Chandragiri

Last updated

Chandragiri
Raaja mahal 1.JPG
Raja Mahal, Chandragiri
India Andhra Pradesh location map (current).svg
Red pog.svg
Chandragiri
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
India location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Chandragiri
Chandragiri (India)
Coordinates: 13°35′00″N79°19′00″E / 13.5833°N 79.3167°E / 13.5833; 79.3167 Coordinates: 13°35′00″N79°19′00″E / 13.5833°N 79.3167°E / 13.5833; 79.3167
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Tirupati
Government
  TypeGram panchayat
  BodyTirupati urban development authority
  Member of Legislative Assembly Chevireddy Bhaskar Reddy
Area
[1]
  Total19.56 km2 (7.55 sq mi)
Population
 (2022) [1]
  Total31,220
  Density1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)
Demonym Tirupatian
Languages
  Official Telugu
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
517101
Telephone code+91–877

Chandragiri is a suburb and neighbourhood of Tirupati and located in Tirupati district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a part of Tirupati urban agglomeration and major growing residential area in Tirupati [1] It is the mandal headquarters of Chandragiri mandal in Tirupati revenue division. [1] [2] It also falls in the jurisdictional limit of Tirupati Urban Development Authority. [3] and also chandragiri is southwestern entrance to the Temple city for vehicles going from Bangalore, Kerala and Tamil Nadu . Srinivasa Mangapuram is located next to Chandragiri through which well laid stone footpaths called srivari mettu are available to reach Tirumala on foot [4]

Contents

History

Chandragiri fort

Chandragiri is now famous for the historical fort, built in the 11th century, and the Raja Mahal (Palace) within it. The fort encircles eight ruined temples of Saivite and Vaishnavite pantheons, Raja Mahal, Rani Mahal and other ruined structures.

The Raja Mahal Palace is now an archaeological museum. The fort and palace are in the care of the Archaeological Survey of India. The palace is open to the public, but the fort is closed. The palace is an example of Indo-Sarcen architecture of the Vijayanagar period. The palace was constructed using stone, brick, lime mortar and devoid of timber. [5] The crowning towers represents the Hindu architectural elements.

Chandragiri was under the rule of Vijayanagar from 1367. It came into prominence during Saluva Narasimha Rayalu. Chandragiri was the 4th capital of Vijayanagar Empire. Rayas shifted their capital to here when Golconda sultans attacked Penukonda. In 1646, the fort was annexed to the Golkonda territory.

The Mysore king ordered the Palaygara (feudatory ruler) Bisaya nayaka who took aid from Mysore Kingdom after decline of Vijayanagara Empire. Bisaya nayaka of Harapanayakanahalli, present Mulbagal (T) Kolar (D) of Karnataka, Waged a war against the sultan of Chandragiri fort in which he and his army killed every one inside the fort. (there is myth that only the nose rings collected from dead Muslim women were 3 full bamboo bucket, which is sealed in 2 stone locker in Kurudumale Village, Karnataka) Later after the death of sulthan it subsequently came under Mysore rule. It went into oblivion from 1792 onward. [5]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Krishnadevaraya</span> Emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire from 1509 to 1529

Krishnadevaraya was an emperor of the Vijayanagara Empire, also known as the Karnata Empire, reigning from 1509 to 1529. He was the third monarch of the Tuluva dynasty, and is considered to be one of the greatest rulers in Indian history. He ruled the largest empire in India after the decline of the Delhi Sultanate. Presiding over the empire at its zenith, he is regarded as an icon by many Indians. Krishnadevaraya earned the titles Karnatakaratna Simhasanadeeshwara, Yavana Rajya Pratistapanacharya, Kannada Rajya Rama Ramana, Andhra Bhoja, Gaubrahmana Pratipalaka and Mooru Rayara Ganda. He became the dominant ruler of the peninsula by defeating the sultans of Bijapur, Golconda, the Bahmani Sultanate and the Gajapatis of Odisha, and was one of the most powerful Hindu rulers in India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tirupati</span> City in Andhra Pradesh, India

Tirupati is a city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of the Tirupati district. The city is home to the important Hindu shrine of Tirumala Venkateswara Temple and other historic temples and is referred to as the "Spiritual Capital of Andhra Pradesh". It is located at a distance of 150 km from Chennai, 250 km from Bangalore and 415 km from Amaravati. It is one of the eight Swayam vyaktha kshetras dedicated to Vishnu. Tirupati is a municipal corporation and the headquarters of Tirupati (urban) mandal, Tirupati (rural) mandal, and the Tirupati revenue division.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gurramkonda</span> Village Gurrumonda in Andhra Pradesh, India

Gurramkonda is a village in Annamayya district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the Mandal headquarters of Gurramkonda Mandal. Gurramkonda Fort is one of the oldest fort in the district. Gurramkonda (village) is a village in the Gurramkonda Mandal of the state of Andhra Pradesh, Annamayya district. It is located at a distance of 0 km from the center of the zones, Horamkonda. It is 35 km from the nearest town, Madanapalle. Is also in the distance. As per the 2011 census of India, the village is spread over 3111 hectares with 2501 houses and a population of 10642. The number of males in the village is 5480, the number of females is 5162. The Scheduled Castes population is 511 and the Scheduled Tribes population is 126. The census location code of the village is 595648. [1]. 13.7833 ° N 78.5833 ° E. on the road to Kadapa, Kadapa, Bangalore [2] The sea can reach 647 meters. The town is a tourist hotspot. It is also historically known as Jaffarabad. Located on Kadapa-Bengaluru Road, this horse-hill is a popular tourist attraction with its historical background. It is a communal harmony with the Hindu and Muslim cultures of the day.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pakala, Tirupati district</span> Town in Andhra Pradesh, India

Pakala is a town in Tirupati district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of Pakala mandal. It comes under Tirupati revenue division.

Sriranga III was the last ruler of the Vijayanagara Empire, who came to power in 1642 following the death of his uncle Venkata III. He was also a great grandson of Aliya Rama Raya.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Madurai Nayak dynasty</span> Dynasty

The Madurai Nayaks were rulers of Telugu origin from around 1529 until 1736, of a region comprising most of modern-day Tamil Nadu, India, with Madurai as their capital. The Nayak reign was an era noted for its achievement in arts, cultural and administrative reforms, revitalization of temples previously ransacked by the Delhi Sultans, and the inauguration of a unique architectural style.

Tirupati (rural) mandal is one of the 34 mandals in Tirupati district of Andhra Pradesh in India. It is under the administration of Tirupati revenue division and the headquarters are located at Tiruchanur.

Karvetinagar or Karvetinagaram is a village in Chittoor district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the headquarters of Karvetinagar mandal. The town is known for Venugopalaswamy Temple, that was constructed during the reign of Venkataraja dynasty.

Tirupati (urban) mandal is one of the 34 mandals in Tirupati district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It has its headquarters at Tirupati city&Tirupati district. The mandal is bounded by Chandragiri, Tirupati (rural) mandals. A part of it also borders Annamayya district.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Konetirayala Temple, Keelapatla</span>

Konetirayala Swamy Temple is a Hindu temple of Lord Venkateswara in the town of Keelapatla, Palamaner, Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh, India.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Timeline of Karnataka</span>

The name Karnataka is derived from Karunadu, meaning "lofty land" or "high plateau," due to its location on the Deccan Plateau. The name can also mean "land of black soil" in Kannada. The recorded history of Karnataka goes back to the Ramayana and Mahabharata epics. The capital of "Baali" and "Sugriva" referenced in the Ramayana is said to be Hampi. Karnataka is mentioned in the Mahabharata as "Karnata Desha." Historically, the region was also called "Kuntala Rajya."

Chandragiri Assembly constituency is a constituency of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is one among 14 constituencies in Tirupati district.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chandragiri Fort, Andhra Pradesh</span>

Chandragiri Fort is an historical fort, built in the 11th century located at Chandragiri in Tirupati city. It is located in Tirupati district of Andhra Pradesh, India. Although mostly associated with the Vijayanagara Emperors, it was built much earlier in 11th century by the Yadava rulers. In 1460.A.D. Odra Gajapati Kapilendra Dev Captured the Chandragiri Fort.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tirupati Urban Development Authority</span>

The Tirupati Urban Development Authority, also known as TUDA is a government agency and the principal planning authority for Tirupati and its neighbourhood areas in Tirupati District of the Indian state of Andhra pradesh. It was notified on 6 November 1981 by the Government of Andhra Pradesh as per Andhra Pradesh Urban Areas Development Act 1975 and is headquartered at Tirupati. At present it covers the jurisdictional area of 4,527 km2 (1,748 sq mi), which covers Tirupati, Tirumala, Renigunta, Chandragiri, Yerpedu, Puttur, Sri Kalahasti, Nagari, Sathyavedu, Karvetinagaram and 160 surrounding villages.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Srirangapatna Fort</span>

Srirangapatna Fort is a historical fort located in Srirangapatna, the historical capital city of the Kingdom of Mysore in present-day South Indian state of Karnataka. Built by the Timmanna Nayaka in 1454, the fort was modified by later rulers and fully fortified in the late 18th century with the help of French architects. Rulers wanted to protect it against British invaders associated with the East India Company.

Chandragiri mandal is one of the 34 mandals in Tirupati district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is under the administration of Tirupati revenue division and the headquarters are located at Chandragiri.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Gudimallam</span> Village

Gudimallam is a village near Tirupati, located in Tirupati district of Andhra Pradesh state of India. It is situated about 15 kilometers southeast of Tirupati city. It is especially famous for the Gudimallam Lingam in the Parasurameswara Swamy Temple.

Pakala mandal is one of the 34 mandals in Tirupati district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is under the administration of Tirupati revenue division and the headquarters are located at Pakala.

Chinnagottigallu mandal is one of the 34 mandals in Tirupati district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is a part of Tirupati revenue division with its headquarters at Chinnagottigallu.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "District Census Handbook - Chittoor" (PDF). Census of India. p. 19,280. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  2. "Chittoor District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 460, 512. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
  3. "TUDA Right to Information Act, 2005". TUDA. Archived from the original on 14 June 2015. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
  4. "Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanams (Official Website)". www.tirumala.org. Retrieved 29 July 2020.
  5. 1 2 Archaeological Survey of India (2008). "Raja and Rani Mahal, Chandragiri Fort; Ticketed Monuments - Andhra Pradesh". Archaeological Survey of India. Archived from the original (asp) on 10 April 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2008.