Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center

Last updated

Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center
Aerial view of the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in 2004
Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center
Location Chantilly, Virginia, United States
Coordinates 38°54′41.2″N77°26′38.8″W / 38.911444°N 77.444111°W / 38.911444; -77.444111 Coordinates: 38°54′41.2″N77°26′38.8″W / 38.911444°N 77.444111°W / 38.911444; -77.444111
Type Aviation museum
Visitors1.6 million (2017) [1]

The Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, also called the Udvar-Hazy Center, is the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum (NASM)'s annex at Washington Dulles International Airport in the Chantilly area of Fairfax County, Virginia, United States. It holds numerous exhibits, including the Space Shuttle Discovery, the Enola Gay , and the Gemini 7 space capsule.


The 760,000-square-foot (71,000 m2; 17-acre; 7.1 ha) facility was made possible by a $65 million donation in October 1999 to the Smithsonian Institution by Steven F. Udvar-Házy, an immigrant from Hungary and co-founder of the International Lease Finance Corporation, an aircraft leasing corporation. [2] The main NASM building, located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., had always contained more artifacts than could be displayed, and most of the collection had been stored, unavailable to visitors, at the Paul E. Garber Preservation, Restoration, and Storage Facility in Silver Hill, Maryland. A substantial addition to the center encompassing restoration, conservation and collection-storage facilities was completed in 2010. Restoration facilities and museum archives were moved from the museum's Garber facility to the new sections of the Udvar-Hazy Center. [3]

Architecture and facilities

Entrance view with observation tower Udvar-Hazy Center center outside view.jpg
Entrance view with observation tower

Designed by Hellmuth, Obata, and Kassabaum, who also designed the National Air and Space Museum building, the Center required 15 years of preparation and was built by Hensel Phelps Construction Co. [4] The exhibition areas comprise two large hangars, the 293,707-square-foot (27,286.3 m2) Boeing Aviation Hangar and the 53,067-square-foot (4,930.1 m2) James S. McDonnell Space Hangar. The Donald D. Engen Observation Tower provides a view of landing operations at adjacent Washington Dulles International Airport. The museum also contains an IMAX theater. [5] A taxiway connects the museum to the airport. [6]

Phase Two of the Udvar-Hazy Center will be dedicated to the behind-the-scenes care of the Smithsonian's collection of aircraft, spacecraft, related artifacts and archival materials. On December 2, 2008, the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center received a gift of $6 million for phase two from Airbus Americas Inc. — the largest corporate gift to the Smithsonian Institution in 2008. [6]

The wing includes:

A further expansion of the collections center was approved in December 2016. [9] The addition will be made up of three additional storage modules on the south side of the building. [10]

Main exhibition display area. Panorama of the interior of the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum.jpg
Main exhibition display area.


Enola Gay. Enola gay 20040710 170220 1.4.jpg
Enola Gay .
Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird. SR71ZBlackbird.JPG
Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird.
Gemini 7 space capsule. Gemini VII capsule.tif
Gemini 7 space capsule.
Air France Concorde F-BVFA. Concorde F-BVFA.JPG
Air France Concorde F-BVFA.
Space Shuttle Discovery in the space wing of Udvar-Hazy. DiscoveryUdvarHazy.jpg
Space Shuttle Discovery in the space wing of Udvar-Hazy.
From top to bottom: Grumman G-22 Gulfhawk II, Piper J-3 Cub, North American P-51C Mustang, Boeing 367-80 and Bowlus BA-100 Baby Albatross. Dash80 large.jpg
From top to bottom: Grumman G-22 Gulfhawk II, Piper J-3 Cub, North American P-51C Mustang, Boeing 367-80 and Bowlus BA-100 Baby Albatross.

The center was opened on December 15, 2003. The Udvar-Hazy Center displays historic aviation and space artifacts, especially items too large for the National Air and Space Museum's building on the National Mall, including: [5]

The museum is still in the process of installing exhibits, and 169 aircraft and 152 large space artifacts were on display as of May 2012, [5] and plans call for the eventual installation of over 200 aircraft. [17] The current list is maintained at the Objects On Display page of the Smithsonian Institution NASM Collections site. [18]


A number of events are held at the museum throughout the year. [19] These include lectures, book signings, sleepovers, and events for children. Some of the museum's larger events include Air & Scare for Halloween, [20] an open house, [21] and Innovations in Flight: Family Day and Outdoor Aviation Display. [22]

Media appearances

The center made its first media appearance in the 2009 film Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen . The center remained open while filming took place, although certain areas were closed. [23] The SR-71 that is on display in the museum was used as Jetfire, a Decepticon who switches sides to become an Autobot, in the film. In the film, it is referred to simply as the National Air and Space Museum.[ citation needed ]

See also

Related Research Articles

Space Shuttle <i>Enterprise</i> Space shuttle test vehicle, used for glide tests

Space Shuttle Enterprise was the first orbiter of the Space Shuttle system. Rolled out on September 17, 1976, it was built for NASA as part of the Space Shuttle program to perform atmospheric test flights after being launched from a modified Boeing 747. It was constructed without engines or a functional heat shield. As a result, it was not capable of spaceflight.

Space Shuttle <i>Discovery</i> NASA Space Shuttle orbiter in use from 1984 to 2011

Space Shuttle Discovery is one of the orbiters from NASA's Space Shuttle program and the third of five fully operational orbiters to be built. Its first mission, STS-41-D, flew from August 30 to September 5, 1984. Over 27 years of service it launched and landed 39 times, aggregating more spaceflights than any other spacecraft to date. The Space Shuttle launch vehicle has three main components: the Space Shuttle orbiter, a single-use central fuel tank, and two reusable solid rocket boosters. Nearly 25,000 heat-resistant tiles cover the orbiter to protect it from high temperatures on re-entry.

Horten Ho 229 German prototype fighter/bomber

The Horten H.IX, RLM designation Ho 229 was a German prototype fighter/bomber initially designed by Reimar and Walter Horten to be built by Gothaer Waggonfabrik late in World War II. It was the first flying wing to be powered by jet engines.

National Air and Space Museum Aviation museum in Washington, D.C.

The National Air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, also called the Air and Space Museum, is a museum in Washington, D.C., US. It was established in 1946 as the National Air Museum and opened its main building on the National Mall near L'Enfant Plaza in 1976. In 2018, the museum saw approximately 6.2 million visitors, making it the fifth most visited museum in the world, and the second most visited museum in the United States. In 2020, due to long closures and a drop in foreign tourism caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, museum attendance dropped to 267,000. The museum contains the Apollo 11 Command Module Columbia, the Friendship 7 capsule which was flown by John Glenn, Charles Lindbergh's Spirit of St. Louis, the Bell X-1 which broke the sound barrier, the model of the starship Enterprise used in the science fiction television show Star Trek: The Original Series, and the Wright brothers'Wright Flyer airplane near the entrance.

Museum of Flight Aviation museum in Washington, U.S.

The Museum of Flight is a private non-profit air and space museum in the Seattle metropolitan area. It is located at the southern end of King County International Airport in the city of Tukwila, immediately south of Seattle. It was established in 1965 and is fully accredited by the American Alliance of Museums. As the largest private air and space museum in the world, it also hosts a large K–12 educational programs.

National Museum of the United States Air Force Military and Aviation Museum in southwest Ohio, US

The National Museum of the United States Air Force is the official museum of the United States Air Force located at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, 6 miles (9.7 km) northeast of Dayton, Ohio. The NMUSAF is the oldest and largest military aviation museum in the world, with more than 360 aircraft and missiles on display. The museum draws about a million visitors each year, making it one of the most frequently visited tourist attractions in Ohio.

<i>Intrepid</i> Sea, Air & Space Museum Aerospace, military, and maritime history museum in Manhattan, New York

The Intrepid Sea, Air & Space Museum is an American military and maritime history museum in New York City with a collection of museum ships. It is located at Pier 86 at 46th Street, along the Hudson River, in the Hell's Kitchen neighborhood on the West Side of Manhattan. The museum showcases the aircraft carrier USS Intrepid, the cruise missile submarine USS Growler, a Concorde SST, a Lockheed A-12 supersonic reconnaissance plane, and the Space Shuttle Enterprise. On the lower deck there is also a reproduction of a World War I biplane.

Steven Ferencz Udvar–Házy, also known as István or Steve Hazy, is an American billionaire businessman and the executive chairman of Air Lease Corporation. He is the former chairman and CEO of International Lease Finance Corporation (ILFC), one of the two largest aircraft lessors in the world. Forbes magazine's 2021 list of The World's Billionaires estimated his net worth at US$18.5 billion.

Fulton Airphibian

The Fulton FA-2 Airphibian was an American roadable aircraft manufactured in 1946.

Planes of Fame Air Museum Aviation museum in Arizona and California

Planes of Fame Air Museum is an aviation museum in Chino, California, and Valle, Arizona. The museum has many flying and static aircraft, along with several rare examples under restoration.

Operation LUSTY was the United States Army Air Forces' effort to capture and evaluate German aeronautical technology during and after World War II.

The National Air and Space Museum Film Archives, part of the Archives Division at the National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution, holds over 20,000 films documenting the history of aviation and space flight.

Western Museum of Flight Aviation museum in Torrance, California

The Western Museum of Flight (WMOF) is an aviation museum located at Zamperini Field, the municipal airport in Torrance, California. WMOF is operated by the Southern California Historical Aviation Foundation. It houses not only historic aircraft, many of which were built in Southern California, but also has an extensive collection of historic photographs and blueprints.

Yanks Air Museum Aviation museum in Chino, California

The Yanks Air Museum is a non-profit 501 (c)(3) organization and museum dedicated to exhibiting, preserving and restoring American aircraft and artifacts in order to show the evolution of American aviation, located at Chino Airport in Chino, California.

Pueblo Weisbrod Aircraft Museum Aviation museum in Pueblo, Colorado

The Pueblo Weisbrod Aircraft Museum is a non-profit aviation museum located in Southern Colorado. It was founded in the mid-1970s by former Pueblo City Manager Fred Weisbrod. The museum is made up of two hangars that were built in 2005 and 2011. The hangars house several of the museum's aircraft along with thousands of artifacts dating from World War I to modern day. PWAM is home to the International B-24 Memorial Museum and the Southern Colorado Space Museum and Learning Center. There are several historic military vehicles in the museum's collection, many of which are still in operational condition. The museum is located six miles east of Pueblo, Colorado on US Highway 50 at the Pueblo Memorial Airport, occupying space on what was the Pueblo Army Air Base during World War II. It is managed and maintained by the Pueblo Historical Aircraft Society.

Paul E. Garber Preservation, Restoration, and Storage Facility

The Paul E. Garber Preservation, Restoration, and Storage Facility, also known colloquially as "Silver Hill", is a storage and conservation facility of the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum, located in Suitland, Maryland, United States. Located adjacent to the Museum Support Center – a facility that serves the same purpose for other Smithsonian museums – the Paul E. Garber Facility was once the main artifact restoration facility of the National Air and Space Museum. The museum still stores aircraft and other artifacts at the Paul E. Garber Facility, but most storage and restoration functions have relocated to the Mary Baker Engen Restoration Hangar at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in Chantilly, Virginia. The facility is not open to the public.

John R. Dailey US Marine Corps general

John Revell "Jack" Dailey is a retired United States Marine Corps four-star general who served as Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps (ACMC) and Chief of Staff from 1990 to 1992, Acting Associate Deputy Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) from 1992 to 1999; and director of the National Air and Space Museum (NASM) from 2000 to 2018.

Smithsonian Theaters is an operating unit of Smithsonian Enterprises, the revenue-generating business division for the Smithsonian Institution, United States.


  1. "Visitor Statistics". Smithsonian Newsdesk. Retrieved March 23, 2018.
  2. Small, L. M. "A century's roar and buzz: Thanks to an immigrant's generosity, the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center opens to the public". In "From the Secretary". Smithsonian. Vol. 34, p. 20.
  3. Steven F. Udvar Hazy Center History
  4. Triplett, W. "Hold everything!" Smithsonian. Vol. 34, December 2003, p. 59.
  5. 1 2 3 "National Air and Space Museum Press Kit: Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center Fact Sheet". Smithsonian Institution. Archived from the original on April 7, 2009. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  6. 1 2 3 4 Ezell, Linda Neuman; Museum, National Air and Space (2004). Building America's hangar: the design and construction of the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center. Smithsonian Institution, National Air and Space Museum. ISBN   9781904832072.
  7. Irvine, Madison (October 11, 2017). "Experience the History of Wartime Aviation at Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center". Argunners Magazine | Military War History Website. Retrieved December 15, 2019.
  8. National Air and Space Museum Receives Gift from Airbus for Phase Two of the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center Archived January 11, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  9. "Commission Action" (PDF). National Capital Planning Commission. December 1, 2016. Retrieved January 17, 2021.
  10. "Executive Director's Recommendation" (PDF). National Capital Planning Commission. December 1, 2016. Retrieved January 17, 2021.
  11. "Space Shuttle Discovery Flies to the Smithsonian". Smithsonian Nationalk Air and Space Museum. April 17, 2012. Archived from the original on May 7, 2012. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  12. "Lockheed 1049F-55-96 "Constellation" - National Air and Space Museum" . Retrieved December 4, 2019.
  13. Dornier Do-335 Archived May 17, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  14. "Gondola, Breitling Orbiter 3" . Retrieved December 7, 2019.
  15. "Goodyear Blimp Gondola Goes to Smithsonian" . Retrieved December 7, 2019.
  16. "The Airships Land at the Udvar-Hazy Center" . Retrieved December 7, 2019.
  17. "Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center: Looking Ahead" Accessed September 30, 2006
  18. "NASM Collections, Objects On Display" Accessed August 15, 2021
  19. "Events | National Air and Space Museum". Retrieved February 6, 2016.
  20. "Air & Scare | National Air and Space Museum". Archived from the original on February 6, 2016. Retrieved February 6, 2016.
  21. "Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center Open House | National Air and Space Museum". Archived from the original on February 6, 2016. Retrieved February 6, 2016.
  22. "Family Day and Outdoor Aviation Display - Innovations in Flight Aircraft Display". Innovations in Flight Aircraft Display. Retrieved February 6, 2016.
  23. Keith Knight (June 7, 2008). "More High-Fliers at Air & Space". The Washington Post.