lived Phenomena (CSLP). The GVP is housed in the Department of Mineral Sciences, part of the National Museum of Natural History, on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.


During the early stages of an eruption, the GVP acts as a clearing house of reports, data, and imagery which are accumulated from a global network of contributors. The early flow of information is managed such that the right people are contacted as well as helping to sort out vague and contradictory aspects that typically arise during the early days of an eruption.

The Weekly Volcanic Activity Report [1] is a cooperative project between the Smithsonian's Global Volcanism Program and the United States Geological Survey's Volcano Hazards Program. Notices of volcanic activity posted on the report website are preliminary and subject to change as events are studied in more detail. Detailed reports on various volcanoes are published monthly in the Bulletin of the Global Volcanism Network [2]

The GVP also documents the last 10,000 years of Earth's volcanism. The historic activity can guide perspectives on possible future events and on volcanoes showing activity. GVP's volcano and eruption databases constitute a foundation for all statistical statements concerning locations, frequencies, and magnitudes of Earth's volcanic eruptions during the past recent 10,000 years.

Two editions of Volcanoes of the World (1981) [3] and (1994) [4] were published based on the GVP data and interpretations.

See also

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Volcanoes of the World is a book that was published in three editions in 1981, 1994, and 2010 as a collaboration between volcanologists around the world, and the Smithsonian Institution's Global Volcanism Program (GVP).


  1. "Global Volcanism Program - Smithsonian / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report". Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  2. "Global Volcanism Program, National Museum of Natural History" . Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  3. Simkin, Tom; Smithsonian Institution (1981), Volcanoes of the world : a regional directory, gazetteer, and chronology of volcanism during the past recent 10,000 years , Hutchinson Ross Pub. Co. ; [New York] : Distributed world wide by Academic Press, ISBN   978-0-87933-408-6
  4. Simkin, Tom; Siebert, Lee; Smithsonian Institution (1994), Volcanoes of the world : a regional directory, gazetteer, and chronology of volcanism during the past recent 10,000 years (2nd ed. / Tom Simkin & Lee Siebert ed.), Geoscience Press, ISBN   978-0-945005-12-4